Persian Kingship and Architecture: Strategies of Power in Iran from the Achaemenids to the Pahlavis
Since the Shah went into exile and the Islamic Republic was established in 1979 in the wake of the Iranian Revolution, the very idea of monarchy in Iran has been contentious. Yet, as Persian Kingship and Architecture argues, the institution of kingship has historically played a pivotal role in articulating the abstract notion of ‘Iran’ since antiquity. These ideas surrounding kingship and nation have, in turn, served as a unifying cultural force despite shifting political and religious allegiances. Through analyses of palaces, mausolea, art, architectural decoration and urban design the authors show how architecture was appropriated by different rulers as an integral part of their strategies of legitimising power. They refer to a variety of examples, from the monuments of Persepolis under the Achaemenids, the Sassanian palaces at Kish, the Safavid public square of Isfahan, the Qajar palaces at Shiraz and to the modernisation and urban agendas of the Pahlavis. Drawing on archaeology, ancient, medieval, early modern and modern architectural history, both Islamic and secular, this book is indispensable for all those interested in Iranian studies and visual culture.
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Achaemenid Empire achéménide Alexander ancient Antiochos Apadana Arabic archaeological architecture Armenian Arsacid ayvan Babaie Bactrian Bavandid building Buyids Cambridge caravanserai centre century ceremonial Commagene constructed cultural Darius decorated dynastic cult dynastic sanctuaries dynasty early east Elamite Encyclopaedia Iranica excavation façade Farahabad funerary Ganj Ali Khan Gonbad-e Gonbad-e Qabus hall Hellenistic Henkelman History iconography imperial inscription Iran Iran’s Iranian kingship Isfahan Islamic Kerman king king’s Kushan l’empire Lajim Leiden London Margaret Cool root mausoleum maydan metres modern Mohammad monuments mosque Muslim Naqsh-e rostam Nisa Pahlavi palace Paris Pasargadae Persepolis Fortification Persian Art Persian Empire Persian kingship Photo by author plate political portico Qabus Qajar rabatak relief religious resget reza Shah ritual royal ruler Safavid Saljuq Sasanian Seleucid Shah’s Shahnameh Shahriyar Shapur Shi‘i Shi‘ism statues structure Studies Surkh Kotal Susa symbolic Tabaristan Takht talar Tehran temple throne tomb towers traditions urban visual Western Ziyarid Zoroastrian