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are sorry to say, confirmed the decree of the churches should know that it is underthe company; so that this faithful mi- taken in faith. When they resolved to nister of Christ has been deprived of his establish it, they saw only the necessity functions. The Church of Geneva will of the institution, and their own inability long lament this decision. Mere policy, for the undertaking. It was in faith they to say nothing of better motives, should looked for means and for success. In takhave induced the company to retain such ing upon themselves a task of which both a man as Gaussen within the pale of the the importance and the extent were apestablished communion, rather than have parent, they believed themselves encouforced him and all his numerous friends raged to commit the issue with humble to become Dissenters.
confidence into the hands of Jesus Christ, In the mean while, we rejoice to say the Eternal Head of the church. To that “the Evangelical Society” prospers, Him accordingly they committed it, and and that the theological seminary has been on His faithfulness they rely." founded and is in action. We have felt “ This school was indispensable; and much interested in reading the opening it is but too easy to prove the fact. If lecture of the professor of theology, and the youths who go to the academies of strongly recommend the new seminary to France and Geneva, to qualify themselves the liberal assistance of British Chris. for the ministry of the Word of Life, are tians, as it stands greatly in need of aid. there taught the Unitarian doctrines ; We subjoin some passages relative to the if the very truths, for the sake of which Evangelical Society and the Seminary :- our professorships were founded, our
“ The great object of the Société Evan- schools opened, and our institutions form gélique is to restore the true and orthodox ed, are there condemned;—if the studies doctrines of the Gospel, which, through in those schools are not free, that is to a vain philosophy, have been so long lost say, if the pupils attached to the faith of to the Genevan church, and one of the the Apostles and Reformers are not at most effectual means for accomplishing liberty to follow the instructions which this end is the establishment of a Theo- correspond with their faith and satisfy logical Academy, to train up young men
their consciences ;-if pious parents, defor the ministry in sound and orthodox sirous of devoting their sons to the miniprinciples. This institution has already stry of the Gospel, are compelled to conbeen set on foot; the professors engaged demn them to consume the four best years are men of distinguished talent, express- of their youth in studies which subvert ing their firm adherence to the doctrines the foundations of our faith :-in a word, contained in the Articles of the Church of if it be true that Arianism saps the very England, and the Helvetic Confession of foundations of the Gospel,--then assuFaith.”
redly the establishment of a new school of * The founders of this school desire that theology was indispensable."
OBITUARY. THE RIGHT REV.DR.TURNER, cutta; and yet during this short space of
BISHOP OF CALCUTTA. time he originated so many useful and (Continued from Appendix for 1831.)
benevolent measures, that, brief as it was,
the period must always be viewed as an The Memoir of Bishop Turner in the important era in the history of this setAppendix to our last volume, related tlement.” chiefly to his life, up to the period of his “ One of the first things which struck voyage to India, with some account of the late bishop, on his arrival in India, was the closing scene of his mortal existence. the indispensable necessity of taking steps We passed briefly over his labours in his to encourage a due observance of the diocese, hoping to furnish a fuller notice Lord's Day among the Christian commuof them in a future Number, and we are nity. Having only recently quitted a part happy in being able to lay before our of the world where that observance is readers the following particulars drawn enforced by law, he thought it incumbent up by Archdeacon Corrie, and printed, by on him at least to invite the voluntary his permission, in Calcutta.
