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reproaches of their own consciences for the cool examination of the whole business of it. headlong impetuosity of their passions in this We should recollect ourselves every night, world.
and never finish a day, without examining deMy brethren, the best direction we can fol- liberately how we have employed it. Before low for the establishment of our ways, is fre- we go out of our houses, each should ask himquently to set the judgment which we shall self, Whither am I going? In what company one day form of them, against that which we shall I be? What temptations will assault me? now form. Let us often think of our death. What opportunities of doing good offer to me? bed. Let us often realize that terrible mo- When we return to our houses, each should ment, which will close time, and open eternity. ask himself; Where have I been? What has Let us often put this question to ourselves, my conversation in company been? Did I avail What judgment shall I form of that kind of myself of every opportunity of doing good? life wbich I now lead, when a burning fever My brethren, how invincible soever our de consumes my blood, when unsuccessful reme- pravity may appear, how deeply rooted soever dies, when useless cares, when a pale physician, it may be, how powerful soever tyrannical hawhen a weeping family, when all around, shall bits may be over us, we should make rapid announce to me the approach of death? what advances in the road of virtue, were we often should I then think of those continual dissipato enter into ourselves; on the contrary, while tions which consume the most of my time; we act, and determine, and give ourselves up what of those puerile amusements, which take without reflection and examination, it is imup all my attention; what of these anxious possible our conduct should answer our calling. fears, which fill all the capacity of my soul; My brethren, shall I tell you all my heart? what of these criminal pleasures, which infatu- | This meditation troubles me, it terrifies me, it ate me what judgment shall I make of all these confounds me. I have been forming the most things, in that terrible day, when the powers ardent desires for the success of this discourse; of the heavens shall be shaken, when the foun- and yet I can hardly entertain a hope that you dations of the earth shall shake, when the will relish it. I have been exhorting you with earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, all the power and ardour of which I am capawhen the elements shall melt with fervent heat, ble; and, if you will forgive me for saying so, when the great white throne shall appear, with the real which I ought to have for your when the judge shall sit, and the books bé salvation; I have been exhorting you not to be opened, in which all my actions, words, and discouraged at the number and the difficulties thoughts are registered?
of the duties which the Wise Man prescribes If we follow these maxims, we shall see all to you; but, I am afraid, I know you too well objects with new eyes; we shall tremble at to promise myself that you will acquit yoursorne ways which we now approve; we shall selves with that holy resolution and courage discover gulfs in the road, in which we walk which the nature of the duties necessarily deat present without suspicion of danger. mands.
I said at the beginning, my brethren, and I May God work in you, and in me, more repeat it again, in finishing this exercise, the than I can ask or think! God grant us intellitext we have been explaining includes a volu- gent minds, that we may act like intelligent minous subject, more proper to make the mat- souls! May that God, who has set before us ter of a large treatise than of a single sermon. life and death, heaven and hell, boundless feliThe reflections, which we have been making, city and endless misery, may he so direct our are only a slight sketch of the maxims with steps, that we may arrive at that happiness which the Wise Man intended to inspire us. which is the object of our wishes, and which All we have said will be entirely useless, un- ought to be the object of our care! God grant less you enlarge by frequent meditation the us this grace! To Him be honour and glory narrow bounds in which we have been obliged for ever. Amen. to include the subject.
“ Ponder the path of thy feet, and all thy ways shall be established.” Who weighs, who
SERMON LIII. calculates, who connects and separates, before be believes and judges, before he esteems and
THE NECESSITY OF PROGRESSIVE acts? The least probability persuades us; the
RELIGION least object, that sparkles in our eyes, dazzles us; the least appearance of pleasure excites, fascinates, and fixes us. We determine ques
1 CORINTHIANS, ix. 26, 27. tions on which our eternal destiny depends, with a levity and precipitancy, which we should I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight 1, be ashamed of in cases of the least importance not as one that beateth the air. But I keep in temporal affairs. Accordingly, the manner under my body, and bring it into subjection; lest in which we act, perfectly agrees with the in that, by any means, when I have preached to attention with which we determine the reason others, I myself should be a cast-away. of acting. We generally spend life in a way My BRETHREN, very unbecoming intelligent beings, to whom That was a fine eulogium, which was made God has given a power of reflecting: and more on one of the most famous generals of antiquity. like creatures destitute of intelligence, and It was said of him, that he thought there was wholly incapable of reflection.
