« PrécédentContinuer »
Messrs. Warne & Co. have recently published From Messrs. Nelson we have received a a second and revised edition of Mr. Townsend's number of interesting volumes and picture books “Manual of Dates.". The work is considerably for the young. Among them are the Valley of enlarged, and, we think, considerably improved. the Nile, its Tombs, Temples, and Monuments, a Although one of the most interesting features of clever compilation illustrated with engravings of a book of dates, namely, biographical notices of the most remarkable antiquarian remains of old eminent men, has designedly been excluded, Egypt: Nature's Wonders, a series of pictures, much information is incidentally scattered with accompanying text, of various physical throughout the volume on that subject. Apart and natural curiosities of foreign lands, as, for from this omission, Mr. Townsend seems to have instance, the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky, the done his work well. The amount of labour in- Basaltic rocks of Iceland, the Mirage of the volved in the compilation is so great, and the diffi- Desert, &c.: Life and Travel in Tartary, Thibet, culty of snccinctly bringing into one volume the and China, being a condensation of Huc, the most important events of the world is so formid. Catholic Missionary's travels in the East, with able, that the wonder is how so great a success numerous characteristic engravings : Marvels of has been obtained. We have carefully consulted Creation, an account of volcanoes and their a large nunber of the articles, with a view to phenomena in all parts of the world. Stay-atascertain the quality of a storehouse said to con- home travellers, as well as visitors to Paris, will tain not only the memorials and the things of find much to gratify them in the Views of the fame," but the most noteworthy events of our Exterior and Interior of the French Exhibition. own day, and our examination has been, on the These views are drawn on wood from photo. whole, eminently satisfactory. The “Manual” graphs, printed in colours, and published at contains some information upon almost every eighteenpence for each series. Views in Guern. subject whereon we tested it. But the quality sey and Jersey, each consist of a dozen or more of the information is not invariably good. We pictures printed in oil colours, with short ex
turn to “ Italy” and “Rome,” and find no planatory descriptions, and enclosed in or. | allusion to Mazzini ; we turn out “Weimar," namental wrappers. Two very prettily designed and, although we are informed that, in October, volumes for children are added to Messrs. 1808, “ the Emperors Napoleon and Alexander Nelson's juvenile series; one is called A were entertained here by the Grand-Duke,” Picture Book of Sports and Plays for Winter there is no allusion to Goethe. Nor are these Nights and Summer Days, every other page men mentioned under their proper names.
We containing an engraving descriptive of some find that a notice of “ Trinity College,” Oxford, youthful game; and the other My Pretty Country and of "Trinity College,” Cambridge, is to be Picture Book of Lane and Lake, and Hill and
but “Trinity College," Dublin, seems Brook, a very delightful little volume. To these never to have been heard of by Mr. Townsend. we may add the Pretty Picture A B C, Our In the very elaborate list of "Reviews,” again, Vegetable Food, and the Way to Learn ; three there is no reference to the Law Review, the elegantly designed and instructive volumes, in quarterly organ of the legal profession. The which children are gradually and pleasantly led composition of the sentences is also somewhat up the hill of knowledge, by aid of pictures to defective. Under “ Tobacco," for instance, we please the eye and text to instruct the mind. find the following: “The tobacco-pipemakers were incorporated in 1653, and the British Anti
Mr. Tegg has produced a new edition of Tobacco Society was formed in 1853.” Here
Brown's Concordance, carefully revised by Mr.
