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anonymous; but impartial truth obliges us to pronounce, that we never met with a tale worse told than that of the Knight and Friars. Art. 36. The Wanderer ; or Edward to Eleonora. A Poem, 4to.
13. 6d. G. Kearsley. 1785. 'There are many good lines in this publication, but the want of the lucidus ordo, obscures the sense, so that we are frequently at a loss to discover the meaning of the author. The effects of guilty love on the feeling heart are painted in warm colours ; shame and remorse are fewn to be its coạitaņt attendants, embittering all its illicit enjoyments. The following pallage may serve as a specimen of the poem, but we cannot decide whether they are the words of Edward or Eleonora :
Known to mi fortune while a child in years
Nor leave one trace of all I love behind!' There is a good deal of fire and poetical vigour in the compo-, fition, but the author has not been accustomed to arrange his ideas.' Perhaps he is a young man: Mould that be the case, we have hopes that hereafter he may make a more respectable appearance. At present inconfistency is added to obscurity: The poem describes his triumph over the virtue of his mistress, and of a mistress that remains faithful to him, and yet he sets out with telling us that he is
ever doom'd to prove • The pang severe of disappointed love.' Hc has endeavoured to imitate Pope's Eloise to Abelard in the abrupt starts and transitions, but has not been always happy in his imitation, as these abrupt transitions often add to the obfcurity we have already complained of. ART. 37. The Strolliad: an Hudibrastic Mirror. Small 40. 15. J. Ridgway, and W. Richardson. '1785.
' A vot'ry at Apollo's fhrine
Took snuff, and fell a sleep again.' The reader who has sufficient patience to go through twenty-fix pages of this kind of rhymes, will be rewarded with fome stupid abuse, levelled against certain persons of the theatrical corps. The son's et che lock_and bufkin, who are pointed at, we doubt not will re•
joice at the present verification of the proverb, · Cursed cows have short horns.' ART. 38. The Bees, the Lion, the Afes and other Beasts
(Dedicated to the Right Honourable Frederick Lord N-h) a Fable, in imitation of Gay. London: Printed for the Author. 4to. Is. 6d. Debrett. 1785.
The rise and progress of the American war, and abuse of the .K-~g, and Lord Naomh make up the contents of this publication. We are obliged to mention it ex officio ; nothing elle could entitle it to notice. Yet if any reader Nould have the curiosity io peep into it, he will find a Lion wishing to feast on honey and golden wax,' and asses itriving to confirm the monarch?s fancied right in a specious, glossy light,' with many other varieties of the kind. Art. 39. The Oriental Chronicles of the Times ; being the
Translation of a Chinese Manuscript, with Notes historical, criti. cal, and explanatory, suppored to have been originally written in the spirit of prophecy. By Confucius the Sage. Dedicated to her Grace the Duchess of Devonshire. 8vo. 25. 6d. Debret.
This political bagatelle narrates the late change of the ministry, the election of a new parliament, and other collateral events in the Eastern stile, with conliderable ingenuity and archness. The performance is divided into twenty-three chaptets, in which the court, the ministry, and mass of their chief adherents, are severely hand dled. The dedication to her Grace the Duchess of Devonshire,contains an Ode in honour of Mr. Fox, which must be the production of no common muse. In the incessant altercations of party how
ever, which agitates the politics of this country, we could wish to fee the wit and satire inore equally divided. There will always be sufficient fund for ridicule and farcasm on both sides. And the coa. litionists are at least not less vulnerable than the ministerialists. Their prodigality, their poverty, their irritability of temper, and the envy produced by their abortive opposition, are traits in their character which sufficientiy exposes them to the retort courteous.
The pamphlet before us is too partial to please' any readers but tho.e of the author's sentiments, and we suspect that to most of them both the subject and the jeit are now too old and trite to be interefting. ART. 40
On: Confumptions and their Cure ; humbly ad"drefled to the confideration of the public. By N. Godbold.
8vo. 1S. Almon.
