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The doctor first describes the spring, which he says, yields 35 pints in an hour, and is therefore sufficient to supply upwards of 350 persons.

The experiments are made with skill, and the result of them is, that a gallon of the water (wine measure) contains, a native Glauber falt combined with a portion

Of Fpsom salt
Sea salt
Iron combined with fixed air

5 Magnesia, combined with fixed air 25 Calcarious earth or falenite

40 Fixed air, combined with a portion of phlogisticated air

24 ounces measures To these may be added a small portion of hepatic gas; by which term the doctor means Hepar Sulphuris converted into vapour by its phlogiston.

The doctor's'observations on these component parts are very judicious, and he infers, “ that this saline chalybeat * water is cathartic, diuretic, and sometimes diaphoretic, “ and that it operates by a very gentle stimulus, without

evidently accelerating the circulation, or irritating the “ nervous system, like the rougher purgatives.

The diseases to which the doctor thinks these waters most applicable, are morbid affections of the primæ vix, disorders of the glandular and lyinpliátic system, cutaneous affections, and certain nervous complaints proceeding from impurities of the blood or lymph, or the suppression of ordinary evacuations. The doctor proposes fome doubts whether this water might not be used with effect, in beginning consumptions arising from tubercles in the lungs, and concludes with directions for drinking the water with success, and with the diet neceflary to be observed while a..person is drinking them.

He seems to think, that a great deal of their efficacy depends upon drinking them on the spot, a circumstance which we believe to be cominon with most mineral waters; for as their most active properties confitt of very subtil and volatile parts, it is evident that these cannot áll be retained for a considerable time, not to mention, that dissipation and change of air and place, may also have their share in the falutary effects of the water, particularly in chronic and nervous complains,

With respect to cutaneous affections, the writer of this article, thinks these waters not so well calculated to do fervice as those of Harrowgate, and this from the circumstance of the latter having more of the foetid finell, which proceeds from their containing a greater quantity of hepar fulphuris


He is also acquainted with a spring situated upon the estate of a gentleinan of the law in Somersetíhire, which seems to contain a ftill greater quantity of this principle than the Harrowgate waters, and which he therefore thinks would be full as useful as the latter in all diseases of the Ikin.

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Art. XVI. Elai Analytique fur l'Air par, & les differentes

cfpeces d'Air, par M. de la Metberie, M. D. Paris.
An Analytical Exay on pure Air, and the different species of Air.
THE author has boldly attempted, what perhaps none but

a Frenchınan would try, and what no man will surely accomplish soon, a theory of all the different species of airs that have been discovered. No reader, therefore, need be surprised when he meets with falsehood or uncertainty.

He divides airs into two classes, the first, comprehending such as are permanent; the second, sucli as are condensable by cold or water--the latter are soon dispatched, by being deduced from the liquor that furnishes them, and the principle of heat; this is evidently wrong, fince those which are per: manent in the cold, and yet are absorbed by water, are either rendered elastic by something else besides heat, or else combined with them in a different manner; and therefore the same theory is not applicable to them, as to fluids condensable by cold.

With respect to the permanently elastic Auids, when all that is borrowed from other writers, and all that is affirmed on weak or no proof is taken away, little will remain to M. Metherje, as the following abstract of his opinions may serve to shew. He thinks that all permanently elestic fluids are the



pure or deflogisticated air; that this air has a great affinity to the matter of fire or light, which fills the universe: from these principles the whole theory is derived.

Pure air with a certain quantity of fire or light produces heat, with a greater quantity, inflammable air, which the author follows the late Englith Chymists, in supposing to be phlogiston--Pure air combined with the principle of heat, produces fixed air-with inflammable air, it produces foul or phlogisticated air-with water, the principle of heat, inflammable air, phlogisticated air, and perhaps fixed air, and a little earth, pure air produces the several mineral, animal, and vegetable acids. Pure air combined with the principle of heat, and the earthy principle produces lime, fixed and volatile alkali.


These specimens of the author's, will serve amply to confirm our opinion of his publication, and at the fame time, to shew how little he has advanced our chemical knowledge of aeriform substances.


ART. XVII. . Opufules de Bergman traduits par, W. Morvesu,
T. 2. Dijon, 1785.

Morveau's Translation of Bergman's Effays, Vol. 11.
R. Morveau's translation as far as we have examined it, is

pretty accurate ; but his notes are few, and those few unimportant. Is this a proof that Bergman had fo exhausted the fubjects he writes upon, that little can be added, at least with out making great advances? or did not Mr. Morveau, whofa chemical abilities are confessed, bestow much pains in executing the task he had undertaken?

The moft reinarkable thing in this translation, is Mr. Morveau's new phraseology. Instead of making the acid an adjective, and the base the fubftantive, así Bergman does, he puts them in the relation of nominative and genitive case: as for Prussian alkali, Prusite de potasse, pruflite de foude, for aerated alkali mephite de potasse, de foude, &c.

We cannot see what is gained by this new change ; it feems to us rather lefs perspicuous and less fimple, thaq Bergman's syitem of demonstration.


[For SEPTEMBER, 1785.1


Art. 18. A Fragment of the History of that Illustrious Per

Jonage John Bull, Ejq; Compiled by the celebrated Historian Sir Humphrey Polesworth. Lately discovered in the Repairs of Grab-hatch the Ancient Seat of the Family of the Polesworths : now first Publifhed froin the Original Manuscript, by Peregrine Pinfold of Grab-hatch, Eig; Octavo. 25. 6d. Bew.

