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religion ;, there is also with it not a little The state of the press, particularly the of decent exterior profession : but beyond periodical press, is another evil, the enorthis primary and secondary pale, infidelity mity of which is beyond all calculation. and profaneness stalk triumphant; they Never was there in any nation, whether ride on bigh places; they lift up their professing Christianity or not, such a heads in parliament; and it requires an mass of folly, falsehood, slander, impiety, effort of Christian firmness, as in the and blasphemy, as issues daily, weekly, case of the cholera bill, to get even a re- monthly, and quarterly from this polluted spectful recognition of the agency of
We need but name it, and leave God in the most obvious interpositions the details to our readers. It would of his hand. Mr. Briscoe, on this very require a volume to do justice to the sub occasion, was overpowered by the com- ject. bined infidelity and religious indifference We have spoken of religious indiffer: which prevail in the House of Commons; ence; we must now add the counterpart, of and had it not been for the suggestion of fanaticism, extravagance of doctrine, and the Bishop of London in the House of religious ostentation. We shall not at preLords, our legislature would have pro sent pursue the topic ; but it is one of ceeded to exclude Divine Providence distressing portent. These serious evils from all concern in human affairs, at least assume various forms; men invent new south of the Tweed. Ships and steam- hypotheses, caricature prophecy, soar to engines, and science and universities, are miracles, denounce their fellow-Chrisnow-a-days to do every thing; religion is tians of less romantic mould, and call to be scouted as cant and hypocrisy, and the world to witness their zeal for fit only for churches, Sunday schools, and God, while in their spiritual pride and Methodist meetings. It was not thus in self-seeking they are, however uncona the days of our forefathers; for even sciously, opposing his work, and aiding those who practically neglected religion the subtle machinations of the great did not systematically reject it. In this enemy. We earnestly wish that good matter the cry against the present gene- men would duly reflect how greatly fanaration is great, and has ascended up into ticism aids the cause of infidelity. Every heaven.
newspaper shews it; even Mr. Perceval's - Connected with this topic, we may truly conscientious motion respecting the notice the desecration of the Lord's-day, fast-day shewed it: for was it not painful which the legislature has hitherto refused to every sober Christian mind, that infito check by suitable enactments. We dels and scoffers should be able to barb should dwell at length upon this subject, their jibes against what was so excellent but that we have of late so often alluded in itself by sneers about the pretence to to it. It will justly form a prominent the gift of tongues and the revival of mitopic of humiliation in the approach- racles? And here we must say, and with ing solemnity ; more especially Sunday extreme pain, that there is no one thing marketing, Sunday pleasure-taking, Sun- so ill represented in the House of Com day travelling, and that new modern vice, mons as religion. Some members avows that master-piece of Satan's inventions, edly scoff at it; others only tolerate it; Sunday newspapers. We talk of the Bill and when it is brought forward it is too of Sports and Sunday drilling, and phari- often in connexion with matters of party saically pride ourselves on our amend, heat, or in a tone of litigation or extravas ment: but what were either of these, bad gance, which defeats its object. We honour as they were, to the amount of sin and the men who, with whatever of human evil arising from our demoralized and frailty, dare to vindicate the cause of God demoralizing Sunday-press-that spawn within the walls of parliament, where; and parent of infidelity, radicalism, and more than almost any where else, religious every wicked work? We have reason to allusion is considered to be misplaced ; believe that an effort will speedily be but we could earnestly wish that the chamade to call the attention of the legisla- racter of these discussions, when they do ture to this widely-spread crime of the occur, was materially different to what it violation of the Lord's-day; may the is. Is there no medium between the ex' prayers of our readers for its success tremes to which we have alluded? Is it not be forgotten on the approaching oc- impossible for a sober-minded, peaceably casion.
inclined Christian to gain a hearing in Inteinperance is another sin to be spe- the House of Commons ? If it be so; cially lamented. Many persons formerly the state of the nation is fearful indeed indulged in excess of drinking ; but the and we trust the reform bill will give poor in general had not the opportunity more votes to plain old-fashioned Chris. to do so, however much they might wish tian men in choosing representatives. it. Now the vice is every where prevalent The House of Lords is more decorous, among them; and unless checked by that but scarcely more favourable to religions happy and merciful discovery of tempere considerations; and we grieve to say that, ance societies, it is likely to be the ruin, with one or two most honourable excep: physically, morally, and politically, of the tions; seldom does one of our prelates rise ration:
to endigbten the houve upon those morut
and religious topics which are intimately Reform should have begun at the house mixed up with the economy of politics of God; and if it had done. so, there and legislation.
