The Physicist's Conception of Nature

Couverture
Jagdish Mehra
Springer, 6 déc. 2012 - 839 pages
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The fundamental conceptions of twentieth-century physics have profoundly influenced almost every field of modern thought and activity. Quantum Theory, Relativity, and the modern ideas on the Structure of Matter have contributed to a deeper understand ing of Nature, and they will probably rank in history among the greatest intellectual achievements of all time. The purpose of our symposium was to review, in historical perspective, the current horizons of the major conceptual structures of the physics of this century. Professors Abdus Salam and Hendrik Casimir, in their remarks at the opening of the symposium, have referred to its origin and planning. Our original plan was to hold a two-week symposium on the different aspects of five principal themes: 1. Space, Time and Geometry (including the structure of the universe and the theory of gravita tion),2. Quantum Theory (including the development of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory), 3. Statistical Description of Nature (including the discussion of equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena, and the application of these ideas to the evolution of biological structure), 4. The Structure of Matter (including the discus sion, in a unified perspective, of atoms, molecules, nuclei, elementary particles, and the physics of condensed matter), and finally, 5. Physical Description and Epistemo logy (including the distinction between classical and quantum descriptions, and the epistemological and philosophical problems raised by them).
 

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Table des matières

Progress in renormalization theory since 1949 by ABDUs SALAM
430
Some concepts in current elementary particle physics by CHEN NING Y ANG
447
Crucial experiments on discrete symmetries by V L TELEGDI
454
Superconductivity and superfluidity by H B G CASIMIR
481
Statistical Description of Nature
499
Problems of statistical physics by GEORGE E UHLENBECK 501
514
Approach to thermodynamic equilibrium and other stationary states by WILLIS E LAMB JR
527
Kinetic approach to nonequilibrium phenomena by E G D COHEN
548
Measurement process and the macroscopic level of quantum mechanics by ILYA PRIGOGINE
697
Why a new approach to found quantum theory? by G LUDWIG
702
A process conception of nature by DAVID FINKELSTEIN
709
Quantum logic and nonseparability by BERNARD DESPAGNAT
714
Physics and philosophy by C F VON WEIZSACKER
736
Memorial Lectures
747
Recollections of Lord Rutherford by P L KAPITZA 749
766
60
779

17
559
Time irreversibility and structure by ILYA PRIGoGINE
561
34
582
The origin of biological information by MANFRED EIGEN
594
45
596
Physical Description Epistemology and Philosophy
633
Classical and quantum descriptions by C F Von WEIZSACKER
635
Wavefunction and observer in the quantum theory by LEON N CoopBR
668
The problem of measurement in quantum mechanics by Jose F M JAUCH
684
Subject and object by J S BELL
687
Subject object and measurement by R HAAG
691
71
785
92
793
Remarks on Enrico Fermi by S CHANDRASEKHAR
800
Celebration of P A M Diracs 70th Birthday
803
The classical mind by C P SNOW
805
Programme of the symposium
820
Participants
823
Index of names
830
251
831
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