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believers, whose ruin and misery he is always aiming to effect. He occasioned the fall of our first parents, seducing Eve, by a lie, to take of the forbidden fruit. 2 Cor. xi, 3. Under him are numbers of other wicked spirits, who are always at hand to tempt men to sin, and who will finally become the tormentors of such as die in a state of unbelief and impenitence.

He is mentioned in Scripture under various names: Satan, (i. e. Adversary or Accuser.) God of this world. 2 Cor. iv, 4. Job i, 6; Zech. iii, 1. Belial (i. e. extremely wicked.) 2 Cor. vi, 15.

Lucifer. Isa. xiv, 12.

Tempter (even of our Lord.) Matt. Roaring Lion. 1 Pet. v, 8.

iv, 3.

Beelzebub. Matt. xii, 24.
Strong man armed. Luke xi, 21.
Liar and Murderer. John viii, 44.
Prince of this World.

31; xiv, 30.

John xii,

A sinner from the beginning. 1 John iii, 8.

Apollyon, (the Destroyer.) Rev.
ix, 11.

Dragon. Rev. xii, 3.
The old Serpent. Rev. xii, 9.

Ruler of the darkness of this world. Accuser. Rev. xii, 10.
Eph. vi, 12.

Deceiver. Rev. xx, 10.

Surely, when we consider his power and subtlety, we have great reason to pray, "Lead us not into temptation.". The Liturgy contains many petitions for deliverance from his wiles.

In the Litany.--From the crafts and assaults of the Devil. From all the deceits of the world, the flesh, and the Devil, deliver us. Prayer after the Litany.--That those evils which the craft and

subtlety of the Devil worketh against us, be brought to nought. Collect, 18th Sunday after Trinity.---Grant thy people grace to withstand the temptations of the world, the flesh, and the Devil.

What are the works of the Devil?

Whatever is sinful, and contrary to the will of God, as lying, swearing, sabbath-breaking, envyings, contentions, theft, murder, uncleanness, hatred, drunkenness, &c. Gal. v, 19--21.

He blinds the eyes of those that believe not. 2 Cor. iv. 4.

He corrupts the mind. 2 Cor. xi, 3.

He worketh in the children of disobedience. Eph. ii, 2.

He keeps men from seeking salvation.

He sows tares with the good seed. Matt. xiii, 39.

He catches the word out of the heart. Matt, xiii, 19; Luke viii, 12. He leads men captive at his will. 2 Tim. ii, 26.

He tempts men to apostacy.

He put into the heart of Judas to betray his Lord. John xiii, 2, 27. He filled the heart of Ananias to lie. Acts v, 3.

We are warned to be on our guard, and to resist his attocks.

Neither give place to the Devil. Eph. iv, 27.

Put on the whole armour of God, that you may stand against the wiles of the Devil. Eph. vi, 11.

James iv, 7.

Resist the Devil, and he will flee from yon. Be sober, be vigilant, because of your adversary the Devil. 1 Pet. v, 8.

Whom resist, steadfast in the faith. 1 Pet. v, 9.

That you may not be overcome and caught in his snares, endeavour to preserve a continual sense of the omnipresence and omniscience of God, and of the duty you owe to him. When temptation assails you, ask with Joseph, "How can I do this great wickedness and sin against God?" Gen. xxxix, 9.

Recollect too, that Satan is often transformed into an angel of light, in order to deceive. 2 Cor. xi, 14. Beware then how you attempt to refute his suggestions by your own weak and unassisted reason. Hold no parley with him, but say, "Get thee behind me, Satan :' and hide the word of God in your heart, as Jesus did, that you may be able at once to put him to silence with " It is written."

The Son of God was manifested that he might destroy the works of the Devil. 1 John iii, 8.

What is meant by pomps and vanity?

By pomps are meant the pride of life; all outward display of greatness and riches; worldly ambition and distinction; and such things as captivate the heart, and withdraw it from God.

Vanities consist of empty pleasures and amusements, finery in dress, and frivolous occupations.

These we must renounce; i.e. not only forsake outwardly in our life and conversation, but resist inwardly in our thoughts and desires.

How do you prove the duty and necessity of this?

Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil, Exod. xxiii, 2.

Be not conformed to this world. Rom. xii, 2.

Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Eph. v, 11.

Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.

2 Tim. ii, 19.

The friendship of the world is enmity with God. James iv, 4. Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. 1 John ii, 15.

Why do you say "This wicked world?"

The whole world lieth in wickedness, i, e. is under the influence of the Devil. 1 John v, 19.

What are the "sinful lusts of the flesh?"

The whole corrupt nature, with all evil tempers, dispositions, thoughts, and desires.

When lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin. James i, 15. Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. 1 Pet. ii, 11. The lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, are not of the Father. 1 John ii, 16.

We must not indulge in sinful desires, nor give way to bad tempers, nor be found in bad practices; but aim to mortify and subdue our sinful affections.

Take heed ye be not given up to your heart's lusts. Ps. Ixxxi, 12.
Flee youthful lusts. 2 Tim. ii, 22.

Denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, live soberly. Titus ii, 12.

The punishment of the Israelites in the wilderness, is recorded as an awful example to those who lust after evil things. 1 Cor. 10, 6; Numb. xi, 4, 33, 34.

The consideration that Christ died to save us from the tyranny of our three great enemies, the world, the flesh, and the Devil, and that his grace is promised for our support under the conflict, should excite us to fight manfully against them.

Christ died to deliver us from this present evil world. Gal. i, 4. Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lusts of the flesh. Gal. v, 16.

They that are Christ's, have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. Gal. v, 24.

That he should no longer live in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. 1 Pet. iv, 2.

What was the second thing your Godfathers and Godmothers promised for you?

That I should believe all the Articles of the Christian faith.

True faith has been described, and its necessity shown. See Chap. IV.

He that believeth not shall be damned. Mark xvi, 16.

Withont faith it is impossible to please God. Heb. xi, 6.

What was the third thing your Godfathers and Godmothers promised for you?

That I should keep God's holy will and commandments, and walk in the same all the days of my life.

Where is God's holy will summed up?

In the ten commandments.

Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, &c. but he that doeth the

will of my Father who is in heaven. Matt. vii, 21.

If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. Matt. xix, 17. Blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it. Luke xi, 28.

We are to make them the daily rule of our life, and to walk in them, which implies activity.

Good works, which God hath before ordained, that we should walk in thein. Eph. ii, 10.

How long is this obedience required?

All the days of my life. Not only in our childhood, when we are subject to our parents, masters, and teachers, but when we are grown up, and no longer under their controul.

Might serve him in holiness and righteousness all the days of our life. Luke i, 75.

Dost thou not think that thou art bound to believe and do as they have promised for thee?

Yes, verily; and by God's help so I will: and I heartily thank our heavenly Father, that he hath called me to this state of salvation, through Jesus Christ our Saviour. And I pray unto God to give me his grace, that I may continue in the same unto my life's end.

Why are you bound to believe and to do these things?

Because what my Godfathers and Godmothers promised, was in my name, and for my benefit; and because God requires it as my duty.

If we do not repent and believe, baptism will avail us nothing but if we had not been baptized, we should not be at all excused for neglecting these important duties. He is not a Jew who is one outwardly. Rom. ii. 28.

If in future life, you are workers of iniquity, the privileges of baptism will increase your condemnation, and it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah, in the day of judgment, than for you.

Are we able to do these things of ourselves?

Without me ye can do nothing. John xv, 5.

God worketh in you both to will and to do. Phil. ii, 13.

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From Him "all holy desires, all good counsels, and all just works, do proceed."-2d Collect Evening Prayer. His help is to be had by prayer, and the grace which he communicates is abundantly sufficient.

In the Liturgy we pray,

3d Collect Morning Prayer.--That all our doings be ordered by thy governance.

4th Sunday in Advent. With great might succour us.

1st Sunday after Epiphany.--May have grace and power faithfully to fulfil the same.

4th Sunday after Epiphany.-By reason of the frailty of our nature we cannot always stand upright; Grant to us such strength, &c. 2d Sunday in Lent.---Keep us outwardly in our bodies and inwardly

in our souls.

Easter Sunday.---Put into our minds good desires.

4th Sunday after Easter.--Who alone can'st order the unruly wills and affections of sinful men; Grant that we may love, &c. 1st Sunday after Trinity.-We can do no good thing without thee. 9th Sunday after Trinity.--We who cannot do any thing that is good without thee, may by thee be enabled to live according to thy will.

15th Sunday after Trinity.---The frailty of man without thee cannot but fall; keep us ever by thy help from all things hurtful.

Will he give us his grace in answer to prayer?


Ask, and it shall be given you.
Whatsoever ye ask in prayer,


xxi, 22.

Matt. vii, 7.

believing, ye shall receive. Matt.

If ye, being evil, know how to give good gifts, &c. how much more shall your heavenly Father. Luke xi, 13. ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. John xiv, 14. Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you. John xvi, 23.

Why are the blessings connected with Baptism, and to which you are called, described here as a state of salvation? Because we are thereby admitted to the privileges of that covenant of grace by which salvation is given to mankind.

In what does salvation consist?

In being saved from the love, practice, and dominion of sin, and from hell, the punishment of sin: and in being restored to the favour of God, and fitted for the enjoyment of eternal life.

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