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made them more agreeable to Scripture, as I conceived. • My father at this was very highly enraged, and his passion sarose to fo great a height, upon my defending my confession,

and refufing to read the established form, that he called me * the most impious and execrable of wretches, and with vio

lence, drove me from his presence. Soon after, however, he sent me Lord Nottingham's Letter to Mr. Whiston, and desired I would come to him when I had carefully read it + over. I did for and he asked me what I thought of the book. I answered, that I thought it a weak piece; and if

he would hear me with patience, in relation to that in par1.5. ticular, and to the case in general, perhaps, he might think

my religion a little better than at present he supposed it to be.

I will hear you, he faid: proceed.--Then I immediately 16 began, and for a full hour repeated an apology I had pre

pared. He did not interrupt me once; and when I had * done, all he replied was, I see you are to be placed among

the incurables. Begone, he faid, with stern disdain; and

I resolved to obey. Indeed it was impossible for me to stay, en for my father took no farther notice of me, and my mother

in-law, and the boy, did all they could invent to render my life miferable.

« On the first day of May then, early in the morning, as the clock struck one, I mounted my excellent mare, and with my boy, O'Fin, began to journey as I had projected, on seeing how things went. I did not communicate my design to a foul, nor take my leave of any one, but in the true spirit of adventure, abandoned my father's dwelling, and

set out to try what fortune would produce in my favour. • I had the world before me, and Providence my guide. As

to my fubstance, it consisted of a purse of gold, that con

tained fifty Spanish pistoles, and half a score moidores; and • I had a bank note for five hundred pounds, which my dear

Miss Noel left me by her will, the morning the fickened; and it was all she had of her own to leave to any one. With this I set forward, and in five days time arrived, from the western extremity of Ireland, at a village called RingsEnd, that lies on the Bay of Dublin, Three days I rested

there, and at the Conniving-house, and then got my horses 6 on board a ship that was ready to fail, and bound for the land I was born in, I mean Old England,'

And now, having shipped our Author for his native climt, we shall take our leave of him, for the present, to make room for a work of a very different kind; our mention of which,


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has been but too long delayed: however, we hope, the extraordinary addition lately made to the number of our sheets, will soon enable us to pay off the whole of our arreat to the public.

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A Treatise on Ruptures. By Percival Pott, Surgeon to St. Bar.

tholomew's Hospital. 8vo. 45. Hitch and Hawes.
N a former occasion we mentioned the Venereal Dif-

ease as one of the principal resources of Empiricism; Ruptures may, with great propriety, be arranged under the fame Predicament. Î'he boasted pretences of secrets for the cure of the latter, have not been less numerous than for the former; and it will, perhaps, be difficult to determine, whether the pretenders to the one are entitled to the honour of having facrificed more victims than the professors of the other. But experience has clearly shewn, that most of these secrets, however countenanced, however applauded, whatever great feats their original possessors ascribed to them, have no sooner been disclosed, but they have fallen into contempt. If instances of this kind, were necessary, or convenient for us to enumerate, multitudes might be produced : let it fuffice to mention two remarkable ones; that of the Prior Cabriere, whose arcanum was purchased, at no inconsiderable expence, about the latter end of the last century, by Lewis XIV; and in our own country, that of Sir Thomas Renton's, for which he was paid by his late Majesty soool. besides a pension of 500l. a year, and the honour of Knighthood.

That Credulity has not lost its influence, or Pretenders to Physic their assurance, the public still daily experience. • Tore

move the prejudice against the profession (with regard to Rup“tures) which the repeated assertions of advertising Quacks • has raised, and which a perfect ignorance of the nature of the • disease, and the parts concerned in it, still supports,' is one professed design of the work now under our consideration.

Nor has our Author unaptly traced the probable source of this prevailing credulity: “ To labour,' says hes' under a « troublesome disorder, in the most active and joyous part of • life, and to be told that a palliative cure, by wearing a banda

age, is all that can be expected, is very disagreeable; the • true reason of this, they (the patients] are not acquainted . • with, and are easily induced to believey what is inlinuated

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Topod : bapsbh Datud mood to them, viz. that the regular part of the profession are deficient in the knowleze of the proper treatment of this disease ;

their application is, therefore, made to those who promise <moft; quod volumus, facile credimus ; ignorance of the true

nature of the disease, and a strong defire to be cured on one fide, and bold and plausible affurances on the other, carry on the delusion, till time, and the continuance of the Rupture, evince the truth, and prove the fraud, which the patient, tho' perfe&ly convinced, will often join in concealing, either to avoid being laughed at for his credulity,

or to prevent a discovery of his infirmity, * Mr. Pott's plan is simple and intelligible; in bis firft section She gives the characters of the several forts of Ruptures, an anatomical description of the parts immediately affected, and the general intentions of cure, respectively indicated, mot

In the 2d, 3d, 4ch, and 5th sections, is considered the particular treatment of Ruptures, requisite under different cir

