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schools in every

rise to a subscription of unparalleled liberality, for promoting this great object; and will end, we doubt not, in the establishment of

proper part of the united kingdom. The same subject is discussed by Mr. Bouyer * and Mr. Grinfield f, and by both with considerable ability. The discourse of Dr. Goddard, at .the Bishop of Chichester's Vistation I, on the nature and effects of herefies, and on the true character of a Christian Church, is one of those that stand in the very first order of merit. We analysed it with proportionable care, and we trust that its value has thus been made known to multitudes, who had not the advantage of hearing it delivered. Other sermons have deserved commendation, as may be seen under their respective articles, but not fufficiently to come into competition with these; here therefore we shall close our present account:

!

PHILOSOPHY and MATHEMATICS.

After an interval, on many accounts to be la. mented, we have resumed our reports on the Philosophical Transactionsg of the Royal Society. That work, on which the cyes of Europe have been fixed so long, has produced very lately fome of the most brilliant discoveries. The active spirit and unremitting attention of the President give vigour to the movements of the body; and is willing to exert his best efforts, where they are sure to meet with judicious favour and encouragement. May the Society long enjoy the same advantages ! In the works of the late Bishop of Offory ||, Dr. Hamilton, philosophy and mathematics are too closely united to admit of separation, and

every member

* No. II. p. 201.
+ No. VI. p. 647.

I No. v.
P: 511. § No. IV. p. 345, and No. V. 436. |1 No. I. p. 51.

A4

their

their union, like other well-afforted unions, is to the advantage of both. There is also some divinity; and every part is impressed with the characters of profound thought, and accurate judgment. The small but elegant volume of Dr. Reeve on the Torpidity of Animals * gives a pleasing specimen of an union no less natural, that of medical and philofophical acuteness. In a very different region of philofophy, Mr. Dugald Stewart has long established his

; analyzed in our preceding volume I, and concluded in this ģ, are well worthy of that reputation. They are the work of an accurate and experienced metaphyfician, and announce further designs, to which many students will look forward with eager expectation. Mr. Creswell, of Trinity College, Cambridge, has completed the union between pure · mathematics and the Elements of Linear Perspective (, begun by Mr. Brook Taylor. He is more neat and perfpicuous in his theorems than his predeceffor ; and has, in fact, produced a much better elementary work. For another work of a similar, kind, applied to the Theory and Praktice of Mechanics, we are indebted to Mr. Marrat, of Boston **, who, in five books, has given an excellent introduction to that study. In every science which admits of mathematical precision, it is of the utmost consequence to have introductions strictly elementary : and we rejoice, of course, to see the number of these augmented.

MEDICINE.

Our account of medical works must still be brief, It so happens at present, that the shortest among the

* N. II, p. 196. + Called by mistake Metaphysical Esays, in our last preface (p. xi.), which, though they are so in fact, is not the actual title. # Page 537. § No. II. p. 148. I No. I. p. 78. ** No, IlI. p. 220.

productions

productions of that class is the most interesting. We allude to Mr. James Moore's Letter to Dr. Jones *, in which the analysis of the famous Eau Medicinale is made out with the utmost probability of truth. From very fagacious conjectures, Mr. Moore proceeds to well-imagined experiments, and the result is nearly the same as we gave from report, in a note in our last preface (p. xix). Dr. Curry's tract on Mercuryt is a valuable present to the public, from a justly eminent man; and it is received with the more pleasure, as the forerunner of a more important work on the Hepatic functions. The high merit of Mr. Cooke's publication on Tinea Capitis I will suffer little degradation from the exceptions which we thought it necessary to make. It is still recorded in our pages as a work of much utility, and professional ingenuity.

HISTORY and BIOGRAPHY.

Not having much to say under either of these heads we unite them. To Mr. Maurice we may almost say,

Prima dicte mihi, fumma dicende Camena,

for, nineteen

years ago our very first pages opened with an account of the first volumes of his Indian Antiquities; and here, at the closing of our 38th volume, we have to commemorate the completing; of his Indian History S. That the same Author and the same Critics should travel fo long together was little probable at the first; and we feel particular pleasure in saying, that as we opened his first books with good hopes of his success, so we have closed his last with strong

* No. IV. p. 416.

+ No. V. p. 529.

# No. IV. P. 357. . No. III. p. 273, and IV. p. 345.

approbation

1

approbation of his performance. He has laboured to do good, and we firmly believe that he has done it, to a considerable extent; though we fear that, from whatever cause, he has by no means reaped proportionable benefit to himself. This may be seen by Tome remarks in his concluding volumes, and it will be seen, by those who can duly estimatę so much literary labour, with regret. The collection of Ejays, which we have attributed to Mr. Baron Maferes *, is chiefly historical, and contains several articles which the curious reader will be glad to find in the compass of such a volume.

Proceed we to biography, where we meet immediately with Bishop Porteus,

Sanctum et venerabile nomen! The pen of his relation, Mr. Hodgson t, has done him justice, but it has done no more. Afraid of the reproach of partiality, he has restrained his pen, in our opinion sufficiently; for how could we have efieemed the biographer, who should have written the life of such a relation and such a man, without partiality for the subject? The life and correspondence of Sir George Radcliffe, published by Dr. Whitaker I, belong at least as much to history as biography. The work is one of those which throw light on an eventful, though melancholy, period; and for that reason must infallibly be acceptable to the curious. The elegant little volume of Lord Woodhouselee, on the Life and Character of Petrarch , will be acceptable to every liberal reader, as a vindication of the poet and his mistress. The vanity of a French Abbé || had disgraced them with the imputation of a French intrigue; but from the investigation of the present author they come forth, he a

* No. V. P. 527.
† No. II. p. 135.

# No. VI.
P: 561.
No. III. p. 284.

De Sade; whose object was to prove himself descended from "Laura.

virtuous 6

virtuous lover, and she an innocent maiden, as every. line of the author's poetry bespeaks them.

TOPOGRAPHY.

This science, which has long fourished in England, has at length penetrated into the mountains of Wales, and has to boast of one or two very elaborate works, the result of much investigation in that country. We shall mention first. Mr. Carlife's Topographical Diktionary *, because that extends to the whole principality. It is on the fame plan with the Topographical Dictionaries of England and Ireland, published some time ago by the fame authort, and is to be followed by a similar work on Scotland, which will complete the whole design; and will give such a picture of the whole United Kingdom as never before has been produced. The cther book to which we alluded above, is the History of Brecknocksbire , by Mr. Theophilus Jones; a work no less creditable to the accuracy than the diligence of the compiler. We take a very wide step to introduce our next fpecimen, the Geographical and other History of Chili ş, translated from the Abbé Molina. It is a work of curious research, and contains many particulars little known before to the students of Europe. The letis of the ancients is the object of enquiry to Sir Chr. Hawkins |, and the circumstances of the trade for tin, carried on by the ancients in Cornwall. The brief sketch of the ancient seat of Tattershall in the County of Lincoln (, gave us pleasure from the neatness of execution, and the accuracy of research, and will be fought by collectors of such works. The

No. I. p. 70.

+ See Brit, Crit. xxxii. p. 376, and xxxvi. p. 369.

I No. I. p. I. No. IV. p. 377 No. IV.p. 399. We had lightly noticed it before, No. III. P. 299. I No. III. p. 299

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