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Anno Mundi.

Events.

Anno Domini, 4452—4531 Ch. ix. 1–12. The First Woe. Severe oppression

of the Jews in Persia, which lasts five prophetic
months=79 common years

510-589 4531-4576 A pause between the first and second woes; which lasted 45 years. Activity of Mahomet

589-634 4576–4789 Ch. ix. 15. The Second Woe; which lasts one

prophetic year, month, day, and hour ;=213
common years.

Havoc commenced by the
Saracens

634-847 4789—4889 Pause between the second and third woes; which lasts a hundred years

847—947 4742–5778 Ch. x. 6. Commencement of the non-chronus, (or

Time no longer,'') which lasts 1036 years 800—1836 4742—5742 The Germanic Roman Imperial Dominion, esta

blished by Charlemagne ; which lasts about a
thousand years, and "letteth” (stands in the

way of) the rise of Antichrist. 2 Thess. ii. 6, 7. 800-1800 4882—5559 Ch. xii. 6. Twelve hundred and sixty prophetic

days;=677 common years; from the comple-
tion of preparatory institutions in Bohemia, for
the diffusion of vital Christianity in that country,
to its almost entire extinction there after its rise
and diffusion in other countries by the Reforma-
tion

940-1617 4889—5778 The Third Woe; ch. xii. 12, lasts (öniyov kaipòr) a short time,” 8885 years

947–1836 5000—5778 Ch. xii. 14. The “time, times, and half a time,”

(or 3f times,) in which the Woman nourishes
and supports herself in the northern countries of

20 Sept. Europe; a period of 7777 years

1058—1836 4882—5000 The most helpless time of the U'oman, now fled

into the wilderness ; wherein she was dependent
on the nourishment and support of others, and
chiefly of princes

940-1058 5000—5559 More favourable time, when she becomes nourished,

and nourishes herself. Revival of learning; in-
vention of printing; Reformation

1058_1617 3589--5778 The most favourable time; wherein she nourishes

herself with continually growing strength (though
under oppressions), so that she can nourish others

also. Pietism; Bible societies; missions, &c. 1617-1836 The Beast out of the Sea; the papacy, as com

pleted by Hildebrand, lasts forty and two pro-
phetic months, ch. xiii. 5, 18, or 6669 years. The
beginning of these cannot be fixed till their
close; the two most probable periods which may

be assigned, are either
5015—-5682; from the beginning of the reign of Hildebrand

to the death of Clement XII., unger whom the

Anno Mundi.

Anno Domini.

EVENTS.
weakness of the papacy against the emperor
manifested itself

1073–1740

or from

5085—5752; from Celestine II., the first who was elected

without

any voice of the people, until again a change shall take place in the relative position of the pope towards the city of Rome. (Decree of Napoleon of the 17th of May, 1809, by which the papal jurisdiction was abolished)

1143-1809 5682

The non-existence of the Beast out of the Sea," be

gins with the termination of the period 666 ; pro-
bably the Beast out of the Earth,the .

· false
prophet,ch. xiii. 11, begins just then, or even
earlier

1740 5556—7777; Ch. xiv. 6. The angel with the Everlasting Gospel;

the measured everlastingness (aiwv) continues
2222 years; Arndt or his followers

1614-3836 5577—5769 Ch. xiv. 8. The angel who announces the Fall of Babylon; Spener, or his followers

1635–1727 5682—5778 The Harvest and the Vintage. The sweeping away

of many good and bad men from the earth, between * ch. xiv. 15—18

1740-1836 5772-5778 Ch. xi. 3. The prophesying of the Two Witnesses ; between which lasts 1260 common days

1830-1836 5772—5778. Ch. xi. 2. The last Treading-down of Jerusalem ; between

which continues forty and two common months 1830 – 1836 5772

The rise of the Beast out of the bottomless pit about 1830 5773–5774 The Beast takes his throne upon the seven moun

tains ; where he must “continue a short space,”
ch. xvii. 10

1831-1832 5774

The Power of the Ten Kings (one hour,) ch. xvii. 12, 1832, from

lasts one prophetic hour; that is, eight natural the 14th to days

the 22d Oct. 5773—5778 The seven Plagues, ch. xvi. Divide into four and

three, and run out quickly, in the days of Anti- about christ

1831-1836 5775

The ten kings lay Babylon (Rome) waste ; in an

agreement with the Beast; ch. xvii. 16, ch. xviii, 1833 5774–5778 The last raging of Antichrist; which continues about three common years and a half

1832-1836

* The reader, upon coming to this part of the table, is requested to take notice, that Bengel, in speaking to the years between 1740 and 1836, has expressed very various conjectures [B.] (so as not to have professed to speak positively, either of the year 1836 or of those very near it. Some slight flaw in the system, which may still conceal from us the awful year intended, should be so far from encouraging any to think lightly of the general matter, that we should be only the more circumspect and piously inquiring; as there is enough in the system to warrant our expectation that the time is very near at hand.)-[T.)

Anno Mundi.

Events.

