Transeurasian Verbal Morphology in a Comparative Perspective: Genealogy, Contact, Chance
The term Transeurasian refers to a large group of geographically adjacent languages stretching from the Pacific in the East to the Mediterranean in the West. They share a significant amount of linguistic properties and include five linguistic families: Japanese, Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic. There is disagreement among scholars on the question whether these languages are genealogically related in the sense of an "Altaic" family. Many linguists, however, seem to agree on at least one point, namely that investigations into the striking correspondences in the domain of verbal morphology could substantially help unravelling the question. The present volume brings together prominent specialists in the field who explore potentially shared features of verbal morphology among the Transeurasian languages and search for the best way to explain them. Important issues dealt with include the following: How useful is verbal morphology really in establishing genealogical relations among languages? Is there concrete evidence for cognate verbal morphology across the Transeurasian languages? Is it possible to draw wider connections with Indo-European and Uralic? How to distinguish between genealogical retention and copying of verbal morphology? In which ways can typological similarities be significant in this context?
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Lars Johanson Martine Robbeets
1st person affixes Altaic hypothesis Altaic languages anticausative augmented inclusive forms Basque Benzing betűt cliticization conjugation consonant converb Copper Island Aleut correspondences dative derived deverbal Eastern Yugur elements Eliasson enclitic enclitic zero Erdal etymologies Evenki exclusive fientive function G)AA genealogical affiliation genealogical relatedness gerunds grammar grammaticalization halat hangot Harrassowitz Haruai Hungarian imperative Indo-European Indo-Uralic inflectional intr Itelmen Janhunen Japanese jazyk Johanson Korean Lars Latin lexical linguistic Michif minimal inclusive Mongolian Mongolic languages morphemes morphology Nenets nominal noun Old Danish Old Turkic original Orluf paradigms periphrastic person plural personal pronouns phonological Poppe predicative preterite marker pTEA Ramstedt reconstruction Robbeets rune Russian semantic sequences Sorup inscription Starostin structural suffix Table tala tense Transeurasian languages Tundra Nenets Tungusic languages Turkic languages verb forms verb morphology verb roots verbal stem vowel Wiesbaden words Yakut zero copula zero verbs