“nothing done, while there remained any thing In order to obey the precept of the Wise to do.” To embrace such a system of war and Man, we should collect our thoughts every politics, was to open a wide field of painful morning, and never begin a day without a labour: but Cesar aspired to be a hero, and
there was no way of obtaining his end, except | Roman people bread and public shows. It that which he chose. Whoever arrives at is needless to repeat here what learned men worldly heroism, arrives at it in this way. By have collected on this subject, we will remark this marvellous secret, the Roman eagles flew only what may serve to elucidate our text, all to the utmost parts of Asia, rendered Gaul the ideas of which are borrowed from these tributary, swelled the Rhine with German exercises. blood, subjugated Britain, pursued the chattered 1. In these games the most remarkable ob remains of Pompey's army into the deserts of jects was the course. The ground, on which Africa, and caused all the rivers that fell into the games were celebrated, was marked out the Adriatic sea, to roll along the sound of with great exactness. In some places lines their victories. My brethren, success is not were drawn, and the place of combat railed, necessarily connected with heroism; the hero and when he who ran went beyond the line, Cesar was a common misfortune, all his hero he ran to no purpose. It was dangerous to ism public robbery, fatal to the public, and ramble, especially in some places, as in Greece, more so to Cesar himself. But, in order to be where the space was bounded on one side by saved, it is necessary to succeed; and their is the river Alpheus, and on the other by a sort no other way of obtaining salvation, except of chevaux de frise, as at Rome; where before that laid down by this great general," thinking the construction of the circus, which was afternothing done, while there is any thing to do." ward built on purpose for spectacles of this Behold, in the words of our text, behold a man, sort, an area was chosen, on one side of which who perfectly knew the way to heaven, a man was a chevaux de frise, and on the other the most sincerely aspiring to salvation. What does Tiber, so that the combatant could not pass he to succeed? What we have said; he counted the bounds prescribed to him without exposing all he had done nothing, while there remained himself to the danger either of being wounded any thing more to do. After he had carried by the spikes, or drowned in the waves. This virtue to its highest pitch, after he had made is the first emblem, which our apostle uses the most rapid progress, and obtained the most here; “I run," alluding to the course in genesplendid triumphs in the road of salvation, still ral; “I do not run uncertainly,” in allusion to he ran, still he fought, he undertook new morti- such combatants as, by passing the boundaries, fications, always fearing lest lukewarmness and lost the fruit of their labour. indolence should frustrate his aim of obtaining 2. Among other games were those of wrestthe prize which had always been an object of ling and boxing. Address in these combats his hope; “I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; consisted in not aiming any blow which did not so fight I, not as one that beateth the air. But strike the adversary. He who had not this I keep under my body, and bring it into sub- address, was said to beat the air;” and hence jection: lest that by any means, when I have came the proverb “to beat the air,” to signify preached to others, I myself should be a cast- labouring in vain.* This is the second allusion away."
of St. Paul, “I fight, not as one that beateth St. Paul lives no more. This valiant cham- the air." pion has already conquered. But you, you
3. The combatants observed a particular reChristians, are yet alive; like him, the race is gimen, to render themselves more active and open before you, and to you now, as well as vigorous. The time, the quantity, and the nato him formerly, a voice from heaven cries, ture of their aliments were prescribed, and they "To him that overcometh will I grant to sit punctually complied with the rules. They laid with me in my throne," Rev. iii. 21. Happy, aside every thing likely to enervate them. if animated by his example, you share with “Would you obtain a prize in the Olympic him a prize, which loses nothing of its excel- games?” said a pagan philosopher, “ a noble lence, by the number of those who partake of design! But consider the preparations and it! Happy, if you be able one day to say with consequences. You must live by rule, you him, "I have fought a good fight, I have must eat when you are not hungry, you must finished my course, I have kept the faith. abstain from agreeable foods, you must habituHenceforth there is laid up for me a crown of ate yourself to suffer heat and cold; in one righteousness, which the Lord the righteous word, you must give yourself up entirely to a Judge shall give me at that day, and not to physician."| By these means the combatants me only, but unto all them that love his appear- acquired such health and strength, that they ihg,” 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8.