Samuel Ives. The volume is neat and portable, the conjunction and” certainly performs good and unusual service. Again, under “Secretary
and forms a useful pocket companion to the Old
and New Testament. of State," we are told that in 1858 a Secretary of State for India was added ; but we are not
Messrs. Macmillan, under the name of the told anything
of the remaining Secretaries of “Globe Atlas of Europe,” have issued a valuable State . On the other hand, the account of
series of maps of all the countries of Europe, the various administrations that have held office drawn on the same scale, neatly coloured, and since the commencement of the reign of Queen
so bound as to present all the ailvantages of a Anne down to the accession of Mr. Disraeli,
book without the inconveniences attending the is the most complete we have ever usual plan of folding. The volume also includes The editor, in a note, combats the assertion plans of London and Paris on scales sufficiently made by the editor of
· Haydu's Dictionary large to comprehend all the principal streets and oi Dates," to the effect that that work con- public buildings. A better travelling companion tains upwards of 15,000 articles alphabetically
the tourist could scarcely desire. arranged. He asserts, from actual calculation, Later Lyrics of the Christian Church. (Hamilton that "Haydn's Dictionary (twelfth and last and Adams.) A companion volume to “Christian edition) contains only 5,743 articles, whilst his Lyrics,” by the same compiler, consists of ex. "Manual" contains no fewer than 11, 045. tracts from the poems of Archbishop Trench, Mr. Francis Palgrave's History of the Anglo- Robert Browning, Lord Houghton, Dean Mila Sazons has been issued by Mr. Tegg in a new man, Dr. H. Bonar, Mrs. Hemans, Professor One-volume edition, with illustrations, some of J. Wilson, Longfellow, Whittier, Bryant, and which are very curious, especially those relating Bishop Heber, together with others from less to old coins, seals, carvings, pottery, rings, horns,
familiar sources : the whole selected with care and various sorts of weapons.
and judgment-elegantly produced in all that Under the title of Holy Meditations for Every concerns paper, printing, and binding; and Day, Messrs. Warne have issued a collection of forming a handsome collection of some of the extracts in prose and verse from the works of best religious poems that have appeared in bumerous writers, ancient and modern. The modern times. several pieces are so arranged as to provide a Messrs. Bemrose and Lothian have produced a homily, a collect, a prayer, and a poem for each neat and useful little Handbook on the Mana jeday thronghout the month.
A very sufficient ment and Preservation of Game and Ornamental and appropriate volume for the study or the Birds, containing such a digest of the game and
forest laws as will be useful to sportsmen.
The second part of the Paris Guide of Messrs. by his countless lovers? A joint memorial to Lacroix and Verboeckhoven, of Brussels, has just the many worthies who are intr-rred in this place made its appearance, and fully justifies the would be desirable; Bunyan, George Fox, Isaac commendation bestowed upon the first volume of Watts, Ritson, Stothard, Blake, Fleetwood the work in our columns. The second part is Knollys, and Lardner might well be commemodevoted to “Life in Paris," and leads the reader rated. into the cafès, picture - galleries, ball- rooms, churches, gardens, prisons, and streets of the gay city ; besides initiating him into the mysteries of
OBITUARY. the amusements, dissipations, and employment July 4, at Ipswich, aged 62, John King, Eh, of its inhabitants, and showing him many things proprietor of the Suffolk Chronicle. which none but Parisian writers and Parisian
July 13, aged 66, Mr. S. W. Rowsell, lates artists could show him--for the illustrations to 31, Cheapside, stationer. the volume are to the full as graphic and charac. July 31, at Roxbury, pear Boston, U.S., anel teristic as the letterpress. Nor is the graver 78, Miss Catherine Maria Sedgwick, author element absent, for the text abounds with “A New England Tale," "The Lioworks statistical facts and valuable inferences. It is and other well-known stories of domestic life. needless to observe that chapter-and that, Ang. 8, at Weybridge, aged 73, Mrs. Sarah too, by no means the least interesting - is Austin, translator of Ranke's, Pope's, and other devoted to the Exposition Universelle. All the works. prominent writers, from Edmond About to Aug. 21, at Old Oak Lodge, Shepherd's Bush Charles Yriate--and all the artists, from Rosa aged 67, William Henry M'Queen, formerly of Bonheur to Emile Vernier, seem to have had a 181, Tottenham Court Road. hand in the production of this interesting August 25, Michael Faralay, F.R.S., agel volume, for their autographs-above tisty in 76. It may not be generally known that the number-form a fitting preface to their pen-and- celebrated professor began life as a bokseller's ! pencil pictures of the French Metropolis.
apprentice, his first situation, at the age of The Science of Scriptural Life. By the Rev. thirteen, being with the late Mr. Riebau, b. John Cooper. (Strahan.)-Man, a religious seller and book binder, of Blandford Street, Portbeing, in an irreligious effort and a helpless con- man Square. During his apprenticeship he mule dition ; truth, in its higher manifestations; the such an intimate acquaintance with scientitie primary law of perception, or the condition of
works as enabled him to offer himself to Sir ! human belief ; the principles of the divine ad. Humpbrey Davy as an assistant in the labore ministration ; the power of choice; trial; re- tory of the Royal Institution, which humble post tribution ; reconciliation ; the union of the
he obtained in 1813. From that moment his human and the divine; the estimate of prayer,
as an experimental philosopher comand inspiration---these are some of the topics menced ; and from 1821, when he published bis discussed in this well-printed volume, which,
discovery of “ New Electro-Magretic Motions," says its author, is “
put forth as a small con- his name has been continually llore the public tribution to the great cause of truth, and, as as that of one of the most thougbtful and popu. such, offered for the pernsal of thoughtful men."
