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efficient, and by irreligious men as being it altogether by raising objections to cer-
ridiculous. The weakness betrayed by tain of its provisions; but our consolation
his Grace in the conduct of this bill, as in this case would be, that a far more esh-
well as in the tithe bill, and other mea- cient bill—such is the light that has been
sures connected with the interests of the thrown upon the whole question--would
church, is a current theme of lamentation without doubt be brought in, either by
throughout the country; except either the Right Reverend bench itself, or by
by those who have interests to serve, or some friend of the church in the House of
those who wish to prevent effectual re- Commons; so that, if we lose a few months
form, lest reform should extinguish their in time, we shall be gainers in quality.
hopes of ruin. We trust that in the House We earnestly wish that Dr. Lushington,
of Commons the real friends of the who we understand has undertaken is
Church, who love her from religious mo- management in the House of Commons,
tives, will endeavour to rescue the bill would bring his powerful mind to bear
from the attacks of infidels and radicals upon the whole subject, and suggest such
on the one hand, and the interested con- amendments as may at once and for ever
servators of loaves and fishes on the other, blot out from our church the stain of plu-
and engraft on it a salutary enactment, ralities, and give to every parish in the
tied down by well-defined rules, as to what kingdom a fairly remunerated resident in-
circumstances of contiguity, population, cumbent. The great majority of the
and value, shall be permitted to authorize clergy, not a few of the prelacy, and the
the holding of a second living. As to whole mass of the community, with the
making the test of learning or good con- exception of those who have private in-
duct a qualification for holding two livings, terests to serve, would bless and venerate
whatever might be its merit when the him for such a measure; and if he value
canons were framed, it is absurd under the a still higher reward, he would find it in
circumstances of the present day. The the prospect of much spiritual and en-
regulations which were proposed in a during benefit to the present and future
paper circulated in the House of Lords, generations.
and in a petition about to be presented We have a most distressing statement
to the House of Commons, were to pro- to make respecting the anti-slavery ques-
hipit pluralities, where the united popu-

tion. We need not recapitulate to our
lation of the two livings exceeds 1500; readers the particulars respecting the abo-
the united value 400L. ; and the distance lition of the slave trade; the long and
is greater than will allow of the pas. dreary interval which succeeded, during
toral services of the incumbent in both which the fetters of the slave only became
parishes. From the selfish resistance more firmly rivetted, and his sorrows
offered to these very reasonable sugges- more piercing; the ray of hope which
tions, and the conduct of some who broke in when, in 1823, the abolitionists
ought to have supported them, we be- at length gainedso far a triumphover sordid
gin to doubt whether it had not been interest and venal opposition as to induce
better to have gone to the root of the Government and Parliament to consider
matter at once, and prayed for the aboli- the subject; the subsequent nine long
tion of pluralities altogether ; accompa- years during which the West-Indian party,
nied with measures, easily devised, for by every possible stratagem that cunning
the augmentation of inadequate benefices could devise or gold execute, has opposed
(which will never be effected while plura- the dictates of justice, sound policy, and
lities are allowed), and the junction of the united voice of the country, and with
small contiguous ones,—of course without such success that all that could be done
prejudice to the present incumbents. by the friends of humanity and religion
There is no practical difficulty in the was little more than to keep the question
way of such a plan, except timid scruple alive; while this powerful party, secure in
or interested opposition; and if these the bribery of newspapers and magazines,
fears or machinations are not overruled, the purchase of rotten boroughs, and mul-
and a salutary measure devised, the church tiplied arts of parliamentary stratagem,
will not long retain its yet existing hold have held at bay both the government and
upon the feelings of the nation. Many the country, and secured their oppressed
excellent friends of the church were bondsmen in their grasp, scoffing at
anxious to have petitioned the House of the impotent opposition of justice and
Lords upon the subject, but refrained, benevolence, and ridiculing the thousands
hoping that the bill might be amended of petitions which demanded the extinc-
without the danger and excitement of po- tion of the enormities of slavery.
pular discussion. It may even yet be de- At the period of the duke of Welling-
sirable quietly and temperately to petition ton's retirement from office, nothing had
the House of Commons; but there is now been done worth even the name of ame-
neither hope or fear of the bill's passing lioration; the wretched slave was a slave
without discussion. So far as it is really still, and his children after him for ever
an improvement on the existing state of were maintained to be rightfully held “ in
the law, many well-judging men, who wish fee simple,”—such was lord Seaford's de-
it had been better, have feared hazarding claration in the House of Lords, echoed by

