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(Enclosure 3.)—Mr. Consul-General Chamberlain to the Viscount de
Inhambupe. M. LE VICOMTE,
Rio de Janeiro, July 28, 1826. I Lose not a moment in setting to rights a misconception of a statement in my Letter to your Excellency of the 15th instant, respecting Passports granted by the President and Vice-President of the Province of Maranham to two Vessels to undertake Slave-voyages.
Your Excellency's Note of yesterday, this moment received, after acknowledging the receipt, and mentioning the date of my Letter, states, “ that I complain of there having been given, in the Province of Maranham, two Passports for Ships not existing there, whose Proprietors are Portuguese, residing in Lisbon, to go and engage in the Slave-trade.”
Your Excellency will permit me to explain, that my complaint, instead of this, was, that two Licences had been given to two Schooners not at Maranham, nor even known to be in existence any where, although 4 Persons described themselves as Owners and Masters, (which your Excellency must at once perceive could not be true,) and that one of the Persons, described as an Owner, was actually a Resident in Lisbon.
I request your Excellency once more to accept, &c. H. E. the Viscount de Inhambupe.
(Enclosure 4.)- The Viscount de Inhambupe to Mr. Consul-General
Rio de Janeiro, July 31, 1826. In reply to the Note that you addressed to me, on the 28th of the present month, relative to the mistake in the Answer given to your other previous Note, respecting the fact of the two Licences, which you say had been granted at Maranham to 2 Schooners not existing there, one of the so called Owners of the said Schooners being a Resident in Lisbon, I have to assure you that, in conformity with the first Note, the President of that Province has been ordered to be heard on this subject, to the end that His Imperial Majesty may determine what may be just.
On this occasion I renew, &c. Henry Chamberlain, Esq. VISCONDE DE INHAMBUPE,
No. 48.--Mr. Consul-General Chamberlain to Mr. Sec. Canning.
(Received Oct. 4.) SIR,
Rio de Janeiro, August 4, 1826. I HAVE the honour to transmit a Translation of the Minister's Answer, respecting the Slave-vessel Primorozo Divino.
I have written to Mr. Vice-Consul Smith, at Pernambuco, to obtain and send me a Copy of the Passport, stated to have been given to her
at that Port; or, in default of that, all the particulars of date, ownership, &c. &c.
The information I have received respecting this Vessel is precise, and satisfies me that she and the greater part of her Cargo are the property of a Portuguese Resident at Angola.
Unless some means are found to check the carrying on the Trade from Portuguese Ports South of the Line, with Portuguese Ships, Seamen, and Capital, we shall, I fear, see it sadly increase. For the conduct of this Government shows but too plainly their unwillingness to enforce the Law against Contraband Traders, and that Vessels may, under any circumstances, safely enter and discharge their Slave Cargoes.
I have the honour to be, &c. The Right Hon. George Canning,
(Enclosure.)-The Visct. de Inhambupe to Mr.Consul Gen. Chamberlain.
Rio de Janeiro, August 3, 1826. In addition to my Note of the 20th of the last month, acknowledging the receipt of the one which you sent to me, respecting the Ship Primoroso Divino, I have to acquaint you, that, from the Examinations ordered to be made by the Minister of Marine, it is known that the said Ship was cleared out at Pernambuco, to proceed to trade for Slaves in the licit Ports of Africa, there being given to her for this purpose the competent Passport, wherein it is declared that the Proprietor and the Master are Subjects of this Empire.
Thus satisfying the enquiry made by you, I profit of the occasion to renew, &c. Henry Chamberlain, Esq.
VISCONDE DE INHAMBUPE.
No. 49.-Mr. Consul-General Chamberlain to Mr. Sec". Canning.
(Received Nov. 28.) Sir,
Rio de Janeiro, September 2, 1826. I FEEL it to be my duty to report to you, that 2 British Vessels have lately arrived in this Port, bringing Slaves from other Parts of Brazil, viz:
The Schooner Emilia, of Halifax, Peter Edwards, Master, from Bahia, with 27. The Brig, General Brock, of Liverpool, Henry Eden, Master, from Pernambuco, with 21.
As the Emilia had sailed on her return to Bahia before I was aware that she had brought any Slaves, I cannot say whether these were Domesticks; but Mr. Eden, the Master of the General Brock, has stated to me, that those which came in his Vessel were so, and waited upon their Masters during the
voyage. The Emilia having returned to Bahia, I have directed Mr. Consul
Pennell to enquire into the circumstances of her Case, and to report the result for youş information.
Upon the Master of the General Brock being called before me, to explain how he came to receive and convey Slaves on board his Ship, he declared his ignorance of its being unlawful, and his regret at having unknowingly erred. And he added, as an extenuation of his conduct, that previously to his agreeing to receive them on board at Pernambuco, he had enquired of Mr. Vice-Consul Smith, whether there was any impediment to his doing so, and was told that there was none; and that he certainly would not have allowed the Slaves to come in bis Vessel, had the Vice-Consul warned him against it.
This Statement of Mr. Eden is so much at variance with what it was Mr. Smith's duty to have done, in conformity with the contents of the “ Circular” addressed by me to all His Majesty's Consuls in the Brazils, in the Month of August, 1825 (the receipt of which was duly acknowledged by Mr. Consul Parkinson, in the Month of September following,) that I cannot but apprehend there has been some misunderstanding. And I have written to Mr. Vice-Consul Smith accordingly, directing him to forward direct to the Foreign Office, for your information, his Report of what passed when Mr. Eden applied to him for his advice on the subject.