lar of the scientific men of his time. His reA cursory perusal of a chapter here and there searches into the mysteries of electricity, che enables us to form a high opinion of the logical mistry, and physical science, brought him into train of reasoning and argumentative power dis
contact with the various learned bodies, thougte played by Mr. Cooper, who, in his Introductory his name will always be associated with the Essay, shows himself a writer of
Royal Institution, where his lectures attracted calibre, an original thinker, and a bold and large and delighted audiences. In 1832, the consistent advocate of his own views and University of Oxford conferred on him the opinions.
honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law; in 1823, Messrs. Warne have issued a handy History
he was elected to the chair of chemistry in the of England for Young Students, by Archdeacon
Royal Institution, founded by Mr. Fuller. Lo Smith, in which the main events of each reign
1835, the government of Lord Melbourne record are summarised for reference or school examina
nised the value of his scientific labours and tion. The text, which is brought up to the
discoveries, by the presentation of a pension of present year, is illustrated with medallion por
£300. a-year; in the following year, he was traits of our kings and queens, and a very com
appointed by the Brethren of the Trinity House plete index adds value to the work.
to the post of scientific adviser of lights and
lighthouses, having previously been made a Bishopsgate Churchyard has been entirely
Fellow of the Royal Society, and elected menler changed in appearance; fowers, trees, and grass of various learned and scientitic bodies at hom occupy the places of tombstones, and a fountain
and abroad : one public recognition of his great plays where but a few months ago nothing but
talents and celebrity being the presentation of rubbish was to be seen. One of our contempo. raries is so much delighted with the change, that
the Cross of the Legion of Honour ly the Em.
peror of the French, during the visit of that! it proposes to drop the honoured name of church
monarch and his consort to this country in 15 yard altogether, and designate the place Par.
Professor Faraday was a constant contributor to nall's Park, after the name of the churchwarden
scientitic periodicals, and an exceedingly popular under whose snperintendence the alterations have lecturer ; but his works have not, we behera been made.
been collected. For the old Bunbill Fields Burial Ground, The following members of the Stationers' when transformed into a recreation-ground, the Company have died since 1866 :- Messrs. John Athenarum suggests the name of Bunhill Field, Fowler Dove (the publisher of Dore's “Classes"], the ancient style ; or, if it cannot be called a Joseph Miles (late of the firm of Simpkin. Har Field, then Bunhill Garden. Bunhill Park will shall, & Co.), William S. Huntley, James Gil.
us for the very moderate occasion. lett, John T. W. Farrow, Robert Gilbert fif the There is no monument to De Foe; would not a firm of Whittaker & Co.), Joseph Henry l'aga, public sul scription to that end be respoirded to and George Marchant Singer.
be too pom
NOTES UPON COMIC PERIODICALS.
papers and magazines that have been published
in this country during the present century. An exceedingly interesting and curious book
Such a list has never, that we are aware of, been might be written on the influence and scope of comie literature. Tracing it from the Clouds”
attempted ; and at this day it would be exceed.
ingly difficult to compile, owing to the very epheof Aristophanes, and the satirical libels of Pasquin the Roman Cobbler, the Anti-Jacobin
meral nature of many of the humorous publicajournals of the first French Revolution, the
tions, and the little attention generally bestowed "Gasconades ” of the same period, the “Pin.
upon the preservation of such of them as have darics" of Walcot and the “Joe Millerisms” of
been unsuccessful. In the British Musenm Library the last century, to the facetive column of the
there exist numerous specimens of this kind of modem penny periodical, and the Yankeeisms
literature; but the trouble of searching in the of the American press, the writer would have
catalogue for their titles is only equalled by the full scope for his industry and ample margin
disappointment experienced by the discovery of for his wit.
