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poor fair

the Maid of the Hay-stack. Translated from the French. 15. 6d. Gardner, 1783

This narrative was latetly ransmitted from the continent to a lady" of distinction who has resided some years abroad. She is very mysterious, and although there may be fome circumstances which connect the idea of the Maid of the Hay-stack, and the foreign lady in one, yet they by no means amount to a proof, or even a great probability, The story, however, is highly entertaining, and the fate of the one merits

every

attention. ART. 39. The Muse of Britain, a Dramatic Ode. Inscribed

to the Right Honourable William Pitt. is. Becket. London. *
1785.
It has been often said that poets make very indifferent politicians.
We have here an instance of a politician making a very indifferent
poet. Indeed it is in vain to attempt an union between Parnaílus
and the Parliament. But hear our poet;

“ Muse of the extatic song, severe and chaste,
Queen of the stately step, and port fublime,
Whose eye-beam darts thro' Ætiers boundless waste
Whose voice arrests the flight of tide and time
Unveil the glit’ring radiance of thy lyre,
C:ll forth her hundred strings of lofty sound;
Awake, arouse the deep poctic fire

Which' bursts like Ætna from the vast profound.
After this the Mufe, the Chorus, and the Bard, join to condemn
faction and sedition, and call down the Right Honourable William
Pitt from the skies, to save this finking nation; which, in plain profe,
we hope and wish he may be able to do, albeit he does not receive grea
assistance from this poetical friend.
ART. 40. An Invocation to Melancholy. A Fragment. is.

Fletcher, Oxford, Rivingtons, London, 1785.

This fragment is worthy of preservation. There are many good
lines in it, and fome attempts at descriptive imagery which promise
better things. It will be read with plcasure by a feeling mind, and
the Critic, ever so fastidious, will not find so much to blame as in
the greater part of modern poeins.
ART. 41. The Trial of Mrs. Harriet Errington, in the

Bishop of London's Court, at Doctors Commons, for committing,
Adultery, with Augustus Murray Smith, Esq. an officer in a
corps of Marines ; Captain Buckley, of the Guards; Captain
Southby: the Rev. Thomas Walker, Clerk, and others, &c. 8vo.
I$. 6d. Randall,

A collection of iņfamous and indecent facts, proved in the trial of
Harriet Errington for adultery. It is to be lamented, that the civil
magistrate has not sufficient authority to suppress all publications of
this kind.
ART. 42. The Memoirs of Mrs. Harriot Er-g-n. 8vo. is,

Randal. The detestable obscenity of this performance can only gratify bauds, pandars, and prostitutes. Its grossness is udvaried; and the

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author is unable to allure by any elegance of ftyle or vivacity of manner. ART. 43. Memoirs of George Ann Bellamy, including all

her intrigues :'with genuine Anecdotes of all her public and private connections. By a Gentleman of Covent Garden Theatre. * Octavo, 23, 6d. Walker.

This is properly an abridgment of the memoirs which Mrs. Bellamy lately published. It certainly includes the leading materials of her life. But as an abridgment it is defective. For her own language ought ever to have been employed. ART. 44 Ridgway's Abstract of the Budget; or Ways and * Means for the year 1785, giving the essential particulars of every

claule in the various acts, imposing the following duties, viz. "retail Mops, men and women servants, batchelors, game, gloves, attorneys at law, pawnbrokers, coach-makers, wheel carriages, post-horses, hawkers, and pedlars, &c. &c. Also a list of the new Committioners of land tax. By a Gentlemen of the Temple, 8vo. is. Ridgwar:

At a time, when the taxes are fo numerous' and oppreffive, it is proper to exhibit liits of them. And of such publications the only merit is, their accuracy. Nor in this does Mr. Ridgway appear to be deficient; and his abstract will be found to be extremely useful to every family in Great Britain. ART. 45. As you like it, a Poem addressed to a Friend. 4to.

Stockdale. This writer has no talents of the poetic kind. He has a passion, however, for invective. But his rage cannot wound. His looks are furious in proportion to his impotence. ART. 46.

