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THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TIMOTHY.
1 PAUL, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the appointment of God our Saviour, and Christ Jesus, our hope, 2 to Timothy my own son in the faith; favour, mercy, and peace from God [our] Father, and Christ Jesus our Lord.
3 AS I besought thee to remain in Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some not to teach other doctrines, 4 nor give heed to fables, and endless genealogies, which minister questions rather than the dispensation of God in faith;* so do.
5 (NOW the end of this charge to thee is love out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned: 6 from all which some having erred, have turned aside to vain talk; 7 desiring to be teachers of the law, yet not understanding what they say, nor concerning what they strongly affirm.
8 But we know that the law is good, if any one use it as the law requireth; 9 knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly, and for sinners, for the unholy and profane, for mur
derers of fathers and of mothers, for destroyers of mankind, 10 for fornicators, for sodomites, for man-stealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine, 11 according to the glorious gospel
of the blessed God which hath been committed to my trust. 12 [And] I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath given me strength, that he counted me faithful, and put me into the ministry; 13 who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I acted ignorantly through unbelief: 14 and the favour of our Lord hath superabounded, with that faith and love. which are in Christ Jesus.
15 This saying is true, and worthy to be received by all, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. 16 However, for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me, a chief sinner, Jesus Christ might show forth all long-suffering, for an example to those who should hereafter believe on him to aionian life. 17 Now to the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honour and
"This is the reading of all the ancient manuscripts except the Clermont. The meaning is, that idle questions concerning the fabulous genealogies of the Oriental philosophy would rather lead to trifling and endless disputes, than to a practical knowledge of the gospel dispensation." Im. Ver. note.
18 THIS charge I commit to thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before concerning thee, that by them thou mightest war a good warfare; 19 holding faith and a good conscience, which some having put away, have made shipwreck as to their faith 20 of whom are Hymenéus and Alexander; whom I have delivered to the adversary,* that they may be taught not to blaspheme.
glory to the ages of ages. | holy hands, without anger and disputing: 9 in like manner also that women adorn themselves in decent apparel, with modesty and soberness of mind; not with plaited hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array: 10 but (which becometh women professing godliness) in good works.
11 Let the women learn in silence, in all subjection. 12 But I suffer not the woman to teach, or to usurp authority over the man; but command her to remain in silence. 13 For Adam was formed first, then
CH. II. I EXHORT therefore, first of all, that supplications, Eve: 14 and Adam was not prayers, intercessions, and giv-deceived, but the woman having of thanks, be made for all ing been deceived, was in the men; 2 for kings, and for all transgression. 15 Notwithstandwho are in high station; that ing, she shall be preserved we may lead a quiet and peac-through child-bearing; if they able life in all godliness and continue in faith, and love, and honesty. 3 For this is good and holiness, with soberness of mind. acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour; 4 who will have all men to be saved, and come to the knowledge of the truth.
CH. III. 1 THIS saying is true: "If any man wish for the office of a bishop,† he desireth an honourable employment." 2 A bishopt then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, sober, self-governed, decent, hospitable, apt to teach; 3 not a continuer at wine, not a strik.
5 For there is one God, and also one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; 6 who gave himself a ransom for all; the testimony is in its proper season; 7 of which Ier; but mild, not contentious, have been appointed a preacher not covetous; 4 one that ruleth and an apostle, (I speak the his own family well, having his truth, not falsely,) a teacher children in subjection with all of the gentiles in faith and gravity: 5 (but if a man know truth. not how to rule his own family, how can he take care of the church of God?) 6 Not a new
8 I will therefore that men pray in every place, lifting up
"That is, he had excommunicated them." Dr. Priestly. See 1 Cor. v. 5. He had expelled them from that community, of which Christ was the head and ruler, to the kingdom of heathenism and darkness, of which satan [the adversary] was the supposed chief.
† Or, an overseer, a superintendant of the church, the same as a presbyter, or elder. See Acts xx. 17, 28.
believed on in the world, taken up in glory.
CH. IV. 1 But the spirit saith expressly that, in latter times, some will fall away from the faith, giving heed to deceitful spirits, and to doctrines concerning demons, 2 through the hypocrisy of those who speak falsehoods, of those whose conscience is seared with a hot iron; 3 who forbid to marry, and command to abstain from kinds of food, which God created to be partaken of with thanksgiving by those who are believers, and who know the truth: 4 namely, that every creature of God, is good, and nothing is to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: 5 for it is sanctified through the word of God, and through prayer. 6 If thou tell the brethren these things, thou wilt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of the faith, and the good doctrine which thou hast fully understood.
7 But reject profane and old women's fables; and exercise thyself to godliness: 8 for bodily exercise profiteth for a little time only; but godliness is profitable for all time, having a promise of the life which now is, THE pillar and firm support and of that which is coming. of the truth 16 (and confessed-9 This is a true saying, and ly great) is this mystery of god-worthy to be received by all. liness: He who† was manifest- 10 For on this account we ed in flesh, justified in spirit, [both] labour and suffer rehath appeared to messengers, proach, because we trust in been proclaimed among nations, the living God, who is the
convert, lest he be lifted up with vanity, and fall into the condemnation of the impostor. 7 Moreover, [he] must have a good testimony from those who are without: lest he fall into reproach, and the snare of the impostor.
