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of her phrases, we are inclined to credit the affertion. The incidents are not very happily conceived or combined ; and, though few in number, are expanded to the enormous magnitude of five volumes. The distresses of the heroine are, indeed, fingular ; for it is highly improbable that they have ever happened, or will ever happen, to any human being. Some of the characters are natural, and well sustained ; and some of them are uninteresting and insipid. The catastrophe is disagreeable, as virtue and vice are equally punished. The chief merit of the author lies in the powers of expression; The excels in the variety, and sometimes the felicity, of her diction. Some natural sentiments are well expressed ; but nature is too often heightened and discoloured by the rouge of artificial sentiment. There is an attempt to draw high life; but it is evident that the painter had never seen the original. It would be more useful, as well as easier, for the common run of novellifts, to give a picture of familiar manners and characters on a level with their own, than, by vainly grasping at the higher sphere of life, to give a description of a deIcription. The epiftolary form, in which most novels are now write ten, is extremely favourable to prolixity; and has been prudently adopted by those manufacturers for circulating libraries, who know that it is as cheap 60 advertise five volumes as one. Art. 24. A Defence of Mr. Boswell's Journal. 8vo. Swift.
After Mr. Bofwell had so generously entertained the public at his own expence, and the expence of his hero, nothing remained for him but to have wished his guests a good nighe, and a happy repose. If any thing can add to the absurdity of endeavouring to revive a deceased reputation, it is the attempt of this defender, who gravely tells us, that Dr. Johnson wrote more original poetry than Mr. Pope, because he translated two fatires of Juvenal. We are accustomed to the conjunction of Sternhold and Hopkins, as well as Tate and Brady; but we hope the new coalition between the names of John. son and Bofwell will soon be diffolved. ART. 25. A Table which reduces Deals, as imported from the Baltic, to
standard Deals. Shewing the Quantity of Standard in any Number of Baltic, or common Deals, from one to 1000, of any Length, from 6 te 16 Feet long, and from 7 to 12 Inches broad ; Thickness being 11, 2, 2, and 3 Inches. Aud for White Deals imported from Norway, when fold by the Hundred, at 12 Feet long and 3 Inches broad, which is the cuflomary Method. To which is added, a Table of Solid Measure,
Ihewing the Contents, in Feet and Quarters, of any Piece of limber, from 1 to 60 Feet long, and from 5 to 24 Inches the Girt, to every halffoot in Length, and quarter-inch in Giri. Calculated by Isaac Sandys, 4to. 6s. boards. Hodgson. Liverpool. 1786.
The above title-page is a sufficient account of the work. The tables do not appear to be very exact; but may, with a little cor, section, be of service to the purchasers of deals. Art. 26. A candid Defence of the Appointment of Sheriffs' Brokers, as
originally inflituted by Sir Barnard Turner, Knt. and Thomas Skin. ner, Ejg late Sheriffs of the City of London and County of Middlesex.
Humbly addressed to the Public at "large, but more particularly to
James Sanderson, and Brook W'atson, Esqrs. Sheriffs elet. 8vo. Davis, London, 1786.
This author has turned his attention to topics of public police ; and he delivers his sentiments with great moderation. He has, however, no turn for literature ; and it would oblige the public, if those patriotic citizens, who have any thing now to communicate, would be careful not to employ their own pens, but those of men who have made fome advances in the art of compofition. ART. 27. The Way to Keep Him: a Comedy, performed at the Theatre
in Drury Lane 8vo. 1s. 6d. Cadell, London, 1785.
