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1807 be had baptized four children, and A strict order had been given, by a late ex-
late Mr. Swartz was robbed of his gold stock-
, 15 Pariars, and 9 Papists. The comof the Latheran church, two or three of the municante wete 253. Euest catechists, that they may administer to
The Danish Missionaries at Tranquebar the Taajare and southern congregations.
had been put to great inconvenience by tlie The Rev. Messrs
. Kolhoff and Horst, the interraption of their usual supplies from missionaries at Tanjore, speak of a Brahmin Copenhagen, and had applied to the gn of whose conversion to Christianity they had
vernment of Madras for protection and good hopes
. This Brahimin was willing to support, their pecuniary difficulties baving be employed in any situation in the mission, obliged them to lessen the number of their but the income of the Tanjore mission being children and to postpone many urgent ore already inadequate to their most necessary jects. Their congregation, however, in the disbursements, the missionaries were under midst of these disadvantages, had enjoyed the painful necessity of directing him to the means of grace, and had had an increase book cut for assistance from the missions on of sixty-four children, born of Christian pathe cast
. A great part of the revenues of rents, and fourteen adults, who had quitted country were formerly allotted, by the heathenism, and accepted the saving Gospel Hindoo kings
, to the support of healben of Christ; among these was a Mahrattian Reedles and Brahmins ; and this appropria- Brahmin, who spoke the Telinga language, tion is continued by the British government, and who had become, not only a theoretical, Whea a Brahmin, therefore, resolves to em- but a real and practical Christian, in which brace Christianity, be not only draws on character he continued to persevere. Their Himself the indignation of lás order, and of communicants were 1048. Mr. John, the all other Hindoos, but forfeits all the privi- missionary, had lost his sight so as to be leges and emoluments be formerly enjoyed. unable to read and write ; as liad the assisOf coatse he has none to look up to, for assis. tant, Mr Schreyfogel. In this state of affictaice in obtaining a livelihood, but to Chris- tion, the faithful senior catechist Saroiragen,
and the other catechists in the Tranquebas The native fellow-labourers had continued district, had afforded them much comfort to assist Nessrs. Kolhoff and Horst in preach- and assistance. The government of Madras ing the word of God to Christians and hea- had advanced, for the use of the mission, 200 thers, and bad visited the country congrega- pagodas a month, which was, however, much ticas in a variety of places, exhorting them less than its necessities required. to live as became Christians. Sattiana- From the letters of Messrs. Kolhoff and den bad been employed in dispensing the Horst is given a long extract, in which these Sacraments in various places. They com- gentlemen comment with much feeling on plain mach of the want of more Malabar Bi- certain passages in the fifteenth number of bles and Testaments in all the congregations; the transacions of the London Missionary and they state that great pains had been Society, which they understaud to reflect on taken to inure the children under their care
their conduct and that of iheir predecessors 10 babies of profitable industry. They men- in the mission, more particulariy as having ten the real shewn by several members of made an unwarrantable compromise of prine the congregation at Buddeloor to act accorda ciple, in the iudulgence shewn to their con. dag to their Christian engagements. The
verts on the subject of Cast. Messrs. Cran Obrisiaus , it appears, have been often pre- and Desgranges
, in their Journal of the sth tetted
, by the heathen civil servanıs of the of March 1805, soon after they had arrived Campany, froma attending public worship on
in India, observe, “ Oar two lads” (CbrisSerdag, being called to work on that day, rian ladis, we presume) * are sick, but tluy
will eat nothing which our cook dresses, as unscriptural surrender of their birthright, he is of the Pariar cast. Is it not the duty which no nobleman or gentleman in our o of Missionaries to adopt some plan for abo- country, would ever submit. lishing the cast among their converts ? If " As we presume that the equity of suc! we were to tolerate it, we should soon have demand cannot be proved by any precept wonderful accounts to transmit to our friends the sacred oracles, nor from the practice in Europe of our success : but the Scriptures the apostles and primitive Christians, and must be our guide.” The defence of Messrs. besides such a demand might be productie Kolhoff and Horst, to the charge which they of fatal consequences, we have taken care conceive to be insinuated in this passage, is follow the same mode of acting as our pred as follows.