Sawney Mackintosh's Travels through Ireland. Containing a particular account of the manners, laws, customs, &c. of the inhabitants of that kingdom. Together with a great number of curious anecdotes, describing the strange inconfiftencies, to which the people of Ireland are particularly subject., With many croll and whimsical circumstances and adventures, that happened between Sawney and his man Grant, from the time of their entering Ireland, to that of their return to the land of Cakes. 12mo. Is. od. Adlard.

This is perhaps the most vulgar catch-penny, that has ever appeared. It is insipid and obscene; and has no claim of

any wit or humour. ART. 47. Maria; a' Novel.

Maria; a Novel. By the Author of George . Bateman. 12mo. zs. Cadell. · The intention of this Novel is to inculcate the principle of active benovolence; and from its moral tendency, it may be useful. In its execution it is not altogether detective. There is something in it like invention and character; and few of the present run of novels, deserve so much praise. Art. 48. Observations on the Jurisprudence of the Court of

Seffion in Scotland; wherein fome improprieties in the present mode of procedure are pointed out, and amendments submitted. 8vo. 15. Murray, London, Elliot, Edinburgh.

kind to

It must be allowed, that the author of this tract, censures judici. oufly the Jurisprudence of the court of feffion in Scotland. And, it is to be hoped, that forne steps may in time be taken to facilitate in that country, the operations of the law. It wouid be a still greater improvement, it a proper inquiry should be made into what is called the nobile officium of the court of selfon. By this prerogative, it appears, that the Scottish Judges can set aside the authority of acts of parliament. We are sorry, that our author does not treat this topic at full length. Art. 49. Hydrometrical Observations, and Experiments in the

Brewery. Printed for the Author, 8vo. 2s. Robinson. 1985.

Mr. Baverstock, the author of the following treatise, says in the beginning of his preface. “ Having now used an hydrometer, dur. ing upwards of fixteen years, fo constantly as on no one occasion in all that time to vend a single calk of beer, without having previous. ly ascertained the specific gravity of the worts, and brought them to a standard proportioned to the price of the beer, or to some standard determined on by considerations, varying with the yearly produce and price of the materials; it is presumed that it will not prove unacceptable to those who may be interested or engaged in the brewery, that the result of his observations Thould at length be made known.

He has the greatest reason to believe, that he can render the information, afforded by this inftrument, exceedingly useful to those who are employed in that business.” Persons interested in these observations, will be able to form fome judgment of the informa. tion they are likely to meet with, by the following list of particulars treated of in this publication.

I. On the hydrometer and the hydrostatical balance,
II. Application of the hydrometer in examining different waters,
III. Use of the hydrometer in discovering the value of hops,
IV. Use of the former experiment,

V. Use of the hydrometer in discovering the value of worts, and in ascertaining the mean specific gravity of two worts,

VI. Application of the hydrometer in discovering the mean specific gravity of three worts, and in forming standard and gravities, with either two or more worts,

VII. Ule of the hydrometer in discovering the precise value of different malhes, or parcels of malt,

VIII. Of the different kinds of hydrometers,
IX. On barley and malt,
X. On the thérinometer,

XI. Application of the hydrometer in directing the extraction and fermentation of sweets,

XII. Appendix.

The appendix contains strictures on a late publication upon the fame subject, tending farther to confirm the author's obfervations,

Mr. Baverstock appears to write with equal judgment and modesty; and his brethren in the trade we doubt not will profit by his labours.

NATIONAL

!

NATIONAL

AFFAIRS,

For SEPTEMBER, 1785.

STATE OF IRELAND, THE "HE public curiosity is now excited to know what commercial and

political consequences will follow the ministerial abdication of the Irish Propositions. If the Irish nation should now apply themfelves peaceably and industriously to manufactures, and trade, and all the arts of peace, they will furnish a proof to the world that it was a just fenfe of oppreffive, a d commercial restrictions, and other injuries, and not any turbulency of difpofition which produced their late fermentation. If, on the contrary, with the policffion of an independent government, and of the whole terraqueous globe for a theatre of commerce, they shall continue to be idle, diffatisfied, and ftudious of innovation, they will betray an animohty, which, as it did not originate either in commercial or political réttraint, is not to be appealed and allayed by commercial or political concelfions, "And, as we hesitate not to hazard probable reasoning or conjecture on every subject that naturally directs our views to futurity, we declare it, as our opinion, that our cousins * acrots St. George's channel are not yet in an humour to beat their swords into plough. shares, or to turn their fhillelahs in to weavers fhuttles. They will seek for some other subject of ftrife and contention with England, something to fupport their present agitation, some fewel to feed the flame of discord. It is not by the patient process of laborious industry the surest fource of wealth, but by fome more compendious road, that they seek for consequence, distinction, and fame. Mr. Grattan 'who wields the national force, because he knows the national spirit and spring of action, touches on the chord which affords

