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and to account, if required, for the means by which it was acquired. The sheriff, Mr. Young, at the desire of the grand jury, convened a meeting of the British inhabitants of Calcutta. This meeting, Mr. Purling, who was unanimofly called to the chair, addressed in a concise and nervous speech, setting forth the grievances of Mr. Pitt's bill. Having explained, in a few words, the occasion of the meeting, he lays,
• The introduction of a tribunal of justice, solely for the trial of Indians, the deprivation of that invaluable, that blefled birth-right, the judgment of our peers, and the several provisions which form a system of judicature totally different from that by which the whole empire is governed, are a novelty in our constitution, an evil to the nation at large, and a grievance, disgrace, and indignity to Indians in particular, whose reputations have received a death-stroke, which no human exertion can remedy, recall, or obliterate ; however, the repeal of this offensive, this criminating act, may avert the injuries which impend on our fortunes and our families.
By the passing of this Act, we stand prejudged, in as much as it sets forth, that the detection and punishment of crimes committed in India require different laws, and severer than those which already operate over the whole body of British subjects. This presumption criminates, because it distinguishes. We all know, that the law supposes crimes ; but we also know, that it does not attach crimes to particular men, or particular bodies of men.
• This law provides, penalties and pains hitherto uoknown, and (I scarce think any one will say nay, when I add) unproportioned to the offences they are intended to check and punish.
• It establishes an extraordinary and an alarming innovation in the constitution of our country, which the supporter of the bill was bold enough to avow, and the representatives of a free people were supine enough to admit.
"It deprives the British-born subject, who has resided a few years in India, of the rights and privileges enjoyed by the rest of his countrymen,
It exposes him to the malevolence of any man, whoin he may accidentally offend, during the three years of probation, or may have offended before he leit India.
• It renders him a marked and branded being, among those with whom he is obliged to affociate, on his return to his native country.
• It ere is a partial, unjust, and odious distinction between the King's and the Company's servants, though both are employed in India, and equally liable to the same frailties and temptations.
It involves the innocent with the guilty in one common deftruction : nay,
• It spreads, in its contagious blast, ruin to the infant and the unborn.
Prejudice and crimination are stamped on its forehead. The very approach of the monster, its ghaftly and horrible appearance, without waiting for its destructive effects, urges our resort to the first principle
of nature, felf-preservation; and every manly, resolute, deliberate, and legal opposition, which it is in our power, at this distance, to exert for its extirpation, is loudly called forth.'
Mr. Purling having thus addressed the understandings of his audience, endeavours to move their passions, by bringing home the consequences of the obnoxious bill to their hearts.
Other gentlemen, besides Mr. Purling, delivered their sentiments on the business of the day; and, among the rest, Mr. Dallas, who expatiated, at greater length, particularly on the opposition of the bill to the laws and customs of England, on the same topics that had been touched on by Mr. Purling. Mr. Dallas is an able and animated speaker ; but there is in his stile not a little of the juvenile and Asiatic hyperbole, . which time, experience in business, and a juster taste, we hope, will one day correct.
Various resolutions were moved, and agreed to by this meeting, for obtaining a repeal, by all possible constitutional exertions, of the act complained of; a committee was appointed for conducting the business, and a subscription opened for detraying the expence of it.
The officers of the third brigade, stationed at Cawnpore, voted Mr. Pitt's bill unconstitutional ; chose a committee by ballot, for corresponding with the other committees at the several stations, and for aiding and affifting their good endeavours ; and resolved, when called upon, chearfully to subscribe what sums of money might be requisite in support of their just cause.
Art. XI. The Recess; or, a Tale of other Times. By the Author of
the Chapter of Accidents. Vols. 2 and 3, 12mo. 75. Cadell, Lon.
don, 1785 VARIOUS circumstances have contributed to the eclat
with which the publication of this work has been attended, Miss Lee is the daughter of an actor, who obtained considerable and merited applause; and, as such, is entitled to the general indulgence and patronage. She has been the author of a comedy, which we are accustomed to hear spoken of with commendation, though, as strangers to the piece, we are unable to speak decisively of its merits. In fine, the period in which she has appeared has been as auspicious as felf-love itself could desire. It has happened, through we know not what coincidence of circumstances, that scarcely any production of a female pen, and avowed by its author, from the effutions of a More and a Seward, to the astonishing efforts
of a Burney, has been unfavourably received by the public. We mean not, by these observations, to prejudge the volumes before us in the stile whether of censure or applause. It is our business, divested alike of public prejudice and private considerations, to draw our judgment from the performance itself.