cessors have done, with regard to this Brah “ From the commencement of the mission min. We were, however, much pleased i on this coast, it has been the uniform prac- learning that he had made no objectica tice of all the Missionaries to instruct the against vegetable food, prepared at his te converts from heathenism in the truths of quest by a Wellaler, who, though of a big Christianity, to insist upon their leading an cast, are inferior to that of the Bramina.** holy life, and shewing that they are Chris- Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst likewise advere tians, by loving God above all things, by to two other passages in the same number e considering all men of whatever denomina- the Missionary Transactions, which they contion, religion, or cast, as their neighbours; sider as levelled both at them and at the to entertain a hearty good will towards them, chaplaius of the East India Company. “We and to do them all the good in their power; have reason to believe," say Messrs. Crali but, never did they insist on any person who and Desgranges,
" that there are many wished to embrace Christianity, to renounce friends in this place who will gladly assist his cast.
and protect missionaries who are truly devot“ To desire a man to renounce his casted to the work.” “ May God incline the signifies, to require (for example) a man of heart of one of our directors,” they say in the bigh Seyva, or Wellaler cast, who is ac- another place, “or of sonje crperienced micustomed from his infancy to live only upon nister" (we copy their Italics) “ to come and vegetables, to eat meat, to enter into a close preach in English, and erect the Gospel connection, or to level hinself, with the lower standard here." classes, and to intermarry with one another Now we thiuk that the first and the last (e. g.) with the Pariars, a cast, who, froin of these remarks (we see nothing objectiontime immemorial, have made themselves dis- able in the second) are very silly, and, pergustful to all other classes of the natives, by haps, a little “ conceited ;" but they mighi their inattention to, and disregard of cleanli- kave passed in a private communication. ness, and particularly by feeding upon car- We think it much more inexcusable in rion. And although our Protestant Pariars the Directors of the Missionary Society are not allowed to use such detestable food; to have published them to the world. At yet as their heathen and Romish relations the same time we think that no one who are not debarred the use of it in like man- reads then will think that they deserved ner, the aversion of well-bred persons to en
grave and scrious refutation from Messrs. ter into the closest connections with such a Kolhoff and Horst, or that it was consistent class of people, (at least until every vestige with the accustomed reserve and diguity of of such filthy propensities shall have been
the Society for promoting Christian Knoweffaced) is founded upon reason and de- ledge to make themselves a party in the discency; and we do not feel ourselves war. pute. ranted to require of the higher ranks such an
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
No action lias as yet taken place in Por
tugal. The hostile armies occupy the same Our limits impose upon us the necessity of position which they did at the close of the being very concise in our view of public last month. Massena is said to have reaffairs. We can do no more than hastily ceived reinforcements to the amouut of 16 glance at the occurrences of the mouth, or 17 thousand men, which proves
munication with Spain to be open at least and the proclamation which the President far large bodies of troops. Lord Wellington bad issued in consequence, and of which we ha also received some additional troops bave already spoken. The message notices from this country.
the growing prosperity of the United States, la Spain the French are evidently gain- and recommends the revisal of their laws reing ground. It is said to be the intention of lative to trade and navigation. It recom. Bonaparte to appes that country to France. mends also the institution of a national uni
The Hanse Towns have at length been versity. We were particularly pleased to formally annexed to France. We may ex- observe that the President strongly depect shortly to bear of some change in Den- nounces the African slave trade still carried mark. The confiscation of ships and car- on by American citizens, and recommends it tres from this country, and of British pro
to Congress to take farther steps for repressdoce and manufactares, proceeds with great ing the evil. tigar.
The papers laid before Congress, as well Bonaparte, in addition to his demands on as some documents from France of a later the Hanise Towns, and on Sweden and Nor- date, prove that America has been far too prar, for seamen to man his fleets, has issued precipitate in supposing that Bonaparte had
decree for organizing a marine conscrip- any serious intention of altering his com tise to be raised in the maritime depart- mercial poliey. He seems still determined Seits, which are therefore to be exempted to retain all the American property he has from the military conscription. The number already seized, and to seize as much more la be raised is 40,000, and they are to colle
as he can, without any regard to the remonsist of youths from 13 to 16 years of age. A strances of America. America now demands farther military conscription is likewise or- of England not only the revocation of the dered.