the absence of some of the most characteristic He would travel through the
from our national collection. literature of all civilized countries, and mark how some celebrated witticism, some quaint
Of the earlier specimens of what may be proverb, some venerable jeu d'esprit, had passed
called “Punch ”. periodicals; that is, semifrom age to age and from language to language ;
newspapers, combining the facetious with the how the “Don Quixote" of Cervantes had given
political or satirical, and generally illustrated birth to a literature of its own--of which the
with engravings, more or less comic in their "Andibras" of Butler, and “Launcelot Greaves"
nature, we may mention the following:of Smollett are familiar examples ; how the
The Scourge ; or Monthly Expositor a magaspirit of fun and satire had invaded the stage,
zine of politics and satire—the latter of by no
means tov delicate a character. It was pubpress, and even the serious writings of historians and divines. He might show how the
lished by W. N. Jones, of Newgate Street, in modern comic writer had come to be invested
1811, and went through seven volumes, each with the privileges of the ancient court jester,
number being illustrated by a highly coloured, and was allowed to say the severest things of
folded-in, political caricature, by George Cruik. kings and governors, if he only contrived to say
shank, then a young man of eighteen. Sets of them with sufficient smartness, and invested
the Scourge may still be found on the bookstalls, them with an air of humorous gaiety. He
generally without the caricatures. Its criticisms would be able to collect the very spice and
gave great offence to the public men of the day, essence of all the good things attributed to the
and various pamphlets were issued in reply to famous wnters of France, Germany, Spain, and
its strictures. One of the most noticeable of Italy ; in addition to specimen bits from the
these is The Scourge Scourged, issued in 1817; intellectual feasts provided by the writers of the
but by an error of the printer it bears date Johnsonian period, and illustrative scraps from
1718, just ninety-nine years before its time. A the famous dishes cooked by later artists ;-con.
political newspaper, of the same name, was puh. trasting the caustic satire of a Swift with the
lished in 1780, at twopence-halfpenny a week; genial humour of a Barham, the bitter fierceness
but it did not last more than twenty weeks. of a Jerrold with the tender quaintness of a
The Rump Chronicle, a single page, published | Hood, and the quiet humour of a Thackeray
in 1819, and devoted principally to the abuse of with the broad fun and extravagance of a Hali
Sir Francis Burdett, John Cam Hobhouse, and burton. Beside all this, he would have an op
other Whig politicians of the day. This penny portunity of presenting his readers with pleasant
periodical was adorned with the figure of the anecdotes of some of the most famous wits and
hinder legs and tail of a cart-horse; and as its gossips of society ; and might, perhaps, be able
humour was mainly political, we are not surprised thald, from his own personal acquaintance with
to find that it lasted exactly six days; when it modern comic writers, some traits and reminis.
wrote and published its own epitaph. cences that would be worth preservation, and
The Black Dwarf, a weekly sheet of sixteen would be received with welcome by all sorts of
pages in small 4to, published first by Steill, of
Bartholomew Close, in 1817; and afterwards by Once in the vein, the writer would naturally
T. J. Wooler, of Sun Street, Bishopsgate. This have something to say on the influence of ridi.
work contained much political matter and some cule as a weapon of argument. He could show
few epigrams, for which its editor enjoyed the how the witty comedies of Beaumarchais aided
privilege of a government prosecution, but was in the overthrow of the old régime in France ;
acquitted by the jury. The Black Dwarf took how the caricatures of Rowlandson, Cruikshank,
for its motto a distich from PopeH. B. , and others, affected politics and fashions ;
“Satire's my weapon ; but I'm too discreet and how, in the words of Mr. Puff, in “The
To run a muck and tilt at all I meet; Critic," the mere force of ridicule might make
I only wear it in a land of Hectors,
Thieves, supercargoes, sharpers, and directors." so absurd, that bolts and bars would be henceforth superfluous! Then passing It lasted about a year, and was followed by the to a comparison of ridicule and satire, he could Yellow Dwarf, a much more mild specimen of show how Punch becomes a reformer, and how criticism, which seems to have existed for three much more potent is langhter than invective- months, and then to have died and left no sign.
inasmuch, as satire renders offenders obstinate The Quizzical Gazette Extraordinary and W'on. 1 and pugnacious, while ridicule disarms them ; derful Advertiser, price sixpence, appeared on
seeing that it is impossible to battle with the the first of April, 1819, and was continued man who has the laugh on his own side.
