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peers, which his. lordship goes on to points out the necessity of that mental advise. Now let any thoughtful and discipline which we have urged in the impartial man judge whether such a letter case of all religious persons, more espedoes not bear out all, and more than all, cially in the ministers of Christ, in order we have said in the foregoing paragraphs. that while they take a due interest in Here is a prelate, whose chief concern it passing scenes, they may not in their is to watch over the flock of Christ, to ardour conc

oncerning things temporal neglect promote with all his efforts the glory of those that are spiritual and eternal. God and the spiritual welfare of mankind, We are happy to fortify our remarks and to inculcate on less religious and by the arguments—we wish we had space gentle spirits the duty of meekness, for- left to quote them at length-of a very bearance, and peace, publicly announcing seasonable publication from the pen of himself a political partizan; speaking with the Rev. J. W. Cunningham, entitled, secular asperity of our opponents," whom “ The Political Duties of the Ministers he represents as either fools or knaves of Religion in Times of great National (“idie fears and interested hopes ") urging Excitement.” It is written with great the much litigated measure, be it right or candour, seriousness, and good temper; wrong, of exerting the royal prerogative and is so judicious, Christian, and approof inundating the House of Lords with priate to the exigencies of the times, new peers to put down what he most un- that we trust it will be extensively read, clerically terms “ a factious opposition ;” and seriously considered. The author, and openly avowing that his anxiety to in addressing his Reverend brethren, exwatch over the progress of parliamentary empts from his cautions the members of reform prevented his attending to the the ecclesiastical bench, who are called duty of being in his diocese at Christmas, upon to discharge political duties as to hold an ordination, and superintend spiritual lords in Parliament; of whom, the spiritual concerns of the souls so lately he adds, “it can only be desired that they and with so much solemnity committed to should exercise their functions with dighis charge. Our prelates, it is true, as nity and independence, in the fear of members of the legislature, are expected to God, and with the calmness, candour, enter more into various matters of secular and courage, and absence of party spirit, concernment than would be necessary in which become their office;” and which, regard to their spiritual function ; and Mr. Cunningham justly remarks--without this for a reason not adequately con- offering any opinion as to whether or not sidered—namely, that their presence and the vote against the Reform Bill was voice should prevent the adoption of any wise—was exhibited in the speech of the measures prejudicial to religion or good Primate on that occasion. It is because morals; and that there may never be the Bishop of Chichester's widely-circuwanting, in the bighest seat of legis. lated letter appears to us to offend against lation, men to stand up boldly in defence the canon so well laid down by Mr. of the laws of God, and to denounce Cunningham, that we have thought it whatever is contrary to their letter or our duty to offer the foregoing suggesspirit. We admit that a considerable tions. measure of secular care has thus come to Mr. Cunningham shews, in a most be attached to the Anglican mitre; and clear and convincing manner, in what we also do his lordship the full justice sense the clergy, and religious persons in to believe, that he conscientiously con- general, are concerned in politics, and in siders Parliamentary Reform an excellent what they ought not to intermeddle with measure, and well calculated to benefit them without absolute necessity. They the public: but ought duties still more ought, he justly remarks, to shrink from sacred to be on this account neglected ? political notoriety, from becoming enWhile his Right Reverend brethren were grossed in minor details, the Schedules attending to the concerns of their dio- A. B. and C. of public measures-from ceses, and candidates were waiting for joining a party, or vindicating what is ordination, and the churches demanded morally wrong: but they ought to underpastors, and the clergy required supervi- stand and promulgate the great principles sion, was it an available plea either at the on which all true policy depends, bringing bar of public opinion or at a higher tribu- the doctrines and precepts of the Bible nal, that his lordship was detained in to bear upon all the business of life ; and London by the Reform Bill? Could no they ought to promote that spirit of mutual interval be snatched from this all-engross- candour and kindness, in which intricate ing topic? Were the solemn duties of the questions are best discussed, and brought, episcopal office as nothing in comparison; to a happy bearing, If these excellent and was the political gladiatorship ex- suggestions, for the filling up and working hibited in the above letter, and so much out of which we recommend our readers praised by the infidel and revolutionary to turn to Mr. Cunningham's pamphlet, part of the public press, exactly that which were more generally acted upon, most à ruler in the church of Christ ought to blessed would be the effect. Christianity have exemplified ? Need we add a word would then begin to have practical weight to shew how forcibly such an illustration in the concerns of nations; and religious of a prelate becoming a secular partizan, persons need not be so sensitive as at tion;

present, in fearing to promote the public to say, that too many of our public men welfare and the best interests of mankind, – whether Whig, Tory, or Radical lest their own spirits should be ruftled make no account of this distinction : and injured by hostile collision.- Want they view Ireland as divided by two sects of space prevents our doing justice to