had been less pretext for those who seek Arising in a great measure out of the not reform, but extirpation. We view last-mentioned evil, we may next notice the spirit which has gone abroad against the grievous animosities which exist in the Éburch of England, and which has what is called the religious world. Both been fostered by some who as religious private Christians and the ministers of men should, for the sake of our common God's word will, we trust, bear this sub faith, have abstained from joining the outject much in their minds on the coming cry, as an alarming feature of the times; solemnity: it is one of fearful aspect; for alarming, we mean, not as to mere matters a spirit has gone abroad, which, if not of temporal emolument or dignity, for these timely checked, threatens to destroy all are only useful, in moderation and due the hopeful blossoms of that spiritual adjustment, as means to an end; but as revival, which, under the grace of the likely, if not more calmly reflected upon, Divine Spirit, has been advancing for utterly to destroy one of the most impor. more than a quarter of a century in this tant instruments for the moral, political, and other lands. To enumerate the and spiritual welfare of individuals and particulars which appear to us to come nations. God could indeed preserve his under this head, might only aggravate the church without any external means; but evil; but each Christian will call them to this is not the usual order of his provi. mind in his secret retirement, with that dence ; and it is a morbid notion of spiriminute and local detail which may render tuality which would discard even those his prayers duly earnest and appropriate. human aids which may be consecrated to He may also assist in checking the evil sacred objects. But our Church needs by watching over his own deportment, reform; not only secular reform, but and by those meek and scriptural answers spiritual reform; for, though there has which turn away wrath: the rest he must been a wide extension of religion aniong leave to Him who is the Author of peace us, which ought not to be forgotten in and the Lover of concord, and who can the grateful recollections of the ensuing both guide the unruly will and affections solemnity, much yet remains to be effected, of sinful men, and overrule the misundere in order, by the blessing of God, to raise standings and frailties of his most faith- our clergy and laity to the high standard ful servants to educe good from evil. of Seripture, and of our own church, both
The distressing circumstances to which in soundness of doctrine and holiness of we have alluded, among those who name life. May the especial prayers of the nathe name of Christ, may be traced up (and tion be earnestly directed to this vital here we discern another affecting cause point. for deep humiliation) to the low and un- The state of the poor also requires settled state of religion, even in many of especial consideration ; for, though we bebis sincere followers. The fire is alive lieve that never was there an equal num, upon the altar, but it burns not brightly; ber of human beings in the same space of there is too little of the secret striving of country so well fed, clothed, and housed, the soul, of intimate communion with as the majority of the immense populaGod, of self-abasement and self-renun- lation of this land, -though never was ciation, of willingness to sacrifice self, and justice more equitably administered, chathe world, and all things for Christ. The rity more liberal, or comfort more widely standard is low, the aim is defective; our diffused,—it is equally true that there religion wants vigour, potency, unction; is an appalling mass of wretchedness we do not dwell sufficiently in the secret amongst us, much of which might doubt. place of the Most High; we do not com- less be alleviated by due attention and mune enough with our own hearts, or rise sympathy. Among the instruments of sufficiently to the ardent contemplation popular benefit, some yet unknown may of the heights, and lengths, and breadths, remain to be discovered, and those aland depths of the love of God in Christ ready in action should be more vigorJesus; our piety is superficial, our faith ously worked, especially scriptural edyflickering, our desires frigid, and our at- cation and the public worship of God, tainments feeble. The things of the for both of which the facilities are biworld, worldly books, worldly topics, therto quite inadequate to the necessity. worldly, disputations, draw us off from We might mention various other parthe Scriptures of truth, and the intense ticulars relative to our manufacturing and meditation upon holy and heavenly things. agricultural classes, in regard to their Thus sinking far beneath our high privi- moral, physical, and social habits, but we leges, as disciples of Christ, is it to be content ourselves with suggesting the wondered at that the overflowings of un- topic. godliness are too apt to inundate the very Our commercial sins, and the retribuprecincts of the sanctuary?
tive distresses which have accompanied We may proceed to mention the exter- them, will not fail to be a subject of se. nal relations of the church of Christ, rious reflection to every well-informed and particularly our own branch of it. Christian on the approaching day of hu.