Mr. Burge, the colonial agent, in the Timber Question; and so managed their House of Commons. The public were matters, that the most zealous abolitionists indignant; they felt that they had been felt it impossible to do any thing in par. deluded, and that the unhappy objects of liament till the reform question was their solicitude were as far as ever from disposed of. the enjoyment of peace, freedom, or The Government, however, we believe, Christianity. The tables of both houses did what it could; and its members in were loaded with thousands upon thou- both houses spoke with much decision sands of petitions; even the names of respecting their intentions : and in proof which could scarcely be read, so great of them, they sent out to the West Indies was their number, and they were obliged those humane orders in council, which we to be carted away in heaps to the common mentioned in our last volume, page 773. receptacle of forgotten rubbish.

These orders were not perfect, and they In the mean time, a new cabinet was were only meliorative, not abolitionary; formed; and so confident was the national but they were so far useful and efficient, faith in its wishes to abolish West-Indian that the advocates of the West-India Slavery, that the public murmur was interest declared, if they were carried hushed, and the matter was virtually con- into effect, there was an end to slavery signed into its hands. But, said the in every thing but the name. They enministers (not indeed in so many words, deavoured, in consequence, to intimidale but such was understood to be the fact), Government; they renewed their opposi“ We are anxious to achieve this great tion to the reform bill; no money, nor work; but, unhappily, the West-Indian art, nor parliamentary stratagem was party, well knowing our intention, have spared to effect their purpose; and some joined the borough interest, and are en- of them eyen joined the cause of scripdeavouring to turn us out, on the question tural education, as a party-weapon to of Parliamentary Reform, with a view to perplex the cabinet. At length, all provprevent our attacking Negro Slavery. ing in vain, their last resource was to try We dare not meet both questions at once, to stave off the evil for a few months for we cannot stand this coalition ; but longer, hoping that the present ministers the moment we can make head in our might be thrown out, or that some other reform measure, we shall be strong enough to go to the West Indies." The reform measure was defeated from time to time; recommends, and the Roake-and-Varty the West Indians prudently kept slavery press, calling itself “conservative” pub'out of sight, and became violent admirers lishes. We copy only a few fragments; of rotten boroughs: they knew, as Lord but the whole is in a similar style. Wynford has unwarily divulged, that Par- Scene.-- The London Anti-Slavery Soliamentary Reform would abolish Negro ciety meeting. Mr. B-X-n takes Slavery; they therefore loyally employed, the chair. ‘at no little cost, the conservative club of

“ Dear brotherhood, accept my warmest Charles Street, and the dregs of the press,

greeting; down to the degraded press of Roake and

I'm quite overjoyed to see so full a meetVarty", and defeated Government on the


Over our hallow'd persons hangs a charm, We call it so, because one of the Black guardian angels shelter us from

harm. most indecent, scurrilous, and contemptible pro-slavery pamphlets ever pub To see that this assembly is so choice ;

With pious exultation I rejoice, lished, lately found its way to us from this press, stamped moreover with the

That its component parts are the elect,

&c. &c. most cordial recommendation of the . Christian Remembrancer,” (a publica- Great W_b_ce now aged, bent, and tion which professes to speak the language

hoary, of certain niembers of the Church of Eng

In privacy enjoys his well-earned glory; land; and it can certainly boast of access

This title is his due, the world confesses, to the documents of two of our church

Father of all the great A double Ses !! societies, which are regularly transmitted

