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this case the latest for a long time to come, there being no graph letter (which now lies before us), written by the Doctor doubt whatever that Dr. Hill's is the permanent and standard at Edinburgh, shows all the curious characteristics of his edition of the great biography. Croker, in spite of Macaulay's writing. For a more minute appreciation of the multiblatant attacks, was good; Mr. Morley was good; Mr. Napier tudinous contents of this book we must refer to the volumes was good: but Dr. Hill is better. Nothing that conscientious themselves, and be satisfied with remarking in conclusion industry, wide knowledge, and clear-sighted judgment could that the work of the printer and the binder has been no less do has been here omitted. An important feature of this thorough and successful than that of the editor. Just as edition is a full and extremely useful index, occupying the the ancient Jew declared that he who had never seen the larger part of the sixth volume. The labour which must Temple had never seen a beautiful building, so might a have been spent on its production is more than compensated modern reviewer say that he who has never read Dr. Hill's for by its utility. The biography without an index was like edition of Boswell has never read a well-edited biography. a library without a catalogue; now, with its contents so

S. A. A. clearly defined, we have immediate access to every part, and the whole book seems at once to grow in meaning. From

IN FOREIGN BYEWAYS'. the index, especially, materials may very readily be drawn for a picture of any of Johnson's contemporaries.

We began to read this small volume with a somewhat inTurning to the editor's notes, we remark as their first distinct idea that it was one of those books which are written, and noticeable characteristic the large amount of new and printed and published, entirely for the author's own amuseinteresting matter which has been stored up within these ment and pleasure; and we ended it with a full-grown belief six volumes. It might be supposed that, on a subject so that our first impression was a true one, and, further, that it thoroughly sifted and examined, nothing new had been left need not cause us any surprise. For, after all, why should for an editor to use ; but Dr. Hill has shown us, to a sur- not an author sometimes write to please himself? The prising extent, how premature such a supposition would be. Limbo of still-born or forgotten literature is surely vast Without exaggeration we may say that by far the greater enough to receive many thousands more of volumes than are, part of the commentary is original. Another point to be even now, poured forth year by year into its impenetrable noticed in Dr. Hill's work is the immense acquaintance he darkness. And if, as Locke tells us, nobody is expected to displays, not merely with the immediate contents of the know everything, still less is anybody expected to read all the biography, but also with the whole history of the time, and books that are published. all the adjuncts, associations, and surroundings that make Writing in professed imitation of Mr. Stevenson's "new up the details of a life. Johnson and his friends are con- method of writing books of travel,” Mr. Woods makes a few templated in their every possible relation. He is dissected rapid remarks about Brussels, Trèves, and certain other places and examined in pieces; he is put together again and looked more or less familiar to English travellers; he does not offer at as a whole. What he has said and done yesterday is an himself as a guide ; he gives us little detailed description, and illustration and a prophecy of what he says and does to-day. less anecdote. His hundred pages are in fact devoted to one As an example of this we cannot do better than quote the or two unconnected thoughts about one or two rather unconpassage selected by an earlier review. Here on p. 219 nected places. At the same time we must give him the credit (vol. ii) we read :-'I told him that Mrs. Macaulay said, she of having, unlike many travellers, gone about open-eyed; of wondered how he could reconcile his political principles with having occasionally, indeed, looked at things with a poet's his moral; his notions of inequality and subordination, with fancy. And we are quite sure that, thus open-eyed, he got wishing well to the happiness of all mankind, who might live far more benefit from his travels than the reader will do from so agreeably, had they all their portions of land, and none his book. to domineer over another. JOHNSON : Why, sir, I reconcile The style of the work, otherwise direct and clear, is greatly my principles very well, because mankind are happier in a marred by two features. The first of these is the occasional state of inequality and subordination,' &c. Here a Croker appearance of such absurd pieces of writing as the following: of to-day would have given us a long footnote of his own “The road, ambitious to rise in the world, jilted its old love, about 'three acres and a cow.' What does Ir. Hill say? the wandering river, and fung itself upon the breast of the He says: “See ante, i. 408, and post, April 7, 1776. We turn loftier plateau, which after the first ecstasies were past, to the first reference and read :-'Sir (said he), I am a friend afforded it neither comfort nor shade.” The second is the to subordination, as most conducive to the happiness of violent and apparently purposeless introduction of constant society. There is a reciprocal pleasure in governing and allusions and half-quotations from the Bible. What the being governed.' Under April 7, 1776, again, we find Boswell meaning, force, and value of these may be we have utterly “supposing' that there is no civilised country where the failed to discover. Does Mr. Woods think them appropriate ? misery of want is felt by no one. "JOHNSON: I believe, Sir, or tasteful? or powerful? or literary? there is not; but it is better that some should be unhappy than that none should be happy, which would be the case in a general state of equality. This is editing as it should