Anno Domini. 5778

Conflict of the Beast out of the Bottomless Pit with

the people of God; and his overthrow at the ap

pearing of the Lord; ch. xix. 11-21 - 18 June, 1836 5778-6778 Thousand years binding of Satan; ch. xx. 143 1836—2836 6778—6890 Loosing of Satar fora little time(ulkpov xpóvov), a period of 111; years; ch. xx. 3

2836–2947 6778—77774 Thousand years' reign of the saints in heaven ; ch. xx. 4

2836-3836 77774 End of the world, and Judgment

3836

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Explanations of the above chronological table may be.collected almost entirely in Bengel's own words, from his “ Exposition of the Apocalypse.” Its principal matters are as follow :

“ The book of the Revelation divides itself into three parts: first, the introduction ; secondly, the body of the prophecy; and thirdly, the conclusion. The contents of the three first chapters, as preparative of all the events that follow, form the introduction; and first, we have the personal preparation of the inspired writer himself. This holy man, though he had been faithfully exercising his apostleship more than thirty years, yet before he could receive such high disclosures, must submit to purification. Next, we have the preparation of the angels, (or overseers,) of the seven churches, as also that of those churches themselves. ties are to be brought into better condition by repentance; therefore it is testified to them that the Lord knew the work of each individually, whether good or evil had the ascendant, or whether both were equally balanced. What was good in them, was, by the way, confirmed and strengthened. This preparation of the seven churches is an example to the Lord's servants in every age and on every occasion; therefore it is here introduced with perfect right and propriety; but we cannot, without violence to the text, understand it as likewise prophetic of seven periods in the christian church. Seven glorious promises are respectively annexed to it for the encouragement of each angel of the seven churches.

After these preparations, the Lord again addresses himself to John, saying, that he would show him things which must be hereafter' (ch. iv. 1.) Here commences the body of the prophecy; which opens with a manifestation of all power in heaven and in earth, as given to the Lord Jesus Christ. This is set in full view, first, generally (ch. iv.) then, by the seven seals; the four first of which relate to visible events, that commenced soon after the revelation was given.

1

The riders on the horses represent, not so much any particular persons, as rather events, that should take place in the four regions of the Roman empire, rapidly succeed each other, and occupy but a short period. The first of them points at the victories of Trajan, subduing Arabia Petræa, Armenia, Assyria, and Mesopotamia; and attracting embassies even from India, to respect the Roman conqueror. The second intimates the sanguinary war carried on in Dacia, against Decebalus; the third, the Egyptian scarcity; and the fourth, the earthquakes, inundations, pestilence, and conflagrations, by which, from the time of Trajan, multitudes of the human race, within the Roman empire, were swept away. What was fulfilled, under these four seals, all within the few first years after St. John wrote, served to establish the credibility of the whole prophecy, by giving a fourfold proof that all was under the dominion of Christ, and that he was fully able to dispose the future after his own counsel, agreeably to what he had here foretold. The three last seals relate to the invisible world, which is equally under the government of Christ. First, and under the fifth seal, appear the martyrs, who had lost their lives by the persecutions that raged under the Roman emperors. Their cries for vengeance import, that Rome had not, under the four first seals, suffered any peculiar trouble. They are directed to wait till the other martyrs shall have been added to their number. In the middle ages, the church had rest from persecution; but towards their close, the popes, who now occupied the place of the Cæsars, began those persecutions of faithful Christians, which they have ever since abetted, and will continue to do till their city has filled up

the measure of her iniquity. Under the sixth seal, appear the departed souls of the wicked, awaiting in terror the day of judgment. Preparatory to the grand sequel, the 144,000 of Israel next appear; and after this, an innumerable company of all nations and kindreds and people and tongues, who should be delivered out of the great tribulation' and temptations that would commence soon after the date of the Apocalypse. Hereby is intimation given, that even in the most distracted and troublous times, the Lord will preserve a people to himself in all quarters of the earth! The sealing of the elect, in chapter the seventh, may be regarded as preparatory to the all-important seventh seal (under which the representatives of the invisible world, and especially angels, are again set forth); so likewise the holy 'silence in heaven,' recorded in chapter the eighth, which, as it seemed to John, lasted about

half an hour, may be considered as more specially preparatory to that important period. The angels now make ready for the full execution of the great commissions given them, which they then execute singly and successively. The trumpet of the first angel, (ch. viii. 7) relates to the Asiatic ' earth,' and denotes the dreadfully raging rebellions of the Jews, which commenced in the reign of Trajan, but were chiefly carried on in the reigns of his successors; and in particular, the rebellions conducted by the false Christ, Bar-cochab. The second (ch. viii. 8,) relates to Europe ; which from Patmos would appear encompassed by the sea ;' and announces the irruptions of the Goths, and other barbarous nations, into the Roman empire. The third (ch. viii. 10,) relates to the Arian heresy, the founder of which ‘ fell from' the 'heaven' of the church, when he diffused his blasphemous doctrine amongst a great multitude of adherents, particularly in Africa (the land of torrents and inundations,) and hereby occasioned many sanguinary conflicts. The fourth (ch. viii. 12,) comprises the then known world, and signifies the disruption of the old Roman empire, which, A.D. 395, was divided between Arcadius and Honorius, and which Alaric, Attila, Genseric, and Odoacer ravaged, one after another. By the woe crying eagle are the seven trumpets divided, as by a break, into four and three, like the former partition of the seals. The eagle's triple woe is coincident with a period about A. D. 500; when Andreas Cæsariensis in Asia, Primasius in Africa, Apringius in Spain, and Cassiodorus in Italy, wrote much upon the Apocalypse. With this triple woe is next contrasted the everlasting gospel, as signifying, that the triple woe, in announcing temporal plagues, intimated also great mischief to souls. The fifth trumpet (ch. ix. 3,) relates to the blind zeal of the Parsees for their own eclipsed and darkened philosophy, which instigated them to raise a very severe persecution against the Jews, that continued seventy-nine years. This was also the first woe, and was stirred up by the destroyer out of the bottomless pit, who afterwards rises up as the Antichrist. The twelfth verse intimates a state of respite, or comparative quietness between the first and the second woe. This respite lasted fortyfive years after the twentieth of Mahomet. During that period, the whole Saracenic woe, and the Popish, in part, were already in a state of preparation. The sixth trumpet announces the Saracenic slaughter, as now commenced, under the caliphs Abubeker, Omar, Osman, and Ali. It began upon a small scale, but grew more and more terrible, till it was broken up, A. D. 847,

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