The Physics of Inertial Fusion: Beam Plasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Couverture
OUP Oxford, 3 juin 2004 - 480 pages
This book is on inertial confinement fusion, an alternative way to produce electrical power from hydrogen fuel by using powerful lasers or particle beams. It involves the compression of tiny amounts (micrograms) of fuel to thousand times solid density and pressures otherwise existing only in the centre of stars. Thanks to advances in laser technology, it is now possible to produce such extreme states of matter in the laboratory. Recent developments have boosted laser intensities again with new possibilities for laser particle accelerators, laser nuclear physics, and fast ignition of fusion targets. This is a reference book for those working on beam plasma physics, be it in the context of fundamental research or applications to fusion energy or novel ultra-bright laser sources. The book combines quite different areas of physics: beam target interaction, dense plasmas, hydrodynamic implosion and instabilities, radiative energy transfer as well as fusion reactions. Particular attention is given to simple and useful modelling, including dimensional analysis and similarity solutions. Both authors have worked in this field for more than 20 years. They want to address in particular those teaching this topic to students and all those interested in understanding the technical basis.
 

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Table des matières

Nuclear fusion reactions
1
Some important fusion
10
5
11
Fusion i
22
Thermonuclear fusion
31
condition
37
Inertial confinement by spherical
47
4
65
1
231
hydrodynamic
232
5
250
8
285
275
310
Atoms in dense plasma
323
Global equations of state
339
Radiative processes
345

Longwavelength
66
5
72
3
82
Full burn simulations and burn
96
design
101
iergy gain
102
Hydrodynamics
129
Plane isentropic flow
138
6
140
Rarefaction in Lagrange
146
solutions
161
Scaleinvariant similarity
170
Thermal waves and ablative
195
Beamtarget interaction
371
wavelength
380
plasma
392
6
399
382
405
388
411
Appendix
429
References
435
396
438
284
443
Index
453
Droits d'auteur

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Expressions et termes fréquents

Fréquemment cités

Page ii - Brownian motion: fluctuations, dynamics, and applications 111. H. Nishimori: Statistical physics of spin glasses and information processing: an introduction 110.
Page vi - In thermonuclear weapons, radiation from a fission explosive can be contained and used to transfer energy to compress and ignite a physically separate component containing thermonuclear fuel.
Page v - At the same time at the American Optical Company it was shown that a laser could be made with any one of a number of rare-earth oxides dissolved in glass, instead of ruby.

À propos de l'auteur (2004)

Stefano Atzeni is Professor of Physics in the Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Roma "La Sapienza" and INFM, Italy Jürgen Meyer-ter-Vehn is Professor of Physics at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Garching, and at the Technical University of Munich, Germany

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