could bend with the greatest ease such bows as Let us first make a general remark on the horses could hardly bend; hence the "health of expressions of the text; they are a manisest al- a champion” was a common proverb to exlusion to the games which were celebrated press a strong hale state. As this regimen was among tho heathens. Fable, or history, tells exact, it was painful and trying. It was neus, that Pelops invented them, that Hercules cessary not only to surmount irregular desires, and Atreus brought them to perfection, that but all those exercises must be positively pracIphitus restored them; all which signify very tised which were essential to victorious comlittle to us. What is certain is, that these batants: it was not sufficient to observe them a games were celebrated with great pomp. They little while, they must be wrought by long prewere so solemn among the Greeks, that they paration into habits, without which the agility made use of them to mark memorable events and vigour acquired by repeated labours would and public eras, that of consuls at Rome, of be lost; witness that famous champion, who, archons at Athens, of priestesses as Argos. after he had often and gloriously succeeded, They passed from Greece to Italy, and were 80 much in vague at Rome, that an ancient
| Epict. cap. 36. Voi. Plat. de legibus, lib. 8. author said, two things were necessary to the Hor. Art. Poet. Julian de Laud. Const. Orat. i.
· Eustat. in Homer. Niad.
was shamefully conquered, because he had ne- | should not then have a right to determine that glected the regimen for six months, during the apostle had his eye on such services here. which time a domestic affair had obliged him For our parts, we think, he intended all acts to reside at Athens.* This is the third allusion of repentance prescribed in Scripture, and exwhich our apostle makes in the text, “I keep emplified by the saints; as silence, retirement, under my body, and bring it into subjection." fasting, abstinence from criminal pleasures, and
Let us observe, by the way, that these expressions of our apostle have been abused to 4. Further, there were persons who presided absurd though devotional purposes; and, to over the pagan games. They were called heomit others, it was an abuse of these expressions ralds. The name given them in the Greek which produced the extravagant sect of the language is precisely the same which in our Flagellants.f All Italy in the thirteenth cen- language is rendered preacher. Their office tury was seized with a panic, which ended in was expressed by a word which signifies to the birth of this sect. The next century, the preach. It consisted in proclaiming the game, Germans being afflicted with a plague, it filled directing the combatants, encouraging the all Germany, and the folly of Henry III. king weak, animating the valiant, exposing the prize of France, joined to that mean complaisance to public view, and giving it to the victor. This which induces courtiers to go into all the ca- is the fourth allusion of our apostle, “lest when prices of their masters, introduced it into that I have preached to others.” The original word kingdom, and into that kingdom it went with which we have translated preached, is the very so much fury, that Charles, cardinal of Lor- word which is used to describe the office of such raine, actually killed himself by adhering too as presided at the games; and St. Paul, by using closely to its maxims during a rigorous win- this term, gives us a beautiful idea of the aposter.
tleship, and, in general of the gospel ministry. What a wide field opens here to our medita- What is the office of a minister of the gospel? tion, were it necessary to show the absurdity We publish the race, we describe the good of such devotions!
works, which God hath before ordained, that We might show, that they owe their origin we should walk in them;" we animate you by to Paganism. Plutarch says, that in the city often saying, “ run with patience the race that of Lacedæmon, they were sometimes pursued is set before you:” we lift up to public view the even to death in honour of Diana.ş Herodotus prize, and in the name of God we cry, “so run speaks to the same purpose concerning the fes- that you may obtain.” Happy if you all attend tival of the great goddess in Egypt. || In like to this voice, and if, while a few are eagerly manner Philostratus speaks of the devotions and constantly running the race set before them, performed in honour of the Scythian Diana. others do not run more eagerly across the space, Thus also Apuleius concerning the priests of like those unhappy people just now mentioned, the goddess of Syria;** and thus authors more who were wounded with iron spikes, or drowncredible, I mean the writers of the Book of ed in the waves. Kings, concerning the priests of Baal.
