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matter was taken, had been violently scorbutic at the age of four,

his larger teeth consuming with a caries, almost as foon as formed. 5 The material point, however, is, that the inoculated has been these four years without any proofs of tcorbutical infection?

We must needs think it a happy circumstance for this practice, that all the diseases which have occurred, in different families, for fome generations paft

, have not been handed down by writing, or tradition, to the present; since this ridiculous hypothesis might

very naturally be extended by such reasoners, to the imaginary f communication of a disease, which killed some re&ilineal ancel. na tor (of the person who gave the small-pox) fome centuries fince: cor by a further subtilizing, this objection might fuppofe the ino. y culated would die (fome time or other) of the complicated diffemi pers of all the ancestors. But as a late writer on this practice has

obferved, If it has appeared in many inftances, that the convent {mall-pox has not conveyed its own species, or degree, of the small pox (of which Mr, Frewin has given us above twerty in

stances, by inoculation) how is it imaginable, that it fhould conovey any diseafe effentially different from itself?

It is too probable, that the operation of this pamphlet may be reItrained, from the Author's not affording u: his own name at kaft i to the facts; since one of competent reputation, and known inte

grity, would considerably increafe their impression. We have

heard that evidence viva voce, is always preferred to what is .. written, even fuppofing it fubfcribed too, which we canpot fap991 pose an anonymous pamphlet to be.

We must beg leave to be indulged, on this public occasion, in a further reflection, even on fo little a work, viz. That in ci all these cases, no instance is even hinted of any physician's being

at once consulted about any of the patients, or about the constitu* tions of those from whom the matter was taken; some of which 39 appear to have been such, as a very prudent one, whatever were on his hypothesis, would have declined to take it from. We are He told, in each case, of fomc nameless surgeon, as entirely conductcing it, with compliments to the abilities of some on this occafion, s's fee page 13. 16; of which one at least may be designed for this 21; anonymous writer, who is probably a surgeon: so that in a little

time, the surgery is likely to be provided with medicines for the small-pox too. But as it seems not enough to have received a very useful method for imparting that distemper, without guard

ing it as well as possible from all miscarriage or abuse, the phyfie 2. cians may very speciousy affirm, that none are so proper to dis. 1 pose for, to-excite, and to conduct this disease, as those who have o't really studied the nature of it, and of other internal diseases. di They may add, that thefe compliments of the prescribing fur. -13 geons to each other, are pronounced by incompetent judges of 2.-* the case ; and suggest, that fuch an.over, industry may tend to de

feat its own pursuits :: since it is fcarcely to be doubted, confider. ing the great facility of this operation, that wherever a good phy.

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fician will accommodate the patient on the surgeon's terms, every person of common sense will sooner trust the former to scrarch, than the latter to prepare and prescribe. Nor is it impossible, that this engrossing fpirit may incite some of them to specify a few modern miscarriages of inoculation, where furgeons have assumed the fole conduct of it. This might as naturally beget a few recri. minations; which, instead of producing a more guarded and ju. dicious application of this practice, by which the Public would certainly gain, might end in a considerable difuse of it, by which they must undoubtedly fuffer.

Our Author's remarks on the unfair calculation, in the White. hall Evening-post of Sept. 23, figned Philopater, are jutt, and seasonable.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. XXXI. Sermons upon the following subjects, viz. on hearing the Word ; receiving it with Meeknefs; renouncing grofs Immoralities; the neceffity of obeying the Gospel ; 'being found in Christ; Justification by Faith; the Nature, Principle, and Extent of Evangelical Obedience; the Deceitfulness of the Heart, and God's Knowlege thereof; the Shortness and Vanity of human Life; the true Value, Use, and End of Life, together with the Conduciveness of Religion to prolong, and make it happy. By Jonathan Mayhew, D.D. 8vo. 55. “ Millar.

As these discourses were not composed with a view to be offered to the public; they have little to recommend them in point of accuracy or elegance; the candid Reader, however, will, notwithstanding this, find his account in bestowing upon them an attentive perusal. There appears, through the whole of them, a fpirit of manly freedom : the Author, indeed, differs widely. from those who call themselves orthodox; but he does not, as it is to be feared too many do, express his sentiments in phrases of ftudied ambiguity, in order to conceal his real opinions, and appear to believe what he neither does nor can believe; but, laying aside all disguise, he speaks out openly and boldly, what he really thinks, acting herein the part of an honeft man, and of a worthy advocate for that religion, which is the declared enemy of every species of diffimulation and hypocrisy. He declares, that he will not be, even religiously scolded, nor pitied, nor wept and lamented, out of any principles which he believes upon the authority of Scripture, in the exercise of that share of Reason which God has given him: nor will he postpone the authority of Scripture, he fays, to that of all the good Fathers of the Church, even with that of the good Mothers added to it.

Nor are his discourses only valuable for the free fpirit they breathe; there is a great deal of juit reasoning, and Itrong fense. to be met with in them. He is at great pains to ihew, and it is of the utmost importance to shew, the absurdity of founding our

hopes

hopes of final happiness, and acceptance with God, on the orthodoxy of our faith, the merits, and imputed righteousness of Chrift, or, indeed, on any thing feparate from purity of heart and life;, and he combats, very succesfully, fome dangerous notions that prevail, it is to be feared, among too many who call themselves by the Christian name, in regard to wbat the Scripture says concerning our being laved by Grace; being found in Cbrift, not having our own righteousness; and being justified by Faith.

