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Q. 22. What other important services did Ezra render?
A. He regulated the civil and ecclesiastical affairs of the Jews and collected into one volume all the inspired writings extant in his time.
Q. 1. For how long a time does this book continue the history?
A. About 12 years.
Q. 2. What occurred while Nehemiah was building the walls of Jerusalem after he came to Judea ? Ch. 4.
Q. 3. How did he encourage the people ?
Q. 4. What was the cry of the people and how did it effect Nehemiah? Chap. 5.
Q. 5. What did Nehemiah say to them ?
Q. 6. What did Sanballat contrive to hinder the Jews ? Chap 6.
Q. 7. How long was the wall in building ?
Q. 10. What did he and Nehemiah teach the people?
Q. 11. Did they keep the feast of tabernacles at this time and in what manner ?
Q. 12. Did the people keep a fast at this time and what prayer was offered ? (Chap 9.)
Q. 13. How was Jerusalem re-peopled after the wall was built ? Chap. 11.
Q. 14. Who was the last prophet before John the Baptist and when did he live ?
A Malachi is supposed to have lived about this time and his prophesies are principally designed to foretell the coming of John.
Q. 15. What took place at dedicating the wall of Jerusalem ? (Chap. 12.)
Q. 16. Why did Nehemiah contend with the rulers ? (Chap. 13 )
Q. 17. What evils did he correct? He is supposed to have governed 30 years; and the Peloponesian war began near the close of his administration, or 431 years. before Christ.
END OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
Q. 18. Mention the names of some distinguished persons who lived about the time of Nehemiah ? Xenophun, Socrates, Pericles, Aristophanes and Thucydides anal Heroditus and Platu soon after them.
Q. 19. How were the Jews governed after the death of Nehemiah? Judea was united with Syria ; and governed by the high Priests as subject to the kings of Persia until Alexander the great, invaded and conquer. ed the empire before Christ 350 years; when they fell under his authority and were treated by him with great lenity; and thus in his conquests and empire was fulfilled. Dan 2 39. This or soon after was the aera of Euclid, Zero, and Aristotle.
Q. 20. How was it after his death : They continued to be subject to his successors, first to the kings of Egypt-and afterwards to Antiochius king of Syria and uuder Antiochus the 2d. king after, hini who interrupted the temple service and set up the inage of Jupiter Epephanes, in it they were severely persecuted, (to which it is supposed refference is had 'Hebrews 11. 36 and 37.) they revolted from him and under Judas Maccabeus and his brothers, Jonathan and Simun they gained their independence and continued to enjoy it under the decendants of that family until the year before Christ 63 ; Pompey the Roman general took Jerusalem, and made them tributary to the Run is and up the 4th kingdom mentioned Daniel 2. 40.
R. 21. What was their state after this? About this time lived Cicero, Julius Caesar, Sallust and Diodorus Siculus. The Romans inade Herod the great, king in the
37th year before Christ, he repaired the temple from its founilation about 17 years b-fore our Saviour and continued to reign until 3 years after his advent.
Q. 22. What, was the general character of the Jews during this period For a considerable time they conducted tolerably well--and the temple and synagogue service was regularly observed but towards the end of this period both rulers and people became awfully corrupt.
JUDICIAL AND POLITICAL REGULATIONS:
Q. 1. After the Jews had their portion assigned them in Canaan what was enacted concerning landed property, sold for debt? Levit. xxv. 28. &c.
Q. 2. How were houses to be redeemed ? Leviti. CUS XXV. 29.
Q 3. And how servants ? same verse 47 to 52.