miliation. The intercourse of man with be appropriated on the fast-day, there is man in the daily business of life has not any one which appears to us so pressnever been free from frauds on the one ing at this moment (the bodily necessities hand, and embarrassments on the other; of the poor having already excited attenand divines and moralists in all ages have tion), as supplying each locality from its dwelt
upon the subject; but in our own own donations with the word of God, day, of large intelligence and unprece- and transmitting any overplus for the dented excitement, there are peculiar fea- benefit of other lands where the want tures, which require to be discriminated, is yet greater than in our own. and which give a painful identity to the fitting up cholera hospitals ; but, alas ! as. picture. The present habits of business, Dr. Majendie has thrillingly observed, in almost all its varieties, are fraught with cholera finds men where other diseases iniquity, and, unless repented of and for- leave them, at death's door ; and spiritual saken, may justly bring down the displea- counsel, if not received before, probably sure of God upon us as a commercial comes too late. Let us then endeavour nation.
tó furnish preventive remedies for the We next turn to our religious institu- soul, with at least not less anxiety than for tions; and there, notwithstanding every the body; and with this advantage, that if difficulty, we cherish warm and bright cholera should prove, as many assert, a hopes. But we rejoice with trembling; mere panic, this class of precautions for, alas ! what strifes, what misrepre- at least will not have been thrown away. sentations, what heart-burnings! We will We have not exhausted our topics, but not foment them by recapitulation ; but if our space obliges us to pass on; and first, any one feature of the times calls for hu- on quitting the shores of the mother miliation before God it is this. We trust island, we arrive at Ireland, which pecuthat earnest prayer will be offered up liarly requires to be remembered in our from many a heart in relation to this prayers. We have before us a large colmatter; and as fasting and prayer should lection of documents respecting the great always be accompanied, where practicable, questions which agitate that country, with a donation of a portion of our sub- particularly the measures in progress restance, as God may enable us, to some lative to the Established Church, and the object connected with his glory, and the education of the people. We regret that temporal or spiritual benefit of our fel- the press of topics prevents our going low-creatures, we respectfully suggest further into the matter till next month, whether there ought not to be in every but our general views have been stated in church and chapel, and we might say our last Number. We fear that our pubevery family, a collection for this purpose. lic men are embarking on a perilous and The act of parliament just passed, as unscriptural course, which will end in well as the general feeling of public in the acknowledgment of Popery as the terest, will probably cause much to be national religion. Schools are to be estadone to supply the bodily exigencies of blished, and this we greatly-rejoice at; the poor ; otherwise we should especially but they will prove mischievous, and not recommend this particular object; but beneficial, if they are constructed on such this being so far effected, might it not be a plan as will recognise the popish abnewell still to keep the poor in our eye, gation of the entire Bible, or impede the only directing our attention to some point present course of scriptural education, connected with their permanent welfare, whether among Protestants or Papists : particularly the welfare of their souls? and these evils will inevitably follow from Might not in many places, on the ap- the proposed plan, so far as we at present proaching fast-day, a Sunday School, or understand it
. Again, tithes' are to be daily school, where wanted, be founded or commuted for a lånd tax, and the arrears assisted ? Might not a Temperance So. of last year are to be collected by the ciety be most appropriately commenced? state, immediate advances being made to Might not a Visiting Society, one of the the suffering clergy: but attached to the most important of modern inventions of plan of commutation is an announcement, utility, be set on foot? Most of all, might that after the death of the present innot a plan be formed for promptly sup- cumbents the appropriation of the reveplying the poor, in every town and vil. niues may be altered ; so that there is lage in the land, aided as much as possi- nothing to prevent the popish clergy ble by their own contributions, with the being salaried out of them; and this, we word of God, by means of that invalu-' fear, is the plan ultimately in contempla-' able institution the British and Foreign tion. It is impossible to remonstrate too Bible Society; and this in such a man- strongly against such an appropriation. ner as not only not to entrench upon We would grant every civil right to the those funds which are devoted to the Papist; but to ally ourselves to his corsupply of the whole world, but materially rupt church would be a national crime of to benefit them, as would be the case if a the deepest dye, especially after all the collection were made in our churches and experience which England has had of the chapels for the purpose. Indeed, among true character of Popery. We object all the objects to which collections might also, upon principle, to the state having
any thing to do with the direct manage- while in the midst of very urgent and ment of the funds for the maintenance harassing occupations. You cannot eaof the clergy, whether Popish or Pro- sily conceive how much support and comtestant; for if it once get the controul fort it conveyed at a time when they were over them, an unscrupulous minister may much needed. It is part of our Indian procure an act of parliament to apply experience to feel keenly the need of them to objects wholly foreign to their Christian sympathy, and every expression purpose.