5. In fine, The last remark we make on paWe might show the weakness of the argu- gan games regards the different destiny of the ments on which such practices are founded; as combatants. The conquered derived no advanfabulous miracles, and, among many others, a tages from their pains; but the victors were coletter brought by an angel from heaven to Je vered with honours and advantages; they were rusalem, which declared, that the blessed vir- distinguished in all public assemblies; they gin having implored pardon for the guilty, God were called by the high sounding name of had replied, that their pardon should be granted Olympian; they were crowned with great ceon condition they whipped themselves in this remony; statues were erected to their honour, manner. It
and breaches were made in the walls of cities We might produce the weighty reasons to admit them with the greater pomp. This is which many of the Roman communion, and the fifth allusion which the apostle here makes among others Gerson and De Thou, urged to the games, " lest I should be a cast-away." against such practices, and the testimonies of A cast-away; the heathens applied this word to our Scriptures, which expressly forbid them; such combatants as entered the lists but did not but we will content ourselves with observing, obtain the prize. that the words of our text have nothing that Such were the games celebrated through all can serve even for a plausible pretence for
these Greece, and in particular at the city of Phicuperstitions. We said St. Paul alluded to the lippi, where St. Paul wrote this epistle, and in regimen observed by combatants; combatants that of Corinth to which it is addressed. The observed that kind of life, which was most pro- believer is a stranger on earth, he sees there a per to fit them for their profession; in like man- thousand delights of which he does not partake. ner, St. Paul observed what fitted him for his. The eyes of Paul at Philippi, more properly his Were it possible to prove that mortifications and ears (for St. Paul hardly attended public amusemacerations were necessary to this purpose, we ments,) were struck with the fame and mag
nificence of these games. The Corinthians Baudelot de Dairval. Hist. de Ptolomee Auletes, p. 61. were in the same condition. How hard is it to
live in a country and to be excluded from the + Hospinian. Hist. Monach. Boileau. Hist. des Flagel- pleasures of the inhabitants! St. Paul strengthDe Thou, Hist. liv. 59.
ens the Corinthians and himself against these Plutarch'Vit. Lycurg.
temptations; he rises from sensual to spiritual Eutrop. liv. ii. ch. 41.
pleasures, and says, he has also an area, a race, T De Vit. Apollon. lib. vi. c. 20. ** L'Ane d'Or, liv. viii.
a crown, a triumph. “I therefore so run, not It Bosius Anal. under the year 1349.
as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beat
eth the air. But I keep under my body, and maintained error. Why? Because he thought bring it into subjection, lest that by any means, it was truth, and respected it accordingly. He when I have preached to others, I myself should persecuted, because he loved; he was mad, bobe a cast-away."
cause he was zealous; zeal, as I said just now, We have explained the terms and allusions misguided, but zeal, however; a criminal indisof the apostle. His meaning is sufficiently cretion indeed, but an indiscretion, which in a clear. “I keep under my body," and so on, moral abstraction, may be considered as a virdoes not mean, as some interpreters have it, I | tue. halt between hope of salvation, and fear of de Consider Paul as a proselyte. A man edustruction; an interpretation directly opposite to cated in opinions opposite to Christianity, inthat assurance which St. Paul expresses in ma- fatuated with popular errors, prejudiced with ny parts of his epistles, and particularly in this ideas of a temporal Messiah, accustomed to famous passage which we have elsewhere ex- consider Jesus Christ as an impostor, and his plained, “I am persuaded that neither death, religion as a plot concerted by knaves, this nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor pow- ! man changes his ideas, and his whole system ers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor of religion, and worships the crucified Jesus, height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall who was “to the Jew a stumbling block, and be able to separate us from the love of God,” to the Greek foolishness," i Cor. i. 23. The Rom. viii. 38, 39. But “I keep under my first lesson from heaven persuades him, the first body;" and the rest means, whatever progress knock at the door of his heart opens it, his I have made in a career of virtue, all my past conversion is affected in a moment. “I went efforts would be useless, should I spend the rest not up to Jerusalem," said he; “ I conferred of my life in idleness and indifference, and I not with flesh and blood,” Gal. i. 16, 17. could not expect, even by the assistance of What a fund of virtue instantly had this man grace, to arrive at glory.
in his heart! Of all characters in life there are Let us now justify this disposition of our few so respectable as that of a real proselyte. apostle, and let us prove this general truth, that A man who changes his religion on pure printhere is no point fixed, at which a Christian ciples, has a greatness of soul above common may stop; that each portion of life has its task; men. I venture to advance this general maxthat to what degree soever we have carried our im, that a man who changes his religion, must sanctification, unless we carry it further, go on be consummate either in virtue or vice. If and persevere, we should act contrary to the he be insincere, he is a wretch; if he be not a spirit and temper of the gospel. This is the wretch, he is a hero. He is a hero if his virtue principal design of this discourse.