“ Mr. Z-y Mély, with a soft glance to its privileged pages,) and with the alle

at the fair sex present,” &c. &c. gation, that the Roake-and-Varty press is We scorn to extract more ; we_only supported by men of high station, includ- say, when will all the Reverend, Right ing several members of the Right Reverend Reverend,and other respectable upholders bench itself, who certainly never meant of negro-slavery, (effectively so, whatever that their anti-reform subscriptions should may be their modifying views; for the be mixed up with the scurrilityof the West- slave-owner cares not for their intentions Indian party. Let our readers take a if he get their votes,) open their eyes to brief specimen of the sort of writing which their humiliating coalition, with all that a “ Christian Remembrancer,” calling is base and degrading, from John Bull and itself the monthly representative of “ the Blackwood, to the flogging of women and orthodox part of the Church of England” the martyrdom of missionaries ?

lucky event might happen, to put off the of the state of slavery were grounded question of negro-slavery for another ten on proved and admitted facts; in vain had or twenty years. They therefore de- he protested against the degradation of manded a committee of inquiry! After being compelled, for the mere purpose of nearly fifty years'accurate investigation of creating delay, gravely to inquire by means the question, with facts, evidence, and au- of a' parliamentary committee whether it thentic documents, in waggon-loads, in was desirable that men should continue the records and papers of Parliament, no to toil like horses under the cart-whip; intelligent or honest man in the country whether women should continue to be having a shadow of doubt on the subject, flogged naked by any brute (on Lord they wanted to begin the whole anew, and Seaford's own estate, for instance,) who to procure a parliamentary committee of chooses thus to wreak bis unmanly vencolonial proprietors and their advocates, to geance; whether slaves should continue bring forth partial West-Indian evidence, to be forced to live in concubinage for procured by West-Indian money, in order want of the marriage tie being legally proto soothe down the public abhorrence of tected; whether a ruffian should still have slavery. The Government rejected the it in his power legally to tear the cbild insidious request; Lord Goderich, in his from the parent, and to over work, ill feed, official letter respecting the orders in and flog his fellow-creatures beyond the council, explicitly stating that “ It is not powers of physical endurance; to say in deference to any vulgar prejudice re- nothing of his being permitted to prohibít specting West-India slavery; nor is it by their learning to read the word of God, or substituting vague theory for specific in- to enjoy a Christian Sabbath, or to attend formation, that his Majesty's" Govern. Divine worship; all these things, Lord ment have directed their course ; they Goderich, as well as his predecessor Sir have, on-the contrary, grappled with speci- G. Murray, refused to appoint a commitfic evils, the existence of which was gene- tee to inquire into ; their own manly rally admitted even by the enemies of the feelings spoke instinctively; and the orders measure.” Where then was the need of in council were but the embodying of huinquiry? or, in other words, of intermin. mane, though not adequate, provisions on able delay, till a pro-slavery cabinet could these and similar points. But when, at be procured, or the public be worn out in the close of Lord Seaford's speech, the the contest and give it up altogether. Archbishop of Canterbury stood up as But we deeply lament to say that the in- his panegyrist, and the panegyrist of the trigue bas succeeded, and we blush to add West Indians in the matter of Negro chiefly by means of the Church of Eng- education, it was difficult for any set of land. Lord Seaford, whose large stake men, however honest their intentions, to in the profits of this atrocious system is resist such a phalanx. If ministers were well known to our readers (see especially not honest, if they were secret parties to Anti-Slavery Reporter for September, the trick, their conduct has been base be1828); Lord Seaford, whose own slaves, yond any thing that we remember of any notwithstanding all his exertions, have modern cabinet. But much as we disapbeen shewn to be in a state of fearful prove of some of their proceedings, much decrease under his West-Indian managers; especially as we lament their mistaken Lord Seaford, an old opponent of the and un hallowed policy with regard to abolition of the slave trade, as now of scriptural education and the cause of Proslavery ; Lord Seaford, whose voluntary testantism in Ireland, we cannot believe manumissions in six years, from 1821 to they consented to this humiliation with1826, are stated to have been confined to out what appeared to them dire necessity; one single case, namely, that of a woman though no necessity, not even could they and her children, presumed to belong to have propitiated the duke of Wellington, one of his overseers, and for whose bones Lord Seaford, and the Archbishop, to be and sinews his lordship received into his merciful to their Reform Bill,—can plead purse 5007. sterling; Lord Seaford chose an adequate exeuse for their surrender. the critical moment of the introduction Lord Seaford, with a view to wbite-wash of the reform bill in the House of Lords, slavery in the public eye, did the Most Reto foil ministers in their measures for verend prelate the honour to procure him slave amelioration. Still, notwithstand the presidency of this pro-slavery commiting the political opposers of the cabinet tee. We call it pro-slavery, for though coalesced with his lordship, all agree- there are some names in it not entitled to ing to sink their differences, and to this epithet, yet the leaders and those who make common cause to defeat the Go- will chiefly manage the business, are either vernment, the “saints," and the abo- slave holders or closely connected with litionists; this cause of humanity and West-Indian interests. Little did his religion might still have triumphed over Grace consider the humiliating position interested opposition, had not the Arch- in which he has placed himself; the tribishop of Canterbury in evil hour joined umph of Blackwood and John Bull, the the phalanx.. ' In vain. Lord Goderich delight of his politic seducers, and the had asserted in his official despatch, that fatal blow which he will inflict upon the the orders in council for the amelioration church, should he ever sign bis name to a