-one small and in power, the other large Mr. Cunningham's argument by quota- and depressed; and their object is to

but in sending our readers to his trim the balance, without any regard to own pages, we shall better accomplish the truth of one opinion more than the author's object than by a fuller another. The scheme of a system of notice.

national education constructed upon this We must now turn to another topic principle, and in which the Scriptures the fearful topic of Ireland. And what were to be banished from the school-room, shall we say of that country, torn asunder was devised some years since, and has by the concussion of inflamed passions been recommended over and over again and conflicting interests ? In that island by the commissioners of education and we have the spectacle of a nation in which parliamentary advocates; and seems now the great majority of the people are Roman likely to be adopted, unless the strong senCatholics, and the minority Protestants; sation excited among the Protestant body while Protestantism is the religion esta- should prevent it. We fear that respectblished by law, and is also connected with able and powerful body have not acted wisethe great mass of rank and property. ly in mixing up this question with others, The policy of former cabinets, antecedent not of necessity connected with it; or in to the Wellington, was to centre power as again uniting Protestantism to Orangeism, much as possible in the hands of the Pro- marching under party flags and banners, testants; the Wellington government gave blending their zeal for scriptural educaequal rights to all : but in both cases, we tion and their hatred to the Reform-bill fear, without the slightest reference to in the same speeches and resolutions; any higher object than a supposed secular and giving to a high and holy question an experiency. The present government aspect of political virulence, which will not only wish to set aside all distinctions, only excite new virulence-if indeed that whether religious or political; but the were possible—on the other side, and system of policy on which they have afford to third parties a pretext, of which embarked, combined with the spirit which they will not fail to avail themselves, to extensively prevails in that country--and espouse the cause of the numerical maparticularly the systematic, but most jority, under the plea that religion and unjust and illegal, opposition to the pay- Protestantism mean only power, preferment of ecclesiastical dues—may, we fear, ment, and political ascendancy. In many end in something very like a legislative cases, we fear, they do not mean much recognition of Popery as the national, or more; for there are those who will fight co-national, religion of the country. We for Protestantism, declaim for Protestantwould go to the full extent of concession ism, and get drunk for Protestantism and and conciliation where conscience is not " the immortal memory of King William concerned; we could even consent, if the Third,” while, to all spiritual purnecessary, to abate somewhat of the secular poses, they might as well be Papists splendour of a church-establishment whose or Infidels. But very different the ministers--to their shame be it spoken- feeling of a large body of pious and till of late years, did scarcely any thing conscientious noblemen, prelates, clergyfor the spiritual welfare of the bulk of men, and gentlemen in Ireland, the men the people, or even of their nominal who are the friends of Scriptural educaProtestant parishioners ; we could even tion, who have exerted themselves to the see, without much alarm, some of the utmost of their power for the spiritual ecclesiastical wealth, which has served to welfare of their countrymen ; who are tempt powerful families to make a gain the first to deplore that religious apathy, of godliness, converted to the humbler which for centuries rendered Protestpurpose of planting scriptural schools antism but a name, a costly incumthroughout the demesnes from which it is brance, in that long neglected country; and derived ;

;-we could forgive, nay, hail, whose opposition (be it right or wrong) the labours of the Irish Tithe Committee to Catholic emancipation, to the Irish now sitting, if, even at a considerable reform bill, the jury bill, the education sacrifice in a pecuniary view, they can bill, and other measures, is not, as secular devise some method of remunerating the statesmen think, a mere scramble for the clergy equally safe and permanent with retention of loaves and fishes, but an intithes, but less subject to excite ill-will tense anxiety for the moral and Christian and discord ;--all this would grieve us welfare of their beloved island; and who little : but to coalesce with the Papal would rather see her fair fields and bills church, to salary its priesthood, or, in submerged in the ocean, than desecrated deference to them, to keep back the word legislatively (whatever they may be pracof God in a system of national education tically) to popish idolatry and superstition. -involve points of conscientious feeling We earnestly trust,were it only for the sake which no sound and religious Protestant of sound policy, that a fair attention will be can possibly consent to. But we lament paid to the arguments of this respectable