annually for eight years, always bearing date on The subject is a wide one ; too wide, indeed, All Fools' Day. It was the property of Mr. John for our columns ; but while we pass it by, we Faipburn, of the Broadway, Ludgate Hill, and may just jot down a few memoranda concerning seems to have enjoyed a tolerable degree of the comic periodical literature of the last thirty success, though its main feature consisted of a
ludicrous version of ordinary newspaper paraIt is impossible to give anything like a com- graphs and allvertisements. Few will see much plete list of the facetious and satirical news- fun in such paragraphs as the following, which
or forty years.
appear in its last published number :-“We have wood, Esq., founder of the Birmingham Political authority to state that there is no truth in the Union,” and abused Wellington, Peel Eldon, report of Botany Bay being transported to the Lyndhurst, and Queen Adelaide, in every num. Cape of Good Hope.
“The Lords of ber. It wassucceeded by The Tribune of the Peoples the Thrashery have appointed a public meeting which can only be admitted into the list of comic to take place shortly, at the Cat-o'-vine-tails, periodicals in virtue of some rather weak jokes Pillory Yard. (From the Newgate Dispatch.)” and epigrams; and which in its turn was fol.
Pig's Meat ; or, Lessons for the Swinish Mul. lowed by The Whig-Dresser, a palpable and titude, was a penny weekly, published by T. close imitation of Figaro-which latter publica. Spruce, at the Hive of Liberty, 8, Little Turn- tion, seeing its domain invadled, put in stronger stile, Holborn, in 1794–5. It consisted of prose claims to public consideration by increased spirit and verse, principally of a satirical character; in its writing and the addition of engravings to but from the fact that its title was modified at its letterpress. These engravings were princi the beginning of its third volume, to “Pig's pally from sketches by Seymour, who then with 1 Meat, or Lessons for the People,” we presume Cruikshank divided the honour of producing that its readers did not thoroughly understand political caricatures. The Whig-Dresser, which the nature of the allusion to them as the swinish was really clever and sarcastic, only lasted eleven multitude, although the phrase was quoted from weeks, and then announced that it would, for Burke. A portrait of a pig, and various small the future, appear monthly, We are not able woodcuts, illustrated the text of this book. to discover that it ever did so appear. The
The Parrot, with a Compendium of the Times, success of the Parisian Figaro and its London was another periodical of semi-satirical and compeer naturally led to imitation; and various political character; as was also the Pic-Nic periodicals, under such titles as the English published in 1803, in shilling numbers. This Figaro, the Critical Figaro, and Gioranni in latter was the organ of the Dilettante Pic-Nic London, made their appearance
, and amused the Club, of which Mr. H. F. Greville was the town for a few months. president.' But neither the club nor its organ On the 3rd of June, 1837, the most noticeable lived more than a few months.
of the periodicals of the class so unen viably From about 1820 to 1830 there seem to have represented by the Satirist made its appearance. been no comic periodicals of any importance ; but It was called The Town, and was conducted by on the 10th of December, 1831, there was pub. Mr. Renton Nicholson, á clever but unprincipled lished the first number of Figaro in London, a man, who after figuring as a billiard-marker
, a famous political pasquinade, which, though it “bonnet” in a gambling saloon, an informer
, frequently changed proprietors and editors, and a government spy, ended his career by acting lasted from week to week for more than eight as president of a low Judge and Jury dociety, years, -in fact, almost up to the birth of Punch. held at the Coal Hole in the Strand. Yet The Figaro was framed on the Parisian model. Many Town, despite its indecency and profanity, was of our readers doubtless remember the woodcut well-written, well-illustrated, and admirably of the political barber dressing the Whigs, and managed in all that concerned its business the motto from Lady Montague beneath
arrangements ; it lasted for nearly three years, Satire should, like a po ish'd razor keen,
and attained considerable circulation. The Wound with a touch that's scarcely felt or seen." public taste seems to have run for a considerable
Figaro in London was the first of the comic time in the direction of the obscene ; for periodicals conducted with ability and spirit. presently we find a Penny Satirikt, a Paul Pry, Though its satire was always of the sharpest, it The Wag, Peeping Tom, and other periodicals was never vulgar or profane. Its success led to the establishment, in 1832, of Punchinelio, a
of like disreputable character. We may here
mention that The Town, as a title, had been penny weekly, of four pages, very similar in adopted by a two-shilling magazine of “men, character to the more modern comic publication, with woodcuts from drawings by George and
manner, and things” in 1825. Only one mumber
of it appeared, and that was embellished with : Robert Cruikshank. In No. 3 we find the large coloured caricature, in the style previously prototype of Mr. Punch, as we all know him popularized by Cruikshank in the Scourge. now-a-days ; in fact, many of the specialities of The Oddfellow, Cleave's Gazette of Variety, and our comic contemporaries seem to have been other humorous penny periolicals
, appeared about foreshadowed in Punchinello, which was, to a this time—1837-40. Seymour, Harvey, and Kenny large extent, an original production, though it Meadows were the artists employed in designwas, naturally enough, abused by Figaro, for ing the few sketches with which they were illusimitating him. Of somewhat similar character trated.