A critique of a comedy which the public has been in poffeffion of for many years, and on which a decided opinion has been long formed, would be contrary to the design of our publication. We have only to notice, that this edition has been retouched by the author, who has likewise prefixed to it a well-written address, or dedication to Mrs. Abington ; replete with compliment to her, and breathing nothing but humility with regard to himself. We have our doubts, however, whether Mr. Murphy would be pleased should his expressions of selfdenial be interpreted à la lettre. ART. 28. Genuine Memoirs of Jane Elizabeth Moore ; Late of Bermondsey,
in the County of Surry. Written by herself. Containing the fingular Adventures of herself and Family. Her sentimental Journey through Great Britain ; Specifying the various Manufactures carried on at each Town. A comprehenfive Treatise on the Trade, Manufactures, Laws and Police of this Kingdom, and the Neceflity of a Country Hospital. To which is prefixed, a poetic Index. 3 vols. 12mo. 7s. 6d. fewed. Bew, London. 1786.
The intentions of the author were to amuse, to instruct, and to reap profit by her performance. In the last we hope she has succeeded, as, from what appears in the work, her finances do not seem to be in the most flourishing condition. On the amusement and instruction which are to be dşawn from this publication, the friends of the lady will thank us for our silence. We shall only just hint to Mrs. Moore, that she appears more fitted for the bustle and detail of business, than calculated to succeed in the labours of the closet, Art, 29. Royal Tears ! Sacred to filial Piety. By William Whitmore,
4to. 25. Printed for the Author, at the Logographic Press, Şold by J. Debrett, R. Baldwin, J. Bew, and J. Sewell, London, 1785.
To explain the quaint title the author has chosen for his perfora mance, it is necessary to inform our readers, that “ Royal Tears, &c." means to paint the state of mind of James II. on the night of his abdication. His queen likewise, and his natural son the Duke of Berwick, are introduced. The poem confifts of narrative, monologue, dialogue, long verse, short verse, and no verse ; it is in every respect, down to the press-work, (over which we conjecture the author has presided) a child of whim and affectation, where not a spark of genius is discernible. To give an idea at once in what manner it is written
and printed, two stanzas, exactly copied from the publication, will be
Held by the robe, his course was stopp’d,
Fate's direft page was instant' op'd ;-
The cannon rolld a dreadful peal!
And Echo antwer'd-WILLIAM, HALL!' To enter into more minute criticism is unnecessary : that attention can only be claimed by works of some merit, Art. 30. The History of a Revolution that happened at Naples, owing to an oppressive Tax Small 8vo. Is. Ridgeway.
The kingdom of Naples, in the year 1647, was under the domi. nion of Philip IV. King of Spain, of the house of Austria. The Duke of Arcos was viceroy. The Spaniards had long exercised over their subjects all oppression of conquerors ; and the Neapolitans had long felt and resented their injuries. They had not only the mortification of being governed by a neighbouring country, and of seeing their first offices filled by foreigners, but laboured under the most heavy taxes. Not only every elegance of life, but almost every necessary was taxed : their houses, their clothes, their bread. Maffaniello, a young fisherman, about four-and-twenty, endowed with all those qualities that are the most fitted to gain upon the populace, with great warmth joined the people, on the occasion of a new tax which was imposed on fruit, joined the people in their curses against the government, and cried aloud that he would deliver them. A concert was formed among the people ; and Massaniello, whose mind expanded with his situation, and who discovered the latent powers of an orator, a general, and a statesman, led them on with success, in opposition to all the force and fraud of the Spanish viceroy, to freedom. The oppressive taxes were abolished, and the liberties of the people by the most solemn edicts recognized and confirmed, and the storm subsided.
The story of Massaniello is at this moment revived, for it has many years fince appeared in English, manifestly to inflame the public against the shop tax, which is undoubtedly both partial and oppresfive. ART. 31. A Trip to Holland. Small 8vo. 2s. 6d. fewed. Becket.
The title of this volume promises little pleasure to a reader of voyages and travels. The influence of a Belgic sky is not supposed to be very favourable to genius; Batavia was never esteemed clasic ground ; nor does the character, the manners, or the customs of the Dutch, offer very inviting materials for description or imitation, But, whoever can bestow half an hour on this “ Trip to Holland," will find himself agreeably surprised, and meet with very innocent, though not rapturous recreation. The following chapter will serve as a specimen of the author's manner,
« Packet at Sea. A very heavy gale. The voice, however, of a Frenchman, singing a perit chanson, ftruck upon my ear. Strange ! exclaimed I, that a man should be thus easy, nay, even merry, during a stormand a form at fea! My curiofity was raised. I inquired for the finger, and was conducted to him by the mate.