. the most agreeable melody to Irish ears when, in the elevated strains of antient oratory, he rouses his countrymen to maintain unbroken their SPIRIT AND PRIDE. There is a genius or spirit peculiar to ages, as well as to nations, and the different stages of human life. Not to carry our views into antient times, in these latter ages the world has bểen governed by a spirit of chịvalry, a fpirit of religion, a spirit of military glory and conqueft; and, in the present times it is governed chiefly by a rage for commerce, the least eievated among all the spirits, and resembling, in this respect, the mammon of Milton among the other damned spirits in helļ. And thus kings and princes have not so much governed the times in which they lived, as they have been governed by them, assuming the fucceffive characters of knights errant, of monks, of military captains, and of merchants and shop-keepers. But to return from this digreffion : as Ireland found in the person of Mr. Grattan, the fublimest orator of the prefent age, and, perhaps of modern times; fo Mr. Grattan found in

* The fathionable and even the parliamentary mode of speaking of Ireland, is, to to call it the fifter kingdom. But the children of filters are cousins,

Ireland Ireland, a nation the most fitted of any in Europe to be influenced by the strains of eloquence : a nation, neither lo barbarous as to remain insensible to the charms of reason involved in a Itream of sublime conceptions, nor so refined as to make the ju test reasoning only an object of reflection and of comparison with lome real model or fancied itandard of oratory : f a nation not ignorant of the advantages of commerce, but more captivated with the attractions of power and of glory : a nation, not in that period of existence in which avarice is the ruling paffion ; but in that earlier period when many generous sentiments are mixed and tarnished by furious and riotous excels.

This fpirit of emulation which pervades the whole kingdom of Ireland, is, of neceffity modified by the genius of the different ranks whose breasts it moves : but in all, its principal ingredient is the pride of independence, an indignant recollection of past opprelfion, and a spirit of resistance bordering on hostility to Engiand. In fome it may break out in motions for revengful laws ; in others in intrigues with the court of Versailles ; In some in non-importation agreements; and some in outrages against the Engifh revenue officers, and the poor starvelings who come to fish on their coasts, from the ifles and weitern coasts of Scotland.

It is understood that the ministry ftill fondly hope that the general sense of the Irilh nation will yet accept the terms for a system of mutual-commerce which are held out to them in the Propofitions ; and still, it is by treating with that high-spirited and generous, though turbulent and extravagant people, on the cold and cautious principles of trade, that they hope to effect a permanent connection between Great-Britain and Ireland. But it is evident, that they miferably mistake the predominant paffion of Ireland, which is not mercantile advantage or gain of any kind; but a love of power and consequence sharpened by a remembrance of pait injuries. Had Mr. Grattan, like some other speakers in the house of Commons, entered into minute details, and arithmetical calculations of loss and gain': had he demonstrated with all the certainty and precision of the most abstracted science, that Ireland would be a loser by the bargain offer, ed by England, byt a mighty gainer by rejecting it; had he recommended caution, and circumspection, and recalled to their minds, like the Attorney General, how much they might be either benefited or annoyed by England ; had Mr. Grattan, in short, attempted to composé the minds of his countrymen to the peaceful habits of industry, by appealing from their ambition to their avarice, all his eloquence would not have availed. It was by catching the tone of the people, it was by fanning the flame that burned strongest in the breasts of Irishmen, that he acquired public confidence and favour, and was able to infuse so much light and heat into his parliamentary orations. “ If any body can think that the Irish constitution is to incompatible with the British Empire, a doctrine which I abjure as

# In England eloquence never carries a vote. The meinbers of Parliament are pre-engaged : and, even in the gallery, the fpectators hold arguments, during all the speeches, concerning the comparative talents of the Speakers,

“ fedition

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