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the perfection of his holiness, and minds of some, impressions directly the severity of his justice. It is opposite to those which the Gospel suficient for us to adore that actual conveys respecting the plan of our dispensation of grace he has dis- saivation. There is, 1 grant, much closed to admire that mercy which truth in his observations, as it rethe death of his Son bas permitted gards the workings of the heart him to extend to mankind. This when brought into a state of alarm;

awful fact seems, however, to teach and there is also unquestionably Slu, that the pardon of sin could be great propriety in elevating the

obtained at no inferior cost; that standard of religious obedience, and man must suffer through eternal pointing men to that as absolutely years, or the son of God must bleed necessary to be attained; for with upon the cross. Would we then out holiness no man shall see the mark the entire malignity, the en- Lord. To rouse, to animate, to intire heinousness of sin, let us turn cite, is the duty of the Christian mito Calvary, and collect the punish- nister; and there is an indispensable ment it merited from the sufferings necessity of pressing upon bis hear of the Son of God; let us mark His ers self-denial and prayer; but adiction " who was bruised for our when Sopater goes so far as to talk transgressions, and wounded for our of well-timing the assertions, that

iniquity:" let us mark his body, salvation is all of grace, &c. I cope E fainting, scourged, sweating drops fess it is a doctrine which I have

of blood, pierced with nails, expiring never yet discovered in the Bible. on the cross; and his soul "exceed. It is possible indeed, and I fear is

ing sorrowfól,” “ smitten,” “afflict- sometimes the case, that practical ed, yea, “ forsaken of God!” exhortations may be omitted when

Oh what shall we now think of they ought to he enforced; but it the guilt of transgression, when this seems io me impossible to exalt spectacle passes before our eyes! too high the dignity of the Saviour, What shall be our estimate of the 'and the sovereignty of bis love. If evil of sin, when, to the innumerable any motive can weigh with a poor obligations it violates, to the judg. sinner, brought into a state of alarm, ments it has brought into the world, to abandon bis sins; if any inducein the torments it has yet in store ment can be offered to persuade him brike wicked, this is added, that to turn to God; I know of no motive, e could meet no pardon but through of no inducement, so powerful as that the sacrifice and passion of the which is deduced from the cross of Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Christ. And if this fail, in vain

N.G. shall we try the force of all other

exhortations whatever. But what

was the practice of the apostles?
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Did they ever talk of well-timing

their déclarations of the Gospel plan,
I TRUST I shall not trespass too much from a fear that they would " cer-
© your time and on the pages of tainly, sooner or later, weaken, if not
pour most valuable work, if I beg destroy, the force of practical ex-
leave to offer a few observations on hortation's?” Consult the language
the last two communications of So. of the Epistles. We there discover,
PITER; one of which appeared in jo every line, a remarkable promi-
year number for October, and the nence given to the free grace of
arbet in that of January. With all God; and whenever St. Paul ad-
respect for the piety of Sopater, I vančes towards this amazing subject,
Cantot but say that the language hé his soul becomes impassioned with
bas used appears to me iöconsistent the theme, and he is lost in rapture.
with the tenor of Scripture, and per- This is the grand machine which
bapis calculated to produce on the once converted the world: and
Christ. Ogsexy. No. 111.

X

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we would be the happy instruments a matter of comparatively small inof the same blessed work, now in portance: nor am I to be under. these latter days, let us not pro- stood to mean that the doctrines of ceed upon any other foundation. the Gospel, and nothing more, are When the poor jailor at Philippi to be preached, from a conviction came trembling, and fell down at the that they will produce all the effects feet of the apostles, demanding what necessary. All that I wish to obhe must do io be saved, they did not serve is, that the grand engine of well-time their answer, by telling conversion is the cross of Christ the man he must labour, he must run, and, as it regards the motive to inand strive, though undoubtedly none duce a sinner to leave his sins, no knew better than they the propri- thing but a full, and open, and clear, ety of such an exhortation; but they enunciation of the free, demerited said unto him, Believe on the grace of God in Christ, will avail Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be And, when once the mind begins to saved and thy house." Let me ask, feel the force of this love, it will ne would it not, while the man was in longer be divided by two “ contra that state of mind, have been rather dictory propositions;" bat, one ad ill-timed, and as if one should call itted, the other will be assented to upon a poor cripple to run, when with joy. we knew him utterly incapable of It seems to me, that that preach standing? We seem to forget the ing which leaves the mind to adop efficacy of the cross of Christ, and, a confused idea about what Sopate in attempting too eagerly to raise is pleased to call “ unconnecte the superstructure, we neglect to premises,” must emit an uncertai lay a proper foundation; and the sound: and if so, then indeed th consequence is, that the building conclusions arising from then falls to the ground. I cannot, sir, “must necessarily be weak and in but think that this subject is by efficacious.” I have, sir, for a con some too much neglected. It seems siderable time past read your work to be imagined, that if men are and, as I think, these observation continually told their duty, this are in consonance with it: and I is all which is to be done; while am happy to take this, the first op Christ (if I may be allowed the ex- portunity, of saying that I trust il pression) is kept too much in the has often contributed to rectify my back-ground, and those views which judgment, and lead me to much use. ought to be in distant perspective ful reflection. are brought into the front of the

With sincere respect, piece. Far be it from me to insi.

