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believers, whose ruin and misery he is always aiming to effect. He occasioned the fall of our first parents, seducing Eve, by a lie, to take of the forbidden fruit. 2 Cor. xi, 3. Under him are numbers of other wicked spirits, who are always at hand to tempt men to sin, and who will finally become the tormentors of such as die in a state of unbelief and impenitence.
He is mentioned in Scripture under various names : Satan, (e. e. Adversary or Accuser.) God of this world. Cor. iv, 4. Job i, 6; Zech. jii, 1.
Belial (i. e. extremely wicked.) Lucifer. Isa, xiv, 12.
2 Cor. vi, 15. Tempter (even of our Lord.) Matt. Roaring Lion. 1 Pet. V, 8. iv, 3.
A singer from the beginning. Beelzebub. Matt. xii, 24.
1 John iii, 8. Strong man armed. Luke xi, 21. Apollyon, (the Destroyer.) Rev. Liar and Murderer. John viii, 14. ix, 11. Prince of this world. John xii, Dragon. Rev. xii, 3. 31 ; xiv, 30.
The old Serpent. Rev. xii, 9.
Deceiver. Rev. xx, 10, Surely, when we consider his power and subtlety, we have great reason to pray, “ Lead us not into temptation.”.
The Liturgy contains many petitions for deliverance from his wiles. In the Litany.--From the crafts and assaults of the Devil. From all
the deceits of the world, the flesh, and the Devil, deliver us. Prayer after the Litany.--That those evils which the craft and
subtlety of the Devil worketh against us, be brought to nought. Collect, 18th Sunday after Trinity.--Grant thy people grace to
withstand the templations of the world, the flesh, and the Devil. What are the works of the Devil ?
Whatever is sinful, and contrary to the will of God, as lying, swearing, sabbath-breaking, envyings, contentions, theft, murder, uncleanness, tatred, drunkenness, &c. Gal. v, 19--21. He blinds the eyes of those that believe not. 2 Cor. iv. 4. He corrupts the mind. Cor. xi, 3. He worketh in the children of disobedience. Eph. ii, 2.
He keeps men from seeking salvation. He sows tares with the good seed. Matt. xiii, 39. He catches the word out of tbe heart. Matt, xiii, 19; Luke viji, 12. He leads men captive at his will. 2 Tim. ii, 26.
He tempts men to apostacy. He pat into the heart of Judas to betray his Lord. John xiii, 2, 27. He filled the heart of Ananias to lie. Acts V, 3.
We are warned to be on our guard, and to resist his attacks. Neither give place to the Devil. Eph. iv, 27. Put on the whole armour of God, that you may stand against the
wiles of the Devil. Eph. vi, 11. Resist the Devil, and he will flee froin yon. James iv, 7. Be sober, be vigilant, because of your adversary the Devil. 1 Pet.
Whom resist, steadfast in the faith. 1 Pet. v, 9.
That yon may not be overcome and caught in his snares, endeavour to preserve a continual sense of the omnipresence and omniscience of God, and of the duty you owe to bim. When temptation assails yon, ask with Joseph, “How can I do this great wickedness and sin against God?” Gen. xxxix, 9.
Recollect too, that Satan is often transformed into an angel of light, in order to deceive: 2 Cor. xi, 14. Beware then how you attempt to refute his suggestions by your own weak and upassisted reason. Hold no parley with him, but say, “ Get thee behind me, Satan :” and hide the word of God in your heart, as Jesus did, that you may be able at once to put him to silence with “ It is written.” The Son of God was manifested that he might destroy the works of
the Devil. 1 John iii, 8. What is meant by pomps and vanity?
By pomps are meant the pride of life; all outward display of greatness and riches ; worldly ambition and distinction; and such things as captivate the heart, and withdraw it from God.
Vanities consist of empty pleasures and amusements, finery in dress, and frivolous occupations.
These we must renounce; i.e. not only forsake outwardly in our life and conversation, but resist inwardly in our thoughts and desires. How do you prove the duty and necessity of this ? Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil, Exod. xxiii, 2. Be not conformed to this world. Rom. xii, 2. Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Eph.
Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
2 Tim. ii, 19. Tbe friendship of the world is enmity with God. James iv, 4. Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world.
1 John ii, 15.
Why do you say “ This wicked world?
the Devil, 1 Jobn v, 19.
The whole corrupt nature, with all evil tempers, dispositions, thoughts, and desires. When lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin. James i, 15. Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. 1 Pet. ii, 11. The lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, are
not of the Father. 1 John ii, 16. We must not indulge in sinful desires, nor give way to bad tempers, nor be found in bad practices; but aim to mortify and subdue our sinful affections. Take heed ye be not giveu up to your heart's lusts. Ps. Ixxxi, 12. Flee youthful iusts. & Tim. ii, 22. Denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, live soberly. Titus ii, 12.
