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the last day of preaching at the sons, who had assisted in the dis meeting-house, the minister went turbance, and against whom no with the tenant of the house, to the proceedings were depending, viz. churchwarden, in order to endea. — Churchyard, Benton, Garrard vour to repossess themselves of the Willian Hewitt, Culpeck, Tuffield, house; when the church warden told and Clow. them that there should be no preach. Mr. Garrow made it understood ing there, and that murder would be to the court, that there had been at committed if it were ever attempted tempts to proceed in the ordinary again. The next

was William

course of justice, by indictment, Moore, a farmer in the neigh- against all these persons, but the bourhood, who encouraged the mob grand jury had thrown out the bills. by cries of “ burn them ;” and was the person who threatened a press- Since the violent opposition to the gang. The next was John Culpeck, early Methodists, I do not recollect a shoemaker, living next door to that a tumult connected with relithe meeting-bouse, who wore a gion, in any degree so systemacockade, who was the performer tically and perseveringly conducted upon the gong, and the person who as the above, has been heard of cried from the window of the meet- throughout the empire. You may ing-house, “a Pogram," &c. indeed remind me of the riots in The next two were James Shel- 1780. I look upon themi, however, and drake and William Gurling, who upon some subsequent disturbances, entered the meeting-house, and as having been the consequences of being afterwards taken by the a politico-religious question, first constables in the act of rioting, ef- agitated among men in power, and fected their escape, with the assist. then brought down to the concepance of William Benton and Charles tions of the vulgar, in the shape of Bunn, who were the next two watchwords, and popular aphorisms, moved against; but as a bill of in- (which, in all great convulsions, are dictment had been found against expressly made for the occasion, these first two for the disturbance, and are well known-Mirabeau though not for the conspiracy, their would support me--to be most popames were, at the recommendation

tent engines of sedition), and issuing of the court, struck out. Benton in acts of sensuality and cruelty. was a wheelwright, who disguised Such acts are perpetrated in any himself as a butcher: he struck at the insurrection whatever, when the ineering-house door, and offered to passions of the populace get the betfight the constables. Bunn (yeo- ter of their fears; no matter wheman) followed one of the ministers ther they cry No Popery, or No Po on the road, and assaulted him, grams. shouting “ No Pogram.” Edmund In the Suffolk case, as in most cases, Hewitt, who was the next, assisted which in my judgment, with some in the rescue and disturbance. The correctness, come now under the denext two were Tuffield and Clow, scription of persecution, the object who came into the meeting-house of resentment is an individual, or inwith the insignia of the riot, bearing dividuals, personally known to the with-them à basket of stinking assailant; whose enmity is excited sprats, which they threw over the by actually seeing and hearing the congregation. The last was Wil. man who exhorts him to forsake a liam Cooke (yeoman), who struck wicked life. As he hates the light the constable, and assisted in Shel- which shews him his own character, drake and Gurling's rescue by he hates the bearer of the light, knocking him down.

Hatred soon kindles into practical The court granted a rule to shew revenge, and is specifically directed cause against the following six per- against the supposed injurer. Now

whatever insults and formal acts. of rified conscience, and which our abresentment follow, solely from this ject nature hates in exact propora feeling of hatred, I deem to be tion to the advantages we might properly persecution, and nothing otherwise receive. better.

TUUM EST. As far as we are yet informed, the proceedings in Suffolk certainly were of a peculiarly offensive cha. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. racter. That a mob, consisting of from one to three thousand, regy. I UNDERSTAND that Mr. Faber thinks larly organized, led on by men in the subversion of Popery will synmasquerade, encouraged by the chronize with the downfall of Mogratuitous distribution of bread, sup- hammedanism; and that when he ported by promises of pecuniary discerns the evident approach of the aid at a vestry, inflamed even to latter event, he will be able to asacts of bouse-breaking, -all this certain certain dates most intimately for three months and finally receive connected with the general fulfil. ing the virtual countenance of a ment of prophecy. He also expects grand jury ;-that such an elabo- that Mohammedanism will sink grafate and steady course of opposition dually. ta religious society, under the pro- The Wahabees entered Mecca on tection of the law, should be pursu- the 27th of April, 1803; levelled ed

, is really astonishing. When the eighty of the tombs belonging to toatter is farther investigated, I have the descendants of Mohammed, and no doubt but that the delinquents, the tomb also of his wife Kadiza ; in case of their being unable to plundered the holy places; but left meet so serious a charge, will be ihe Caaba. Mecca, however, was convinced, that the laws of this afterwards repossessed by its shercountry are eminently favourable to riffe. In 1804, Medina, the second religious liberty, and are designed city in Arabia, was taken by the lo cut off from ill-disposed men the Wahabees; who plundered all the opportunity of oftending.