I am yours, &c. nuate that practical exhortation is

JOHN

MISCELLANEOUS.

held up to derision in your Namber To the Editor of the Christian Observer. for December, p. 753. I am no lexicographer, or dictionary There are, perhaps, few descripmaker; nor even concordist: yet I tions of men, to whom the church could not but feel rather displeased and the world, the learned and the at seeing my old acquaintance and unlearned, they who know it and benefactors incautiously placed they who know it not, are more among that motley group, which is deeply indebted, than the body of

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1811.) Defence of Concordists and Lexicographers:

155 men in question: and merely to ac- opened' a way for the more rapid knowledge that their labours are propagation of the Gospel. useful, while they themselves are In like manner, a man has made spoken of with contempt, is not the considerable proficiency in the learnmost proper return for the benefits ed languages, perhaps without the which we bave received; vor the advantages of a liberal education: way to encourage others to tread in he ascribes his progress to the astheir steps: and as Europe espe- sistance of this or the other friend; cially is under immense obligations but perhaps, above all, to his own to the lexicographers of the fifteenth indefatigable perseverance — But, and sixteenth centuries, for the ex. what dictionary did you use? If celent translatioas of the sacred you had not had that dictionary, Scriptures which she now pos- what would you have done? The sesses; so the exertions of “ the answer to such questions will reLible Society," and of other soci- mind him, that if others before eties for circulating the Scriptures, him had not bestowed still more inwill need a great number of labo- defatigable diligence in the business, rious dictionary-makers, in various his own labours must have been to koguages, to give their pious and little or no purpose. A great part of benevolent designs full effect; and his learning therefore, yea, and of every attempt of this kind, in a lan- the good which it enables him to do, guage little known, is an import- is owing to the lexicographers. The aut opening to the translation of the case is the same with all learned Scriptures into that language. men, whether they recollect it or

You have performed a long jour- no; and with the unlearned, who Ley. It is inquired of you, at what in any way profit by their larate you travelled: you answer, five, bours. I, seven, or eight miles, in an This, however, your correspondbaar. I go no further, because, ent considers as springing from their except on great emergencies, no “ love of fame." Perhaps it may man ought, and one would hope be more justly imputed to a high, bo merciful man can desire, to travel probably excessive, valuation of that pare rapidly. Various other ques. kind of learning in which they are tiesus are proposed about the jour- proficients, and an ardour of mind pey: and you give due commen- in exciting others to the same studation to the horses, drivers, or dies, united with a desire of acgrooms, &c. But at length this quiring a hard-earned maintenance uncommon inquiry is started—Who by their labours. But, when we made the road and built the bridges? consider what kind of men laboured Yes if the road had not been pre. in making lexicons and dictionaries, viously prepared, you could not in the dawning of the reformation; it bare travelled, either with such would be unjust not to ascribe the speed, safety, or comfort. The assiduity and perseyerance of many, drudges who do the common labour, to strong religious principles, and and the surveyors of the high-ways, an ardent hope of thus rendering a right perhaps here occur to your most important service to the souls zind

, without exciting either much of men. respect or sense of obligation. But, Suppose, again, a man to have sarobably the whole was planned by made a great proficiency as a textuTen of far more enlarged minds': ary in the Holy Scriptures: will this

we know that the enlightened person refuse the tribute of respect Lowrans made roads in all the coun- due to Cruden the concordist? I tries which they possessed; know- mention him, as his was long by ing that this would facilitate social far the best concordance, and as it indercoarse, and promote civiliza- has furnished materials to all subsetwa; and tnus, unconsciously, iney quent ones. Shall i impute Cru

I am,

den's laboprs to the love of fame. mend you to insert it, by way of or to other mean motives ? Even if rendering its publicity more permaI had no information on the subject, nent; and in order to record what, what I have learned from his labours I trust, will be the last act of irre, would induce me to ascribe his in- ligious outrage committed in the defatigable diligence to his love of United Kingilom. the Holy Scriptures, and to the love

COURT OF KING'S BENCH, of souls. I must consider him as a

Monday, Feb. 11, 1811. man, in that respect at least, of a very enlarged as well as pious and

THE KING D. CHURHYARD AND OTHERS. benevolent mind; who selected the

Mr. Garrow moved for leave to best possible means of being ex.

file a criminal information against tensively and permanently useful, fourteen persons out of a much which Providence had placed with greater number, for what he had ha in his reach, and who exerted him. hesitation in calling, the most outself most diligently and success• rageous conduct the court ever refully in accomplishing his object. membered. A dissenting minister

