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chuin which links Ireland, in a state of dependency, to this empire. Men lettling in foreits, and reclaiming the wilds of nature, with very little ailistance but their own induflry might vest their liberties ard laws on their own power : but Ireland (that is Irish Protestants) muft ret its plea to power on political violence. He thew's that from the bege of Limerick, for he does not chuse to carry his retrospect of Irich affairs farther back, to the year 1783, the dependeney of Ireland on England has been uniformly claimed by the datter, and acknowledged by the former kingdom.
But these pleas of right and custom, as Mr. Williams seems to be aware, avail nothing when an appeal is made to arms. The claims of the Irith being urged by an armed force, it is trifling to reason on the principles of Ethics. Mr. Williams is clearly of opinion that the dignity and spirit of government, whether by the fupreme legislature here, or by the authority of the secondary Parliament of Ireland, should inlist on the Volunteers laying down their arms. The English Parliament should require a recognition of their fubordination and dependence on this realm, previous to any conmercial arrangement.
“ We have nursed them in our boforn (says our author) and fed them with our blood; we are not reduced, I hope, to that low eitate as to bear insults from them."
Mr. Williams, without any rancour, and merely from the force of truth and conviction makes several very severe strictures on the conduct of the present Minister, in an open manner.
Our author's Tentiments are juit and manly: but it is now, perhaps, too late for the English nation to take his advice. Ait. 19. Thougbts on the Commercial Arrangements with
Ireland. Addrelied to the People of Great Britain. London, Octavo 1785. Jarvis, Is. 6d.
That many great advantages will arise to the manufacturers and merchants of Great Britain from the fystein of trade propoted with Ireland, if it thould be realized, is thewn by the author of this pamphlet in such a plain, unaffuming, and difpaffionate manner as carries' conviction to every unprejudiced mind. We fear with him that by these “ regulations we have rendered Ireland a depot, to which smugglers may at pleasure resort for foreign goods of every description; and, if by accident the manufacturers of Ireland should be found unequal to the supply of this country, the deficiency will be made good by the conmudities of France.”
If Ireland, says our author, “ is so very anxious to enjoy the benefits of Great-Britain, let her also partake of its inconveniencies; if she must have a share in our trade, let her also bear a proportion of the debt incurred to support that trade; and if she wants a part of our wealth, let her alio contribute to our taxes. · And let her do all this, not by a mockery of a navy which flie never intends to furnith; and which, if provided, could be of no service in the manner in which it is to be constituted, and the contingencies on which it is to depend: but let her afford us a real substantial cfficient aid; one adequate to the concessions we are to make-one fit for Ireland to give, and worthy of Great-Britain to receive." ?
Art. 20. To guard against Misrepresentation. An authentic
statement faithfully extracted from the report of the Committee of the Privy Council appointed by his Majesty for the confideration of all matters relating to the intended lystem of commerce between Great Britain and Ireland. To which are added, observations resulting from the facts as stated by the Committee. Addressed to the merchants and manufacturers of Great Britain. Debrett, 8vo. 11. 1785
From the reports of the committee concerning different branches of our manufactures, and from the observations of the author of the ftatement, it appears, that the proposed syilem of trade with Ire. land includes infinite advantages, in the most material articles of commerce, to that kingdom, over Great Britain. Art. 21. General Remarks on the British Fisheries. By a
North Briton. Octavo, is. Murray, 1784.
These remarks are of great importance, and if rightly improved, might be made subfervient to the public good. From them 'we learn that a very great sum is, drained from the capital of the nation annually for the article of fish; that the intt enormous abuses are practised by the monopolizers of fish for the purpose of keeping up the price of their commodity; and that, by prudent regulations, all ranks of British subjects might eat fish, and the public interest, in various ways be promoteda
The author thews from authentic documents that a sum of 270,5181. has been drawn from the port of London, for fifh im, ported in foreign veffelsfrom February 3, 1783, to January 1, 1784.
