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11 AND I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, small and and great, standing before the throne: and the books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged from the things written in the books, according to their works. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hades gave up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every one according to his works. 14 And death and hades* were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. 15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life, was cast into the lake of fire. CH. XXI. 1 AND I saw a new heaven, and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away: and
there was no more sea.
2 And I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from heaven, saying, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself
will be with them, [and be their God]: 4 and he will wipe away all tears from their eyes; and death will be no more; and sorrow, and lamentation, and pain will be no more: for the former things are passed away." 5 And he who sat upon the throne, said, "Behold, I make all things new." And he said [to me,]" Write for these words are true and worthy of belief." 6 And he said to me, "It is accomplished. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. To him who is thirsty I will give drink without cost from the fountain of the water of life. 7 He who overcometh shall inherit these things: and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. 8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and sinners, and abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death."
9 And one of [the] seven messengers, who had the seven phials full of the seven last scourges, came and talked to me, saying, "Come hither; I will show thee the bride, the wife of the lamb." 10 And he carried me away in spirit to a great and high mountain,† and
and the duration of their torment, must also be figurative. The meaning seems to be, that all the corruptions of the Christian religion, as well as all heathen idolatry and the spirit of perse eution, shall be totally and for ever exterminated. And pure and undefiled Christianity, in its spirit and in its power, shall every where prevail, and produce universal peace and harmony and happiness. This is the true advent of Christ. And to the promise of his speedy appear ance for these glorious purposes, what benevolent heart can refuse to adopt the response of the prophet, 'Amen. Come, Lord Jesus!' chap. xxii. 20.
* See note, ch. i. 18.
+ See ch. i. 10. Here is similar language to that which is applied to Christ, Mat. iv. 1, (which see,) and as this is acknowledged to be a vision, why should that be supposed to be any thing more than a vision?
showed me the holy city Je- | the sixth, sardius; the seventh, rusalem, coming down out of chrysolithe; the eighth, beryl; heaven from God, 11 having the ninth, topaz; the tenth, the glory of God: and its light was like a most precious stone, as a jasper-stone, clear as crystal: 12 having a great and high wall; and having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written on the gates, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel: 13 on the east, three gates; and on the north, three gates; and on the south, three gates; and on the west, three gates.
chrysoprasus; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amythest. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: every gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass. 22 And I saw in it no temple: for the Lord God Almighty, and the lamb, are its temple. 23 And the city had no need of the sun, or of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God enlightened it, and the lamb was its lamp. 24 And the nations shall walk in its light: and the kings of the earth shall bring into it their glory [and honour]. 25 And its gates shall not be shut by day : for there shall be no night there. 26 And men shall bring into it the glory and the honour of the nations. 27 And nothing shall enter into it which defileth, or which worketh abomination, or uttereth a lie: but those only who are written in the lamb's book of life.
14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve apostles of the lamb. 15 And he who talked to me had for a measure a golden reed, to measure the city, and its gates, and its wall. 16 Now the city lay square, and its length was as much [as] the breadth. And he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs: the length, and the breadth, and the height of it, were equal. 17 And he measured its CH. XXII. 1 Then he showwall, a hundred and forty-foured me a river of the water of life, cubits, according to the measure of a man, which is the messenger's measure. 18 And the building of its wall was of jasper and the city was pure gold, like clear glass.
clear as chrystal, proceeding from the throne of God, and of the lamb. 2 In the midst, between the breadth of the city and the river which ran on each side, was the tree of life, which 19 [And] the foundations of bare twelve kinds of fruits, and the wall of the city were adorned yielded its fruit every month: with every precious stone. The and the leaves of the tree were first foundation was jasper; the for the healing of the nations. second, sapphire; the third, 3 And there shall be no more chalcedony; the fourth, eme- curse of any kind: but the throne rald; 20 the fifth, sardonyx; of God and of the lamb shall
be in it; and his servants shall | worship him, 4 and shall see his face; and his name shall be on their foreheads. 5 And night shall be no longer: nor need of a lamp, nor of the light of the sun; for the Lord God will enlighten them; and they shall reign to the ages of ages.
quickly and my reward will be with me, to give to every one according as his work [shall be.] 13 I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end. 14 Happy are they who do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter by 6 THEN he said to me, the gates into the city. 15 "These words are worthy of Without are dogs, and sorcerbelief and true: and, the Lorders, and fornicators, and murGod of the spirits of the pro-derers, and idolaters, and whophets hath sent his messenger to soever loveth and maketh a lie. show to his servants the things 16 I Jesus have sent my meswhich must shortly come to senger to testify to you these pass." 7 For, behold, I will things [in] the churches. I am come quickly happy is he who the root and the offspring of keepeth the words of the pro- David, and the bright morningphecy of this book.' star. 17 And the spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him who is athirst, come: whosoever will, let him take the water of life without cost.