Were I disposed, with the Papists, regularly authorised by the law to canonize any persons, William Cru- had hired two rooms of a cottage is den, and the inventor of spectacles, Wickham Market, in the county o would be selected by me: without Soffolk, and announced his intention the latter, during many past years, of preaching there on Sunday, the I could hardly have studied at all; 2d of September last. Upon the and without the former I should have Saturday preceding, the crier wa studied with far inferior advantage. employed by certain persons, wh

were averse to the minister's coming Yours, respectfully, among them, to warn the parish ti

T. S.

take care of their houses and per suns, for a bad set of people wa

coming among them. There wa To the Editor of the Christian Observer. an idea in the county of Suffolk

which the learned counsel hope I ĦAD scarcely noticed your inser- would be corrected by the Bench tion of my paper on tbe subject of that as long as dissenting places persecution, when a relation of some worship were insulted and disturbe extraordinary circumstances, which

without their walls, they might b took place last year at Wickham insulted and disturbed with impu Market, in Suffolk, appeared in the nity, and that the penalties of th public prints, under the form of a act were confined to disturbance Law Report. As the case is now before within the walls of the meeting the proper judges, to them it may houses. Upon the minister's arriva be safely contided ; and I will only at the meeting-house in question, o observe upon it, that should only the 2d of September, be found one half of the facts, detailed in Mr. besieged by upwards of one thou Garrow's address, be substantiated, sand persous, some in disguises, al the defendants will be criminated fecting attitudes of adoration, other by every person wbo regards the beating drums and a large gode sacredness- I will not say of re

and blowing trumpets, and a ligion, but even-of property; and the offending party will surely be making an uproar; the obviou

of which was, the preven subjected to a very serious punish- tion of every thing that might be ment. Below is the report*. I recome heard. These outrages were aftea

said in the meeting-house froin beja The enclosed report is more minute wards repeated on the 16th of Sep than what is contained in some of the news, tember, and on various subsequer papers.

Sundays, the crowd of riate

amounting in number sometimes them; upon which one of the rioters to two or three thousand. On called out of the window, “a che occasiou was brought before Pogram, seize him!” and fired a the door of the meeting-house a gun, It was also threatened, ibat Faggoa, in which was placed a man if the congregation should attempt dressed out in a full suit of black, to meet again, an engine would be a wig, and a cocked bat, who dis- prepared to play upon them. The tribated bread to the mob, certainly affidavit, which stated all these cirfor no other purpose than to disturb cumstances, concluded with saying, the dissenting congregation; for that there was no other place in the the orator gare out separately the parish for the congregation to meet dames of the persons who were to in; and that if they were to attempt receive this bread, upon which there to build one, what they should erect was a general shout; and the wbole in the day would be inevitably concluded with a scramble for the pulled down in the night. Against bares which remained. Upon some every one of the persons who were occasions, the minister was met by the subject of Mr. Garrow's motion, a concourse of these persons, and the affidavit swore overt acts of this was jostled by one of those against conspiracy to prevent the congrega, whom the motion was made, and tion from exercising their religion, who was on horseback. Fireworks The first was a former, of the name and stones were also tbrown into the of James Churchyard, of whom it meeting-house, and at the horse and was sworn, that be entered the chaise in which the minister de- meeting-house on the 14th of Non parted. At one time a procession vember, when he talked loud, and was formed by the mob, who carried afterwards joined Mr. Thompson, the a gallows jo their front. At ano- olliciating minister, bome, telling ther time rotten eggs were thrown bim, that if he were to come for. into the meeting; and two of the seven years to preach there, that rioters, who were professed masks, would be the way in which he stationed themselves among the cons would be served. Mr. Garrow had gregation, saying that they came omitted to mention, tbat these rioters there to hear ibe word of God, and, wore cockades of their order, and by, tbey would hear it. At in short presented an happy edition beagth the rioters broke all the win- of an 0. P. riot at a dissenting dess of the meeting-house, One meetiog-bouse. The next person man kept open bouse during the against whom the learned counsel time of this riot, and gave wine to moved, was Benjamin Garrard, the all those wbo opposed ibe Pograms, distributor of the bread, and the

the dissenters were nick-named person wbo rode at the bead of the li fras openly stated too, at the vese cavalcade, who threw stones and try of the parish, that there was a fireworks. The third was William gentleman ready with one hundred Hewitt, a collar-maker, who wore a pounds, to support the Anti-pograms. cockade, and was the mask wha The owner of ibe cottage where the had been before described to dissenters assembled was forcibly have mocked the attitude of adoraturned out of his house, and his tion. It was he that procured the wife was threatened, tbat he and his drum and drummer. The next was

broeber, who had interfered in the Philip Dykes, not one of the most business

, should be pressed and sent vulgar of the rioters, but a man more la sta, if they did not turn the Po- criminal tban perhaps they; for he Fons out of their house. Of this was in a superior station of life to use the rioters had gotten possese them, and supported and encouraged tion, and were tearing it to pieces them. He was described yeoman, and felbe nigbi, when the brother of was the churchwarden of the parish. tks oftet endeavoured to prevent Oo_the 22 of December, which was

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