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against their lawful and native sovereign? they rush into the battle, without either fear or wit; though for the aid of a sure enemy, which would make them all, as he threatened in Eighty Eight, alike good Protestants. Very calves of the people, whose simplicity were a fitter subject for pity, than their fury can be of malice; were it not that their power is wont to be employed to the no small prejudice of the cause of God! And would it boot ought, to spend time in persuading these calves that they are such? to lay before them the shame of their ignorance and stupidity? Hear now this, O foolish people and without understanding, which have eyes and see not, which hare ears and hear not; Jer. v. 21. How long will ye suffer yourselves to be befooled and beslaved with the tyranny of superstition? God hath made you men: why will ye abide men to make you vitulos populorum, the calves of the people? We must leave you as ye are; but we will not leave praying for your happy change; that God would consecrate you to himself, as the calves of his altar, that ye may be offered up to him a holy, lively, reasonable, acceptable sacrifice in your blessed conversion. Amen.
3. The last and worst title of these enemies is, THE PEOPLE THAT DELIGHT IN WAR.
War is to the State as Ignis and Ferrum, the “Knife" and the 06
Searing-iron,” to the body; the last and most desperate remedy: always evil, if sometimes necessary: it is not for pleasure; it is for need.
It must needs be a cruel heart, that delights in war. He, that well considers the fearful effects of war, the direption of goods, the vastation of countries, the sacking and burning of cities, the murdering of men, ravishing of women, weltering of the horse and rider in their mingled blood, the shrieks and horror of the dying, the ghastly rage of the killing, the hellish and tumultuous confusion of all things; and shall see the streets and fields strewed with carcases, the channels running with streams of blood, the houses and Churches faming, and, in a word, all the woeful tyrannies of death; will think the heathen poets had reason to devise war sent up from hell, ushered and heralded by the most pestilent of all the Furies, every of whose hairs were so many snakes and adders to affright and sting the world withal. Little pleasure can there be in such a spectacle.
It is a true observation of St. Chrysostom, that war to any nation is as a tempest to the sea, tossing and clashing of the waves together. And fain would I hear of that mariner, that takes delight in a storm. The executioners of peaceable justice are wont to be hateful: : no man abides to consort with a public headsman: and what metal then shall we think those men made of, who delight in cutting of throats, and joy to be the furious executioners of a martial vengeance; where, besides the horror of the act, the event is doubtful?
The dice of war run still upon hazard. David could send this message to Joab, The sword devours at randoın, so, and such; 2 Sam.
against their lawful and native sovereign? they rush into the battle,
abide men to
3. The last and worst title of these enemies is, THE PEOPLE THAT DELIGHT IN WAR:
War is to the State as Ignis and Ferrum, the “Knife" and the co Searing-iron,” to the body; the last and most desperate remedy: always evil, if sometimes necessary: it is not for pleasure; it is for need.
It must needs be a cruel heart, that delights in war. He, that
It is a true observation of St. Chrysostom, that war to any na-
here, besides the horror of the act, the event is
still upon hazard. David could send this
xi. 25. Victory is not more sweet, than uncertain. And what maut can love to perish?
It is true, that war is a thing that should not, but must be: neither is it other than an unavoidable act of vindicative justice; an useful enemy, a harsh friend: such an enemy, as we cannot want; such a friend, as we entertain upon force, not upon choice; because we must, not because we would. It challenges admittance, if it he just; and it is never just, but where it is necessary: if it must, it ought to be.
Where those three things, which Aquinas requires to a lawful war, are met, supreme authority, a warrantable cause, a just intention; a supreme authority in commanding it, a warrantable cause in undertaking it, a just intention in executing it; it is no other than Bellum Domini, God's war: God made it; God owns it; God blesses it. What talk I of the good Centurion ? the very angels of God are thus, Heavenly Soldiers. The wise Lacedemonians had no other statues of their deities but armed. Yea, what speak I of these puppets? the true God rejoices in no title more than of The Lord of Hosts. In these cases say now, Blessed be the Lord, who teaches iny hands to war and my fingers to fight.
