Linguistic Interference and First-language Attrition: German and Hungarian in the San Francisco Bay Area
Peter Lang, 2007 - 364 pages
Studies on the interaction of languages are gaining importance in today’s world, which is characterized by accelerated migration and increasing cultural exchange. In contrast to most research in this field, which concentrates on one embedded language against a matrix language, Gergely T th examines the linguistic behaviors in two immigrant speech communities, German and Hungarian, against the background of English. The results of linguistic interference and the ongoing attrition process in these communities are the main focus of this book. By offering a thorough description of linguistic, biographical, and sociolinguistic data spanning three generations in each community, and by contrasting the findings and the detailed error statistics yielded by 500 sentences from each of these two non-related embedded languages, this work contributes to our understanding of contact linguistic mechanisms and sheds light on specific grammatical and lexical features that are most prone to attritional forces. An in-depth historical portrayal of these two speech communities in San Francisco and a complete list of the 1,000 sentences with all identified speaker errors complement the volume.
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Theoretical background and description
German linguistic data
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about-it accusative adjective affected sentences Arbeit asked attrition calquing causal-final colloquial conjunction contact linguistic context csinálni data set dative definite article demonstrative pronoun dependent clause dialectal do.inf entry errors example existential verb extra overt first-generational Frau gefragt gehen gender German and Hungarian grammatical haza hazament he-went he-will Hogyha I-can idiomatic expression incomplete rendition incorrect noun incorrect rendition incorrect verb inessive interrogative jól lakik language language attrition lexical linguistic machen main clause marker ment mért mirror translation missing modal verb Mondd mood morphological n/a n/a n/a Nachbar Nerven nominative noun suffix objective conjugation paraphrase park past conditional past indicative phrase plural possessive pronoun postposition Präsident prefix preposition present conditional present indicative president rajta reflexive pronoun relative pronoun róla Schwester speaker Studenten subjunctive superessive syntactic interference thank.inf tive translation of idiomatic tudom veled verb conjugation verb form verbal verbal-prefix viele violations volna vowel weak masculine werde word order Zeit