practice of it in Calcutta, and by that “'It is due to the memory of this ex- means prevail, if possible, on its Christian cellent prelate, and may not be unaccept- inhabitants generally to set an example, able to those who feel an interest in the which the government itself, yielding to progressive improvement of British India, the force of public opinion, might perhaps to take some notice of the events by which eventually be brought to imitate. He that progress has been marked during the was aware that his predecessors, Bishop brief period of his episcopate, events in Middleton and Bishop Heber, the one the accomplishment of which he himself officially, and the other privately, had entook so prominent a part. That period deavoured to prevail on the government did not exceed one year and seven months, to enforce such observance in the public of which eight only were passed at Cal- departments, but without success; and
he thought that an application from the presidencies bis endeavours for the same Christian community
at large, after agree- purpose were afterwards still more sucing to conform to it themselves, might be cessful. more effectual. With this view he cir- “ But it was not the spiritual interests culated a paper, inviting all sincere Chris- of Christians alone, that occupied his attians to declare that they would person- tention: he felt the deepest concern in ally in their families, and to the utmost the operations of the Missionary Estalimits of their influence, adopt, and en- blishments generally, and in all proceedcourage others to adopt such measures ings set on foot for the purpose of disseas might tend to establish a decent and minating Christianity among the natives; orderly observance of the Lord's Day, and for the furtherance of the views of that as far as depended on themselves, the Calcutta Church Missionary Society, they would neither employ, nor allow of which he was the patron, he was earothers to employ on their behalf or in nestly engaged in devising plans and maktheir service, on that day, native work- ing arrangements when his last illness men and artizans in the exercise of their overtook him. The Diocesan Committees ordinary calling; that they would give a of the Society for promoting Christian preference to those Christian tradesmen Knowledge and of the Society for the who were willing to adopt this regulation, Propagation of the Gospel, have recorded and to act upon it constantly and unre- their grateful sense of the attention paid servedly in the management of their busic by him to the interests of these bodies. ness, and that they would be ready, when “ But the measures from which the it might be deemed expedient, to join in greatest benefits may be expected to be presenting an address to the Right Hon. derived, are those introduced by the Bishop the Govenor-General in Council, praying to improve the system of public instructhat orders might be issued to suspend all tion, and which, had he been spared to labour on public works upon the Lord's see them carried into effect, would in all Day, as well as all such business in the probability have realized on that head as government offices, as could, without em- much as is attainable in this distant quarbarrassment to the service, be dispensed With him originated the Infant with.
School, the first which was ever instituted “ The expressions used in this paper are at least in this part of India, and the those of the act of the British Parliament whole expense of which was borne by him which is in force on the subject. The till his death. In the Christian Intellideclaration, as already stated, was framed gencer for October 1830, this institution only for Christians, and especially for is spoken of as follows: · It is highly grathose who are convinced of the duty of tifying to see the facility with which some attending to Christian obligations. The of the children add and subtract by means purpose of the circular was to invite and of the Abacus ; and the progress the elder to encourage the voluntary practice of ones have made in reading, writing, and those observances which in England are needle work, is quite surprising. Indeed enforced by law. Christian individuals altogether the scene is highly interesting. were invited to pursue a Christian object Every humane heart must rejoice to see on Christian principles ; and yet this so many infants snatched like “ brands measure, so strictly in accordance with from the fire,” and placed in an institution what his situation as head of the Esta- where their innocent and tender minds blished Church in India rendered it proper will be trained up in the fear of the Lord, in the bishop to adopt, was met by a por- and in habits of order, cleanliness, and tion of the community professing them- usefulness. The Bishop of the diocese selves Christian, with a degree of hostility has, we think, done much for the rising and misrepresentation, for which no differ- generation in establishing this interesting ence of opinion as to the mere expedi- institution, and we trust the example will ency of the course proposed to be pursued be followed not only in all the parochial for effecting an object so desirable in a districts of Calcutta ; but likewise in other Christian point of view, can, we conceive, large towns, and also in the other presibe considered by any reflecting person, as dencies of India.' a sufficient apology. When warned, which “ The graduated system of which he he previously was, of the obloquy which laid the foundation, and which was intendwould probably be cast upon him for the ed, by means of the Infant School, the Free attempt, he replied, “ that personal consi- School, the High School, and Bishop's derations of that sort would never deter College, to provide for the intellectual him from doing his duty.' He persevered, wants of infancy, childhood, youth, and and the result proved the anticipation to opening manhood, would have left nothing have been well founded. He had the hardly in this respect for the Christian satisfaction of knowing, that notwith community to require, but his views, as standing the hostility and misrepresen- already stated, were not confined merely tations in question, the object in view, to that community; he thought he saw in namely, the due observance of the Lord's the state of things which had already been Day, was even here extensively promoted effected, an opening through which Chrisby the measure, and at one of the sister tian instruction might be successfully im.
