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order and distress to those you mean to upon this subject, we now, on our personal serve, is not reason, but the plea of any knowledge, declare the fact to him. We and all men who are adverse to eman- tell proprietors at home-Christian procipation.” But we cannot here argue the prietors—that their representatives do, by question : we will, however, return to every means, and especially by secret and it; though it is of little use to do so for covert influence, endeavour to check the the opponents of abolition ; for they never spread of true religion among their slaves, condescend to reply to the arguments; and to render nugatory the efforts of the they only contrive to forget them, and minister to enforce the moral observance then to repeat their fears as if nothing and the spiritual doctrines of the Gospel. had ever been said upon the subject. If This we declare to be the conduct com. Right Reverend prelates will give their monly pursued by the great majority of minds impartially to the question, they the White people on estates in Jamaica : will soon perceive that slavery is a crime and this their opposition arises, not only to be extinguished, not an evil to be ame- from the general hatred which an irréliorated. As Christians, and ministers ligious man always evinces to spiritual of a God of justice and holiness, we truth, but also from more immediate and appeal to them.--In Trinidad a public obvious causes. Can it be supposed that meeting was held, at which a public func- an attorney or overseer, who is living in tionary of the colony presided; when the adulterous intercourse with one of the persons assembled came to the following slaves of the property on which he resides resolution on the subject of instruction: (or with one whom he has hired or bought “ Resolved, Tbat any attempt to instil elsewhere for the purpose), will render religious instruction or education into the facilities to a clergyman to enforce the minds of the slaves is incompatible with obligations of the Seventh Commandment the continuance of slavery.” Is not one on that property? Will he not rather such fact-and we could collect them by "prevent the meadling hypocrite from inhundreds an answer to all that is pre- terfering in his private concerns '-with tended on this side of the water about his private property ? Such is the conduct religious instruction. What says The which would in general be expected from Jamaica Record, a respectable Church-of- such men ; and such is the course which England periodical publication ?
we personally know to be frequently “ Should any one be inclined to doubt pursued.”
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
By the unspeakable mercy of God, that for the time of the year, in the clear azure grievous malady with which we were vi- sky, and long before the hour of public sited has nearly passed away from the service multitudes were seen pressing land. It has pleased Him to hear and through the streets to reach the house of answer the prayers of His servants; and prayer, there to join in the general thanks. His infinite goodness and Almighty power giving to the Lord. All the churches, have done for us more than we could have without a single exception, were crowded hoped or expected. Oh that our grati- to excess, and at the conclusion the · Te tude were as extensive and lasting as the Deum, &c., was sung in every one by daily and hourly demands upon it are vast the whole congregation, accompanied by and innumerable! When we observe how the trombones. The texts appointed to great has been the severity of the scourge be preached from were, Psalm cvii. 17– in many places on the continent, and par- 22; Psalm cxvi. 1–9; Jonah ii. & 10; ticularly in Paris, (though, through the John v. 14: from which you may easily gamercy of God, it is rapidly passing away ther that the solemn and humiliating chathere also,) we shall see yet additional rea- racteristic of the festival was not thrown son for national gratitude. We lay before into the back ground. I preached in the our readers with much pleasure the fol- afternoon at the Hospital, where the cholera lowing extract, from a letter from Berlin, had chiefly raged, and all who could any way written by a Lutheran clergyman, for- be present, made a point of attending : merly resident in London. It may fur
even patients who were unable to come nish a good example for British Cbris- down stairs had themselves carried into tians under parallel circumstances. the chapel, and the verse (expressly se
“ On the 19th of March, we held a so- lected for the occasion, from that beaulemn festival here, for the purpose of of- tiful hymn, beginning fering up our humble thanks to Almighty · Out of the deep I cried to thee, God for baving graciously delivered us My God, with heart's contrition,' &c.), from the cholera. The morning was fine, was sung with the liveliest emotions, as the sun ascended with cheering splendour was also the Te Deum. Oh! that many
happy effects of the distressing period and massacre, they are timely repressed, which we have witnessed, may be mani- by the adjustment of the national machi. fested at the last great day! I am grieved, nery, and pass away without the fatal conhowever, to inform you that we are threat- sequences that were apprehended. But ened with a new plague, in the shape of a whatever may be the medium or instrumalignant typhus fever, which has caused ment, the merciful Disposer is that Algreater devastations in Gallicia than the mighty Protector, who alone can say to cholera itself. May God in his mercy the raging waves, Peace, be still, and there grant, that the single chastisement which is a great calm. Whatever may be the we have received may lead us seriously views of Christians in matters of political to repent and be converted, so that our sins arrangement, all must feel that we have