Of the fourteen discourses which he offers to the public, the first

A ten are from James i, 21, 22. Lay apart all filthiness and fuperfluity of naughtin , and receive with meekness the ingrafted word, which is able to save your souls. But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. The feveral things contained in this passage, he considers particularly ; thewing the obligation that lies upon all Christians in general to be bearers of the word, and to receive the Gospel with an humble and teachable temper of mind, as opposed to that pride, captioufnels, and wrangling disposition, which are but too commonly found among the professors of Christianity ; pointing out the ne. cessity of obeying the Gospel, in order to obtaining the salvation of it, and rectifying some mistakes concerning the terms of salvation, and justification by Faith, as Faith is distinguished from, and opposed to, evangelical obedience. The other four are practical discourses, on the deceitfulness of the heart, the shortness and vanity of human life, the true value and end of life, and the tendency of religion to prolong and make it happy.

XXXII. A Collection of Seventeen PraEtical Sermons, on various and important Subjects. Preached and published separately, on divers on Occafions, but mostly out of Print. To which is added, a Ministerial Exhortation. By John Guyse, D.D. 8yo, 5s. Buckland.

As chese sermons liave been former published, it does not fall within our province to give any account of them; and, indeed, if what the Author says in his preface, be true, they have already received a much higher recommendation than any we could venture to beltow, were we ever so much disposed to recommend them; for we are told, that they have met with a favourable reception from the SAINTS.-It had been kind in this good Doctor to have told us the names of some of these Saints, that the public might have profited by their example; the force of which we all know to be very great. We may, however, comfort ourselves with the confideration, that there are Saints still in the land, tho'we are denied the facisfaction of knowing where they are to be met with.

XXXIII. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of the East-Riding of York, at a primary Visitation, held at Hunmanby on the sit, at Beverley on the 3d, and at Kingfton upon Hull on the 4th of June, 1756. By Robert Oliver, M. A. Archdeacon. 8vo. 64. Sandby.

This is a very sensible and modeft discourse. It contains some juft reflections on the Deistical Writers, and some useful di. rections to the Clergy. Mr. Oliver appears to be a warm friend to our constitution, both civil and religious ; and strongly recommends to his brethren, as a matter of great importance in our present circumstances, that they take all possible care to make their people good fubjects, as well as good Chriftians; to give them a due sense of, and a juft value for, our Conftitution, and encourage them, by every tie of duty, by every motive of interest, to exert the utmost of their power in support of it.

XXXIV. An Answer to the Rev. Mr. Charles Bulkeley's Pleas for mixt Communion. As published in two Difcourses on John jïi. 5. under the Title of Catholic

Communion, &c. By Grantham Killingworth. 8vo. 6d. Baldwin.

In our Review for January, 1755, we gave a short account of Mr. Bulkeley's two Discourses on Catholic Communion; the defign of which discourfes was to fhew, that different sentiments in regard to the particular doctrines, or external appointments, of the Gospel, ought not to be the least bar or impediment to our unlimitted communion, or participation in all the exercises of religion, and ordinances of the Gospel. Mr. Killingworth, in the piece now before us, makes an attempt to answer these discourses, telling us, at the fanne time, that they did not require an answer on account of the matter they contained, fo much as on account of the character and popularity of their Author. Without entering into the merits of the controverfy, we shall only observe, that what Mr. Killingworth advances, to prove the necessity of water baptism, in order to Christian communion, and churchmembership, appears very trifling; and that the texts of Scripture which he produces, in support of his opinion, are either grossly perverted, or nothing to his purpose. Indeed, whoever will be at the pains to read what he has here faid, or what he has faid in his other pieces on the subject, will not, we apprehend, be inclined to entertain any high opinion of him, as a clear, or a fair Reasoner. -What Mr. Bulkeley fays upon the subject, has a natural, and obvious tendency to promote peace and good will among Christians, notwithstanding their diversity of sentiments ; whereas Mr. Killingworth's notions are evidently calculated to keep alive a spirit of animosity, and perpetual contention, and violence.

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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For DECEMBER, 1756.

H

To the AUTHORS of the MONTHLY REVIEW.
Gentlemen,
AVING, in a former letter*, given you an account

of the first volume of the Analyse de Bayle, and of the

plan of the work, I now crave your acceptance of a sketch of the three other volumes, flattering myielf that it will be agreeable to the generality of your Readers.

The second volume is a very entertaining one, comprehending a variety of miscellaneous subjects, viz. An anecdote concerning the parliament of Paris ; an extraordinary case of conscience; an account of what the Turks call Nephes-Ogli ; an examination of some of the laws of Lycurgus ; an account of the heretics called Mammillarians; the history of Cambabus and Stratonice; reflections upon fortune ; the antiquities of Ypres ; a comparison of antient and modern Rome; reflections upon dreams; a long differtation concerning the hiftory of Pope Joan; fome particulars concerning the life of Æsop; the prophecies of Angelo Cattho; the history of Borri; the history of Ruggeri, &c. &e.

For the entertainment of your English Readers, I shall lay before them, in their own language, a view of fome of these articles, and begin with that relating to the laws of Lycurgus.–Lycurgus's method of training up children,' says Bayle, was extremely proper, to make them good foldiers, but he extended this system of education too far;

• Review for April lalt. VoL, XV.

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