Mr. Godbold has discovered a Vegetable Balsam which he avers is successful in all cases of Consumption, whether hereditary or accidental. This medicine he retails in pint bottles, at fixteen shil. lings, and one guinea. To some of the cases, in which he says the medicine was effectual, are joined the names of Lady Dudley and Ward, Lord Fortescue, Lady Falmouth, &c. and other persons of distinction, who, it is to be supposed, would not permit their names to be taken in vain. But Mr. Godbold must forgive us for faying, that if his medicine be as inefficacious as his reasoning is incomplete, he can rank only with the numerous tribe of advertising Empirics.
Art. 41. A Treatise on Cancers, with a new and successful
Method of operating, particularly in Cancers of the Breast and Teftis, &c. &c. 'By Henry Fearon, of the Company of Sure geons, and Surgeon to the Surry Difpenfary. Svoa Is. 6d, Johnson.
After some fenfible obfervations on the nature of Cancers in general, our author objects to the practice of those surgeons who make it a rule to save a confiderable quantity of skin, because they nevertheless leave a large open wound, which by the usual dretlings, becomes much larger by the time they are firit removed. He recommends to diffect away all the diseased part of the breast or testis, through one simple longitudinal incision, large enough to admit of the perfect removal of all the diseased part or parts, and then the edges are to be brought into contact, and retained in that situation by flips of sticking plaster, ligature, or both if necessary, till they unite by what is called the first intention, which they generally do within a few days, without ever forming fuppuration.
His mode of operating in the case of a cancerous breast is this, • The patient being placed in a chair of convenient height, in a reclining posture, her head supported with a pillow, by an assistant behind, and her arms secured by another on each side; the surgeon is to place himself in the most advantageous situation, either fitting or standing, as he finds most convenient, so as to make one horizontal incision, larger than the diseased mass, nearly in the direction of the rib, and a little below the nipple, that it may occasion less deformity. An incifion of fufficient extent being momentary, will give little more pain than a small one ; and has this great advantage, that it enables the operator with facility, perfectly to remove the whole of the diseased parts. The most painful part of the operation being over, the afsistants who were employed in fecuring the patient's arms, are now to hold asunder the teguments, and press their fingers on any arteries that may bleed freely, which will enable the surgeon, with facility and dexterity to remove the whole of the diseased mass,
which should be carefully dissected from the skin above, and below * from the pectoral muscle and ribs. The affiftants are now to remove
their fingers, the blood is to be effectually cleared away, by sponge and warm water, that the surgeon may examine, with the greatest accuracy the surface of the wound; and if
small indurated glands, or thickened cellular membrane can be discovered, they ought to be all removed; by this time the hæmorrhage will have ceased, when the blood which poured out during the examination of the wound must now be cleared away as before, and the edges of the incifion brought evenly and perfectly into contact, and retained that they may unite by the first intention.'
For the directions after this operation, we refer to the pamphlet itfelf, in which the reader will find some cases which it must be confeffed militate strongly in favour of Mr. Fearon's practice. About 4 year since he communicated part of his sentiments in the Medical Journal, but subsequent experience has enabled him to enlarge and confirm them.
ART. 42. An Esay on the faundice; in which the Propriety
of using the Bath Waters in that Disease, and also in some partie eular Affections of the liver, is considered. By Williain Corp, M. D. , 8vo. 15. 6d. Dilly. 1785.
The modus operandi of the Bath Waters in icteric cases has.net yet been properly attended to by medical writers. From many opportunities of practice and observation, Dr. Corp has drawn up ic. veral judicious remarks on these species of jaundice in which the Bath Waters may be used with efficacy. His cautious administration of emetics and purgatives cannot be too much commended or known by young practitioners. With Etmuller and others, he is of opinion that the Black Jaundice is only a higher degree of the Yeilow, from which it originates.
ART. 43. Obfervaiions on Poisons; and on the use of Mercury in the Cure of obstinate Dysenterics. By Thomas Houlstown, M. D. Physician to the Liverpool Infirmary. 8vo.
Baldwin. This is a cheap and ufcful pamphlet, particularly to students : the greater part of it was published in detached pieces, which are here collected and considerably enlarged. The treatise on the use of Mercury in the cure of Dysenteries appears to have most of novelty in it, but the whole is practical and uleful. ART. 44. A View of in: Arts and Sciences; from the earliest
Times to the Age of Alexander the Great. By the Rev. James Bannister. Svo. 4. Beil. 1785.
