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36 will find this tree to have the like powers to improve and raise your minds, as the tree of life has, to preserve your bodies.”
Surely, this speech of the serpent took rise chiefly froin imagination, not from any thing Moies has said to give countenance to it. The fact, as he represents it, appears, as it ought to do, not set off with laboured art and ornament, but in a naked, plain, natural dress. It is little more than a repetition of the words God had spoken, with a bold denial of their truth, in roundly affirming this falsehood, that, initead of dying, if they eat of this tree, eyes fhould be opened ; and they should be as Gods, knowing good and evil.”
• Įt fhould be remembered here, neither Adam nor Eve had as yet had opportunity for any confiderable acquaintance with the use or force of words. It would therefore have been below the 66 sub. tlety of the serpent," and indeed quite unnatural for him, to have addressed to the woman in that variety of artful language which has been put
into his mouth.' Although this writer adheres so rigidly to the literal interpretation of the scripture account of the fall, he seems to depart very much from its most obvious, and indeed most generally received sense, when he traces the consequences of it. The whole tenour of fcripture, correlpondently to what every man feels within his own breast, represents mankind as in a state of ruin and depravity, prone to that which is evil and averse to that which is good; and this evil propenlity is represented as traditionary and inherent in human nature. But our author maintains that no man derives his natural corruptness, or propensity to fin from Adam. All men are indeed descended from Adam, he owns, by ordi: nary generation, and derive froin him that conftitution which distinguishes man from other creatures; but the character of every man, he thinks, depends wholly on the use of the powers bestowed upon him,
Now, that the merit or demerit of individuals of the fons of men does in fact depend on the use of the faculties or ta. lents with which they are endowed is consonant both to reason and scripture. "But still it is a general characteristic of human nature that it is prone to evil, that is, prone to exce/s, apt to burft the bounds of moderation and reason, and to be tost to and fro by the storms of paffion. And this very propensity in the mysterious course of providence becomes a subject of difcipline, victory, and triumph to the Christian, who, assisted by divine strength, combats against his own nature, and having at last fought the good fight of faith, obtains, as a reward, eternal life. As a counterbalance to inherent corruption, the Christian is promised divine aid to strengthen his own sincere endeavours: and thus from Chrift the second Adam, or principle of life, he derives vital influ
ence to cure the sting of the serpent which infected the human frame with the poison of sin,
Our learned and ingenious readers would reap neither instruction nor amusement, if we should make them more in timately acquainted with a writer who adheres to the literal interpretation of scripture where it is undoubtedly allegorical, and departs from its obvious meaning where that meaning is more confonant than the far fetched comment substituted in its room, to the reason and experience of mankind. Nor would we have bestowed even so small a part of our journal on a publication of fo little merit, if we had not been willing to exhibit a specimen of the present state of theological controversy in the capital of New-England.
ART. VII. A Treatise on the Mineral Waters of Balaruc, in the
South of France. By M. Pouzaire. M. D. with an Englithi Tranflation and additional Cafes, &c. by B. Pugh, M. D,
Chelmsford, 3s. 1785. THE HE French edition and the translation are bound together.
As the waters of Balaruc have been lately discovered to contain many valuable properties, and some furprizing cures have been performed by them, we shall give an analysis of M. Pouzaire's treatife, with the additional observations of Dr. Pugh.
The waters of Balaruc are fituated about twenty miles from Montpelier. The situation of the village where they are, is low, but the little hill whence the source of the batns rise, called the Rock d'Aix, commands a very fine prospect. These waters have been long known even to the Romans, as appears, by various inscriptions and relicts of antiquity discovered in the neighbourhood. They have been however much neglected, until an accident discovered their uses, and every accommodation has been provided for vifitors; the States General of the province have made a royal road, which joins the great road from Montpelier to Toulouse, so that carriages may go to the baths of Balaruc with the greatest facility.
Chemifts are by no means agreed in the analysis which they have successively made of these waters,
We can only judge of them from the impression they make on the external senses, by analogy, and by their effects in the various diseases to which they have been applied. Our author, however, gives the result of some experiments to analyse them, for which we refer our readers to the book itself. The waters are of a faltish bitter taste, and perfectly analogous to that of the fea, which, he thinks, proves the predominant mineral of these waters to be fea falt, since he generally extracted, by evaporation, about a drachmn of falt froin à pound of water, which makes nearly half a pint of Faris measure. The fpecific gravity has nearly the same weight with common or fca water. These waters are very hot, and their heat in the source itself rises by M. de Reaiur's thermometer to the forty-second degree, but the heat variesaccording to the seasons. They are a little oily on the source ittelf, which, he says, appears principally when the waters have remained sometime without agitation, after which there appears on the furface a species of mineral oil, or liquid bitumch- They may, he thinks, be charged with a little fulphur and iron, but in so small a quantity, and so attenuated, that no analysis has hitherto been able to discover them.
As to the virtues of them, M. Pouzaire allerts, that first, There is a purgative, and very remarkable itomachic virtue in these waters; which they principally exercise in conveying off the foreign matter, which collecting and stagnating in the first paffages, vitiates and oppresses the fibres of the ftomach and intestines, and by thus cleansing the whole intestinal canal, renders them more disposed for their natural contractions and ofcillations, as well as more strong and vigorí.us. Hence lie presumes they may be serviceable in all stubborn disorders of the stomach, which prevent digestion, provided there is no plethora or infiammation; in all sympathetic disorders, which proceed only from a defect of digertion, or from putrid collections in the primæ viæ, as in the vertigo, hemiplegia, epilepsy, &c. in which cases the waters are taken internaily.