be sincere, if he makes generous efforts to 1. Let us first examine the example of St. correct errors imbibed in his earliest youth, if Paul. St. Paul did not think that if he lived he can see without trembling that path of trihereafter in indolence without endeavouring to bulation which is generally opened to such as make new advances, he had any right to expect forsake their religion, and if he can bear all the the benefits of the gospel: no Christian, there suppositions which are generally made against fore, living in indolence, and making no new them who renounce the profession of their advances, ought to flatter himself that he is en- ancestors; if, I say, he can do all this, he is a titled to the blessings of the gospel. In order hero. On the contrary, none but a wretch to perceive this consequence, form a just notion can embark in such an undertaking, if he be of the virtue of our apostle, and consider Paul destitute of the dispositions necessary to sucas a zealot, Paul as a proselyte, Paul as an When such a man forsakes his former apostle, and Paul as a martyr, and you will profession of religion, there is reason to suppose allow he was a great character, a Christian of that human motives have done what love of the highest order; and that if, with all his emi- truth could not do; and that he embraces his nent virtues, he thought himself obliged to ac new religion, not because it appears to him quire yet more eminent virtue, every Christian more worthy of his attention and respect, but ought to form the same idea of his own duty. because it is more suitable to his interest. Now
Consider Paul as a zealot. Perhaps you may to embrace a religion for worldly interest is be surprised at our passing an encomium on almost the highest pitch of wickedness. Our this part of his life. Certainly we shall not maxim admits of very few exceptions, and undertake to make an apology for that cruel most proselytes are either men of eminent and barbarous zeal which made use of fire and virtue or abandoned wretches; and as we are blood, and which put racks for arguments, and happy to acknowledge there are several of the gibbets for demonstrations. But the purest life first kind in this age, so with sorrow we are has its blots, and the most generous heart its obliged to allow, that there are a great number frailties. In that fatal necessity of imperfection of the latter. Let St. Paul be judged by the which is imposed on all mankind, there are utmost rigour of this maxim. He was a hero some defiled streams, so to speak, which flow in Christianity. The principle that engaged from pure springs; some people, and the apostle him to embrace the gospel, diffused itself was one, who sin from an excess of virtue. through all his life, and every one of his actions What idea then must we form of this man, and verified the sincerity of his conversion. what shall we say of his virtues, since his vices St. Paul was born for great things; he it was were effects of such an excellent cause? This whom God chose for an apostle to the Gentiles. odious part of his life, which he wished to bury He did not stop in the porch of the Lord's in oblivion, that barbarity and madness, that house, he quickly passed into the holy place; industry to inflame the synagogue, and to stir he was only a very short time a catechumen up all the world, all this, strictly speaking, and in the school of Christ; he soon became a properly explained, was worthy of praise. He master, a minister, an apostle; and in all these
eminent offices he carried virtne to a higher ministry before him at first, "I will show him pitch than it had ever been carried before him, how great things he must suffer for my name and perhaps beyond what it will ever be prac sake,” Acts ix. 16. Show him how great tised after him. In effect, what qualities ought things he miist suffer for my name sake! What a minister of the gospel to possess which St. a motive to engage a man to undertake an Paul did not possess in the highest degree? Is office! Now-a-days, in order to give a great it assiduity? “Ye remember, brethren," said idea of a church, it is said, it has such and such he, "our labour and travel, for labouring night advantages, so much in cash, so much in small and day we preached unto you the gospel of tithes, and so much in great tithes. St. Paul God," 1 Thess. ii. 9. Is it gentleness. "We saw the ministry only as a path full of thorns were gentle among you, even as a nurse cher- and briars, and he experienced, through all the isheth her children. You know how we ex course of his life, the truth of that idea which horted, and comforted, and charged every one was given him of his office. Hear the catalogue of you, as a father doth his children, that ye of his sufferings. “Of the Jews_five times would walk worthy of God,” chap. ii