The first volume of this work has long since been in every body's bands; and it will not, therefore, be necessary for us to say much of its incidents and design. It is an observation, the truth of which has forced it upon the pen of every later historian, that no family, in the annals of mankind, has been attended, through succeslive generations, with so complicated misfortunes, as the royal house of Stuart. The conclufion was drawn from revolutions that passed in the face of the universe. But Miss Lee has been willing to add to these other calamities, related with the air of mystery and anecdote. She has seized, with some kind of ingenuity and happiness, upon the popular persuasion respecting this unfortunate line. We should have mentioned this, had it not been somewhat premature, among the causes that contributed to the success of her publication.
Her principal personages are descendants from the celebrated Mary, Queen of Scots, in consequence of an imaginary marriage between her and the Duke of Norfolk. Miss Lee seems to have a singular predilection for royal favourites. The events of her novel are drawn from a supposed connection between her three principal characters, two of them the daughters, and one the grand-daughter, of Mary, and Lord Leicester and Lord Effex, the favourites of Elizabeth, and Carr, Earl of Somerset.
We have given the reader a sufficient idea of the outlines of the story to introduce those extracts, by which we are deJirous of enabling him to judge for himself of its execution. Elizabeth is represented, by Miss Lee, as offering marriage to the Earl of Leicester, already united to the eldest daughter of her rival, upon his sudden return from the Netherlands. Unable to discover any other means of evading this unexpected proposal, he Aes, with his beloved confort, to the continent. One of the confequences of this flight is the discovery of the secret of her birth; and its fatal relult is thus described. Immediately after her arrival at Havre de Grace, the Countess of Leicester, who is made the narrator of her own story, Says,
• I continued a long time too weak to quit my chamber ; yet, at intervals, a new fear difturbed me. I perceived my lord absent and anxious ; frequently an extreme palenels overcame the floridness of
nature ; and, traversing the room for hours, he would give way to a chagrin, the cause of which not all my tendereft entreaties could wring from him. I often recalled the words of my fifter ; I fancied he vainly regretted the distinction of royalty, the pride of splendor, and the pleasure of popularity. Accustomed to be the object of every eye, to have every wish forestalled, to be obeyed ere he spoke, 1, lighing, owned the change in his fate might well appear dreary. Not daring to hint my ideas, I impatiently expected the return of the express sent to Rouen, hoping it would open new prospects, and disperse the heavy cloud between him and felicity. But o! how delulive is human perfpicacity!- infolently vain of our bounded knowledge, we boaft of tracing every thought and adion of individuals feas divide from us, even at the very moment we misjudge all with whom we are immediately surrounded. My fond attention, fixed partially on Lord Leicester, looked not out of himself for causes of grief. Receiving, at this interval, a kind invitation from Lady Mortimer, my aunt, to her residence at Rouen, I raised my eyes, breathless with joy, to Lord Leicester, who had been perusing it over my shoulder ; they met his full of a sadness so meaning. it numbed my very heart,
Long used now to dread every day would teem with some horrible event, I snatched his hand, and, in broken accents, only begged to know it. He sunk at my feet, and, hiding his tears with my robe, swelled with fobs that almost cracked my heartstrings. have told me you loved me, Matilda,” said he, in a broken and doubtful voice.—6 Told you !" re-echoed I ; “ heavens and earth! can that, my lord, remain a question ? have I not for you forgot the sights of sex, of rank, of everything but love ? "
's6 Have I not done all man could to deserve these sacrifices ?” again demanded he.