Orders in Council of Nov. 1807 and April Another decree announces Bonaparte's 1809, but also those of May 1806, blockpurpose of joining the Baltic to France by ading the coast from the Elbe to Brest, and means of inland canals. The thing is with of January 1807, prohibiting neutsal vessels out doubt practicable, the greatest part of from carrying on trade between hostile ports. the distance being already navigable by This shews that their complaints are directed etans either of rivers or canals.
full as much against Lord Grenville's admiA dreadful insurrection of the Janissaries nistration as the present, take place lately at Constantinople; but Mr. Pinckney, the American Ambassador, they appear to have been subdued, after has been ordered to suspend his functions at committing great excesses, by the troops of our court, and to commit the management
of any affairs which may require the interThe message of the American President vention of a minister, to a Chargé d'Affaires.
the opening of Congress, gives that This is done avowedly because we have at view of the foreign relations of the United
present in America no minister of Mr. States which might be expected; complains Pinckney's rank; no step having yet been ef all the belligerents
, but announces the taken to replace Mr. Jackson. Ferocation of the Milan and Berlin decrees,
the Grand Seignior.
GREAT BRITAIN. Tue present state of political affairs, though Oppositionists generally become more calm on the whole peculiarly cloudy and por- and measured in their language when they terceus, is not altogether without its brighter approach the threshold of office. They na. parts
. The ilness of our beloved Monarch rurally reflect, that conciliation will soon behas called forth the affectionate sympathy come their leading interest; and that they, both of his immediate servants and of the like the King or Regent whom they serve, people ; and the yet untried political cha- must lay aside the colours of a party, if they faster of his Royal Highness the Prince of liope successtully to govern a great nation. Wales
, has let persons of very different Mr. Perceval is generally allowed to have patia to entertain favourable hopes re- risen in general credit by the very able and specting him ; hopes in which we cordially manly manner in which he has contended participate, and which are much encou- in favour of his own views on the subject of taged by the dignified silence, as to the the regency; and it' he has erred on this fuestion who shall be his ministers, which point, he has eried by following the example de bas maintained up to the present period. of Mr. Pitt; and he has also erred in comThe violence of party has a little abated. mon with Lord Grenville. His lordstrip has
maintained his consistency on the great con- Houses waited on the Prince of Wales, a stitutional ductrive at issue, and this unques read to him these joint resolutions. The a tionably bas been the chief matter. He swer of the Prince signifies his acceptance has evidenily magnified in an undue degree the Regency under the limitations proposed the smaller points of difference between him- but feelingly regrets that, by the impositio self and Mr. Perceval
of such limitations, he was prevented from Kuniour says that Earl Grey is to be the manifesting towards his father that affectior Premier under the Regent, and that his and reverential delicacy wbich he should Jordship's party, and that of Lord Grenville, have rejoiced to have shewn him. The without any addition, are to constitute the Queen likewise accepted the trust reposed new ministry. In the mean time, the com- in her, with the aid of a council, of the care mercial difficulties of the country are great;
and custody of the royal person. A Bill and one isanufacturing interests more and having been brought in, fonnded on the bamore declining. The burning decrees of sis of the Resolutions, it has passed throngh Bonaparte appear effectual for the present. the House of Commons and also through the America is returning tu her former ill-hu- House of Lords, without undergoing alit mour wille os, and France is urging her to very material alterations, though by very direct hostility. Affairs in Spain and Por- small majorities. tugal are in a very doubtful state.
