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XIII. A Ahort Epiftle from a Country Gentleman to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, on the present Conjuncture of Affairs. 4to. 4d. T. Payne.

This Politician affects the character of a Joker, in the out-fet of his Epistle; which, however, ends in a sober proposal relats ing to the method of eltablishing a proper Constitucional Militia. But here, where the Author leaft intended it, lies, we apprehend, the greatest Joke his performance can boaft: for, should he not have bottled up his scheme as to the manner of raising a Militia, till it became known whether, or not, we are to have a

Militia at all? Let but that fundamental point be settled, and " then, no fear of Ways and Means.

Mis CELL AŃ E O U S. XIV. Bower Vindicated from the falfe Infinuations and Accusations of the Papists. With a fhort Account of his Character. In Anfwer to the Pamphlet intitled, Six Letters

from A-d Brto Father Sheldon, &c. By a Country Neighbour. 8vo. 64. Doughty.

What Mr.Bower himself has to offer in answer to the heavy accusations urged against him by his opponents, is yet unknown to the public; but as to what is advanced by his Country Neighbour, it is extrémely trifling, and scarce worth taking notice of. "The whole pamphlet is not equal in quantity to five pages of our Review ; and we learn little more from it, than that Bower is very confant at his parish church, esteemed a good husband, an enemy to no man, and well respected by all his neighbourhood. In regard to the Six Letters, this Country Neighbour tells us, that they are nonfenfical forgeries, and that Bower's second aifidavit before John Fielding, Efq; is fufficient to convince any person that they are so: This, to be sure, is very fatisfactory evidence.--As to the money-transaction, we are told, that about the year 1741, Bower had a sum of money by him, which he went to lend to the Trustees for building Aldgate church, but was too late ; that in returning from thence, he accidentally met with Father Hill, to whom he told his disappointment; and that Hill immediately offered to take his money on the same terms he was disappointed of with the Trustees, which Bower, through hafte, inadvertently accepted ; but when he began his Hiitory of the Popes, thought it prudent to desire back his money, which request Hill complied with. Our Author refers to Bower for every particular of this transaction, and advises him, as a friend, to publish the whole of it to the world, in his own vindication. He allows this transaction with Father Hill to have been an indiscretion; but obferves that the like has been practised, for many years past, by Proteft. ants as well as Roman-Catholics. As to the charge againft Bower, of his being met by an acquaintance, coming out of a house of civil-reception in Covent Garden, this Author tells us, that he lias heard Bower fay, he went to that house on a laudable oc



cafion, viz. to fetch a young Gentleman from thence as from a house of ill-fame, and hat all the relations of that young Gentleman are at this time in great friendship with him. This is the subtance of what is advanced by Bower's Country Neighbour ; and we shall leave our Readers to their own reflections upon it.

XV. Geographical, Historical, Political, Philosophical, and Mechanical È says. No. D. By Lewis Evans. 4to. Is. 6d. Doddley.

In the Review, vol. XIV. p. 29, feq. we gave fome account of the first part of Mr. Evans's ingenious, public spirited, and useful work; which we are truly forry he did not live to complear. This second part is emplayed in refuting a Letrer published in the New York Mercury of January 5, 1756; containing objections to those, parts of Evans's General Map and Analysis, which relate to the French title to the country on the north-west side of St. Laurence river, be ween Fort-Frontenac and Montreal, &c. and representing, also, the impropriety of fending forces to Virginia; the importance of taking Frontenac; and that the preservation of Oswego was owing to General Shirley's proceeding thither. To all these particulars our Author replies, with the appearance of much folidity of argument, as well as honeity of intention. He was, certainly, a sensible man, a good geogrupher, (so far, at least, as concerns that part of the world he treats of ) and a true friend to his country, so that his death may justly be deemed a public loss.

XVI. Reasons for Building Barracks; Difincumbering the Inn-keepers and Publicans ; restoring Discipline to the Army; and a right Understanding between the Soldiers and the People ; with some casual Remarks on the Nature, Genius, and Aptitude of a British Milita, 8vo. Is. Cooper.