parted to the natives; and as he was con- reproach, moderate in all his habits and vinced that no other description of educa- pursuits, disinterested in a high degree, tion would ever render them what it is de- and free from all suspicion of the love of sirable they should become, namely, well money; that he was apt to teach, and a principled, well informed, and well con- true labourer in the word and doctrine, ducted members of society, he was there. sober in judgment, wise to solve difficulfore determined to avail himself of every ties, of a compassionate spirit, and heartily favourable opportunity that offered for desirous of men's eternal good. In the directing their views to this object.” public exercise of his office, he must una
We might mention various other reli- voidably, whilst human nature is what it gious and charitable exertions; in all of is, have given offence to some. The lively which he laboured abundantly, enjoying sense he had of his own responsibility, amidst his arduous cares much peace of rendered him more keenly alive to such soul, and seeing the work of the Lord defects in any of those under his authoprosper in his hands. While on bis visi- rity, as might hinder their usefulness, or tation, suffering greatly from the heat and do injury to the cause they had solemnly fatigue, and viewing his death as ever near, pledged themselves to serve. He felt himhe remarked in a letter to a friend, “ The self therefore bound, when occasion arose, way is rough, but it is not long : we know to 'reprove and to rebuke with all auin whom we have believed; we have not thority.' followed cunningly devised fables.”
“ To the patient continuer in well-doDr. Corrie spoke as follows of the ing a sense of God's forgiving mercy takes Bishop's character, in his funeral sermon: even in this life the sting from death, and
“ We have left us, in the character of an assured hope of eternal life gilds and our departed bishop, an example of one, illumines the dark passage of the valley of who sought glory,honour, and immortality, the shadow of death. This our departed by patient continuance in well-doing. He prelate experienced: the persuasion that began where the Scriptures teach us to God would carry on his own work on the begin, with personal religion. He had earth, and that he could and would abunlow thoughts of himself; he was seriously dantly supply the means of so doing, left affected with a sense of his frailties and bim, without a care for this world, an asunworthiness, and rested his hope of sal- sured hope, that on being released from vation only on the mercy of God in Jesus the body, he should be with Christ, Christ. He had attained in a remarkable strengthened him to endure protracted, degree a spirit of self-control, so that he and intense bodily suffering, with patience was, to a considerable extent, a copy of and fortitude not to be surpassed, till at the great Shepherd and Bishop of our length being released from this strife of souls, whose word is, “Learn of me, for I nature, he entered on the eternal life to am meek and lowly.' He took revelation which he had long aspired." for his guide, and whilst the Triune God “ To the above we will only add the of the Bible was the object of his adora- last words the Bishop uttered, which, to tion, the will of God was the rule of his those who had the privilege of hearing practice. • I have a growing evidence,' them, were most affecting, and which no said he, after partaking of the Lord's Sup- one with the heart of a Christian, can, we per on the 3d of July, that I know in are sure, reflect upon with indifference. whom I have trusted; and he went on to After prayer had been engaged in, out of contrast the uncertainties attending the the Visitation of the Sick, ending with pursuit of science, with the increasing the Lord's Prayer, to which he added a confidence which the Christian feels in fervent Amen,a short pause ensued, which Divine truth, as he advances in the know- was suddenly interrupted by his breaking ledge of it.
out in the most solemn and impressive ** In his peculiar office he came near to manner as follows:- Oh thou God of the apostolical standard in the Epistles of all grace, stablish, strengthen, settle us,
Timothy and Titus. Of his learning, and have mercy upon all, that they may come capacity for perpetuating an order of mi- to the knowledge of the truth and be nisters in the church, it would require one saved : there is none other name given of a similar measure of learning and piety among men by which they can be saved, to speak, but all could judge, that as a other foundation can no man lay,'—and bishop he was blameless and free from he spake no more.”