treasures, which had been accumu. With regard to myself, I feel a lating there for ages, by the contripeculiar degree of interest in the re- butions of the faithful. The tomb sult of the trial, on account of hav- of the prophet himself was destroying pleaded, in my last paper, that, ed. The Arabs will soon be united in the present state of the world, under one master. Arabia is for "there is properly no persecution.” ever lost to the Sultaun ; who, conShould, however, the clients of Mr. sequently, is no longer head of the Garrow prove their point, and should Mohammedan religion. Mecca the court refuse their protection cannot again be visited by pilgrims, I am supposing the very worst-my according to the order of the Proplea must be reversed. On the con- phet. The mighty fabric of Islatrary, should the court grant their mism must be considered as having protection, and punish the defend- passed away when Suad entered auts, the sentiments I have advanced Mecca in 1803. will be strengthened. The matter The facts and inferences in the may be decided before this address above paragraph, are taken from teacho3 its destination. Whatever the second volume of Lord Va. the decision be, it may be advisable lentia's Travels. There is some into record the above report in your consistency in what the noble auFaluable miscellany; as a striking thors says aftewards ; namely, that instance of the energy and perse. he met some pilgrims on their road Terance with which the buman mind to Mecca. This perhaps may be opposes a fact, or a person, connect- explained. ed with the expostulations of a ter

I have nothing farther to add

except a wish, that Mr. Faber, or duty to watch more particularly any other competent investigator of the publications on these sa'jects, the difficulties of prophecy, would proceeding from what is called the compare with them these facts and religious world, and to warn that inferences; and, with your permis- class of our timid, but often wellsion, oblige your readers with the meaning countrymen, in the esta. result.

blished church and amongst the OROZO. various denominations of dissenters,

who are too apt to resign their judg

ments to the direction of priests, or To the Editor of the Christian Observer. to men of a priestly disposition, Verily, Mr. Observer, I wish that against the fatal errors,--that an inyou and your brother reviewers difference to the rights given them would keep a sharp look out after by the great Creator, and confirmed your publishers, and not allow them to them by the constitution of their to undo on the outside of your works country, is to be considered a mark all the good you are so laudably of vital Christianity,---that servility, trying to do within. Your pub- corruption, bribery, the love of war, Jisher, I grant, is more discreet in pillage, conflagration, and wholesale this way than many of his brethren; massacre, are to be apologised for, but I sometimes catch him inserting under the wretched pretence that an advertisement in the blue cover our common parent has created us of your work, which is not quite the all radically, and to ibe heart's core, thing. However, as I said before, he utterly vitiated; and that an iudulis so comparatively innocent in this gence of public vices at least, may respect, that I have very little fault be allowed, pleaded for, and coverto find with him. He never inserts ed, under the cloak of an evangelical any thing about Dr. Solomon, or the profession." lottery. But there is another reli- And again : “ Such is the state of gious publication, which I forbear to degeneracy, in which the majority name: what does the publisher do of all parties in the state and in the this month, but stitch at the end of church appear to be sunk, that we it Ben Flower's Address to the Pub. have very slender hopes that peace lic, in recommendation of his " Poc able reformation will be the happy litical Review and Monthly Mis- lot of this country.” cellany.” Lest this address should I am a plain man, and do not have escaped your notice, I send it well understand how such mischiere you, having indignantly torn it out ous trash can be even indirectly proof the place where the publisher pagated by any one, much more by had stitched it, inadvertently I hope, a work, which challenges to be be., and not as a substitute for the Address neficially committed into the hands of his employers. That your read- of youth, and which the wise and ers may not think my displeasure good are to recommend without to have been misplaced, I beg you scruple. will favour them with the following My advice to you reviewers, specimens:-" The parliamentary Mr. Observer, is to look to your debates, unhappily, on account of outposts as well as to your citadel. the low estimation in which the For be your citadel ever so well public characters of the majority of guarded at present, if you suffer the debaters in administration and your out-posts to be quietly occuopposition are held by the public, pied by the enemy, your citadel exciting, comparatively speaking, too will soon be in his possession. but little interest, will therefore be

PARMER BLUNT. discontinued.” Again: "We frank- Feb. 15, 1811. ly inform our readers, that we shall deem it an im" nt part of our

of both sexes ;--all the inquisitions To the Editor of the Christian Obserder. in the kingdom send their prisoners

to Madrid. By one of the articles in the treaty Twenty men and women out of lately concluded with the court of these prisoners, with one renegado Brazils, it is stipulated both that the Mahometan, were ordered to be Portugueze slave trade shall be con- burned : fifty Jews and Jewesses, fined within narrow limits, and that having never before been imprisonthe Inquisition shall be abolished ed, and repenting of their crimes, at Goa, and shall not be established were sentenced to a long confinein the Brazils. The benefits arising ment, and to wear a yellow cap; to the cause of humanity from any and ten others, indicted for bigamy, limitarion of the slave trade are witchcraft, and other crimes, were now, perhaps, well understood and sentenced to be whipped and to be properly appreciated in this country. sent to the galleys. These last wore I question, however, whether the large pasteboard caps, with inscripBritish public are sufficiently aware tions on them, having a halter about of the triumph which the same their necks, and torches in their cause has obtained by the annihila- hands. tion of the power of the Inquisi- “ On this solemn occasion, the tion in both the Indies. I have whole court of Spain was present. been induced, sir, by a desire of The grand inquisitor's chair was impressing this point more strongly placed in a sort of tribunal far above on the minds of your readers, to ihat of the king. The nobles here transmit to you for insertion an au- acted the part of the sheriff's offithentic account of an Auto-da-Fè, cers in England, leading such crimilaken from Fox's Book of Martyrs, nals as were to be burned, and holdand to which I understand there ing them when fast bound with have been several shocking paral- thick cords; the rest of the crimilels at Goa, even since that place has nals were conducted by the famibeen under our protection, and gar- liars of the inquisition." risoned by our troops.