It is very well known, that, in this land of liberty, soldiers as weil as other subjects, when not on military service, have no other obligation to good behaviour than the fear of inturring the penalties affixed to any, and every, infringement of the laws of their country. It is equally true, that they are always deemed inconvenient, and expensive to the public-houses; where, from the neceflity of their being in some manner provided for, they are quartered. The prevention of future offence, the removal of some just complaints, and a proposal to render these disciplined genilemen of somewhat more use to the community, are the reafins afligned for this publication : the author of which seems not inadequately acquainted with his subject.

XVII. The Sham-fight; or Political Humbug. A State Farce, in two Ads; as it was acted by some Persons of Diftinction in the M- -da -n, and elsewhere. 8vo. Is. Sold at Hogarth's Head, Fleetstreet.

Tnis Political Humbog is comprized in several miserable bufa foon dialogues; and is, on the whole, a more wretched catch5

penny ment,


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penny than many of the common ballads, on the subject of our late misconduct in the Mediterranean, &c.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIA L. XVIII. Comparative Theology: or, the true and folid Grounds pure

and peaceable Theology: a Subject very necessary, tho' hitherto almost wholly neglected. First laid down in an University discourse, and now translated from the original Latin. 12mo. Is., Printed for Cadell, Bristol, and fold by Cooper, London.

This is a new edition of an excellent tract, written originally in Lacin, by Dr. James Garden, who was Professor of Divinity in the King's college, Aberdeen, for several years before the Red volution ; but, after the establishment of Presbytery in Scotland, was deprived of his professorship, for refufing to subscribe the Westminster Confession of Faith, and the Formula. In the preface we have a short account of the Author, and of the work

itself, which, we are told, was an introductory oration to one of - the annual courses of divinity lectures. There have been several | editions of it, both in Latin and English.

XIX. A Reply to Mr. Abraham Bourn's Free and Candid Confiderations, thewing the Impropriety and Incompetency of that Work, &c. With a Preface addressed to the Gentlemen of the Presbyterian Persuasion, especially in Liverpool. By Peter Whitfield

: 8vo: 15. Liverpool printed, by R. Williamson, and fold by Hitch, &c. in London.

In the Review for March la't, p. 258, we just mentioned Mr. Bourn's pamphlet, which was an answer to a tract of Mr. Whitfield's, occasionally written in vindication of the Author's conformity to the church of England, contrary to the principles of his education. This tract (which was only the preface to a book not yet published*) we had not then seen ; but it hath. fince fallen in our way. The Author, who is a person in trade, appears to be a man of good sense, considerable learning, and extenfive reading ; and is by no means a contemptible Controversialist. Mr. Boorn, his antagonist

, is also a lay-man, and a man of business, with the advantage of a liberal education : however, both these champions have given rather too much way to farcasms, and sneers at each other; as is too often the custom in literary, as well as other, debates. But this practice is both

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* Entitled, “The Christianity of the New Testament ; or a • scholastic Defence of the Scripture Doctrines of Redemption,

Propitiation, &c. From a Comparison of the original meaning of those terms in the Hebrew of the Old Testament, and the

Greek Version of the same, with their Use and Application in • the Writings of the New Testament, against the Infidels and Libertines of this Age.'


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unbecoming, and impertinent. It has nothing to do with argument, especially on religious subjects ; and rather seems to indicate the party's desire to mortify his opponent, than to afcertain a Trath.

As to the points in debate between Mefirs.Whitfield and Bourn, we leave them to setele maicers between themselves, as well as they cans for controversies of this nature, are neither very entertaining, or improving, unless when treated in the most mafterty manner, indeed ; i. e. with the utmolt candour and decency : with learning fully adequate to the subject ; and a thorough know. lege of human nature :

without which Revelation itself will ft not be fo completely understood, as it ought to be, by those who fet up for its Commentators and Expounders. ' XX. A Reply to a Quære concerning Confirmation, in

Letter to a fcrupulous Friend. By a Prefbyter of the Church of England. 8vo. 6d. Rivington.