report which either stops short of the With regard to his Grace of Canterorders in council or does not go very farbury, we have written with pain and sorbeyond them. Disguise the matter as we It is lamentable to see an indivimay, under the specious name of inquiry, dual in bis high and responsible station, the real plain fact is, that Governinent had driven about in so many questions on this sent out an order to the crown colonies, side and that, at the caprice of political and wished to enforce it upon the char- and interested parties. In the Slave-contered ones by parliamentary sanction; to version Society, his Grace is deceived by prevent wbich, Lord Seaford triumphs in the representatives of West-Indian inhaving procured this committee. The terests; in the presidentship of the Soorder in council enforced, that protectors ciety for the Propagation of the Gospel, of slaves should be appointed; Sunday he has held back the reins, and in truth markets abolished; slaves not to be prevented the emancipation of the slaves worked on a Sunday; women not to be on the Codrington estates, which, had he flogged; men not to receive above fifteen sanctioned it, might have been effected lashes at the mere caprice of their master; long ago. We have refrained from alluslave marriages to be legalized; relatives ding to the subject for more than a year ; not to be separated ; slaves to purchase but after his Grace's coalition with Lord their freedom at a valuation ; bumane li- Seaford, our hopes in that quarter are exmits to be fixed to the hours of labour; tinguished, and we almost repent the part and slaves to be allowed to frequent Di. we took in preventing some zealous abovine worship. All this the West Indies litionists sending in petitions to parliadeclared intolerable; they had a right, in ment, praying that no further public grant fee, to flog women, and maltreat men, and should be made to the society, on the persecute missionaries, and torture slaves ground that it had lost the public confifor attending Methodist chapels, and all dence as a religious and missionary insti. the rest of the privileges just recorded ; tution, by its tenacity in upholding the and they would combine to overturn the unchristian institution of Negro Slavery. ministry that had attempted to interfere The friends of religion and justice in that with these their inalienable rights. All Society must again use their efforts, or all this was to be expected; but that they will be yet in vain. If the next Annual should have found an Archbishop of Can- Report is no better than the last, in reterbury, himself moreover a humane and ference to this topic, the prospect is hopeamiable man, weak enough to fall into less indeed. their snare, (for we do not do his Grace We were about respectfully to submit the injustice to believe that he has mixed to the Right Reverend bench, more espehimself up with the business from mere cially the Most Reverend prelate, a few political faction,) was more then they passages from the writings of Warburton, could bave reasonably hoped for.. What Horsley, and Porteus, on the subject of is, his Grace, as president of this com- Negro slavery, and the duty of the Right mittee, to inquire into? No person doubts Reverend bench respecting it; but our or denies that women are publicly whip- space does not admit. We will, however, ped, in a state of almost absolute nudity, find room for a most energetic appeal by men, or that men are worked under from Granville Sharp, which will prothe lash, or arbitrarily lacerated with it; bably be new, both to their lordships and or that tbe Sabbath is a market day; or our own readers. Mr. Sharp adds in a that marriage is not legally sanctioned ; nuscript note, that the bishops took his or that, contrary to the order of nature, the address in good part and were not ofpoor creatures die off faster than they fended. May we be as happy; and may multiply: these, as Lord Goderich justly this important question, on which we affirms, are clear points; but his Grace is dare not write coldly, bé brought by the set in that chair expressly and notoriously, mercy of God to a safe and speedy terunder the plea of inquiry, to sanction and mination. The following is "Granville continue these enormities; to prevent Sharp's peroration :the operation of the orders in council “But Great Britain, though staggering which forbad them, and to sully his lawn under a much heavier load (than Israel) with the feculence of vice and the pollu- of the same kind of guilt, has not protion of blood. There is indeed, a mi- duced, out of her numerous peerage, one nority in the committee, who will perhaps single chief to stand up for the land,' and take care that all the evidence shall not remove her burden! Mark this, ye Right be on one side ; but in the mean time we Reverend fathers of our church, who sit trust the public at large will arouse them with the princes of the realm, to consult selves to their duty, and shew the Govern- the welfare of the state! Think not that ment that if they will engage in the work of I am inclined, through any misguided Negro Emancipation, honestly and effec- prejudice, to charge your order in partually, they may safely defy all the Wyn- ticular with the omission : the crying sin fords, Seafords, and Wellingtons who have has been hitherto far distant from your leagued to defeat their efforts, and by the sight, and perhaps was never fully repreblessing of God bring this question to sented to you, or like faithful watchmen of a safe and final issue.