The account of the Mass follows,

with the reading of the sentence of “ The officers of the Inquisition, · condemnation. preceded by trumpets, kettle-drums, “ Next followed the burning of and their banner, marched on the the twenty-one men and women, 30th of May, in cavalcade, to the whose intrepidity in suffering that palace of the Great Square, where horrid death was truly astonishing. ihey declared by proclamation, that Some thrust their hands and feet on the 30th of June the sentence of into the flames with the most daunt. the prisoners would be put in exe- less fortitude ; and all of them cution.

yielded to their fate, with such re"Now there bad not been a spec- solution, that many of the amazed tacle of this kind at Madrid for se- spectators lamented that such heroic veral years before, for which reason souls had not been more enlightit was expected by the inhabitants ened.” with as much impatience as a day of the greatest festivity and triumph. It was by proceedings similar to

“When the day appointed ar- that which has now been detailed, rived, a prodigious number of peo- that the Inquisition al Goa forced a ple appeared dressed as splendidly large proportion of the Syrian Chrisas their respective circumstances tians, on ihe Malabar coast, to conwould admit.' In the Great Square forn to the church of Rome, and was raised a high scaffold; and thi. the remainder to seek a refuge for ther, from seven in the morning till their faith is the fastnesses of the the evening, were brought criminals mountains and in the comparatively CHRIST. Observ. No. 111.


tender mercies of Hindoo princes. The man, the wisest of our kind,
Let us thank God that its baleful Who length of days had seen;
fires are at length extinguished.

To birth, and death, a time assigu’d,
C. C. Bot none to life between.

Yet, lo! what consequences close

This transient state below;

Eternal joys, or, missing those, To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

Interna inable woe. The two following hymns, the production of Mr. Clark, late pastor of

PSALM CXXXVII. PARAPHRASED. a dissenting congregation at Trow- By Babel's streznis we sat and wept, bridge, are extracted from his life

For Zion's woes our hearts did rend: by Mr. Jay, and appear to me to be Onr harps, in tune no longer tept, well worthy of a place even in your Upon the willows we suspend. poetical department.

For there our foes insult us still,
I am, &c.

And, taunting, aggravate our wrongs :
C. M.

“Captives, display your boasted skill;

Come, sing us one of Ziou's songs."

The songs of Zion are the Lord's,
Swift as an arrow cuts its way

And his are all the notes we raise ;
Through the soft-yielding air;

We will not touch the tuneful chords
Or as the sun's more subtle ray,

Till we can sound them in bis praise.
Or lightning's sudden glare;
Or as an engle to the prey,

While Zion lies in ruin still,
Or shuttle through the loom ;

Dare we her dear remembrance leave?
So baste our fleeting lives away,

No, first these hands shall lose their skill,
So rush we to the tonub.

These tongues shall to our palates cleave. Like airy bubbles, lo! we rise,

Remember, Lord, how Edom's sons

Proudly contemi'd us in our wocs,
And dance upon life's stream;
Till soon the air that caus’d, destroys

Triumphd o'er Zion's scalter'd stones,
Th' attenuated frame.

And urg'd to rage ber cruel foes.
Down the swift stream we glide apace,

But God will Babylon destroy,
And carry deatlı within;

Her righteous doom shall nune retard :
Then break, and scarcely leave a trace

And happy he who sees the day,
To shew that we liave been.

When she shall meet her dae reward.


Ireland's Paganism and Chris:ia- care, though his bodily protection nity compared.

might be beneath their dignity, or

beyond their capacity. (Concluded from p. 117.)

The fears of St. Augustin, when Having, in a former article, disposed taking an early view of this subject, of the first subject of inquiry in these in his celebrated work “de Civitate Lectures, we proceed to examine Dei," seem to have led him to ap. that which occupies the second part prehend, that the refutation of these of them, and which discusses the fatter and more aspiring claims of still more important question; whe- human wisdom would prove the ther the deities, who were unable to most difficolt part of his task. We bestow temporal prosperity on their shall be convinced, however, says votaries, were the dispensers of hap. Dr. Ireland, by an easier inquiry piness in a future states whether the than was suggested by the appre. soul of man was the object of their hensions of the pious and learned

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