pel him to visit us still more recently had an escape from a fearful conseverely! At the same time it is cheering cussion, which, bad it not been speedily to see in what a manner the Lord is averted, might bave ended in results the pleased to open a way for communicating most disastrous. his Spirit to the hearts of men. This is It would be unnecessary for us to in a particular manner experienced by our dwell at length upon the events to which Missionary Society for propagating the we allude. We need not inform our Gospel among the heathen, in union with readers, that upon the first question which several auxiliaries and associations which occurred in the House-of-Lords have been recently established. Among Committee on the Reform Bill-namely, the rest, a communication from Glogau, Lord Lyndhurst's motion for postponing in Silesia, states, that at the conclusion of the disfranchisement of the nomination the afternoon's service in the different boroughs till the enfranchisement clauses churches, a short but energetic appeal was had been disposed of--ministers were outmade to the respective congregations to co- voted by a large majority; that, finding operate in promoting the missionary cause. the feeling of the house to be so strongly The superintendant, with all the clergy, put against them that they had no likelihood down their names as being willing to pa- of carrying the bill in a state which they tronize the undertaking, and many fol. considered efficient, they urged the king to lowed their example. A Missionary So- promise to create new peers if found reciety has also been formed at Buntzlau, quisite; that his Majesty declining this, and in Pomerania ; so great is the zeal in they tendered their resignation, which was bebalf of Missions to evangelize the hea- accepted; that the House of Commons then, that one minister wrote to me from addressed the King by a large majority to thence, • Only let us know, what the choose a reform cabinet; that the King Missionary Society requires ; tell us that empowered the duke of Wellington to you want so and so much, and you shall form a new ministry, but with the fullest have it.' Such an ardour tends to in. understanding that his Majesty was spirit many here, so that the missionary pledged to a large and efficient measure cause gains an accession of friends. I do of reform ; that the duke undertook the not pretend to say that all who take share task on these terms, but found it impracin it are vital Christians; but thus much ticable, as not only was the majority of I may with truth aver, that every where the House of Commons against him, but in the different committees there are de- all the consistent anti-reformers, including cided Christians, who, without imposing Sir Robert Peel, refused to undertake a test upon every individual member, unite office on the condition of espousing a together in humble faith on Jesus Christ measure which they had so earnestly reas their only Saviour and Redeemer, who probated ; while to add to these impedi. is God over all blessed for ever.”
ments, reform meetings and organized But if the alarm of pestilence has sub- union clubs were being held throughout the sided, the last month has not been desti- country; and innumerable addresses were tute of alarms of another kind; and well presented to Parliament praying for the may we say, when we contemplate the suspension of the supplies, and the res. evils of civil discord, and their too fre- toration of Earl Grey's ministry; and quent results in war and bloodshed, “Let lastly, that the King took back his cabinet us fall into the hands of God, for his with the pledge that they should have mercies are great, and not into the hand the means of carrying through their bill, of man.” Many a time has our beloved which is now rapidly proceeding; many country seemed upon the very brink of peers, and among them the duke of Wels the most terrific evils ; but when the mo- lington, having refrained from opposing ment of extreme danger appeared drawing it, rather than risk a large accession to nigh, the gathering cloud has dispersed, the peerage. and has not visited us with the full out- Such is the outline of the facts. With burst of its thunders. Mediately we may the pledges of Earl Grey and his coljustly attribute this to our national cha- leagues, they could not do otherwise than racter and the excellence of our civil con- resign when they found that they had no stitution, by means of which, when tu- chance of carrying through their bill in such mults and disturbances arise, which in a state as they considered beneficial for the many countries would lead to revolution public interest; for though the transposi,