8 In like manner, the deacons must be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of base gain: 9 holding the mystery of the faith with a pure conscience. 10 And let these be first proved; then let them use the office of deacon, being found irreproachable. 11 In like manner the women must be grave, not slanderers,* sober, faithful in all things. 12 Let the deacons be husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own families well. 13 For those who have used the office of a deacon well, acquire to themselves an honourable rank, and great freedom of speech in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
14 I write these things to thee, hoping to come to thee shortly: 15 but if I delay, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God.f
* Gr. diacorous devils, or impostors.
+ This is according to the pointing in Griesbach. Some good copies read & which, instead of os
he who. See Griesbach's notes.
‡ i. e. made lawful by a divine warrant.
saviour of all men, but especially of those who believe. 11 Give in charge and teach these things.
12 LET no one despise thy youth: but be thou an example to the believers, in discourse, in behaviour, in love, in faith, in purity. 13 Till I come, give attention to reading, to exhortation, to teaching. 14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the putting on of the hands of the elders. 15 Meditate on these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy progress [in] all may appear: 16, take heed to thyself, and to thy teaching; continue in them: for by doing this thou wilt save both thyself, and those who hear thee.
provide not for his own, and especially for those of his own household, he denieth the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever.
9 Let not a widow be taken into the number of deaconnesses under sixty years old, having been the wife of one husband, 10 well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the feet of the saints, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
11 But reject younger widows; for, when they grow weary of the restraints of Christ, they desire to marry; 12 and are blameable, because they have laid aside their first resolution: 13 and at the same time they learn to be idle also, going about from house to house; and not idle only, but tattlers also, and busy-bodies, speaking what they ought not.
CH. V. 1 REBUKE not an elder, but exhort him as a father; and the younger men as brethren 2 the elder women as mothers; the younger, as sisters, with all purity.
3 SUPPORT widows who are widows indeed. 4 But if any
14 I will therefore, that the younger widows marry, bear widow have children or grand-children, guide their family, children, let them learn in the give no occasion to the adverfirst place to treat their own sary of speaking reproachfully. family piously, and to requite 15 For some have already turntheir progenitors; for this is ed aside after the adversary. 16 acceptable before God. If any [brother in the faith, or] sister in the faith, have widows, let such relieve them, and let not the church be burdened; that it may relieve those who are widows indeed.
17 LET the elders who preside well, be counted worthy of double reward; especially those who labour in the word and in
5 Now she who is a widow indeed, and left alone, hopeth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day: 6 but she who rioteth in pleasure, is dead while she liveth. 7 These things also give in charge; that they may be blameless. 8 But if any one
teaching: 18 for the scripture saith, "Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that is treading out the corn." And," The labourer is worthy of his hire." 19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses. 20 Those who sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
3 IF any one teach otherwise, and consent not to the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is ac
sence of God, and of [the Lord]
22 Put thy hands hastily on no one; and partake not in the sins of others.
21 I charge thee in the pre-cording to godliness, 4 he is lifted up with vanity, knowing nothing, but doting about question's and strifes of words; whence cometh envy, contention, evil-speakings, wicked surmisings, 5 perverse disputings among men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that godliness is gain: [from such withdraw thyself.] 6 But godliness with contentment is great gain. 7 For we brought nothing into this world; and it is [certain] that we can carry nothing out. some men they follow after. 258 And, having food and raiment, let us with these be content. 9 But they who would be rich, fall into temptation, and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful desires, which overwhelm men in calamity and ruin. 10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some covet, they have erred from the faith, and have pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
In like manner, also, the good works of some are manifest beforehand; and those works which are otherwise cannot be hid.
KEEP thyself pure. 23 (Drink no longer water; but use a little wine, because of thy stomach and thy frequent infirmities.)
24 THE sins of some men are manifest beforehand, going before to condemnation; but of
CH. VI 1-LET as many servants as are under the yoke, count their own masters worthy of all honour; that the name of God, and his doctrine, be not evil-spoken of. 2 And let not those who have believing masters despise them, because they
are brethren: but let them serve the more willingly, because those who partake of the benefit are believing and beloved. These things teach and exhort.
chosen messengers, i. e. the apostles of Christ, who were chosen to bear testimony to his resurrection. Acts i. 2. q. d. I charge you as in the presence of God your creator and judge, of Christ your master and chief, and of the apostles of Jesus, whose example you are to follow, etc. Abp. Newcome, with the public version, renders the words, "the elect angels," and See Bensome suppose an allusion to the court of heaven, as analogous to the Persian court. son and Priestly. But the former interpretation best suits the connexion. If it be objected that Timothy was not actually in the presence of the apostles, it may be replied that the apostle's language does not necessarily imply this. Nor can it be proved that he was in the presence of the elect angels, whoever may be the persons intended.