of such sympathy on the part of our Proceeding on our circumnavigation of friends at home becomes in consequence charity and intercession, the West Indies most valuable. By the Divine blessing next require especial attention. We re- I have now accomplished the visitation gret that the great expense incurred by of the three provinces, and of a large appending the monthly paper of the Anti- portion of each of the Indian archdeaconSlavery Society to our own and other publi- ries. My course is now for Ceylon. It cations prevents that most necessary and would be vain to attempt to give even an important institution continuing to avail outline of the several matters which have itself of this mode of wide gratuitous cir- arisen to demand attention in this exculation, especially at the present moment tended field of labour; but you must wben the public inind peculiarly requires permit me to bring under your consider. to be informed on the question. The ation one or two prominent subjects of recent disturbances in Jamaica, greatly interest, in the hope that by the exertion exaggerated to serve party purposes, of your influence, or by a timely declarashew, if possible, more clearly than ever tion of your sentiments, much good may the necessity of a prompt and final ex- be affected. The first point is the necestinction of slavery. We can only at sity of rousing public attention, and fixing present remind our readers of the topic, it steadily upon the vast importance of purposing to resume it in our next Num- the question now to be raised as to the ber; and if in so doing we shall have to nature and extent of the obligation under blame tbe conduct of some whom we which England (Great Britain), lies would wish to honour, if we should es. bound to India ; Christian Britain to pecially charge our national clergy, and Henthen India. I have had occasion to above all our prelates in their legislative look at this question in all its bearings, capacity, with having been criminally neg. and I am deeply convinced, and most ligent, or worse than negligent, in this carnest to proclaim this conviction, that great question of humanity and religion, there is but one true line of policy; as the sin will be theirs, and not ours for Pagan or Mohammedan India you cannot suggesting it as a national subject for improve. You cannot even rule these deep humiliation before God. We do not countries : there is no tie that will bind expect the favour of a just retributive them to you, but tl at of a common faith : Providence while our brother's blood every measure therefore which has for its cries to us from the ground, and we will object a diffusion of the knowledge of not hear. (Isa. lviii. 6.)
Divine truth is politically a goud messuie; The last topic we shall advert to is every thing which delays or hinders such India, particularly with regard to the diffusion is politically a blunder. I prefer necessity of additional bishops. The stating this in secular terms, for it is with name of the new bishop is not yet an- secular persons we have to treat ; all who nounced, nor is it known whether govern- take a spiritual view of the subject are ment intend to propose any addition. already with us. The steps of the arguLet our earnest intercessions on the ap- ment may be thus stated : To govern proaching day embrace this as among the these people, you must make them capable vital topics, in which not only a few of understanding and exercising civil prithousands of Englishmen, but ultimately vileges. You cannot do this until the a hundred thousand of natives, and all tone of moral feeling is raised and imAsia we might say, are deeply con- proved ; and improvement is impossible cerned. We insert the following extracts while the abomination of Hindooism or from the letter from Bishop Turner allud- the fierce intolerance of Islam maintain ed to in our last Number; it is dated their influence. This influence therefore Feb. 15, 1831, but did not reach Eng- must be abated; and where will the boldest land till nearly two months after his politician look for an antagonist principle death, so that it may be considered as strong enough to effect this if he puts containing his last and most matured judg. aside the Gospel ? If then our merchants ment on the great questions connected look for wealthy and honest customers with India. His statements shew a la- Lour politicians for orderly and improvmentable apathy in some quarters where able subjects our speculative philanthroa different feeling ought to prevail, but we pists for fair occasion of exerc.sing benehave not thought it right to suppress ficence, they must join us in pulling down them, as it were best that the whole case the pagodas and the mosques, and raising should be clearly understood.
in their stead the plain and simple edifice “ Your valuable and interesting letter of a Christian church. Thus far as to the reached me very opportunely, at Madras, ultimate end and object : in respect to Christ. OBSERV. No. 362.