tion of clauses proposed by Lord Lynd would have allowed this process, and have hurst was not in itself a vital point, yet it let it pass with as little of noise or miswas well known that the real object of it chief as possible, to keeping up an oppowas to enfranchise as few places as possible, sition which could not but prove in the to disfranchise none if avoidable, and if end fruitless, while it led to the agipracticable to alter the qualification; in tation of other questions which might not short, to “ amend,” or as the reformers have been speedily thought of, but for this thought fritter away, the whole bill. By re- long protracted warfare. We fear that the signing, therefore, at the first collision, church, the peerage, and the crown itself, both parties measured their strength : and have suffered by the heats of the last we must say, that it was not politic or far- twelve months, far beyond any damage that sighted in those who forced on the alter- the reform bill could have done them. native; for whatever may be the merits We are not, indeed, blind to the evils of or evils of the bill, no impartial person popular elections in agitated times; but could doubt that under all the circum- we fully believe that the great institutions stances either this or a more extensive of the country were, and even now are; measure must eventually pass, and that firmly seated in the affections of the large a few more serious checks to its
progress mass of respectable householders; and might lead to results not to be thought of that, at all events, the danger of radical without consternation. As it was, the and irreligious principles is not lessened, few days of suspense were fraught with but increased, by urging the machine under just alarm for the public safety; for high pressure, rather than allowing its though merely intemperate, or even sedi- force to evaporate by the safety-valve of tious, speeches may be forgotten, not so a popular representative system. We the example of multitudinous meetings fear much from the aspect of the times; throughout the kingdom, overawing the but it is because evil principles have been constituted authorities, the organization carried abroad among the people, not of political clubs, the meditated refusal because nomination boroughs are to be to pay taxes, the run on the Bank of Eng- disfranchised. In the case of Ireland land, and the popular triumph at the de- especially, we have the most serious dread feat of the House of Lords and the return of forthcoming events, particularly as reof the Grey Cabinet, which the clubs do not gards the safety of the Protestant church; fail to attribute to a timely display of nu- but it would not be just that the people merical strength and bold manæuvre, and we do not mean the rabble-of that island will keep in memory as a precedent for should not have the free election of future occasions. We cannot wonder their representatives. We cannot convert that such men as Sir Robert Peel refused a man from Popery to Protestantism by to join the projected new administration; withholding from him the elective fran for besides the disgraceful inconsistency, chise; or, if we could, his religion would immorality, and place-hunting, of taking not be worth the purchase. And yet it up the very measure which they had just is impossible not to see that, enjoying that protested against, and which were so justly franchise, he may vote for members of his denounced by Sir R. Inglis, the duke of own creed, and Protestantism thus be Newcastle, and other strait-forward, ho- endangered. From this dilemma there nest anti-reformers, it was obviously im- seems to us but one way of escape; possible for the duke of Wellington's namely, that Protestantism in Ireland friends-whether espousing reform or not should rely mainly upon spiritual, and not --to go on with the present House of Com- political, weapons. It has hitherto demons, and it would have been insanity to pended too much npon an arm of flesh; appeal to the people by a dissolution: nor it long viewed its splendid establishment could or would either the civil or military rather as a means of dignity and lucre power have long prevented daily multitudi- than of religious utility, and now it is exnous meetings, throughout the country; periencing the consequences; and those but above all, a continued collision between who are innocent of the evil, nay, who are the two houses of parliament would have faithful and exemplary servants of God, been most disastrous in its consequences; are suffering for the guilty. We see, ther, more especially as the King bimself was but one remedy, namely, for Protestantism pledged to a reform, and a respectable mi- to rise to its high character; and if it nority of the House of Lords itself was in should in the end be shorn of any of its its favour.
outward splendour, to shine more brightly With regard to the measure itself, we in spiritual usefulness. To keep it up have written so often upon it that we shall much longer by mere political ascendency only refer our readers to our former papers. is not possible; but in proportion as it Wedo not ourselves descry in it the dangers acts up to its solemn obligations, it will which many excellent men discern; we have the blessing of God upon it, and will see even many advantages ; but, even if also command the reverence and affecwe had felt considerable doubts on the tions of the people. If it cannot take subject, we should have thought it far shelter so fully as it has hitherto done more safe twelve months ago to have tried under a human ægis, let it contend the to amend the measure, while public feeling more manfully in the panoply of the armour of light ; and we doubt not, even it the words, " in conformity with the yet, that its triumphs will be secure in resolutions of 1823;" which mixes up the spite of all the radicals and infidels of duty of abolition with the question of both kingdoms.