SPANISH AND ITALIAN FOLK SONGS ?. be. These cross-references perform a service beyond the power of the fullest index, and there is scarcely a page which The man who should endeavour to translate into easy is not thus illuminated.” It would, we suppose, have swelled flowing Spanish verse the well-known poem of “ The Three the commentary to an hopelessly impossible bulk, had these Blind Mice” would be likely to meet only with failure. parallel passages-or even a few of the most important-He would forget that the rhythm of the words depends largely been given in full; yet the gain to the ordinary reader, who on the tune. That, in short, the poem is rather to be sung scarcely ever looks up a reference, would have been very in jovial chorus than to be read in critical humour. Miss great. Even outside the editor's own work there is much Strettell tells us that the Spanish verses before us are "tragic that is new to us. Fifteen letters of Johnson, here printed in tone, restless, despairing, and revengeful.” If these are for the first time, offer a fresh field of study. In addition to the notes and index we have prefaces and

· In Foreign Byeways : A Rhapsody of Travel. By James Chap

man Woods. (London: Nutt. 1887.) appendices, portraits and fac-similes, all of interest and value

Spanish and Italian Folk Songs By Alma Strettel. (London: 10 the reader. Compared with these fac-similes, an auto- ! Macmillan & Co.)


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qualities to assure a successful translation, it must be owned Hopkins University gives its products a far better chance of discussion
that the “Three Blind Mice” ought to command the same and, if they deserve it, of permanence; while the best work is unlike any-
success in other tongues that it has gained in English, For We note an interesting paper by Professor Gildersleeve on the Sym-

thing done in Oxford of which the outer world can take cognisance.
the mice were restless, the farmer's wise revengeful, and posium of Plato, some curious researches in experimental psychology,
the whole episode certainly tragic in tone. And yet, we

and an exhaustive treatment of Canadian local government, which may

repeat, we doubt greatly whether it would meet with success

encouraging to English reforme
in Spanish or Italian. Exactly the same doubt crosses our the basis of an extended definition of wealth, and supports the theory

Mr. Macleod's address aims at reconstituting Political Economy on
mind as we turn over the pages of Miss Strettell's book, that “ credit is capital," in a way that ought to make Professor Fawcett
These folk-songs may sound very well in their own language turn in his grave. The differentia of wealth being exchangeability, and
accompanied by the guitar, but they are not worth irans- exchangeability being dependent on utility (in the economic sense,
lating into English. Take for instance the two following capacity for satisfying desire), a claim, a bank-note, or a bill of exchange

are all wealth per se, and we need go no further. Political Economy is verses, each printed on a separate page by itself:

the science of the laws of exchange, and may be an exact science. This One moonlit night

seems to be Mr. Macleod's meaning. Most students we think will I saw the gravedigger, digging

object to this summary refusal to go behind representative or mediate My grave in the silvery light,

wealth (if we may so call it), while quite admitting that the metaphysic and

of Political Economy is at present chaos.

Sir F. Abel's address connects the Imperial Institute with commercial
The wrong thou didst me thou canst never pay;

and technical education in a way which, if verified by events, will more
Not wert thou hanged and quartered, and thy limbs

than justify its existence. Jus attacks the police in a manner for which Impaled beside the way.

subsequent events afford some justification. The Platonist is esoteric
These verses are tragic in tone certainly, and the second is throughout : Mr. Robert Brown, jun. (of the Great Dionysiate Myth),

on the Etruscan numerals is more particularly so. Mr. Sinnett is
also despairing, but they are not poetry. Among the Italian violently attacked as a gross materialist, and the Countess of Caithness
love-songs are some which are both gracesul and quaint in highly commended. Evidently sectarian discussions are impending in
fancy, and to those who know Browning's Fra Lippo Lippi, these purer spheres. Evidently, too, the band of initiates in:o these
the Stornelli are also interesting. The artists who supply mysteries is not confined to Thibet or Osceola, Mo.
the pictures have evidently given much time to the study of
arms, and wisely draw what they feel they can draw well.
Perhaps their future pictures would be more intelligible if

Reviews of the following books are already in type, and
they would turn their attention to the other parts of the will appear in due course :-
human frame and give us bodies and heads in addition. COLBECK, C. French Readings from Roman History. (Macmillan.)