The question, to which an aniwer is here given, is this : In cale any perfon has received the holy Communicn before Confirmation, is it neceffary for him to be confirmed afterwards? -In regard to this, our Author is of opinion, that the receiving the Lord's Supper prior to confirmation, cannot in the least fuperfede the neceility of receiving the latter, when a proper opportunity offers. For if the Lord's Supper could convey to us all the benefits which confirmation does, there would then, he says, be no occafion for Confirmation at all; and our Church, as well as the primitive one, would be to blame for appointing two ordiDances to effect that which may as well be effected by one. But that the Church of Christ in all ages

. has apprehended a special difference between the Graces and Eifeets of these two ordinances, he thinks evidently appears from the distinction, which has ever been observed between the Officer administring the one and the other. All in Priests orders, and sometimes even Deacons, have a power to consecrate and administer the elements in the holy Excharift; whereas the office of Confirmation has ever been reserved to the Episcopal order. In a word, he is of opinion, and he is certainly in the right, that a BISHOP can confer some peculiar graces, which an ordinary Prief cannot.

He tells us further, that the gift of the Holy Ghost is generally the effect of Confirmation ; that the Fathers of the Church alone have the power velted in them of conferring, by imposition of hands and prayer, the manifold gifts of the Holy Ghost; that in the Sacraments of Laptism and the Lord's Supper, the Holy Spirit communicates such mystical virtue to the outward figns as cleanses the foul from fin, and produces the fpiritual life; but in Conformation he communicates himself, fanctifies our persons, takes up his relidence in our souls, and makes our bodies to become his temples. If it be neceffary for Christians to be furnished with ftrength against their spiritual enemies, with divine graces to render them aceptable to God, and (in a word) to receive the Holy


Ghost, how can we depend, he alks, on any means for procur. ing fuch inestimable benefits, but those which God has appointed in Confirmacion ?

Notwithstanding all that is said of the inestimable benefits de şived from Confirmation, many very serious and sensible persons are of opinion, that this ceremony, as it is at present appointed and practifed in our church, is so far from conducing to the purposes of piety and virtue, that it tends to cherith in mens minds false and presumptuous hopes, and to delude them into wrong notions as to the safety of their state, and as to the terms of acceptance and favour with God: whether this be fo. or not, çertainly deserves the serious cenfideration of those who are concerned for the interests of religion, or for the honour of our church.

XXI. No Protestant Popery. A Letter of Admonition to the Rev. Mr. Samuel Pike. Occasioned by fome very offenfive Paffages in his Affembly's Catechism analized, explained, &c. which are animadverted upon, and the sole Authority of the facred Scriptures defended. By Caleb Fleming, Author of the Scale of Principles, &c. 8vo. 6d. Noon.

We have read this little piece with great pleasure, as we do every thing that is written in defence of the fundamental principles of Protestantism, the sacred and unalienable rights of private judgment, which Mr. Fleming vindicates with spirit, sense, and freedom. He animadverts very smartly, and with a becoming severity, on Mr. Pike's remarks upon the Afembly's Gatechifin, and makes some very pertinent observations on the recommendation of that work by the Rev. Fa hers Bradbury, Guise, Hall, Rawlin, and King. His principal design is to vindicate the authority of Scripture, and the rights of Reason, the first and best of God's gifts to men. What he says of the Affembly's Catechism, appears to be very juft: he is of opinion, that it prejudices the mind against the plainness and fimplicity of the Gospel doctrine; that it has contributed not a little to promote the cause of Infidelity ; and that the decay of Religion among us, and a contempt of the Bible, is, probably, much owing to the misrepresentations therein given of the Christian doctrinc. - As for Mr. Pike, if there are any of our Readers who are unacquainted with his character, it may not be improper to inform them, that he is Orthodox to the Back-bone: it is a delicious part of his divinity; he tells us, that the Father, the Son, and b. Spirt, pere fonally distinct from each other, are each of them truly divine and pofeffed of all the perfections of Deitv.--This sweet; de icious morlel he may enjoy alone for us, unenvied : such delicacies may be very proper for weak ftomachs, but we require more fubflantial food.

XXII. Observations on the Doctrine of an Intermediate State, between Death and the Resurrection. With some remarks on


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