But if ambition of enlarging the bounds of dominion, covetousness of rich booties, emulation of a rival greatness, shall unsheath our swords; now every blow is murder. Woe to those hands, that are thus imbrued in blood! Woe to those tyrants, that are the authors of this lavish effusion; every drop whereof shall once be required of their guilty souls! God thinks he cannot give a worse epithet to those, whom he would brand for death, than, Wicked and blood-thirsty men. David might not be allowed to build God a House, because he had a bloody hand: the cause was holy; yet the colour offends. How hateful must those needs be to the God of Mercies, that delight in blood; the true brood of him, that is the man-slayer from the beginning.
There are strange diets of men, as of other creatures; whereof there are some, that naturally feed on poison and fatten with it: and it may be, there are cannibals, that find man's blood sweet. Yet I think it would be hard to find a man, that will profess to place his felicity in a cruel hazard: so doth he, that delights in war.
And if no man, for shame, will be known to do simply and directly so; yet, in effect, men bewray this disposition, if they be, First, Osores pacis, Haters of peace, as the Psalmist calls them; Psalm cxx. 7. stubbornly repelling the fair motions and meet conditions thereof: if, Secondly, they take up slight and unjust causes of war, as it is noted by Suetonius of Julius Casar, which this Island had experience of, that he would refrain from no occasion of war if never so unjust; contrary to the better temper and resolution of wiser Romans than himself, who would rather save one subject than kill a thousand enemies: if, Thirdly, they give wilful provocations of this public revenge by gross, open, intolerable injuries; as Hanun did to David; such are encroachments upon their neighbour territories, violating the just covenants of league and commerce by main violences: if, Fourthly, they refuse to give just satisfaction, where they have unjustly provoked; as the Benjamites, in case of the sodomitical villainy of their Gibeah. Where all, where any of these are found, weil inay we brand that people with delight in war. And, since they will needs delight in war, God shali fit them accordingly. Il'ith the froward, thou shalt shew thyself froward; Psalm xviii. 26. He shall delight in warring against them. He shall rouze up himself as a Giant refreshed with new wine. Therefore, thus saith the Lord of Hosts, the Mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of my adversaries, and revenge me of mine enemies Isaiah i. 24.
II. These are the Enemies. The DEFEAT follows; Rebuke and Scatter.
The two first, though bad enough, must be rebuked; the last must be scattered.
All God's enemies may not be to us alike, neither equè nor æqualiter. Some are Calves; simple, though violent: some others are Bulls; fierce and furious: some other Lions from among the reeds; ravenous and devouring: all these, though cruel, yet perhaps are not malicious; an INCREPA is enough for them.
Saul was one of these wild Bulls; Breathing out ihreatenings against the Church, and tossing upon bis horn many worthy Christians. Had it not been pity, he had been destroyed in that height of his rage? An increpation brought him home. "God had never such a champion, Now certamen bonum certavi, I have fought a good fight, saith he justly of himself; 2 Tim. iv. 7. This increpa then is, “ Discountenance them, dishearten them, discomfit them, disband them.” Put them down, O Lord, and let them know they are but men: humble them to the very dust, but not to the dust of death; to correction, as Habakkuk speaketh, not to a full destruction; only till they humbly bring pieces of silver, till they come in with the tributes of peaceful submission, of just satisfaction. The end of all just war is Peace. As we are first bidden to Enquire of Abel ere we infer it; offeres ei pacem; Deut. xx. 10: so when we hear of Abel, we must stint it. War to the State is physic to the body. This is no other than a civil evacuation; whether by potion or phlebotomy. What is the end of physic, but health? when that is once recovered, we have done with the apothecary. He wantons away his life foolishly, that, when he is well, will take physic to make him sick. It is tar from us, to wish the confusion of the ignorant and seduced enemies of God's Church; those, that follow Absalom with an upright heart: no; we pity them; we pray for them. Oh, that they would come in with their pieces of silver, and tender their humble obediences to the apparent truth of God, and yield to the laws of both divine and human justice! Oh, that God would persuade Japhet to dwell in the tents of Shem! Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. () thou sword of the Lord, how long will it be, ere thou be quiet? put up thyself into thy scabbard; rest and be still, Jer, xlvii. 6.