ELLIS, HAVELOCK. Select Plays of Marlowe. Mermaid Series.

(London; Vizetelly.)

ELLIS, ROBINSON. The Fables of Avianus. With Prolegomena,

Critical Apparatus, Commentary, &c., &c. (Clarendon Press.)

FIELDEN, H. ST. CLAIR, A Short Constitutional History of England.
THERE are not at present too many Latin Dictionaries (Clarendon Press.)
adapted to the use of beginners in that language, and the Fischer, KUNO. A History of Modern Philosophy. Translated by
new edition which Messrs. Cassells have lately published will J. D. Gordy, Ph.D. (T. Fisher Unwin.)
probably have a large sale, particularly as the low price of the FOWLER, THOMAS, D.D. The Principles of Morals. Part II. (Claren-
book brings it within the reach of all

. The editor, who has Gilkes, A. H. Boys and Masters. (Longmans.)
revised the whole and re-written much of the more important LINDSAY, W. M., M.A. T. Macci Plauti Captivi. (Clarendon Press.)
matter, has done his work with care and judgment; and the Morley, John. On the Study of Literature. (Macmillans.).
result is a volume which ought to prove especially useful for OGER Victor., Dumas' Les Demoiselles de St. Cyr. (Macmillan.)
the lower and middle forms of our public schools. Those few Pearson, C. H. and STRONG, H. Juvenal, with Introductions and

OLIPHANT, T. L. KINGTON. The New English. (Macmillan.)
schoolboys who avail themselves of a dictionary will find

Notes. (Clarendon Press.)
here every word which they are likely to meet with in the PELHAM, H. F. llistory of Ancient Rome. Encyclopaedia Britannica,
course of their reading, and many more besides : even the
lover of änab leyóveva will not be wholly disappointed. The ROGERS, J. E. THOROLD.

PELLISSIER, E. Racine's Brilannicus. (Macmillan.)

E. THOROLD. The First Nine Years of the Bank of
green and red binding is certainly conspicuous, but we doubt

England. (Clarendon Press.)
whether any more complimentary epithet could be applied SAINTSBURY, George. Raciné's Esther and Gautier's Scenes of
to it.

Travel. (Clarendon Press.)

WICKHAM, Rev. E. C. The Works of Horace. With a Commentary.
1 Cassell's Latin-English Dictionary. Edited by J. R. V. Marchant. (Clarendon Press.)
(London: Cassell & Co. 1886.)

Next week we hope to give a list of books and

periodicals sent in for review.
Johns Hopkins University Circulars. Vol. vi. Nos. 55 and 57. (Balti- By permission of the Rev. the Vice-Chancellor and the Worshipful the Mayor.

more. 1887.)
Local Government in Canada. By J. G. Bourinot, LL.D. (Johns Hop-

kins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, Fifth
On the Modern Science of Economics. By H. D. Macleod, M.A. (Ad. TABLEAUX
dress to the Manchester Statistical Society, April 20, 1887. (Man-

chester and London: J. Heywood.)
The Work of the Imperial Institute. (Address at the Royal Insti-

tution, April 22, 1887. By Sir F. Abel, C.B., F.R.S., &c.) (Lon. THE TOWN HALL, THURSDAY, NOV. 10,

don: William Clowes & Sons. 1887.)
jus. Vol. i. No. 18. (London. 1887.)
The Platonist. Vol. iii. Nos. 5 and 6. (Osceola, Mo. 1887.) Jndian Zenana and Medical Missions,

The first three works on our list-which is somewhat in arrear owing
to the Long Vacation-testify to the varied activities of American
research. It is true that some of the work here presented does not differ

either in kind or in permanent value from that done at some of our
Essay Societies, literary and scientific. But the organisation of the Johns "Striking Tableaux, most effectively carried out," -The Times.

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