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• If, instead of aiming at every species of manufactures, Ireland would more particularly cultivate her staple commodities, and seek rather a barter trade with us than a rivalry, the language of the two countries to each other might then be, You shall take our provisions and linens ; we will, in exchange, take your woollens, iron wares, cottons, &c. to an equal amount, if we can consume as much. This is my idea of reciprocity; and this mutual dependence, drawing the two countries closer together, would unite them by the bonds of interesi, which history thews us supersedes the faith of the most solemn trea. ties : in all our compacts it matt be made our interest to deal with you, and yours to return the favour: every thing short of this is mere expedient, too much in use with the administrations of this country, and the echo only of reciprocal benefits,
• If the charms of that fascinating word independence have not deluded too many, and disabled them trom coolly ruminating on the confequences of it, in all its effects, and on the probable events which may arise therefrom, it may be worth the while of Ireland to recol. lect, that no nation on earth has the means of supplying her on equal terms with Great-Britain, the articles fhe in general ftands in need of, or can give ber the credit we are enabled to do; and the should likewise remember, that her provifions not many years ago were prohibited here, a proof we can support ourselves without, and spare to our foreign dependencies. In respect to linens, it is well known Germany can supply our consumption as well, if not better, than Ireland ; and to encourage our importation from her, would in a particular manner favour our cutlery and hardware trades in exchange. It cannot be wished by any friend to the empire at large, that che mal-administration of either country should render it neceffary to adopt or impose any protecting duties on the commodities of the other, or partial bounties on their own : such a warfare muft inevitably ensue as might end in ruin to the competitors.'
It is much to be wilhed, as Mr. Gibbons observes, that we would, on sound grounds, compare the two kingdoms to two adjoining counties; as Yorkshire, for example, and Lancathire. But those two counties, as he also justly observes, pay the same customs on all imports--are both taxed equally to the excise--and are governed by the same laws, none of which militate in favour of the one county against the other, But if Great Britain and Ireland are put into the balance, with respect to taxes, in what does their equality appear ? The equilibrium is loft at once, and the lightest kicks the beam. It is only by an union between Great Britain and Ireland that the success of the one can become the interest of the other, and that the riches and strength of either kingdom can become the property of both.
ART. VI. Florio : a Tale, for fine Gentlemen and fine Ladies : and,
the Bas Bleu ; or Conversation : Two Poems, by Hannah More, 4to. 35. Cadell, London, 1786.
FLORIO, the hero of the first of these poems, is represented
as " a modern youth of gay renown," who inherited many good qualities from nature, but, being " by fate predestined to a large estate," disappointed the hopes that were formed of him, and was seduced by the two celebrated fyrens, pleasure and flattery. He was frivolous, however, rather than corrupted; for we are told,
• His mornings were not spent in vice,
'Twas lounging, fauntering, eating ice;
Was that he sometimes spoilt a dinner,' by coming too late, from fyftem. Such accomplishments, one would think, might have been acquired without any extraordinary pains bestowed on his education ; yet he was partly indebted for them to the instructions of a friend and tutor, hight Bellario." This Bellario was
• A reasoning, reading, learned wight;
He was a prodigy of reading :
A man more full of jhallow doubt:' That David Hume was one of the shallowest reasoners, from the age of Pyrrho down to the present times, has been demonstrated by the irrefragable assertion of that zealous defender of the faith, Dr. Beattie, whose original genius, and bold discoveries in philosophy, can only be equalled by the Christian meekness and gentleness of his temper, which have so properly recommended him to the protection and gratitude of the Church of England as by law established.
This Bellario, among other things, knew the “ sceptic prat“ tle" and the “ sophist's battle," and
• Talk'd gravely of the atomic dance,
Of moral fitness.' If our fair authoress had ever read those “ tomes of French
philosophy” which she condemns, the would have found, that though the French are very much addicted both to atheism and to dancing, they do not suppose that the world was framed
by a dance of atoms. The fyftem of morals which places virtue in acting agreeably to certain relations, and to moral fitness, was the production of the venerable Dr. Clarke ; and that excellent philosopher and divine would be surprised to find himself introduced into such company as Pyrrho, Lucretius, and the French atheists.