8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the messenger who showed me these things. 9 Then he said to me, "See thou do it not: I am a fellow-servant with thee, and with thy brethren the prophets, and with those who keep the words of this book: worship God." 10 Then he said to me, "Seal not the words of the prophecy of this book: the time is near. 11 He who is unrighteous, let him be unrighteous still; and he who is polluted, let him be polluted still: and he who is righteous, let him do righteousness still: and he who is holy, let him be holy still."
12 Behold, I will come
18"I TESTIFY to every one who heareth the words of the prophecy of this book: If any one shall add to the things, God will add to him the scourges which are written in this book: 19 and if any one shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his part of the tree of life, and of the holy city, which are written of in this book. 20 He who testifieth these things, saith, Surely, I will come quickly.' Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.”
21 THE favour of the Lord Jesus Christ be with all those who are holy.
UNDER the auspices of a kind Providence we have at length brought our labours to a conclusion, which indeed have been much greater than we at first anticipated. It will be seen by the title-page, that, at first, we proposed nothing more than to make some further improvements in the "Improved Version," aided by the different translations there mentioned; but in many places we have found it necessary to attempt something like a new translation, finding no one but what varies in many respects from the sense of the original text; and seemingly with an evident design to favour some of the leading systems of men. How far we have succeeded in this, remains to be tested by time and the discerning eye of the critic.
After carefully reviewing our labours, and revising the translation for a New Edition, we have found fewer emendations necessary than we had previously anticipated, and of these, none very important; it is still, however, our intention, carefully and critically to revise every portion of the work before it is again committed to the press. For, although we do not anticipate any other alterations than such as are merely verbal, yet, it is desirable both the sense and praseology should be rendered as clear and explicit as possible.
That, however, we may render the present Edition as perfect as this period of the work will permit, we will here state the general result of our subsequent labours-and, as it will be perceived that all the alterations are of minor importance, it is to be concluded that the translation now presented is nearly as perfect as it will be in our power to render it.
The proposed alterations are of the following character, and will take place principally in the four Gospels.
1. The most frequent will be the change of the relative that,
which invariably occurs in the common and the improved version, into who, which is much more emphatic and better adapted to the solemnity of style proper for the Scriptures. In interrogative sentences, however, to prevent a disagreeable tautology, the relative that will be retained in the latter clause of the sentence; as Who is this that speaketh blasphemies? Luke v. 21. But even in these instances the learned Thomson inserts both the interrogative and relative who, as Who is this who speaketh blasphemy? The above rule has been, with but a very few exceptions, observed even in the present Edition, from the commencement of the Epistles.
2. The expressions “any man,” “no man,” “every man," &c. where no word is found in the Greek text answering to man, will more uniformly be rendered by "any one," "no one,” “ every one," &c.
3. More attention will be paid, to mark by Italics all the words which the difference of idiom between the two languages renders necessary to be supplied in the English-particularly in those instances where ouro, he or this, is rendered by "this man," as in Mat. xii. 24, Luke vii. 39, and some others; where the word man, though evidently understood in the Greek, is necessary to be supplied in the translation.
4. In the division of the quoted paragraphs, the marks of quotation have occasionally been omitted, as Mat. xviii. 10, which will all be carefully supplied.
5. The division of the verses in the present edition do not always correspond with the common version; and, occasionally, in the Gospels and a few of the first chapters of the Acts of the apostles the numbers are misplaced, either in the Greek, or in the English, but from the commencement of the Epistles great care has been paid to correctness in this particular.
6. Besides many trifling emendations, too unimportant to be mentioned here, it is proposed to alter the following passages so as to read as stated below, which, by comparing them with their respective texts, as they stand in this edition, the improvement will be readily perceived.
ii. 4. And having gathered together all the chiefpriests, &c.
19. But on the death of Herod, &c.
iv. 20. And immediately leaving their nets, they followed him. 21 And having proceeded thence,
he saw, &c.
22. And immediately leaving the ship and their father, they followed him.
XV. 21. THEN Jesus went out thence, and withdrew, &c.