The last Enclosure contains a Statement of the several Owners' names, and number of Slaves belonging to each, respectively, as they have appeared in the Shipping List published in the Diario Fluminense.
I have, &c. The Right Hon. George Canning.
(Enclosurel.)-Mr. Consul-General Chamberlain to Mr.Consul Pennell. SIR,
Rio de Janeiro, August 26, 1826. The British Schooner Emilia, Peter Edwards, Master, arrived here from Bahia on the 20th instant, having on board 27 Slaves belonging to various Persons, Passengers by her, as is stated in the List of Arrivals published in the enclosed Newspaper, the “Diario Fluminense,” No. 44, dated 230 August.
It is only since her departure that I have become acquainted with these circumstances, or I should have taken some steps in the matter whilst the Vessel was here. She sailed from hence for Bahia on the 24th instant, and I have to request that you will, in the event of her being still there, apprize her Master, that he has committed an infraction of the Laws for the Abolition of the Slave-trade, and thereby made himself liable to the pains and penalties attendant thereupon. You will be so good as to send a Report of the result of your En. quiries on this subject to His Majesty's Government and to me.
I have, &c. William Pennell, Esq.
(Enclosure 2.)–Mr. Consul-Gen. Chamberlain to Mr. Vice Consul Smith. SIR,
Rio de Janeiro, September 2, 1826. The British Brig General Brock arrived a few days ago at this Port from Pernambuco, bringing various Brazilian Passengers, and 21 Slaves, declared to belong to them. As soon as these facts came to my knowledge, I called her Master, Henry Eden, before me, and learnt from his own mouth that they were true.
Upon questioning him further, he stated, in extenuation of what he had done, that, previous to his undertaking to receive these Slaves on board, he had enquired of His Majesty's Vice-Consul at Pernambuco, whether there was any impediment to his doing so; and was informed by him, that he knew of none, and supposed he was at full liberty to take the Slaves, as well as their Masters.
This sanction for their being received on board the General Brock is so directly at variance with the contents of my Circular Despatch, dated the 8th of August, 1825 (to which I refer you,) the receipt whereof was acknowledged by Mr. Parkinson, in his Despatch, dated the 11th of September following, that I cannot but presume that there must have been some misunderstanding on the part of Mr. Eden.
I shall, however, as is my duty, transmit to His Majesty's Secretary of State an account of the circumstances of this transaction, such as they have been represented to me, and I recommend to you to forward, without delay, to the Foreign Office, whatever explanation you may have to give upon the subject, transmitting a Copy here for my information.
The warning to Masters of British Vessels not to receive Slaves on board, communicated to His Majesty's Consulate at Pernambuco, in the Circular Despatch before-mentioned, has been publickly affixed in the Vice-Consul's Office in this City, ever since the receipt of Mr. Canning's Instruction, desiring that it should be given. Mr. Eden states, that no such notice is affixed in the Consular-Office at Pernambuco.
I have, &c. Mr. Vice Consul Smith.
(Enclosure 3.)-STATEMENT of SLAVES brought from Bahia
to Rio de Janeiro, in the British Schooner Emilia of Halifax,
Man. Gomez da Fonseca.
Thomas Xavier Garcia d'Almeida,
And in the British Brig General Brock, of Liverpool, Henry Eden,
4 Slaves belonging to Sar. Antonio Maciel Monteiro.
Caetano Xavier Pereira.
Francisco Joze de Faria Barboza. 3 do. do.
Joze de Miranda.
Rio de Janeiro, Sept. 2, 1826.
No.50.--Mr. Consul-General Chamberlain to Mr. Sec. Canning.
(Received Nov. 28.) (Extract.)
Rio de Janeiro, September 9, 1826. I HAVE lately received from Mr. Consul Hesketh, Copies of the Despatches, and their Enclosures, which he addressed to you, Sir, on the 5th and 15th of July, respecting the arrival, at Maranham, of a Por. tuguese Slave-vessel, the Nove de Março, said to be from Cabinda, but suspected to have come from Cacheu, and the permission granted by the Local Authorities of that Province for landing the Slaves she brought, and their being cleared through the Custom-House, upon payment of the usual Duties.
It is to be remarked, that the Passport under which the Nove de Março ventured to bring a Cargo of Slaves to Maranham, as she says, from Cabinda, but no doubt really from Cacheu, does not authorize her to do any such thing. It merely allows her to sail from St. Jago for Cabinda, and thence to Maranham, and back to St. Jago, without saying a syllable on the subject of Cargo, which makes the conduct of the Authorities at Maranham, in allowing her Cargo of Slaves to be landed and sold, the more extraordinary, because they must know that she had no right to import Slaves, and that she was an illicit Trader.
The 3d and 4th Sections of the 1st Article of the Additional Convention of London apply precisely to the Case of the Nove de Março, and now entirely prohibit Portuguese Vessels from supplying Brazil with Slaves. But the President of Maranham has probably chosen to consider the 4th Article of that Instrument as still sufficiently authorizing Portuguese Ships and Subjects to import Slaves into Brazil; and bas evidently not thought it necessary to enquire, whether the Nove de Marco was supplied with the Documents which the 5th Article declares to be essentially requisite for carrying on the Trade.
I have, consequently, called the Minister's attention to this case, and renewed the urgent request lately made, for the issue of positive Orders to the President of Maranham, not to allow, under any pretext whatever, the importation of Slaves into that Port, unless in Vessels