Houstoig cumstances,

o carboix su The first comprehends those which are in such a state as * te be capable of immediate reduction, and are not attend

ed by any troublesome jor, bad fymptoms. The second, those which have been so long in the scrotum, as to have contracted adhelions, and connections, by which they are rendered incapable of reduction at all. The third, those

in which such a stricture is made on the prolapsed parts, as 21

to bring on pain and troubles and to render the reduction difficult, as well as necessary --The fourth, those in which reduction, by the fimple operation of the hand, is impractic cable, and the patient's life can be saved only by a surgical

operation. The directions given for the management of Ruptures, under cach of these several circumstances, seem plain, practicable, and promise to be generally successful: In the last, our Author recommends the operation somewhat earTier than is commonly practised; but still with this restrictions that it should not be undertaken wantonly, or unnecesarily,

but only to preserve life, by removing the hazard of a mora {tification arising from the stricture; in which he agrees with preceding writers on the fame subje&t, particularly Duty retus and Hillanus. ex De fompis i pobolib sur leon

In the 6th and 7th sections, the necessary indications arising from the state of the contained

parts, as they may be found

or unfound, are treated; and in fe&tion eighty Raptures through the abdominal rings of females. putag 2.0 ben pony)

Section the gth is appropriated to the Crural Hernia ; and in the 10th is considered, the case of a Hernial Sac, free from Rev. Nov. 1756.



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all connection with the Tunica Vaginalis, and Spermatic Chord, being returned into the Abdomen, while a portion of the intestine, included within it, is strangulated by a stricture made on it, by its neck or entrance. A cafe, perhaps, not so uncommon as our Author seems to apprehend it.

Section the 11th contains a concise history of the several attempts and contrivances that have been made, at different times, for effecting a radical cure.

Of these are particularly specified, the actual cautery i caustics of different forts; castration; the Punctum Aureum; the royal stitch or future; and the cure by incision. A short account is given of the method of performing these several operations, and of their respective authors and espousers. Mr. Pott has mentioned fome reasonable objections to each of these practices; but, perhaps, it may be thought, by medical Readers, fomewhat peculiar, that among the Writers quoted on this occasion, no mention is made of Fienus.

The Exomphalos, Hernia Ventralis, and Hernia Cystica, employ the three remaining sections: but as the subject cannot be presumed capable of affording the highest entertainment to the generality of our Readers, we shall content ourselves with the bare mention of them.

Upon the whole, Mr. Pott has not incompetently executed his design; the more unexperienced practitioners may, probably draw some useful instructions from his work; nevertheless we cannot recommend the repofing too implicit a confidence in all his directions. Books, properly employed, must assist and improve even the able operator; but ocular obfervation, and repeated experience, are equally necessary to render reading truly beneficial. At the same time it may not be amiss to remark, that, tho' Mr. Pott has done great, and no more than due, justice to the late improvements in chirurgical operations, yet candour will admit, that the antients are entitled to no little applaufe for their accounts of this disease; a direale common to all ages, ever since the art of healing, in any of its branches, has become a particular profession.

Readers on medical subjects, fhould be more especially cau. tioned, not to espouse opinions, or practice, upon truft: our Author's remark upon a particular class of writers, is pertinent; and may be extended to other topics befide Ruptures.' Ob« fervation-Writers,' fays he, who are, in general, too

much addicted to tell their successes only, are fond of relating gangrenous cases, from which large portions of intertines have been removed, the proper operations performed

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with great dexterity, and the cases brought to a happy issue;

and of these they all give us instances, either from practice, < from books, or, perhaps, from imagination; by which the • young Reader is made too fanguine in his expectations. • That these extraordinary successes have sometimes happened, • is beyond all doubt; and it is every man's duty to endeavour • at the fame, when such cases occur to him; but the inexpe

rienced practitioner should also be informed, how many link for one that is recovered; and how many lucky circumstances must concur, with all his pains, to produce a happy event, in these deplorable cases: without this caution, he

will meet with very irksome disappointments, and having • been often bañed, where he thought he had reason to expect « fuccess, will sometimes meet with it so very unexpectedly,

that he will be inclined to think the sarcastical distinction between cures and escapes, not ill founded.'

One of the declared purposes of this publication has been already mentioned; the other is, the instruction of young practitioners. In order to have rendered so laudable an intention generally effectual, it would have been no more than right, to have prevented the same matter, which, in a proper manner of printing, would scarce have exceeded a twelve-penny pamphlet, from swelling to a four-fhilling volume. In this we are unwilling to suppose the Author to have had any immediate concern, but the sight of such a page, is apt to put one in mind of an office-copy of a bill in Chancery, where words are paid for in proportion to their numbers.

An Enquiry into the Occasional and Standing Similitudes of the

Lord God, in the Old and New Testament;, or, the Forms made use of by Jehovah Aleem, to represent themselves to the true Believers, before and since the Law by Males. 8vo. 4s. fewed. Withers.

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HE first part of this work, as far as page 78, is em

ployed in giving an account of the word Angel; to few, that the Angel of the Lord is an affumed Appearance of God, who calls himself by that name, and (peaks, and acts, as if he were the numerical person or persons. But.concerning these Appearances, we have already, in the first Article for this Month, said so much, that we believe our Readers will excuse us from adding any more to it, out of thi, b vok. From page 78, to 222, this Author treats of the Cien Li 2


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