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PRE FACE.

IF
F a Review were considered as a Lottery, it is

to be feared that the taste of modern readers would reverse the order of blanks and prizes; and the wheel would be accounted rich, not when it contained a recommendation of many works of learning, elegance, or utility ; but when it was well supplied with books of which the authors were clearly proved to have wasted their time, and their publishers and purchasers, their money. Those are the prizes for which modern candour is willing to buy

into the Literary Lottery; in which it feeks, not · the means of improvement, but the food for ridi(

cule: not to know from what authors it may gain instruction, but how many it may hold in contempt. As if, when the Critic had beaten out a poor writer's brains, it was the same as giving an equal quantity to the reader ; who feels a conscious superiority over every authcr he is taught to laugh at.

It is in direct defiance of this newly-established taste, that we continue to draw up our half yearly prefaces, from which all such prizes are by their very plan excluded; and in which the reader is taught nothing more interesting than where to find wisdom, and how to purchase improvement or rational amufement. Perverse as it is, we cannot yet be convinced that it is not patriotic, and shall therefore, for the present, proceed as usual.

DIVINITY,

A 2

DIVINITY.

We refer to our last Preface for our general sentiments on the Bishop of Lincoln's Work against Calvinism, the analysis of which is concluded in our present volume * For proof of what is there faid, we appeal to our three articles on the subject; and we trust that few persons will read those articles with attention, who will not also be desirous to read and to possess the work. The continuation of Dr. Marsh's Leatures t will be a gratification to all friends of biblical criticism; and we cannot but congratulate the rising generation, whether hearers or readers of the Lectures, on having obtained fo able an instructor. in so difficult and important a science. Professor White's Synopsis of Griesbach I is the result of similar studies, and a very convenient assistant to beginners. In Dr. Townson's Works §, we see the reÃection of a truly Christian character, where acutenefs is chastized by unaffected humility, and the efforts of learning are invigorated by the ardour of genuine piety. He is an author from whom we differ with diffidence, and that very rarely, and with whom we agree with pleasure ; because to think as he did, is so far to resemble him. The same fentiments appear to pervade the mind of Mr. Dunster, who, on one single topic, has ventured to argue against him. In Mr. Watson's Plain Statement of Important Principles (, fome of the most difficult questions in theology are discussed, and so handled as almost to dispel obscurity, where it seemed to be inherent in the subject

. Mr. W.is evidently a sound and able divine. The spirit of profound and accurate

* No. I. p. 31.
+ No. IV. p. 313.

The first part

I No. IV. of these Lectures was noticed vol. xxxv. p. 485. p. 395. No, V. p. 493:

No. V. p. 493 No. 1. p. 24:

criticism

criticism prevails in Dr. Laurence's Reflections on the Unitarian Verfion *, and they, who are most averse to his conclusions, will find it very difficult to repel his arguments.' Much younger in the fields of controversy Mr. Rennell displays the qualities of one who is formed to be a hero t. The more experienced divine may say to him with pleasure :

Well, brother (or fon), full bravely haft thou fleth'd
Thy maiden sword.

or,

Macte nova virtute puer, fic itur ad aftra;

Diis genite, et geniture Deos. Of its own kind entirely is Mrs. More's admonitory work, entitled Practical Piety I, the result of a profound study, not of books but of the human heart ; not of « doubtful disputations,” but of the dispositions which characterize religious fincerity. To write on such subjects, with an animation which attracts general attention, is to render a service for which more than mere inclination is required. It is to possess a talent, and to exert it in the most beneficial way.

To Mr. Baber, the English Divine owes considerable obligation, for putting him once more in poffeffion of the venerable version of our first Reformer Wiclifs : which, together with the memoirs of the author, and the history of the Saxon versions, forms a book which every well assorted library must poffefs. Works of less importance, but itill of utility, are Mr. Adams' Religious World displayed || ; Mr. Milne's, on the difference between the Prebyterian and Episcopal Churches ; and Mr. Boyd's Seletion of Passages from the Greek Fathers ** We

No. III. p. 254. + In his Animadversions on the Unitarian Translation. Ibid.

# No. III. p. 234. No. VI. p. 623. # No. I. p. 63

I No. III. ** No. IV. p. 304.

A 3

Thall

P. 418.

shall mention at present only two sets of collected Sermons, those of Mr. Poluobele *, and of Dr. Webfter t. Orhers, which we have noticed in our late Numbers, have merits, but are liable also to objections which do not apply to these.

Official charges and occasional sermons form usually the last division of theology, and among the former of these we feel that the first place is due, on various considerations, to the Bishop of Gloucester's Charge I. The importance of the subject is on all hands acknowledged ; and the worthy Bishop's views of it are those which having been taught by severe experience, will not be despised by theory with impunity. The charge of Mr. Archdeacon Vince & takes an instructive view of the divisions in religion which prevail among us.

When it will pleaie the Great Shepherd to restore unity to his flock cannot now be conjectured; but it is a period for which all must wish, and to the haftening of which our efforts should always tend. Mr. Daubeny || takes up two or three important topics, and handles all, as usual, with ability.

The great and momentous subject of national education chiefly occupies the powerful sermon of Dr. Marsh , preached at St. Paul's. The preacher there shows himself, what every intelligent patriot and Christian must be, a zealous friend to the instruction of thę poor; but he contends, with more force of argument than had till then been applied to the subject, that national education ought to be founded on the national religion; and that it would be an absurdity to suffer our institutions to be at variance with our laws. These arguments, cooperating with the already settled opinion of our chief governors in Church and State, have given

# No. VI.

p. 616.

* No. II. p. 177.

+ No. V, p. 482. No. III. p. 246.

|| No. 111. P. 307. I No. II. p. 158.

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