the means, I deprecate most earnestly any church; the poor people at Mangolore interference on the part of the govern- would gladly contribute towards building ment with missionary exertion. I do one, if I could promise them a minister. not ask even direct and declared encou- There is one peculiar circumstance in reragement : all we should seek from them ference to this coast, which renders the is to let us quite alone while the work is want of a Protestant ministry peculiarly in progress, but not to withold necessary distressing. A great spirit of inquiry has aid when called for after that work is sprung up among the Roman Catholics, completed. I am quite satisfied that hi- who are very numerous ; if they had optherto we have derived nothing but benefit portunity, they would gladly send their from the coldness and covert, though well children to our schools, and attend our known, hostility of the ruling powers. churches : nor have I the least doubt, Had it been otherwise, we should have that if it were in my power to appoint a been overwhelmed by false professions. faithful minister at each of the places I There are few Bramins in Bengal who have mentioned, in the course of a few would not become candidates for bap- years a striking change would be effected tism if they thought by doing so they in the condition and character of this should conciliate the favour of a governor- people. When you next cast a look upon general. I would leave missionary la- the map of India, how painfully will it bour then wholly to societies and indi- recur to you that at the moment in which viduals; the part of government is to I write there is but one Protestant provide adequate means for the spiritual clergyman on the whole line of coast beinstruction of those amongst its subjects tween Bombay and Cape Comorin; Mr. who already profess and call themselves Norton of the Church Missionary Society, Christians, or who may hereafter be at Allepie. The chaplain at Cannanore, brought to such profession. This part, died about a month since, and the aphowever, the existing governments, both pointment is still unsupplied, and Mr. in India and at home, are most reluctant Ridsdale, the missionary at Cochin, is to fulfil; nor will they do it unless com- gone away sick to the Neilgherries. I pelled by the public voice. It is in the hope take this coast as an example, because I that you may do much towards making that have lately been called to witness its devoice heard, that I now bring this matter serted state; but of every part of India,
India does not want an from the Himalaya to Sincapore, the same expensive or gorgeous church-establish- story might be told: nor have I the least ment; a moderate present provision, with doubt that if the number of chaplains an assured means of retirement after a were at this moment increased four-fold, reasonable period of service, would secure I could in the course of three months the services of an efficient ministry. But station them, that each might have a large observe, that ministry must be supplied and growing congregation. from England : at a period still very re- state these facts you must prepare yourmote, we may look to native agency; but self to be met by an assertion which my the idea of creating a body of clergy from excellent friend Archdeacon Corrie and among the country-born, whether Portu- myself are often called upon to controguese or half-caste, is chimerical. The
It is nothing less than this; that clergy must come from England, and all the government of India are under no sort be allowed a reasonable prospect of re- of obligation to provide the means of religious turning home. This will secure their instruction for their Christian subjects, unless efficiency; their number must be deter- directly in their employment as civil or milimined by authorities on the spot, and not tary servants. Some individuals high in in Leadenhall-street. The mischief of authority endeavour the wretched policy, which leaves four monstrous principle by argument;
and all or five considerable stations in each pre- the three governments act upon it, as I sidency without a chaplain, is felt most believe, with the full concurrence of those severely; nor is there any mode of re- who rule in Leadenhall-street. I am dress, according to the present plan. The anxious that this question should be thonominations are most jealously reserved roughly sifted. It stands thus : The to the chairman and deputy chairman, and Indian government receive all the rethey never keep the list full
. To give venue, are proprietors of all the land, you a notion of the practical working of monopolize all the trade (or would do so this system, On the Malabar coast, from if they could); but they are not to be Bombay to Cape Comorin, there is now called upon to maintain any institutions one chaplain—namely, at the military for the benefit of those by whom the land station of Cannanore. The most urgent is cultivated, and from whom the revenue applications have been made to the go- is raised. They do not, however, pracverment and to myself, on the behalf of tically hold this ; a lack of rupees is set Christian congregations, both numerous apart annually in Bengal alone for the and respectable, at the following places: Hindoo and Mohammedan colleges; the Mangolore, Tellicherry, Calicut, Cochin, exclusion applies only to Christians, and and Quilon. At each of the four last the institutions intended for their benefit. mentioned places there is an excellent “ I have entered fully into the details of