compensation. There can be no doubt The discussion of the Plurality Bill that every reasonable claim ought to be has not yet commenced in the House of inquired into, and fairly dealt by; but it is Commons. All parties seem to view the most irreligious to delay an imperative act present bill as very defective ; and between of humanity and justice, till the fuulty those who dislike it for what is really parties can agree among themselves which good in it, and those who would wish to of them shall pay the supposed damage ; increase that good, it seems not likely to for we do not believe there will be any have an easy passage. Every effort will real damage, but rather that the colonies be made to prevent the extinction of the will be more prosperous without slavery evil of pluralities, or even its partial mi- than with it. We trust that the com. tigation. For ages every thing has been mittee will be equitably selected ; nottbrown into the wrong scale in this matter. like the House-of-Lords' Committee, in The adherence to the valuation of livings which the great mass of the members in the king's books—that is, the assumed have a direct and powerful interest in the value in the reign of Henry VIII.—is an retention of West Indian Slavery; wbile illustration of the artifices resorted to for of the remaining members, either neutral the retention of lucrative pluralities. Not- or anti-slavery, there are not, perhaps, two withstanding two express decisions in the who are qualified by an intimate knowledge Court of Common Pleas in the reign of the details of the question, to arrange of Elizabeth, counter decisions were the counter evidence; to cross-examine the given in the reigns of Charles I. and witnesses; and to prevent the report Charles II., making the king's books, and being almost wholly partial and delusive. not the actual value, the standard. This is
It was necessary to have a House-ofmuch such a decision as that which makes Commons' Committee, were it only to thirty miles distance to mean in practice counteract the effects of Lord Harewood's forty-five. In the case of Clive, incum- House-of-Lord's committee*.
But we bent of Adderley, who had accepted the rejoice to see that it is not a committee living of Clum, distant by measurement, to inquire whether slavery ought to be from church to church forty-eight miles, tolerated, but how it can be most speedily and from parish to parish forty-three, it and safely abolished. This is at least was argued that the country people called one great point gained: and we await the distance only twenty-nine; and the with much anxiety the report of the Court of Common Pleas decided that the committee; though, whatever it may be, temporal courts make no account of dis- one thing is clear that the system cannot tance, which is merely a matter of canon-. long exist. It is in the power of Parliaical regulation; and that, as it was the ment to decide whether the abolition custom of the archbishops to take the shall be conducted legally, peacefully, lenient side in favour of the clergy, and and with due regard to the interests of all to allow three measured miles to be called parties concerned. But it is not in the two computed miles, the court sanctioned power of any set of men long to prevent the plurality. Thus the matter stands to it; for the oppressed classes of the cothis hour. Five pounds in the king's books lonies are beginning both to know their may mean5001., and thirty miles,forty-five. rights and to feel their strength; and
A royal commission has been formed every colonist asserts, that if they once for inquiring into the poor laws. It con- become educated and Christianized, they tains the names of several men of large will throw off the yoke; and this country and enlightened views; and at its head is neither can, nor will, send over bayonets placed the Bishop of Chester, a prelate enough to coerce them back to slavery. so intimately versed in the question, and Why not then abolish the system at once, so eminently qualified to report upon it, before it lights up a conflagration that that we look with the strongest hopes to will render the colonies a prey to spoliathe result of the inquiry. That a foun- tion, famine, devastation, and massacre ? dation ought to be laid for the abolition, Look at the state of the press in the prudently and prospectively, of the present colonies themselves. What says Lord wretched and impolitic system cannot Howick, in his recent speech on the sugar be doubted by any man who has consi. duties? “ Formerly, in the colonies at dered the necessary evils of the existing least, the discussions on this subject were enactments.
all on one side, and no one dreamt of We rejoice to state, that, upon the motion of Mr. Buxton, the House of Com- * A note was added to the last page of mons has agreed to appoint a select com- our last Number, correcting the mistake mittee, to consider the safest and speediest of Lord Seaford's name, for Lord Haremode of effecting the extinction of slavery wood's, as the mover of the committee : throughout the British colonies, with but as some copies, we understand, were safety to the colonists. Lord Althorp printed off before the mistake was corsucceeded, upon a division, in attaching to rected, we repeat the erratum.
