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and the existence of angels, and maintained that all happiness consists in pleasure. Acts. xvii. 18.
Q. 7. Who were Stoics ? A set of heathen Poilosophers, the followers of Zeno, who held that man ought to be free from all passions ; and affected great stiffness, patience, apathy, austerity and insensibility. They resembled the Pharisees Acts 17. 18.
Q. 8. At what time did the Jews begin the day?
A. At the setting of the Sun. The night from sun set to sun rise as well as the day from sun rise to sun set was divided into 12 parts. The night was divided into 4 watches-from sun-set to 1-2 from 9 to 12—3d from 12 to 3, and from three to sunrise. Sundials were the only instruments of measuring time 2 Kings xx. 2.
Q 9. Mention the names and order of the months of the civil-and of the Eclesiastical year? A. 1 Tisri, or Ethanim-included a part of our Sept, and October, and was the 1st of the civil and the 7th of the Ecclesiastical year. The ad of the civil and 8th of the Ec. clesiastical was Machisvan or Bul part of October and Nov. 3d. of civil and 9th of Euclesiastical Cisleu part of Nov. and December. 4th. of civil and 10 of Ecclesiastical, Shibeth or Tebeth, part of December and January. 5th. of civil and 10 of Ecclesiastical was Shebeth part of January and Feb. 6th. of civil and 12 of Ecclesiastical, Adar part of Febuary and March. 7th Nisan 1st of Ecclesiastical, part of March and April. 8th Zifor Jair, 2 of Eccelesiastical, April and May.-9 Sivan. 3d of Ecclesiastical May and June 10, Tamuz do of June and July.-11. Ab. 5 Ecclesiastical do. July and August. 12. Élul-6 of Ecclesiastical year part of August and September.-when additional month was required Veader was added.
Q. 11. How much was the Jewish span?
A. About 1 foot 8 inches, or as some suppose 1 foot and 6 inches.
R. 13. How much the fathom ?
A. One tenth of a mile or 400 cubits, or one fifth longer than an English furlong.
Q. 15. How much did an Omer contain ?
A. That mentioned in 2 Kings vii. 1.-about 2 gals. and that in John, little more than 3 quarts and 1 pint.
Q. 20. How much was a mite ? A. Three fourths of a farthing. Q. 21. How much a farthing? A. One and a half farthings. Q 22. How much a penny? A. 7.pence and half a farthing?
Q. 23. How much a .pound ?
A. Three pounds two shillings and six pence-all English currency.
Q. 24. How much a shekel?
THE FOUR EVANGELISTS.
BIRTH OF CHRIST.
of the world was Christ born in the flesh ? 4004-or nearly, some suppose Sept. 25. others December 25. &c.
Q. 2. What was the state of the world at that time?
A. It was a period of universal peace of great moral darkness and wickedness: but of great cultivation and literary improvement among the Greeks and Ró
Q. 3. What of the Jewish nation ?
A. The Jews were sunk into vice and ignorance. The ceremonial institutions were greatly perverted. There were a few pious Jews who waited for the consolation of Israel. Among the Jews and Gentiles there was an expectation of sorre extraordinary personage
Q4. What was the governmentwhich prevailed in Judea ?
A. They were subject to the Romans, Augustus Caesar being the 20 emperor of Rome and in the 28th year of his reign. Herod the great was King of Judea in tne 37 year of his reign, and thus was fulfilled, Genesis xlix 10. He died 3 years after our Saviour's birth and was succeeded by his son Archelaus-see Math. ii. 22. whain Augustus banished in the 8th year of Christ and reduced Judea to the form of a province ; arid also made Herod Antepas, Tetrarch of Gallilee the sam e who married Herodias--see and repeat Math.xiv. 2, to 7.-and to whom Pilate sent our Saviour" Lühe xxiii. 6. Pilate the 5th governor after Herod was made ruler of the remainder of Judea in the year 27 of Christ. Cyrenius governor of Syria for a time extended his au. thority over Judea in the name of the emperor-see Luke ii. 2.
Q. 5. Mention some of the prophecies that foretold the place of the birth of our Saviour and its circumstances ? Isaih vii. 14. and Micah v. 2. and of his condi. tior, Isaiah lii. 3.
Q 6. Have we reason to believe that some uninspired histories of the life of Christ were written and lost? Lude i. 1st.
Q7. Which are the four inspired writers of the Gospeli
Q. 8. Is their a perfect agreement in their account of facts stated in the new testament?
A. There is. They sometimes mention different events but there is a perfect harmony in all their narrations.
Q. 9. Who and what was Christ in the beginning or from eternity ? John i. 1. 2. and 3.
Q. 10. Was he the Creator of all things ? See Hebrews i. 3.
Q. 11. What is said of him in the 8, 9. 10, 11 and 12 verses of this chapter ?
Q. 12. When and what was the first indication of our Saviour's appearance ? Luke i. 14.
Q. 13. Who were Zecharias and Elizabeth and what was their character ? Luke 1st from verse 5.
Q. 14. What was the duty of Zecharias?
Q 17. What questions did Zacharias put to the angel and what was the reply?
Q. 18. What occurred when he came out of the temple?
Q. 19. To whom also did the.angel Gabriel appear ? Q. 20.
What did he say to her? Q. 21. What did Mary say after she had seen Elizabeth ?
Q 22. What occurred when the son of Zacharias was born ?
Q. 23. Repeat the prophecy of Zacharias ? Q: 24. Who were the reputed parents of Jesus Christ according to the flesh = Math. i. 18.
Q. 25. What did the angel say to Joesph ? Repeat Deut. xviii. 15. What was the difference of
between John and the Lord Jesus ?
A. Five months.
Q. 27. What prophecy was fulfilled in John? Mal. iv. 5.
Q. 28. What in the time of the coming and death of our Saviour? Daniel ix. 25 to 27.
A. A prophetical week includes 7 years. From the time of Artaxerxes decree to rebuild Jerusalem, Ezra vii. 7. to the crucifixion of Christ and the ending the sacrifive and oblation of the old dispensation and was 490 years or 70 weeks.
Q. 29. From whom does Matthew trace the genealogy of Christ ?
A. In the line of Joseph.
Q. 30 In what line does Luke trace it? (Chap. iii. 23.) In that of Mary.
Q. 31. What edict did Augustus issue at this time? Luke ii. l.
Q. 32. What did Joseph and Mary do on this account?
Q. 33. What occurred while they were there?
Q. 27. Wnat did they do ? Math. ii. 12.
Q. 39. What did they do when they had found the Saviour ?
A. Luke ii 15, to 20. and Math. ii. 11-Repeat Haggai ii. 7 and 9.
Q. 40. What did Herod do when he heard these things ? Matthew ii. 3, 4.
Q. 41. What did they answer him ?