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elass of the Irish public, and that they for the present various other questions of
themselves will not allow those arguments public interest : among others, the trial of
to be weakened by political asperities. the rioters at Bristol and Nottingham.
The design of providing a system of na- The atrocious guilt of these criminals is
tional education for the whole of the ris- proved beyond question; but we shudder
ing generation of Ireland, in the present at the spirit which has gone abroad in
and to future ages, is most noble ; and some quarters, as if public vengeance
the bill brought in by Mr. Stanley last could not be satisfied without consigning
September, does not of necessity involve numerous victims to the gibbet. With-
the more obnoxious plans which have been out pretending to decide as to each par-
proposed, and which are matters of de- ticular case, we trust that his Majesty's
tail to be arranged by the commissioners. Ministers will continue to exercise that
There is, however, much in the appoint- tenderness for human life which has
ment of the commissioners thermselves bitherto distinguished their administra-
that we object to; for we see no possi- tion; and that they will not be awed into
bility of conscientious Protestants and barbarity, by being charged with frater-
Roman Catholics coalescing in such a nising with political clubs, and counte-
plan of education as shall secure what the nancing riot and rebellion, because they
preamble of the next bill excellently sets refuse, unless in cases of extreme neces-
forth as the object of national instruction; sity, to dip their hands in human blood,
namely, that “it is the duty and interest even though among their accusers should
of every state to provide for its people be found persons whose pretensions to re-
such a system of public education as mayligion should have better taught them the
best tend to improve moral and religious duties of humanity.
habits, encourage industry, and insure The rapid progress of Temperance
happiness." Will the plan now projected Societies was another point to which we
do this? We fear not: for the Roman wished to have adverted; but on this also
Catholies will not allow the free use we must defer our remarks. We are glad
of the inspired Scriptures in education ; to see by a paper stitched into our last
and Protestants dare not reject them, or Number, that the London Temperance
garble them to render them neutral. Parts Society has commenced a cheap monthly
of the Bible are indeed often used in Pro- publication to inform the public mind upon
testant schools, but only for convenience, the question, and we trust that the ef-
and not under the idea that any other part forts of the Society will be abundantly
is meant to be systematically excluded.

blessed. The consumption of ardent And here it is that the plan of a selection spirits by the lower classes has increased of passages, according to the proposed of late years beyond all precedent, and scheme, will be felt by the Protestants to needs the strongest efforts of every Chrisbe a concession which they cannot con- tian, and every philanthropist, to counscientiously make; while the Papist con- teract the effects of this deadly poison. cedes nothing, as he does not use the Bible Closely connected with intemperance, in ordinary education. Nor can the Pro- is another flagrant and rapidly increasing testant elergyman and the Catholic priest national crime—that of Sabbath-breaking. conscientiously go hand in hand together; Every month brings before us some fresh and least of all, now that such incipient device of Satan and his servants, to dedifferences have already arisen as will prosecrate the holy day; and the most recent bably render the whole scheme abortive, invention for committing this old crime unless some other plan is devised than in a new way, is by opening the reading that recently proposed. The real question rooms of political unions on the Sunday. is, what is such an education as the above The infidels and radicals of Manchester preamble prescribes; what ought a Chris- have just adopted this plan; and in Lontian state to teach its infant population ? don we find it proposed and carried by a To this our statesmen reply, Reading, Mr. Fox, to whose name the newspapers writing, the elements of arithmetic, and prefix the title of “ Reverend,” but who other useful branches of secular know. has plainly shewn by his unchristian conledge. But here we join issue with them ; duct that to be a Socinian, is certainly no for we do not allow that this is of itself proof that a man is a Christian. We the education which it behoves a Chris. wish, alas ! that Socinians were the only tian state to bestow. Man's chief end is offenders ; but do we not see John Bull to glorify God, and to enjoy him for ever; Sunday newspapers, even upon clerical and an education that does not assume tables; nay, in the very next column in this as its basis, is not a Christian educa- the Times newspaper, to that which contion. We wish we had two or three tains the speech of Mr. Fox, do we not pages to devote to the subject ; but we read a letter of a London officiating clerhave not, and must therefore defer the gyman, who openly states, without seemfurther consideration of it, and of the ing in the least conscious of offence, that whole question of Ireland to our next he transacts the secular business of the Number. It is a subject of momentous parish on the Lord's-day, and that on the importance.

very last Sunday he had ransacked the For the same reason we must pass over registers for a hundred years for an entry,

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which might just as well have been search the late Bishop of Calcutta to a friend in ed for on any other day. Why blame a England, in which that excellent man, not lawyer or his clerk for violating the Sab- many months before his death, states bath, when it is the very day which the most explicitly his sentiments on this spiritual guide of the parish fixes for their subject. We regret that we are obliged attendance at his registry. There must to postpone the insertion of the substance be a thorough reformation in this great of it till our next Number. The brief matter of the observance of God's holy memoir of the bishop in our Appendix day throughout the country, among all has been printed separately, for cheap or classes, high and low, rich and poor, or gratuitous distribution (price 31. or 100 we may justly expect the Divine vengeance copies for ll.) to assist in inviting public to fall upon us.