Q. 4. What was the law concerning trespass ?Deut. xxiii. 24 & 5.
Q. 5. What concerning the inheritance of daughters? Num. xxvii. 8.--xxxvi. to 10.
Q. 6. What concerning servants ? Exod. xxi. 2, 26. &c.-- Deut. xxiii 15.
Q. 7. What when they had families ? Exod. xxi. 3. Deut. xxiv. 14.
Q. 8. What if he were unwilling ? Exod. xxi. 6.
Q. 9. When was an Israelite to have his liberty E xod. xxi. 2-XXV. 40. of Levit.
Q. 10. What was the law respecting the first born? Deut. xxi. 15, 17.
Q. 11. What of the gleanings of the barvest and vintage ? Levit. xix. 9.-xxiii, 22.
Q. 12. What was to be done concerning an ox that gorded ? Exod. xxi. 28, 35.
Q. 13. What was to be done when a man dug a pit and another's beast fell therein ? Exod. xxi. 34.
Q. 14. What if one man's beast killed another? Esud, xxi. 35.
Q. 15. What was enacted against fraud in selling? Lev. xix. 13, 36.-xxv. 14. Q. 16
What return was to be made by one man for having killed or stolen the beast of another ? Exodus xxii. 1.
Q. 17. Were released servants to be sent away empty? Deut. xv. 12 to 15.
Q. 18. What when a man borrowed a beast and it died ? Exod. xxii. 13, 15.
Q. 18. How was islolatry to be punished ? Exod. xxii. 20.- Deut. xvii. 3 to 5.
Q. 19. What was the law concerning witnesses -Numb. xxxv. 30-Deut. xvii. 6.
Q. 20. How was the robber to be punished ? Exod. us xxii. 1.
Q. 21. And how the adulterer and adulteress? Leviticus xx. 10. Q. 22.
What was enacted concerning pledges ? De t. xxiv. 10. to 13
Q. 23. How was perjury punished ? Exod. xx. 16. Levit. vi. 3,-xix. 12.
Q. 24. What was the law concerning oppression ? Exodus xxii. 21.
Q. 25. What was the law against stealing? Exod. XX. 15. Deut. xxiv. 7.
Q. 26. What concerning murder ? Numb. xxv. 30. Lev. xxiv. 17. and Gen. ix. 6.
Q. 27. What of man-stealing ? Exod. xxi. 16.Deut. xxiv, 7.
Q. 28. What was the law concerning man-slaughter ? Deut. xix. 4. Exodus xxi. 18. Numb. xxxv. 22.
Q. 29. What was the law concerning the execution of criminals ? Deut. xxi. 22 & 23.
Q. 30. How was the sabbath breaker punished ? Num xv. 32 to 36.
Q. 31.' What was the law of divorce ? Deut xxiv. 1
Q. 32. How were stangers to be treated ? Exodus Xxvi. 9. Levit. xix, 33. Q. 33
How were the widow anıl orphan to be treated ? Exod. xxij. 22. Deut. xxiv. 17 to 21.
Q. 34. And how the aged? Lev. xix. 32.
Q 37. What was enacted concerning striking -
What was the punishment of theft ? Exod. xxi 1.
Q. 39. Was usury forbidden ? Exod. xxii. 25.Lev. xxv. 36-Deut. xxiii. 19.
Q. 40. What were the laws of war? Deut. xx. I to end.-xxi. 10.
Q. 41. What was enacted concerning weights and measures ? Levit. xix. 35.-Deut. xxv. 13 and 14.
Q. 42. How was trade in real estate to be regulated? Levit. xxv. 14, 25 to 37.
Q.43. What was enacted concerning trust ? Exod. xxj. 7-Lev. vi. 1 to 7.
Q. 44. How were persons who fled to the cities of refuge to be dealt with ? Deut. iv. 41. in connection with the same, xix. 4 to 6. and Numb. XXXV. 13 to 26.
Q. 45. How was the civil government administered?
The Patriarchs' seem first to have sustained the civil as well as sacred government over their respective tribes or families. Moses and the extraordinary Judges seem like the kings after, to have possessed supreme aut iority. The judges were civil magistrates and the elders the seventy persons who constituted the great Sanhedrim or council of Israel. After the Israelites became subject to other nations, Tetrarchs were appointed to govern as the representatives of the kings and possessed of the same power. Centurions were subordinate and wilitary officers, and Publicans the Roman tribute or tax gatherers.