In Paris, however, Le Churitari suc. was Asmodeus ; or, the Devil in London, a four- ceeded, or rather competed with, Figaro ; and, page penny weekly, illustrated by Seymour, as we had long taken our fashions in literature, and published in 1832. It lasted thirty-seven weeks, and succumbed to lack of vital energy.
art, and costume from the French, it is not Its conductors promised to carry it on as a six
surprising that we speedily found it necessary
to follow them in caricature. The first English penny monthly, under the title of the Wags' publication in which the word “Charivari" Magazine ; but we have not been able to ascer
used was tain whether it ever appeared in the latter shape.
a monthly magazine edited The numbers were afterwards republished as
by the late Mr. Hughes, of the Times
. It was called the London Magazine, Charivari
, and the “Devil's Memorandum Book " for 1833. Courrier
des Damer. It was published only for a Dibdin's Penny Trumpet, “to be blown weekly few months of 1840, and is noticeable princi(not weakly) throughout the British Empire, and pally as the medium through which John Leech
, farther if required !" was blown for just four weeks in October, 1832, and then was heard no
the artist, ma le the acquaintance of the public.
He illustrated the editor's serial story, the The Schoolmaster at Home was rather
“ Adventures of Jacob Diddledoft ;” and conmore fortunate, for it lasted during six whole weeks of the summer of 1832 : longer it could
tributed, we believe, a few sketches to an not be made to live, even though its conductors
ephemeral publication called France Daguerre.
typed, which consisted principally of comic cuts gave away a steel portrait of “Thomas Att- printed from French stereotypes.
1 these comic periodicals were, however, des Eined to be outshone by one of a higher class, both as regards literature and illustrations. On the 17th of July, 1841, appeared the first number of Punch, or the London Charivari. Several stories have been told of the origin of this famous publication; but we believe the truth to be that it was designed by Mr. Mark Lemon, then a tavern-keeper in Wych Street, Strand; and that his earliest coadjutors were Gilbert à Beckett, proprietor and editor of the recently defunct Figaro in London ; Henry Mayhew, then a young and active journalist; and Harry Grattan, husband of the public singer.
Afterwards, numerous clever writers — Hood, Thackeray, Jerrold, Percival Leigh, Albert Smith, Artemus Ward, and others-contributed to its pages. The Dotion that the literary “Punch" was a compound of sweet and bitter things, rather than a pictorial representation of the popular street poppet, seems generally to have been present to the minds of its writers. A rather cruel joke with reference to the constituent elements of Punch is attributed to Mr. Dion Boucicault, the dramatist, who wrote occasional scraps in the earlier numbers. Punch he is said to have explained to an American audience, originally mixed by four clever, but comparatively unknown men ; Gilbert à Beckett provided the spirit, Henry Mayhew the sugar, Douglas Jerrold the acid, and Mark Lemon the spoon! This is not quite accurate, as Jerrold did not write for Punch till its eighth or ninth Dumber. Kenny Meadows and Hine were its earliest illastrators; but Leech appeared in No.4 with those well-known sketches of “Frenchmen in London,” which are always recognised by visitors to the neighbourhood of Leicester Square. In the hands of a limited company of writers, Punch, it is hardly necessary to observe, was not a financial brilliant success; but when it presently
came into the hands of Messrs. Bradbury and Evans, the printers, its future was assured; and it has ever since taken the lead of our comic periodicals.
