Historical Dictionary of Rwanda
Rowman & Littlefield, 6 nov. 2015 - 358 pages
Blessed with natural beauty and rich vegetation, Rwanda is often called the “land of a thousand hills” (le pays des mille collines), a reference to its many lush and green rolling hills. Moreover, for many Rwandans, at least in the past, Rwanda, in spite of its small size, is vast; in fact, it means the universe. This idyllic view, however, sharply contrasts with the sad history of ethnic strife that unfolded since the 1950s: the 1959 Hutu Revolution followed by years of anti-Tutsi pogroms, undemocratic regimes, the civil war of 1990-1994, and, more significantly, the April-July 1994 genocide against the Tutsi and the killing of Hutu who opposed the killings. The 1994 genocide against the Tutsi remains the most defining single event in contemporary Rwanda, and many people in the world today know of this central African nation from the prism of extreme mass violence that sullied the end of the 20th century amid international indifference and has since haunted the world’s conscience.
This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Rwanda contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Rwanda.
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1959 Hutu Revolution accused African April April–July 1994 genocide army Bagosora Bahutu Belgian colonial administration Belgium Bizimungu Burundi Butare Catholic Church civil Colonel Théoneste crimes against humanity Defense Democratic Republic Développement economic elections ethnic extermination extremist FDLR Forces Armées Rwandaises former prefecture French gacaca courts German Gisenyi Gisenyi and Ruhengeri Gitarama Grégoire Kayibanda human rights Hutu Power Hutu Revolution Interahamwe interim government International Criminal Tribunal July Juvénal Habyarimana Kenya Kibuye Kigali Kigeri killed Kingdom of Rwanda Kinyarwanda leaders major MDR-PARMEHUTU ment military Mouvement Démocratique Mouvement Révolutionnaire National MRND Musinga Mutara Mwami October officers organization Patriotic Front RPF Paul Kagame Peace Agreement percent political parties population Province region Republic of Congo Rudahigwa Ruhengeri Rwan Rwanda ICTR Rwandan government Rwandan Patriotic Front Rwigema schools sentenced soldiers Tanzania tion Tribunal for Rwanda Tutsi Uganda UNAMIR United Nations University of Rwanda women Zaire