In the account of Bellario's library, there are strictures on fome modern historians, which do credit to the writer,
• He worshipp'd certain modern names
Who history write in epigrams,
Arts Clarendon disdainod to use.'
'The description of the country fquire and his daughter, though not remarkable for the originality of the characters, is among the best parts of the poem.
• Young Florio's father had a friend,
She Smila like Hebe's youngest fifter:
Her life, as lovely as her face,
And left her cause to Sense and Nature.' Florio's father had decreed Celia (above described) to be his son's bride ; and the youth, in obedience to the last request of his honoured father, went to the country, reluctant and murmuring all the way, to pay his addresses to his fair mistress. His heart, however, still hankered too much after the pleasures of the town, to relish a country life: from pastoral fhades and purling fireams he cast a wishful look to London ; like the Jews in the wilderness, who grew disgusted with the heavenly manna, and longed for more fubftantial fare—the Aesh-pots of Egypt. To town accordingly he went, at the summons of the gay Bellario, who introduced him to the all-accomplished Flavia, th’unrivalld mistress of bon ton. This lady, a wit, á gamester, and remarkable for her skill in cookery, plundered him of some thousands at play, and reduced one of his friends to bankruptcy Disgusted with French cookery, bon ton grimace, and afraid of an execution, he resolved to betake himself to the arms of solitude and Celia; and to live on roasted mutton, which was Celia's “ standing dish.” With her he acquired a taste for the simplest and the best pleasures; and was lo frugal of his time, that " he swore that Titus wore a wig" to save the time and fatigue of hair-dressing. The delicacy of the sex, and of our authoress in particular, appears in a striking light by the manner in which the describes the consummation of the marriage, leaving it entirely to the reader's imagination.
• The rest, suffice it now to say,
Cupid, impatient for his hour, The poem then concludes with an excellent panegyricon good nature, which was represented and typified by the standing dish of roasted mutton: so that, contrary to our expectation, the poem turns out not to be a tale, but an allegory!
It is observed by Swift, that the Irish generally set down their seats and castles very near a good situation:: and the structure of the fable we have been reviewing approaches" very nearly to a good subject. The power of female beauty and virtue, arrayed in innocence and adorned with elegance, over
a youthful and susceptible heart; the force of an attachment to a fine woman to draw those, who are not totally corrupted, from the circle of dissipation; form an excellent subject for a poem or a novel. But, though there be no occasion to repiesent such a heroine as a goddess, the ought to poffess other qualities beside good nature. ". Always roasted mutton" would even pall on the taste of a clown.
The “ Bas-bleu is a, panegyric on the well-known blue stocking society, in which there is a great deal of learning and a great deal of freedom displayed. In the exordium our authoress goes back to the beginning of things, and traces the history of learned ladies from the famous Aspasia, the first Bas-bleu at Athens." This lady was admired for her wit and her beauty, and very liberal of both; and though a heathen, was by no means an atheist, for the worshipped Venus very devoutly. Our poetess next transports us to “ Lucullus's fuppers in the Apollo," to listen to the bon mots of Pompey and Cefar, whose convivial bilarity and cordial friendship would no doubt furnish a very elegant entertainment. We are next fete down in the quaint hotel de Rambouillet,
• Where point and turn and equivoque
Distorted every word they spoke." At last we are introduced to “ sage Bascawen and bright Montague, who inherit an equal division of Leo's triple crown*."
The quadrature of the circle, (lays our learned authoress) is an easy operation; Mrs. Vesey's plastic genius can make a circle assume every figure,
• Nay, shapes and forms which would defy
All science of geometry,
Names hard to speak and hard to spell.' The science of geometry, isosceles, and parallel, is not only hard to speak and to spell, but lo very hard to be understood, that we doubt much if Sir Isaac Newton himseif could comprehend it,
Mrs. Vesey not only makes improvemements in geometry, but in chemistry also.
• But chymists too, who want the essence,
Which makes or marrs all coalescence;
* This reminds us of a theatrical anecdote of the last century. A queen dying, on the stage, says to her two sons“ Betwixt you two I will divide my crown. Right, cries a wag from the pic, it will be half a crown the picce to them.” But it would not be quite 10 easy to divide a triple crown,