The intentions of an author are to be considered when yre judge of his performance. In this view it may be proper to allow Mr. Bannister to speak for himself,
• Other writers, animated by the same laudable ambition, of com, municating real knowledge, have explored the depths of antiquity, and explained the secrets of Philosophy and the arts ; subjects which have long engaged the attention of the author of the ful. lowing dissertations, who, though conscious of the mediocrity of his talents, ventures to present his work to the public, encouraged by the pleasing expectation that it may give fomc persons who have not enjoyed the advantage of a classical education, general ideas of the progress of the Arts and Sciences, and their connexion with morals and government; and excite others, whose genius is more active, to consult those fountains of true knowledge and found philofophy, the ancient Greek and Roman writers. If either of these ends is attained, the author will think himself amply coinpensated for his trouble.'
The present volume contains an account of the Architecture, Astronomy, Language, Moral Philofophy, Mythology, and Natural Philosophy, of the Ancients. As this must be considered as a very defective view of the ancient Arts and Sciences, the author begs leave to observe, that if favoured with the approbation pi the public, it is his intention to publish another volume, in whieh he will endeavour to supply every omiffion, and defect.
As an excuse for having left Poetry unnoticed, he tell us, ' that in his preface to a translation of select tragedies of Euripides, published in
the year 1780, he had said so much'on that subject, that he thought he had nearly exhaufted it.' This tranllation has not fallen in ouf way ; but, if we are to judge of the preface by the differtations now before us, we shall not be led to think that it has nearly exhauted a subject fo various and extentive.
In this publication the hand of the maiter appears every where wanting; the whole is a dull repetition of part of what has already been so often repeated; the manner is not engaging; and the mat ter is defeEtive. From the sources we can perceive he has had rel. course to, he might have colected more informition; and he seems totally unacquainted with some lare writers who have thrown next lights upon different subjects he has treated. Of the author's stilé and manner our readers may foren an idea from the following exi tract. Speaking of Pythagoras, he says:
• Let us, then, confine ourselves at present chiefly to his Phyfics, of Natural Philosophy, properly so called. To this study Pythagoras conceived the mathematics to be preparatory, and be gan with teaching his scholars arithmetic. This part of the mathematics he learned from the Phænicians, and finding it of woni derful use in his philofophical inquiries, he seems to have contracted for it a superstitious regard, and to have ascribed to it strange and mysterious powers; he likewise inade his scholars apply themselves diligently to geometry. Passing over the numberless improvements he made in that science, I shall take notice only of the two famous theorems which are allowed to be of his invention, viz. That every triangle is equal to two right triangles, and that the square of the hypoteneuse of every right angled triangle, is equal to the square of the other two sides. These two propositions may be considered is the bafis of trigonometry, the extensive use of which in practical, as well as speculative matheinatics, is so well known, that to'enlarge upon it will be needless. Let me only observe to those, who have never applied themselve to studies of this fort, that the whole, art of navigation is deduced from these propositions of Pythagoras; and that we are indebted to the labours and ingenuity of a philofopher who has been dead upwards of two thousand years, for the facility with which we vifit foreign climes, and consequently før the extension of coinmerce.
In this extraet the author has been guilty of a great overlight, for we wish not to impute the expression to ignorance. He tells us that every triangle is equal to two right angles: but a triangle cannot be said to be equal to an'angle, or angles; the quantity of a figure and no figure can never be compared. The three an. gles of every triangle it is true are equal to two right angles, and this we take for granted is what Mr, B. meant to express,
A more minute exaurination of this publication is unnecessary. Though it is neither elegant, correct, comprehensive, nor profound, yet to persons, who, either from circumstances or inclination, with only to poffefs a superficial knowledge of the Arts and Sciences of the ancients, it may neither he useless, nor unacceptable. ART. 45. Eleanora; From the sorrows of Werter]
A Tale, small 8vo. Robinson. 1785.