Secondly. They are diuretic and aperitive; hence useful in obftructions of the viscera in general, provided of not too long standing, or become of a scirrhous nature ; in bilious obítructions of the liver, causing the yellow jaundice ; by the effect of their aperitive virtue, they very often cure obftinate quartan agues, and in obstructions of the urinary paffages by grave or mucous matter, are very efficacious.
Thirdly. Thev are most powerful emmenagogues ; even simple bathing has produced this effect.
There are two sorts of baths at Balaruc; the one is called the bath of the source, because it is at the fountain bead, and they bathe in the spring ittelf; the heat of which hardly ever goes bevond the forty-fecond degree of Reamur's thermometer; the other is called the iuh or cistern bath, which is the temperate bath, the heat being leffened by the bath-men or guides, and this bath is more used than the
other, on account of the bath of the source being too hot. There baths, our author informs us, augment perspiration,' cxcite a kind of momentary fever, and powerfully re-animate the circulation, and are the best menftruum for clearing obstructions, that lias yet been discovered. They are looked on as certain specifics in many kinds of pallies, but they do not produce the same effects in all paralytic cases; in the particular or local palsy in one arm, or in one leg separately, they are easily efficacious.
Palfies, with a contraction or trembling of the members affected, are more obstinate and require the baths to be hotter. Palfies determined by an apoplectic attack are never cured but with much difficulty, but the patients always receive great benefit by the waters of Balaruc. Pumping or pouring the waters of Balaruc on the paralytic part, if occafioned by a wound or fall, performs wonders, provided the nerves have not been cut or much injured. In rheumatisms they apply the baths with the greatest success. From the cleansing, healing, and drying virtue in these waters, our author thinks they may be applied in cutaneous disorders, but with the restrictions usually observed in such cases.
He adds, they may be used with success in various diforders of the eyes, in recent gutta serena, in a weakness or pally of the eye-lid; in the distillation or shedding of tears, occafioned by too great a quantity of serosity; in specks or spots which begin to cover the horny tunicle of the eye, provided they are the effect of fluxions; and in the beginning of a cataract, which is only an opacity or cloudinels of the crystalline humour. They also poffc is a singular virtue in curing deafness, caused by a pally of the auditory nerves, or a relaxation of the membrane of the tympanum, or drum of the ear, or some catarral fluxion which choaks
up the part; or from the coagulation or thickening of the wax. Our author next enters on the method of using these waters both externally and internally, and concludes with a list of cafes, which it must be confeffed, go to confirm what he has advanced on the properties of the waters of Balaruc.
Dr. Pugh begins his part of this work with a minute description of the situation of the waters, their efficacy in cases which he has seen, the expences of living, with a lively and entertaining description of Montpelier. He concludes with giving forty-five remarkable cases, in which the waters appear to have produced the most falutary effects in cafes very unpromising.
On the testimony of these two physicians, we cannot but recommend this work, that it may draw the attention of
travelling valetudinarians to Balaruc, where they have the superior advantage of being at the same time in the most agrecable fpot in the South of France. We differ from Dr. Pouzairc in some of his opinions, however, and think he. retains rather too much of the old doctrine of " noxious ” matter being expelled,” which we believe prevails still in foine of the French schools.
ART. VIII. Eight Sermons on the Prophecies respecting the Destruction of ferusalem, preached before the University of Oxford in the Year 178;. At the Lecture founded by the late Rev. John Bampton, M. A. Fellow of Brazen-Nose College, Oxford. 8vo. 45. fewed. White, 1785. THE completion of the scriptural prophecies is the most
powerful and convincing proof of the testimony of the truth of christianity, that divine grace has offered to the reafon of man. The imprefsion that is made by abstracted reafoning, on subjects that adınit not of mathematical demonftration, is not lasting. And even the force of a miracle may be loft on a mind determined by the prejudices of an evil heart, to ascribe it to any other imagina le cause than that from which it really flowed. In an age that admits the existence and interference of demons in the affairs of human life, the miraculous exertions of our Saviour's power ascribed to the agency of those beings, even when it was excrcised against them. In the present age, it is not impossible, as men of found sense and knowledge have again and again obferved; but a miracle wrought in confirmation of the doctrines of Jesus, might be regarded by sceptics on recollection, as an illusion of imagination, occasioned by some deliquium, fome disorder in the organs of perception and of reasoning. The argument in favour of christianity taken from the fulfilling of the prophecies, unites the permanent force of reasoning with the powerful impression of a miracle. A view of the prophecies and the evidence of their completion, strikes the mind as with a sensation, which is not transient and fugacious but which recurs as often as its attention is directed to the same subjects. The evidence of the fçriptural prophecies is as much fuperior to every kind of external evidence of the trụth of the Gospel, as a clear and connected train of circumftantial proof is more convincing than direct teftimony.
The vast variety of future events which are plainly predicted or obscurely. hinted in the word of God, together with the ever changing face of human affairs presents to the