The punishment of the Israelites in the wilderness, is recorded as an awful example to those who lust after evil things. 1 Cor. 10, 6; Numb. xi, 4, 33, 34.
The consideration that Christ' died to save us from the tyranny of our three great enemies, the world, the flesh, and the Devil, and that his grace is promised for our support under the conflict, should excite us to fight manfully against them. Christ died to deliver as from this present evil world. Gal. i, 4. Walk in the Spirit, and ye sbali not fulfil the lusts of the flesh.
Gal. v, 16. They that are Christ's, have crucified the flesh, with the affections
and lusts. Gal. v, 24. That he should no longer live in the flesh to the lasts of men, but
to the will of God. 1 Pet. iv, 2. What was the second thing your Godfathers and God
mothers promised for you? That I should believe all the Articles of the Christian faith.
True faith has been described, and its necessity shown. See Chap. IV. He that believeth not shall be damperl. Mark xvi, 16. Withont faith it is impossible to please God. Heb. xi, 6. What was the third thing your Godfathers und God
mothers promised for you? That I should keep God's holy will and commande ments, and walk in the same all the days of my life.
Where is God's holy will summed up?
In the ten commandments. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, &c. but he that doeth the
will of my Father who is in heaven. Matt. vii, 21, If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. Matt. xix, 17. Blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it. Lake
xi, 28. We are to make them the daily rule of our life, and to walk in them, which implies activity. Good works, which God hath before ordained, that we should
walk in thein. Epb. ii, 10.
How long is this obedience required ?
All the days of my life. Not only in our childhood, when we are subject to our parents, masters, and teachers, but when we are grown up, and no longer under their controul. Might serve him in holiness and righteousness all the days of our
life. Luke i, 75.
Dost thou not think that thou art bound to believe and
do as they have promised for thee ? Yes, verily; and by God's help so I will: and I heartily thank our heavenly Father, that he hath called me to this state of salvation, through Jesus Christ our Saviour. And I pray unto God to give me his grace, that I may cuntinue in the same unto my life's end. Why are you bound to believe and to do these things ?
Because what my Godfathers and Godmothers pro. mised, was in my name, and for my benefit; and because God requires it as my duty:
If we do not repent and believe, baptism will avail us nothing: but if we had not been baptized, we should not be at all excused for neglecting these important duties. He is not a Jew who is one outwardly. Rom. ii. 28.
If in future life, you are workers of iniquity, the privileges of baptism will increase your condemnation, and it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah, in the day of judgment, than for you. Are we able to do these things of ourselves ?
From Him “all holy desires, all good counsels, and all just works, do proceed.”—2d Collect Evening Prayer,
His help is to be had by prayer, and the grace which he communicates is abundantly sufficient.
In the Liturgy we pray, 3d Collect Morning Prayer.---That all our doings be ordered by
thy governance. 4th Sunday in Advent.--With great might succour us. 1st Sunday after Epiphany.---May have grace and power faithfully
to fulfil the same. 4th Sunday after Epiphany.--By reason of the frailty of our nature
we cannot always stand upright; Grant to us such strength, &c. 2d Sunday in Lent.---Keep us outwardly in our bodies and inwardly
in our souls. Easter Sunday.---Put into our minds good desires. Ith Sunday after Easter.-Who alone can'st order the unruly wills
and affections of sinful men; Grant that we may love, &c. 1st Sunday after Trinity.--- We can do no good thing without thee. 9th Sunday after Trinity.---We who cannot do any thing that is
good without thee, may by thee be enabled to live according
to thy will. 15th Sunday after Trinity.---Tke frailty of man without thee cannot
but fall; keep us ever by tby help from all things hurtful. Will he give us his grace in answer to prayer ?
Yes. Ask, and it shall be given you. Matt. vii, 7.1 Whatsoever ye ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive. Matt.
xxi, 22. If ye, being evil, know how to give good gifts, &c. how much
more shall your heavenly Father. - Luke si, 13. If
ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. John xiv, 14. Whatsoever ye shall ask ihe Father in my name, he will give it
you. John xvi, 23. Why are the blessings connected with Baptism, and to which
you are called, described here as a state of salvation? Because we are thereby admitted to the privileges of that covenant of grace by which salvation is given to mankind.
In what does salvation consist ?
In being saved from the love, practice, and dominion of sin, and from hell, the punishment of sin: and in being restored to the favour of God, and fitted for the enjoyment of eternal life.