If imitation be the highest compliment that can be paid to genius, then certainly Punch has been complimented in the most superb manner ; for it has had many imitators, but few
rivals. Among these we may mention the Squib, granulation of wit, satire, and amusement, started in 1842, and continued for thirty weeks ; Puck
, a threepenny "journal of fun and comic satire," issued by Jeremiah How, of Fleet Street; the Puppet-Show, a smart, satirical, Weekly, which appeared in the spring of 1848, and lived for twenty-eight weeks; The Month, minute comic publication, which went to twelve numbers ; Chat, a clever little paper, the property, in 1850-1, of the late Mr. Marriatt, and his successor in the newspaper trade, Henry Vickers; the Man in the Moon, a small and was edited by Albert Smith, after his octavo, which went through five volumes ; carrel with Messrs. Lemon and Jerrold; Dio.
, a really humorous threepenny weekly, dited by Mr. Robert Kemp Philp, the ori
nator of the Family Friend (which, by the cay, died out last month). Diogenes, was prin. pally illustrated by Mr. Watts Phillips the Tamatist, then a draughtsman and engraver on sond; and among its literary contributors were he Brothers Brongh, Angus Reach, and other e-known comic and satirical writers. Diogenes sred for eighteen months. In 1854, another Punchinello was started, but it lasted only for wenty-seven weeks, to be followed by Town
Talk, and various small ventures in the comic vein, none of which reached that all-important era in the life of a periodical-—"paying” point. Iu 1850 or '51, Mr. George Augustus Sala, then an engraver, started London, a comic weekly, on the plan of Punch ; but it proved a non-success, and soon died. In 1863, Fun made its appearance; and, though it has several times changed hands, it may now be said to be an established comic organ. _Among its chief contributors are its editor, “ Tom Hood” (son of the celebrated author of the “ Song of the Shirt”), Arthur Sketchley, Mr. Burnand, “Nicholas," and Mr. H. J. Byron, the dramatist; and in the list of its artists we find the names of the late Paul Gray, W. McConnell; and Charles Bennett, the latter of whom seceded to Punch about a year before his death, and just previous to the decease of Leech, prince of caricaturists.
Later still,-indeed, in the present year, we have Judy, a three- halfpenny comic (lately raised to twopenee); not very brilliant either in her way of literature or illustration; and T'he Tomahawk. This latter is the youngest, most promising, and certainly the most fearless and original of all the comic and satirical publications. It strikes out a path of its own, and combines the wit of Punch with the dry, caustic humour of the Owl-which latter periodical is issued, without illustrations, during the sitting of Parliament, and seems intended only for the delectation of politicians, clubmen, and the upper ten thousand,”
While we write, a Halfpenny Punch has made its appearance, but it does not look like a success; and Banter is announced, as a semi-political comic weekly,
The periodicals above named have all been issued in London ; but the metropolis is not alone in the production of pictorial and written wit and satire. In Liverpool there have been published, during the last few years, a Tomahawk, a Porcupine, a Pan, a Irion, and other smart weeklies, which have lived their day and made their moderatė successes, without, however, attracting any very large share of public attention beyond their own local circles.
As these various comic periodicals successively died out, a large number of wood-engravings were thrown upon the market. These have principally been purchased by the proprietors of small weekly newspapers, and issued in broad sheets under such titles as the Comic News, Fun for Everybody, Everyday Life, &c.; or have been employed in the illustration of ephemeral books like the “ Adventures of Mr. Wilderspin.'
Concurrently with the weekly comic periodicals published during the last quarter of a century, there have been issued monthly magazines ; among which we may mention Cruikshank's Comic Almanack, succes. sively edited by Gilbert à Beckett, Albert Smith, Angus Reach and Horace Mayhew; also the Omnibus and the Table Book, edited by Cruikshank ; the Heads of the People, a series of sketches by Kenny Meadows, with articles by Jerrold, Howitt, Leigh, and others; Hood's Magazine, which went through several volumes ; the Comic Annual, the Month, and the Train. The latter was started in 1856 as a “first-class magazine, the property of a company of young literary men, who threw aside the anonymous, and attached their names to all their articles, good, bad, and indifferent. It was edited by Mr. Yates, the subsequent editor of Temple Bar, and the present conductor of Tinsley's Magazine, then a new aspirant for literary honours.