He informs us, that the London fishmongers artfully have their fish brought alive in well-boats to Gravelend; where they lie to supply the owners from town, in such a sparing proportion only, as the price these monopolizing dealers determine to keep their fish at may require.--Even the boats that come to London with mackarel, her. rings, and sprats, when too many arrive at one time to suit the pure poles of the fishermen, they are known to settle among themselves what boats fhull proceed to market, and how many thall return to seat From those that are thus countermanded, the fifh are openly thrown over-board all the while they are palling down the river.
Among the measures recommended for reducing the price of fishi, and improving the British Fisheries, the author of the remarks rea cominends the establishment of fish markets, whereby: a concert among the London tithinongers would be broken, and the fifheries encouraged; the abolition of feudal flavery which yet prevails to great extent in the northern parts of Scotland and the adjacent illes; and the employment of Dutchmen to teach our people the oeconomy of catching, curing, and Jalting the fish. Art. 22. Political Letters, written in March, and April,
1784, by a late Member of Parliawent. 1s. Bladon, 1985,
The letter writer is a great enemy to fecret infiuence, and illustrates its destructive tendency by a retrospect of former reigns. But he justly obseryes, “that it matters not whether the King delivers himself up to the will of his ministers, or is over-awed by the minjiter's power, Secret influenee reigns there, where no.counsels
are admitted but those of a few felected persons :- Such was the government in the hands of the coalition, which they mean to revive, if they can again force themselves into office. This purpole was avowed on the twenty-third of December, in the debate on the relelution moved by Mr. Baker."
Our author thews very clearly, that such exclusive cabinets, as were contended for by the coalitton, are utterly repugnant to the British constitution; and that peers have a right, and that it is their duty to offer advice, on critical emergencies, to the Sovereign.
-But all this is so obviously true, that it requires not any illuftration, and nothing but the impudence of faction could ever have controverted it. ART. 23. The claims of British Seamen, to a more equal
distribution of prize money, incontestatıly afferted. With a plan for its more equal distribution. Most earneitly recommended to the attentive perufal of every maritime man; whether officer, or common failor, in his Majesty's or the mercantile navy, a subject of the British Empire. By a mutilated veteran. London, Octavo is. T. More, 1785.
The hardships, and the injustice which feamen labour under in the service of Great Britain are very great and numerous. There is nothing in the whole naval service more iniquitous than the monstrous inequality in the distribution of prize-money: an enormity which this veteran endeavours to correct by proposing a more equal mode of diftribution, and earnestly recommending it, with many compliments to the Lords of the Admiralty.
But no efforts whatever of a poor failor can effect a reform, which mutt be opposed by men of high rank and great political con. nections. ART. 24. An answer to a short Essay on the modes of
defence beft adapted to the situation and circumitances of this illand. Octavo 25. Almon, 1785.
The author of this answer generally admits the facts, and the general maxims of war on which the author of the short essay reafons, but, by fome distinctions or other, and fuppofitions of what might be possibly undertaken and accomplished by an enemy, endeavours to evade his conclusions. The arguments contained in the answer, however they may puzzle and keep up a dispute, do not, to an ordinary capacity, and a mind not conversant in inilitary affairs, carry so much weight and conviction with them as choic that are urged in the short effay. Some of them appear, absurd and trifling, As an argument of alarm, it is faid, that the “ Britislı forces, have (not reduced) but attacked Vigo, and belieged Cadiz and Toulon." The writer of the answer objets to the author. of the essay that he writes chart de païs for carte du pays.
The matters in dispute between these writers we 'refer to the gentlemen of the military profeffion. Thus much, however, we may be permitted to fay, that in the pamphlet under review there appears to us to be not a little of both petulance and puerility.
Art. 25. The Pittiad; or a Poetico-Political History of
William the focord, in five cantos, by Timothy Twitting, Eq, Historiographer to the Pitt Administration. Dedicated to the Reverend George Pretty inail, D. D. 400. 35. Jarvis, 1785.
There is a kind of uniforin character that runs through what the author call; the Poetico-Political performances of the present day, that would almost tempt us to be.ieve that they are all the production of one pen.