attention to the question. We are glad to observe that Sir R. The pestilential disorder in the North Inglis has moved for some papers con

has extended to several towns and vil. nected with the political oppressions of lages, but its ravages have hitherto been the Protestant Vaudois. We brought the mercifully restricted within comparatively case before our readers as long back as narrow limits. We are in the hands of October 1830, p. 649, and urged those of God, and let us feel it to be our consolathem who had opportunity and influence tion that we are so. Our readers, we to direct their attention to it. We rejoice trust, will not have been uninterested in to see it taken up by the much-respected the historical and ecclesiastical papers on member for Oxford, and we trust that his pestilential visitation in our Appendix, interposition will not be unavailing on and which are continued in the present behalf of our much-suffering, but patient Number. They are replete with admofellow-Protestants, ground down by civil nitions adapted to the present exigency. and ecclesiastical tyranny:

We feel grateful that the public authoThe name of the new bishop for India rities have determined to appoint a day is not yet announced ; nor is any thing of public humiliation and prayer. May said of an inmediate addition to the epis- the national supplications be heard and copate. We have before us a letter of answered ! peculiar interest and importance, from



GATOR; R. C.; J. F.; A Constant READER; Paulinus; T. G.; G. J.; E. B.'; A DEVON CURATE; G. H.; VINDEX; P. B.; C. E. G.; N. T.; CLERICUS ; U. W. O. ; DELTA; T. M. W.; K. L. M. ; are under consideration. If we have printed any mistatement relative to Mr. Drummond, we shall rejoice to

correct it upon its being pointed out; but we cannot admit a paper to re-assert that those who differ from his opinions are deliberately “ dishonest.” We may apply nearly the same remark to Mr. Haldane. If there has been any mistatement relative to himself we will correct it; but we are not bound to re-print his censures upon the Bible Society, in which we neither admit his facts nor his infer

In supplying the omitted names of the speakers at the formation of the Sackville-Street Bible Society we had not the slightest intention of representing him as infected with “ Regent-Square leaven." We meant only what we distinctly specified. We beg leave to thank both Mr. Drummond and Mr. Haldane for the obliging and Christian tone of their communications.



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We have only space to add, without comment, the Monthly publications of the

but we must not delay announcing the gratifying fact, that the Bible Society is by
special request sending out ten thousand New Testaments to Lyons, under the sanc-
tion of the French Minister of Instruction; it having been at length discovered in
France, what some are backward in learning in England and Ireland, that the word of
God is the best solace for the poor in their affliction, and the best promoter of order
and public tranquillity. A more remarkable fact is not on record in the annals of the
society. Let us be humble, thankful, persevering.

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these magnificent fabrics, to which For the Christian Observer.

his youthful imagination had been

looking forward, and which had

terly Review was opened with the blue horizon of the ocean he had
the question, What does an American been crossing, should be maintained
on landing in England immediately any longer. What would be his
hasten to see? The Reviewer an- surprise if he heard that the richest
swers, Our cathedrals. We should country in Europe, a country which
be happy to think that the taste of contracted six hundred millions of
all our trans-atlantic brethren were debt during the last war, as a slight
as pure and elevated as the Reviewer incumbrance on its future income;
supposes; and that the many active, and which has accumulated within
money-seekingandmoney-makingin- its bosom the greatest quantity of
dividuals who disembark on our shores personal accommodation and luxury
brought with them feelings so much that was ever realized, is hesitating
in harmony with the institutions of whether it is possible to support
the olden country, and minds so those edifices which the poverty of
conversant with the history of their our Norman kings constructed. In
forefathers, as to taste the exquisite a word, that Great Britain, at a time
and exalted pleasure which imagina- when the sun never sets upon its
tion has prepared for them in these empire, when its home population
magnificent edifices; and a mere vote approaches thirty millions and its
for the increase of the sum of human tributary population approaches a
enjoyment, however decided and by hundred, when the revenues of some
whomsoever tasted, would lead us to of its nobility exceed those of its
desire that every American in visiting early kings, is doubting the possibi-
England might be capable of com- lity of repairing and supporting fabrics
bining the feelings with which a man which were raised from the ground
of education explores the ruins of and magnificently endowed by the
Rome or Greece, with the not less zeal of the thirteenth, fourteenth,
powerful emotion which in this case and fifteenth centuries.
arises from the consciousness of a We need not trust ourselves with
common origin, a common history, imagining the remarks which this
and common associations. But if intelligence would produce. We may
we are really to suppose that such is safely suppose, that, if the feelings of
the feeling with which the American our American visitor should be such as
traveller begins the tour of the land they are represented, he would return
of his ancestors; what would his to America and propose a subscription
feelings be if he were to hear on among the men of taste and sentiment
landing that it was a question whether on that side of the water, to rescue


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