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. We have much pleasure in stating, that were highly edifying and appropriate, and the day of National Humiliation was, large sums were collected for the benefit as we believe, very generally observed of the poor and needy. May the Author throughout the kingdom in a manner be- of all mercies, for his blessed Son's sake, coming the solemnity. The combined bear and answer the prayers offered, acefforts of radicals and infidels were not cording to his promises made to suppliant able to pervert it from its holy purposes. nations! Not a few of the discourses delivered, The Reform Bill has passed the house of commons, by a larger majority than even the extension of education, we rejoice as before ; and has been received so far with Christians and Protestants to perceive the acceptance by the house of lords, as to be decided stand wbich has been made against marked down for a second reading. There the proposed plan of mutilating the Scripcan be little doubt that it will ulti- tures, in compliance with
the opinions of mately pass in substance, either with or the papal priesthood. There may have without a creation of new peers. This been considerable exaggeration in the polast particular will probably be regulated, pular statements of the question, and all according as government may find its such phrases as “ tearing the Bibles out strength require in the details in the com- of the people's hands” had been better mittee. We can only repeat what we avoided, as not strictly descriptive of the said twelve months ago, that the question fact; and we are willing also to believe, having been once proposed, the sooner it that those who have proposed the plan, or is settled the better. Would that the evils rather adopted it upon the frequent rewhich have been caused by the procras- commendation of successive commissiontination and virulent political contentions ers, meant only to encourage intellectual, consequent upon it could be blotted out. moral, and useful education, and were not It seems to be felt by all moderate men, aware that the measure involved the ex. that the risk of another rejection would be ceptionable principle which bas called fearful indeed. The tone of Lord Har- forth such powerful remonstrances; but rowby and Lord Wharneliffe, was pecu- the principle itself we cannot but think Jiarly' temperate ; and the Bishop of Lon- highly exceptionable and anti-Protestant, don, and, it is understood, other members and we trust that even yet a plan may be of the Right Reverend bench, have de- devised which shall afford popular educatermined to support the bill.
tion on a national scale, without any dereThe fearful disease with which it has liction of religious and conscientious feel. pleased God to afflict this, in common ing. If such a plan cannot be discovered, with many other countries, has been mer- it were better, much as we should regret cifully moderated in its progress. Its in- to relinquish a system of national educacursions, however, are sufficient to create tion, that the population should be left to great anxiety; and in the metropolis es- its own efforts and the assistance of private pecially, not only the malady, but the com- Protestant benevolence. In any case we mercial and other evils connected with its earnestly trust that the Kildare-place Sopresence, have been very serious. The eye ciety, the Hibernian Society, the Irish of the Christian, in a season like this, will Society, and kindred institutions, will be be directed upwards with faith and prayer, enabled by public Christian liberality, not that it may please God in the midst of only to continue but to extend their rejudgment to remember mercy. The pre- spective systems, so as to continue to afford cautions used bave in His infinite good- to Ireland the advantages of scriptural ness, been permitted hitherto to moderate education. the ravages of this plague ; but every per- Among the notices in our last Number, son must feel bow completely it is be- we had intended, under the head of India, yond human controul, and how entirely to advert to the subject of the countenance we are in the hands of Him who is infi- afforded to the atrocities of the native nitely wise, and merciful, and just. superstitions by the East Indian govern
The state of the Established Church of ment. There has been considerable disIreland has again caused much discussion cussion on the matter in the newspapers, in and out of parliament. The commuta- and Mr. Poynder has given notice for tion of tithes seems not only desirable, a motion respecting it at the board of the but necessary: our only fear is, that the Society for promoting Christian Knowmeasures in progress are a prelude to the ledge on the third of April. We have appropriation of at least a portion of the seen a copy of his proposed memorial, ecclesiastical revenue to other purposes which is so temperately worded that we than the maintenance of a Protestant can perceive no impropriety in the Society's Church-Establishment. Any plan that adopting it; having already memorialized shall recognise the Papal Church, as a na- both the Government and the East-India tional institution, would be utterly con- Company on other occasions, particularly trary to those principles which as Pro- the question of bishops in India. The testant Christians we ought to adhere to, Society appeared to us to go further out even in sight of the rack and the flame. of its way when it petitioned parliament The temporal emoluments of the church against Roman-Catholic emancipation, are quite a secondary matter: but to pa- than it would in adverting to a question tronize the corrupt and delusive system which has a very obvious bearing upon of Rome, would be wholly unscriptural, the cause of Christianity in India, one of and a stain on England that would blot out the most honoured seats of its Christian the brightest memorial of her escutcheon exertions. The horrible scenes of licenas the bulwark and glory of the Refor- tiousness and cruelty exbibited at Juggermation.
naut and the other native temples, ought Closely connected with this question is not for one moment to be upheld by Euthat of the instruction of the infant Irish ropean countenance ; for the taxation of population ; yet, anxious as we are for an article renders it licit in the public eye,
just as gaming houses and the abodes of serable weakness and abortion. There vice have been taxed in various countries, wants but the intellect to grasp, and the and the wages of iniquity allowed to curse virility to pursue, a sound principle, to the fiscal chest.