It may at first hghi indeed appear rather incredie ble, that a single genius thould be to unboundedly prolific. For ourfelves, howcver, we have got over this objection, and entertain fo high an opinion of this gentleman behind the curtain, of this, if we may be permitted the metapho!, Hans in Kelder, that we are perfectly fatisfied that what was impracticable to any other man he has aétu lly performed. To adapt his own poetry to our fenti
may be done withoui any great injury either to the found or the sense,
bu You must not think to gull us,
I swear by my great father's pate
Ant Cæfar, Sir, ant Diabolus.” We have frequently felt no small degree of pleasure in bringing together the scattered performances of the fame genius, and forma ing from them a collected opinion of his abilities. We are there, fore willing to afford the same pleasure to our readers, though our memory enables us to do it very imperfe&tly. Some of the performances of our author are as follow.
The State Goath in the mire. The Political Squabble, by Nicholas Neither Side. The Times, or liberty and Roast Beef. Christmas Tale, for the Entertainment of the young Ministry. The Fourth Satire of Perfeus, or a broken head for the Reviewers. Puddicombe's Odes. Cad-wallerian Elegies. The Death of Sir Barnard Turner, Knight. The Encomium, or Uranior, Prince of Wales, Billy Brass. Tbe War of the Wigs. A Political Psalm for the Service of the Year, 1785. The Stone Coffin, or a New Way of making Love. The Haf tiniad. The Strolliad. The Breinsleiad. The Bee, the Lion, and the Afs, &c. &c. &c. &c. &c. &c. Art. 26. Probationary Odes, by the various Candidates for
the Office of Poet Laureat to his Majesty, in the Room of William Whitehead, Esq. deceased. 8vo. is. 6d. Ridgway, 1785. There is in this performance a knack of low humour and a certain caricature of mimicry, that for a moment deceives us into an opinion of the abilities of the author. And indeed, however a cynic might decide
upon the point, aiter inature deliberation, it must at leait be granted that the author very successfully exerts the talent of making us laugh, and if as has been very confidently assert.
time that we laugh adds something to our health, and the period of our existence, he deserves to be acknowledged as a benefactor of the human race. We fha!l extract at random a specimen of this sort in order to convey to our readers an idea of the merits
of this compilation. The passage then which we have opened is the beginning of the probationary ode of Nir. Pepper Arden, his Midjelly's Attorney-General.
INDITE, my Muse!--indite !--subpæna'd is thy lyre! The praises to record, which rules of Court require !
'Tis thou, Oh Clio! Muíe divinc,
And best of all the Council Nine, Must plead my cause! Great HATFIELD's Cecil, bids me fing, The tallet, firteit man, to walk before the King!'
Art. .27. Poetical Works of David Garrick, Esq. now first collected into two Volumes, with explanatory Notes. izmo. 78. Keartley, 1735
The merit of Mr. Garrick's prologues and epilogues, and the rest of his extemporary poetry is well known. The editor of the present compilation appears to have been tolerably industrious and accurate in the collection of his materials. We must, however, obierve, that in a list of Mr. Garrick’s dramatic works prefixed to, the publication, the comedy of Bon Ton, which has universally been afcribed to this author, and is a performance of theatı ical notoriety, is totally omitred. The reputation of this immortal and incomparable actor, will probably receive little addition from any of the pieces contained in these volumes. They may, however, furnith the man of the world with a species of idie amulement, and the bookfeller with a' sum of money in aid of his daily difourieinents. 'ART 28. The Obsequies of Demetrius Poliorcetes: A poem, By Anne Francis, author of a poetical translation of the Song of Solomon. 4to. is. 6d. Dodfey, London; Berry and Chale, Norwich, 1785.
Some faney. tolerable numbers, much imitation, and want of judgement constitute the character of this irregular Thall we call it) lyric performance. - The author has throughout had Dryden's ini. mitablc ode in view, and the comparison the reader is hence led to draw is not at all favourable to this poem. The imitation, and want of judgement of the writer will be confirined by her description of the death of Demetrius.
“ He coines! he comes ! grim Death severe !
16 The monarch meets the dart,
“ He droops, be falls !
“ In torturing pain ;
" In vain! in vain! in vain!