breathing a word in favour of eman- sented, contained 135,000 signatures, and cipation; indeed, any one who stood for measured, it is said, nearly half a mile, ward as the advocate of the slave, would are scoffed at as so much waste of ink have been overwhelmed on all sides. But and parchment; and might is leagued what is the case now? A large and in- against right, to keep the slave in his fluential class of free persons has grown bonds, and to defeat the most obvious up in the colonies, whose religious claims of justice and humanity. Earl opinions induce them to adopt the no- Harewood, (the public have not forgotten, tions on slavery of the hon. member for under this title, the well known proWeymouth. Among the conductors of slavery name of Lascelles, the opposer of the colonial press, powerful advocates of Mr. Wilberforce in Yorkshire,) has jointhese opinions are not wanting. There is ed Lord Wynford in his invectives against now a newspaper published in the town “the saints;" because they wish for the of Kingston, in Jamaica, conducted, un- abolition of this unscriptural and inhuman doubtedly, with considerable talent and system. We are glad, notwithstanding ability; but, at the same time, I am sorry the sneer, that the cause is taken up by to say, with by no means equal temper or "saints;" and we willingly give his lordmoderation. I do not blame the editors ship the advocacy of sinners. How is it of this paper for the spirit in which it is that no prelate rises to put down these written ; with the example which is set vulgar sneers at religion, under pretext of by their opponents of still greater vio- ridiculing hypocrisy? Bishop Horsley lence, it is not to be expected that they would have told his lordship, that the should abstain from strong language. name is the exalted badge of our holy I mention it not to censure or impute profession; that Chr ins are “ called improper motives to any one, but as a to be saints;" that his language is a sneer fact too important to be lost sight of,- at our collect on All Saints' day; and that that the controversy relative to the aboli- before he levels his shafts at saints, he tion of slavery, is now raging with yet ought to know what are the principles and greater violence in Jamaica than it is at practices of the class of persons whom he home. The Watchman on the one side, thus stigmatizes. However, Mr. Wilberand the Jamaica Courant on the other, force,with all his sanctity, was not the worse urge, in the strongest language, the ex- thought of by the freeholders of Yorkshire ; treme doctrines of either party. That and be achieved that victory over the slave such a dispute, so maintained, must pro- trade which will, and must, shortly be folduce a powerful effect on the minds of lowed up by the extinction of slavery; but the slaves, and that it must make the whether it shall be a peaceable and legal existing state of things one full of dan- extinction, or be wrought out in despair ger, it is impossible to doubt. It be- by the insurgent slaves themselves, with comes, then, urgently and vitally im- ruin and bloodshed, depends, as we before portant to determine by what course the said, mainly on the timely wisdom, jusfatal catastrophe which this state of things tice, and humanity, of the West-Indian threatens can be avoided.”
proprietors and their friends in this Such is the state of things abroad; and country.
The “ saints" are not the parwhat is it at home? Witness the war of ties who oppose the real welfare of the placards which has been going on the last West Indies. Who is it that forbids the month on our walls. Mr. Buxton dis- colonists to refine their own sugars, and claims these placards on the part of the to bring their molasses to our distilleries? Anti-Slavery Society; and we cannot It is the landed and other interests in but lament, for the sake of the cause it. Parliament, which say to the slave-holder, self, that any of its friends should have We will allow you slavery; but you must employed such language as appears in not interfere with corn and sugar refining; some of them. But still, they are signs and if you will submit to the oppressions of the times. They shew that the ques- you labour under by the unjust restriction is assuming a new aspect; that the tions we impose on the colonies, for the public are beginning to despair of its sake of partial interests at home, we, being fairly adjusted, without a little of in return, will protect the sacred rights of the spirit of agitationing, while the news- slavery, and tight your battle with the papers are bribed against them, and 6000 people of England, who impatiently wish petitions to Parliament,—one lately pre- to abolish it.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
AN ANXIOUS INQUIRER ; J. H.; M. G. H.; G. B.; P. G. H.; AN INQUIRER ;
T. B.; PHILANTHROPICUS; THEOGNIS; W. B. T.; W. S.; and M. ; are under
consideration. “ A YOUNG CLERGYMAN must afford to “keep a conscience,” even at the risk of