A vast French navy is preparing; and the coasts of
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. Europe are almost all under the power of Farther accounts from the East Indies anour enemy. How important is it, in these nounce the re-capture of the Isle de Passe, circumstances, to be at peace at least amoug by the French. The Iphigenia frigate felt ourselves: and if we cannot now unite the into their hands at the same time. Another discordast parties in the state, let us hope frigate, the Africaine. Captain Corbet, has at least that the more respectable members since been taken by the sanje squadron, but of cach body way in some degree approx- was afterwards abandoned by the Frencki, imate, and tbat the difficulties which they and has been retaken. severally experience may prepare for some
Severe losses have been experienced at future and truly patriotic anion.
sea, in consequence of the severity of the The whole of this month has been con- weathet. A British seventy-four, the Misumed in Parliament in debating the dif- notaur, was wrecked on the coast of Holferent stages of the proceedings respecting land, and of her crew, consisting of 590 the appointment of a Regency. Resolutions men, only 110 were saved. The Elizabeth having passed both Houses relative to the Indiaman was also wrecked on the French restrictions under which a Regent should coast, near Dunkirk. The crew consisted be appointed, differing little in their import, of 100, besides 250 Lascars, and 30 passenexcept in what regarded the royal house- gers. The whole perished, except the caphold, from the outline given in our last tain and his lifo mates, three passengers, bumber (p. 794), a deputation from both and 16 Lascars.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
K. S.'s lIymn contains lines of good promise ; but we recommend it to him to read and
write much more before he ventures before the public. We are much obliged to CLERICUS for his manuscript of the Consecration Service. We should think it right for E. W. to read the book to which he relers before he publicly
discusses the subject of it.
our review of Bishop Horsley's Sermons, by not consulting original authorities on the point.
We shall take an opport unity of publishing his letter.
(No. 2. Vol. X.
EXTRACTS FROM THE CORRESPOND- naging the whole so far as to keep EXCE OF THE FIRST PROTESTANT up things, not only in the state MISSIONARIES TO INDIA.
wherein they are at present, but (Continued from p. 6.)
also, through his unwearied applica
tion and care, under Divine ProviTOWARDS the close of the dence, more and more to advance
year 1714, Ziegenbalgh left them. And that particularly, our lodia in order to visit Europe. A printing press might not be unemletter from him to the Society for ployed with books of the Malabar promoting Christian Kaowledge, character, I committed into the dated at the Cape of Good Hope, hands of my fellow-labourer one January 15, 1715, explains the rea- part of the New Testament, revised: sons for this step to have been, the likewise a book of hymns, and one hindrances they bad hitherto met treating on doctrinal divinity, with with in carrying on their work, and several others, composed for the use their desire « to see such obstacles of our schools; and I do not quesremoved as bad hitherto lain in tion, but he will take all possible their way, and obstructed the con- care to see them exactly printed, Fersion of the Gentiles, so happily since he very much applies himself
to the study of the Malabar tongue. My departure from India" (he His assistant has also solemnly prosays) " was, for divers reasons, not mised, faithfully to discharge all only uneasy to myself, but also to such things as relate to the book's many others, both Christians and to be printed in the Portuguese beathens. The members of our language. As to my labour on board church did particularly express a the ship, I beg leave to acquaint deep concern at this voyage: but you, that I have discharged híthernevertheless we judged it very ne- to my pastoral duty, with respect to cessary in respect of their future ad- those that travel with me. I have Tantage, which we hope will cer- also begun to translate part of the fainly ensue, some fair prospect of- Old Testament into the Malabar fering itself to our view. Every one tongue. Besides this, I hope to of our young and old men have get time for composing a small Dawel even my hands and feet with mulian grammar, to be printed in their tears, and would not consent Germany, for the service of those to my departure, till I had solemnly who desire to learn this language engaged my word, that, with God's in Europe *. But lest this tongue, leave, I would most certainly re- during so long a voyage, should be turn to India. I have undertaken this come less familiar to me, I have pavage with the greater confidence, brought with me a young man out (and without which indeed it would of our Malabar school, in order to tave been very grievous to me), converse with him in this tongue, that I know that my beloved fellow and constantly to hear it from his labourer, Mr. Grundler, is capable, * This grammar he completed, during the in my two years' absence, of ma- voyage, is the Latin tongue. CARIST, OBSERV. No. 110.