Debate no more admitted merits,” cried I, with wild impatience; “ O give me the truth, and all the truth, at once ; nor doubly torgure me with this pomp of preparation. Whatever it is, I will remember there might be a worse, fince my eyes ftill behold you: every evil but your danger my soul can cope with. You speak not yet : we are, then, discovered, betrayed, delivered up, condemned
the fatal power of Elizabeth has reached us even here ; for nothing else can surely thus affect you." " It has, indeed," fighed he. why then,” exclaimed I, forgetful of all my assurances, " am I unprovided with poison ? for death must now be the only mercy hopeda May the ocean, from which we with so much difficulty escaped, entomb us on our return, rather than resign us up to her licensed vengeance.”. “ The power of Elizabeth has reached us," added he,
more mournfully, though not in our own persons. Safe ftill in my arms, in my heart, you may, my love, long arraign and bewaita misfortune all Europe will bewail with you." His lympathizing eyes explained the truth the agonizing truth my soul underitood him
- aghast with horror, my eyes leemed to set, and every limb to ftiffen to marble; a sensation, to which fainting is ease, condensed every faculty; and Nature, powerful Nature, ftruck on my heart, at the thought of my mother, with a pang, perhaps equal to that with which she bore me. The radiant lun of love seemed to dip into a Lea of blood, and fink there for ever. Unable to reduce the torrent
of my idea into" language, I buried my head in my robe, and pointed to the door, that all might leave me. Happily, my Lord saw a prudence in indulging me, and, laying down several letters, instantly retired. A horrible transport, for some moments, benumbed me; how multiplied, how complicate, how various, how new, were then my feelings ! feelings which ever return with the remembrance ! feelings which opened a vein in my character, as well as my heart-all sense of gentleness vanished. The first paper I perused confirmed my fears I saw, in the first lines, the decided fate of the martyred Mary.--I seemed to behold the favage hand of Eliza. beth, dipt in the blood of an anointed fister fovereign. I felt she was my mother, my fond, my helpless mother ; and my heart floated in tears, which were hours working their way up to my burning eyes. The furies of Orestes seemed to surround me, and thunder parricide, nothing but parricide, in my ear. What! groaned I, after so long an endurance, such complicated evils, supported with a patience that left not her enemies a pretence for facrificing her, that misery was reserved for her daughter! Perhaps, even at the moment she laid that beauteous head, so many hearts were born to worship, on the block, every agony of death was doubled, by the knowledge her daughter broughc her there.-Why did I not perish in the Recess by lightning? Why did not the ocean entomb me? Why, why, O God! was I permitted to survive my innocence? In the wildness of my amfiction, I cursed the hour, the fatal hour, when I ventured be. yond the bounds prescribed me. Yes ; love, love itself was annihilated ; and (could I once have believed it) deeply did I wish I had never seen Lord Leicester. Passing from paper to paper, I saw friends and enemies unite in the eulogium of the royal martyr. What magnanimity, what sweetness, what fan&titude did they assign to her - a bright example in the most awful of trials !--Sublimning the idea of revenge inseparable from human nature, the centered it all in comparison. And what a comparison !--casting off the veil of her mortality, to darken over the future days of Elizabeth, the radiant track of her ascension concentered, while it dimmed the eyes of those surrounding nations, who, too late, bewailed their shameful inactivity. Spirit of the royal Mary! O thou moit injured ! fighed out, at latt, my exhausted soul, from that blefiedness, to which the wietch, now levelled with the dust, perhaps too early translated thee, beam peace and pardon! Affuage the horrors of the involuntary fin, and O! receive my life as its expiation ; or a little, but a little, soothe its lad remainder!'
As Matilda, the elder of the princesses, is the wife of Lord Leicester, the younger, who is named Ellinor, is engaged to the amiable and unfortunate Earl of Essex. Upon the discovery of her birth, she is made a prisoner at the villa of Lord Burleigh, where a thousand infamous arts are practised upon her to induce her to a conduct contrary to her interest and her inclinations. By succesive threats against the life of her mo. ther and of Effex, she is first brought to fign a paper declaring the story of her birth to be an impofture, and then to give i hind to a man the detests. The natural consequence of