gain for it in the end a triumphant course; The Plurality Bill is proceeding through and it were better to be vanquished once its stages in the house of lords, but not or twice and succeed in the end, than to without so much opposition, and from nibble bit by bit while the whole fabric is adverse quarters, both there and elsewhere, crumbling over our heads. The wellthat the Most Reverend prelate who in informed, religious, and respectable portroduced it has been disheartened, he says, tion of the public, especially those who at this untoward reception, and has almost have the interest of the church at heart, felt inclined to relinquish it altogether. are far in advance of the present bill; and The obvious cause of the difficulty is, it cannot therefore satisfy them, while it that the bill is not founded on any basis is as distasteful to those who view the of sound principle. Even pluralities (as church as a mere money-making matter, distinct from dualities) are not abolished as if it went further and set the question by it; and dualities are positively sanc- at rest effectually. The church-building tioned and facilitated, the archbishop being bill of last year is a case strongly in point, authorized to grant a dispensation for and instead of a weak ricketty measure, them, provided the benefices are not more the public now enjoys a law of a truly sathan thirty miles apart ; the dispensation lutary and efficient character. We do to be granted as a matter of course, where implore the heads of the church to rethe livings are together under 4001. per consider this matter. If they take it up annum, however large the population; upon sound principle, the whole nation and in all other cases, if the incumbent will be with them as one man, and they be a Master of Arts, or otherwise recom- need not fear the force of interested opmended for learning and character, how- position ; but at present they lie aground ever large the population or the emolu- between ebb and flood, and no one cares ment. It is on all hands understood that to offer a life-boat for their assistance. the archbishop is to grant the dispensation Let them cast themselves upon the proas a matter of course: if he do not, there vidence of God, to bless their religious is an appeal to the privy counsel; but let and disinterested labours; and their exthe reader mark, there is no such appeal ertions, we feel persuaded, will not be in to reverse his sentence, where he joins vain. One of the first effects would be livings wbich ought not to be joined. the adequate augmentation of poor liv
The whole bill is constructed on this laxings, which will never take place under system: it prohibits not only pluralities, the present system, for the cumulators of but dualities; but, having verbally prohi- patronage and preferment do not wish it, bited them, it goes on to leave ample as it would do away with the only pretext openings for the former, and actually fa- for pluralism. We are far from intending cilitates the latter, as bis Grace expressly our remarks to be couched in a tone disrestated. A bill thus proceeding upon no spectful to the Right Reverend bench, solid principle, which goes so far as to and least of all to the Most Reverend preprovoke those, who, like Lord Wynford, late who brought in the bill. regard the church as a matter of property moters of it have considered what they and family emolument, without going far thought could be carried through the enough to satisfy those who really wish house of lords, rather than what they for its spiritual efficiency, and desire to themselves thought desirable. They consee a resident incumbent in every parish, sulted the feelings of lay-patrons, instead could not but meet with opposition; and of the plain common sense of the quesit is nothing but the present perilous state tion. We respect their motives, but we of the church, and the fear of causing lament their decision; and the more so, mischief by excitement, that has prevented as by it the most favourable opportunity the table of the house of lords being co- will be lost which has ever been afforded vered with petitions, praying that the fun- since the days of the Reformation, of damental enactment of the bill should be putting an end to this opprobrium of our retained, and its dispensing clauses be re- church. stricted to those cases in which the two We rejoice to hear, on every hand, of livings are under a specified moderate efforts in progress for the better observance value, contain not more than such a po- of the Lord's-day. Our readers will have pulation, and are not distant above such perused with much interest, in the sequel a number of miles as may allow of their the obituary of Bishop Turner, the being efficiently superintended by one in- efforts made by that excellent prelate in cumbent, with or without a curate. We India; and we have a variety of valuable trust even yet, that the bill will be amend. communications from friends to the same ed and made reconcileable to sound prin- object, not only at home but in America ciple ; for the plan hitherto pursued, of and on the continent of Europe. We trimming and paring in matters of church subjoin, with much satisfaction, the follegislation, just to secure this or that lowing passage from the Dublin Christian vote without offending another, never Examiner, stating the present sentiments pleases any party, and leads only to mi- of the Archbishop of Dublin,r elative to