Israel' you would long ago have warned


our nation of the danger. But I now call what it might have been, and, if God upon you, in the name of God, for as. permic, may yet be, appears in the sistance! Ye know the Scriptures, and sudden and overwhelming mortality in therefore to you, my lords, in particular, Paris. Truly our merciful Father has I appeal. If I have misrepresented the not visited us after the measure of our word of God, on which my opposition to sins, nor rewarded us according to our slavery is founded, point out my errors, iniquities. Let us be humble, grateful, and I'submit: but if, on the other hand, penitent, and obedient. you should perceive that the texts here The Society for promoting Christian quoted, are really applicable to the ques. Knowledge, greatly to its honour, has tion before us ; that my conclusions from memorialized the East-India Company, thence are fairly drawn ; and that the ex- on the sanction given to the fearful atroamples of God's vengeance against tyrants, cities of Indian idolatry, by making it and slave-holders ought strictly to warn a source of revenue. Some members us against similar oppressions, and similar doubted at first whether the Society could vengeance; you will not tben, I trust, be properly interpose in the matter ; but it backward in this cause of God and man. being shewn during the discussion, that Stand up (let me entreat you) for the the cause of Christianity generally, and land. Make up the hedge,' to save your its own proceedings in particular, are country: perhaps it is not yet too late! greatly prejudiced by the legal sanction Enter'a solemn protest, my lords, against given by the impost, the Bishop of Lonthose who have oppressed the stranger don, who was in the chair, with that wrongfully. Ye know that the testimonies straight-forward manly honesty and prompt I have quoted are of God!"

decision which characterize his proceedBy the mercy of God, the dreaded ma- ings, recommended the adoption of the lady' which has visited our shores, has memorial, and it passed by the general hitherto been comparatively light, and in concurrence of the members. We trust the metropolis appears for the present to it will have a highly beneficial effect upon have nearly subsided, the returns for the the religious interests of India. last two days being only four and five.


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