. He was lying on the bed, and evidently disordered by the motion of the vessel. Stranger ftill, thought I, that the animal spirits should thus triumph over the bodily affections; and I rallied him accordingly.
• Ah ! Monsieur, cried he, on m'a dit que le vailleau et ex danger, c'est pourquoi je chante pour chaper la peur.
" Pour chaffer la peur ?". •Oui, Monsieur, car je n'ai jamais l'air trifle en un mot je ne fuis pas Anglis.
* You think an Englishman, then, the dulleit of human beings ? Sans doubte, returned he, loud enough to be heard by his friend, a Dutchman, who was not a little pleased with the reply.
• I complimented him, on his voice, and on his excellent stile in finging. Is it possible that you can be serious, said he ? --I am an Englishman, replied I. He smiled, and said no more ; but he was evidently pleased. I had gained his favour by commending his voice. Aattery!-soft, infinuating flattery !--how easily dost thou wind thyself about the heart of man !-how pleasing, how soothing art thou to the soul !- - I was ever afterwards his friend his bon ami. Charmed with being thought a finger ! - Be it so. And if friendfhips may be thus easily purchased, tell me, I
pray ye, O fons and daughters of humanity! would you ever live without a friend i'
This trip is professedly written in the manner of Sterne ; a moft alluring, but dangerous model to follow. It is easy, indeed, to copy his oddity, his eccentricity, his breaks and pauses, his table of contents, his lubricity, and his digressions ; but to imitate his wit and humour, his strokes of satire, and tones of fenfibility, requires a genius equal to that of the original. There is, nevertheless, much merit in the present attempt ; and we recommend to the author ta proceed in the execution of his plan,
On the other side, it was said, that the prospect of all that prof
perity, which was prognosticated to Ireland, was distant, vague, indeterminate, and uncertain ; and therefore that it ought not to be considered as a serious subject of political and commercial jealousy. Habits of industry are not suddenly, nor easily, acquired by individuals : and it is with ftill greater difficulty, and after infinitely longer intervals of time, that habits of application are acquired by nations. Even in Scotland, a kingdom more famed for industry and fobriety of manners, than Ireland, in which taxes are as light, the necessaries of life as cheap, and the price of labour as low, as in Ireland, we do not find that manufacturers have migrated thither, fince the union of the kingdoms, from England. In fact, there is a fallacy in our reasoning concerning the comparative prices of labour in England and in Ireland. You may hire a labourer, or an artifan, in Irèland or Scotland, for one-third part of what he will cost in England ; yet, such is the difference in their fkill, application, and surtenance, that an Englishman will double the work of the Irishman or Scotchman in their own countries. A transition from the intermitting idlenefs and fimplicity of agriculture and pasturage, to the persevering industry and genius requifite in the arts, will not be in. Itantaneous, and is not to be expected in this, nor yet in the next generation.--Even the linen trade of Ireland is, at this day, carried on by English capitals, and English credit. Withdraw these, and the manofacture falls into immediate decay. And, as this manufacture is chiefly carried on by English capitals, fo the greateft fhare of its profits centres in England Indeed, while the two nations are fo nearly connected by vicinity, language, manners, cuftoms, religion, laws, intermarriages, and general intercourse; and while London continues to be the seat, if not of government to fuch an extent as formerly: yet of government to a certain extent, and certainly of the common fovereign, the fountain of honour and preferment in both; while it continues to be the seat of polite and fashionable re. fort, and of varied and elegant pleasure ; the wealth of Ireland will be the wealth of England: for the riches of the former kingdom will circulate through a thousand channels into the latter. What the lapfe of ages may produce, and what may be the face of af. fairs in Ireland fome centuries hence, it concerns not us, at the pre