. 7. 11, received I forty stripes save one. Thrice was 12. Is it prudence "Unto the Jews I became I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them suffered shipwreck; a night and a day have I that are without law as without law, that I been in the deep.' In journeyings often, in might gain them that are without law. I am perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils made aēl things to all men, that I might by all by mine own countrymen, in perils by the means save some,” 2 Cor. ix. 20. 22. Is it heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the charity? “I could wish that myself were ac- wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among cursed from Christ for my brethren,” Rom. false brethren; in weariness and painfulness, ix. 3. "I will very gladly spend and be spent in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in for you,” 2 Cor. xii. 15. Is it courage? He fastings often, in cold and nakedness," 2 Cor. resisted St. Peter, and “withstood hiin to the xi. 24–27. Good God! What a salary for a face, because he was to be blamed,” Gal. ii. minister; hunger, thirst, fastings, nakedness,
“He reasoned of righteousness, temper- peril, persecution, death! In our case, we can ance, and judgment to come, before Felix and die but once, and virtue considers the proximity Drusilla," Acts xxiv. 25. Is it disinterested of the crown of righteousness, which being ness in regard to the world? “We sought not suspended immediately over the head of the glory of men, neither of you, nor yet of others. martyr, supports him under the pains of marWe speak the gospel not as pleasing men, but tyrdom; but the ministry of St. Paul was a God, which trieth our hearts,” 1 Thess. ii. 6. perpetual martyrdom; his life was a continual 4. Is it zeal? “ His spirit was stirred in him death. “ I think that God hath set forth us at Athens, when he saw the city wholly given the apostles last, as it were appointed to death. to idolatry,”. Acts xvii. 16. Then, like the For we are made a spectacle unto the world, prophet of old, he became “ very jealous for and to angels, and to men,” i Cor. iv. 9. the Lord of hosts,” 1 Kings xix. 10. Is it to Here we finish the eulogium of our apostle, support the honour of his ministry? “Let a and, by uniting the parts of this slight sketch, man so account of ns, as of the ministers of we obtain a just portrait of the man. Christ," I Cor. iv. 1. “We are ambassadors know a greater than St. Paul? Can you confor Christ, as though God did beseech you by ceive virtue in a more eminent degree? Behold us,” 2 Coř. v. 20. “ It were better for me to a man fired with zeal, making what he thought die, than that any man should make my glory- the cause of God his own cause, God's enemies ing void,” i Cor. ix. 15. Jesus Christ was the his enemies, the interest of God the interest of model, by which St. Paul formed himself ; " be himself. Behold a man, who turns his attenye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ,” tion to truth, and, the moment he discovers it, chap. xi. 1. When students turn their atten- embraces, and openly avows it. Behold a man tion to the Christian ministry, models of such who, not content to be an ordinary Christian, as have distinguished themselves in this office and to save himself alone, aspiring at the glory are proposed to their imitation. The imagina- of carrying through the whole world for public tion of one, the judgment of another, the gra- advantage, that light which had illuminated vity of a third, and the learning of a fourth are himself. Behold a man preaching, writing; set before them, and from good originals very what am I saying? Behold a man suffering, often we receive bad copies. St. Paul chose his dying, and sealing with his own blood the pattern. His master, his model, his original, truths he taught. An ardent zealot, a sincere his all, was Jesus Christ; and he copied every convert, an accomplished minister, a bleeding stroke of his original, “be ye followers of me, martyr, learned in his errors, and, if I may be even as I also am of Christ.is
allowed to speak so, regular in his mistakes, But, though it is always commendable to and virtuous even in his crimes. Show me in discharge this holy office well, yet it is par- the modern or primitive church a greater chaticularly so in some circumstances; and our racter than St. Paul. Let any man produce a apostle was in such, for he officiated when the Christian who had more reason to be satisfied whole world was enraged against Christians. with himself
, and who had more right to preConsider him then on the stage of martyrdom. tend that he had discharged all his duties. 'Yet What would now be our glory was then his this very man, this Paul, “ forgat those things disgrace; assiduity, gentleness, zeal, and all which were behind!" This very Paul was the other virtues just now mentioned, drew “pressing forward!” This is the man who upon him the most envenomed jealousy, accu- feared he should“ be a cast-away!” And you, sations the most atrocious, and persecutions the "smoking flax,” you “bruised reed,” you, most cruel. It was in this light, God set the who have hardly taken root in the Christian