LTHOUGH'imitations carry in their very nature proof of inthe productions of inferior capacities, yet they may when tolerable be read without disguft, in the fame manner that a favourite air introduced into yogue by a masterly performer in the opera-house is liitened to, though with no great satisfaction when sung by any ballad singer 'on the streets. It is not so much the execution that draws attention, as the recollection of the object of his imitation, And every body hums over fashionable airs as he can. Whatever merit shere is in the plan of this allegorical performance, is due, nos to the person who attempts to 'bespeak favour by affuming the luz dicrous name of Peregrine. Pinfold, and although we find not in this performance any thing of that inimitable delicacy, turn of thought, and humour which characterize the original and real history of John Bull by Dr. Arbuthnot, yet as some characters and features of the present times are exhibited in something like the tone and manner of that celebrated writer, the reader has patience to go through this fragment from beginning to end.

Among the best ideas of Peregrine Pinfold, is that of a conversation between Trim (Lord Temple) and Mrs. Herenhausen the nurse (a nurse that has given fourteen proofs that she is not of the feminine gender) who lay their heads together to make John Bull jealous of his wife, and even to deftroy her.

The genius of the Irish nation is also very justly and not unplea'antly described in this pamphlet, under the character of paddy, John Bull's cousin. Art. 19. Mr. Pitt's reply to Mr. Orde, being a correct Ab

stract of the Speeches of those two Right Honourable Gentlemen, as delivered in the different Senates of Great-Britain and Ireland, on the Subject of the new Commercial Regulation between the two Countries; with a Defence, of both. 8vo. 156 Jarvis, 1785

The object of this reply, is to thew, by extracts from newspapers, that Mr. Pitt (for the author presumes that Mr. Orde and Mr. Pitt are one) fays one thing in Ireland and another in Great-Britain.His admiration of the power and double-edged policy of Mr. Pite!” who could reconcile both nations to propofitions by which they are both to be lofers, is, we imagine, by this time fulpended : for “meerings have been held-remonftrances have been fabricatedapprehenfionis bave been intiinated—and universal consternation excited.”-None of these things had happened when this ephemeron author collected his notes, and thirew out his ejaculations. Art. 20. Discursory Thoughts, &c. Disputing the Con

structions of his Majesty's Hon. Cominiffioners and Crown Lairyers, relative to the Medicine and Horse Acts ;, to which are added, the Opinions and Resolutions of the Fariners in Scotlau viz. not to enter any drudge Horse which is rode on. Also pointing out a Parliamentary Remedy for the Grievance People futain by the Equirocal wording of the above Acts. With remarks on the late Trials concerning the Medicine Acts. By Francis Spilibury. Ostavo. is. London. (No Booksellers Name) 1785.

Thé anrient Romans banished all physicians from the confines of the Republic; a circumstance which, no doubt, conspired with others to extend the fame and power of that great nation, the first beyond all comparison, in the annals of the world. Modern phyficians, ftung with to severe a cenfure from so fentible a people, have entered into a controverty, and many differtations have been written concerning the degiee of reputation in which physicians were held among the ancients. But, without any imputation on the charac:

our phylicians, it may be allowed that the faculty were held in no great estimation in antient times, being only equivalent to



our apothecaries, and venders of noftrums, who are; in general, most

ignorant and pernicious race of inortals, who fometimes amass large fortunes by practising on the weakness and credulity of the common people ; and therefore fit objects of taxation,

FRANCIS SPILSBURY, our author, who glories in being of that honourable fraternity, makes worse even a bad caule by the most ridit ulous effusions of self-conceit, and absurd pretensions, aiid in vulgar and ungrammatical language, proclaims his own merit and praile. Art. 21. An Address to the King and People of Ireland upon.

the System of final Adjustment contained in the Twenty Propofitions which have passed the House of Commons, and are now before the British House of Lords. Desbrow, Ostavo. 15. 1785

On the fubject of the famous fourth propofition respecting our fiaal adjustinent with Ireland, which is now spoken of as proverbiaily as any proposition in Euclid, our author aiks “ Are {uch laws to be passed in Ireland, in the same manner as in Great-Britain?” This question he answers hiinself thus“ By the British Parliament they are to be enacted, by the Irish Parliament they are to be enrolled." He contends, that with regard to the British Colony and Plantation trade, this proposition implies not only a virtual but even a formal recognition of British legislation on the part of Ireland, both inTERNALLY and EXTERNALLY.

He is decidedly of opinion, that the twentieth proposition, in the words “the due collection thereof (the surplus of the hereditary revenue,) being secured by perinanent provisions” implies not only a perpetual revenue bill, but a perpetual British revenue establishment in Ireland.

What this author has urged is certainly sufficient to fhew that it is difficult, if not impoffible, to reconcile the independency of the Irish nation with the establishment of that external legisation, and secu. rity to which Great Britain lays claim as á return for the conceffions she has made, and offers to continue, and to guarantee to Ireland respecting cominerce. Art. 22.

Sermons on various Subjects, with an account of the Principles of the Protestant Diffenters, their mode of Worship and forms of public Prayer, Biptisin and the Lord's Supper, By H. Kirkpatrick. 8vo. ss. Johnfon.

The present article, as the title exhibits, is a publication whicę confifts of various particulars. We must own, from the author's unembarrassed manner, that he seems to write from conviction, and even to defend principles which have produced much altercation, with a laudable degree of temper. He affects no 'novelty wher every resource of argument has been long since exhausted, bus coolly and explicitly avows the prepossessions of the party to whore, he belongs with as much sang froid as if the filliest things he ad vances had never been called in question, and were unanswerable,

The fermons in this volume are totally deftitute of genius. The subjects are not more trite than the file and manner of discussi thein. This much, however, ought to be admitted in the author's favour; that he seldom or never attempts to reason. His book is, ENG. Rev. SEPT. 2785.



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