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braham's life : Twenty-four years after his call from Ur of the Chaldees : And seventeen years after the last covenanting in which Abraham had been engaged. In the interval between the first and second instances of covenanting, God paid many visits to the patriarch; but, between the second and this third instance of it, we read not of so much as one. It is not improbable, that God hid his face from him for such a long space of time, as a further chastisement of his dissimulation and adultery.

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Now, These thing's rendered covenant-renovation extremely proper at this time.To demonstrate, that neither the fin of covenanters, nor God's paternal chastisement of them do make the covenant-promises of none effect. Though God visit the iniquities of his covenanted children with the rod, and- that for a very long time; yet he will not remove his loving kindness from them, nor suffer his faithfulness to fail. --To rectify Abraham's * mistake respecting the promised Seed.

Formerly he was fufpicious, that the blessed Seed might spring from his steward, and not from himself: Now he might be ready to imagines that he would spring from the bond-woman; and to take Ishmael for his ancestor : But this transaction taught him, to look for the ac• complishment of the promise by the free-wo

-The renovation of the covenant was delayed till this time, and no longer, that the


faith of Abraham might be tried with waiting God's time, on the one hand; and his impatience also chastised, which impelled him to grasp at comfort, before it was given him, on the other. The patriarch was taught to look over human ability, unto divine lovereignty, for all he had to expect by this covenant. Had the promise of making Sarah a mother been given at an earlier period, less of God would have been seen in the accomplishment of it; but now there is no room to asçribe that event unto any other.

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N surveying this Transaction, I shall follow

the fame method as in the foregoing Part.


FIRST, I must give a short view of the PARTIES covenanting.

1. The first party is denominated THE ANGEL OF THE LORD.” He is the very same angel who stopt the slaughter of Isaac : “ And the angel of the Lord called to him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: And


he faid, Here am I. And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing to him : for now I know that thou fearest God, feeing thou hast not with-held thy son, thine only son from me.-And the angel of the Lord called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time *." He who spake unto . Abraham the second time, is the very fame person from whom the patriarch did not withhold his son, even his only fon; of consequence, he can be no other than the uncreated ANGEL OF THE COVENANT : For Abraham never intended to offer Ifaac into an inferior one f. The name ANGEL imports mission; or he who is fent. When it is applied to the Son of God, it denotes his being the sent of God for the

* Gen. xxii. 11, 12, and ver. 13. † Dr Willet imagined it was a created angel who announced this promise unto the patriarch; but the reafons he alligns for his opinion are by no means decisive : “ This angel (says the Dr) was not Chrift; for the angel addetli, by myself have I sworn, saith the Lord, he 1peaketh then in the person of the Lord, as being not the Lord himself; but Christ, being God, would have spoken in his own person.” Granting it was the Father who swore, Why might not Chrift, as the meslenger of the Father, reveal his purpose ?-Why may he not speak in the name of the Father, saying, THUS SAITH THE LORD? But there is no necessity to understand this swearing of the Father. This was cominon style when a di: vine person spoke unto the prophets, Jer. i. 7, 8. For a further illustration of this fubject, see Donch. de Tribus Elohim, p.31. Dr Owen on Heb. vi. 13, 14.


falvation of men*. When this Angel deals with men, by way of fæderal transaction, he reveals the Father's will, as a prophet; and they restipulate obedience unto him, as a king.

2. The other party is Abraham, and his fon Isaac. Abraham is the only person mentioned in the sacred history, indeed; but Isaac seems to be also included, as he was taken along with his father unto mount Moriah. Be

* “ Vox 78 79 nomen est officii, significat enim LEGA

TUM, NUNCIUM, MISSUM. Quidam ab 7507 deducunt, “h. e. ivit, AMBUL AVIT, tranfpofita litera ,7 et eadem “ in x mutata, ut fit, qui mandatum habeat a suo Domie

no, eundi ad aliquid annunciandum vel efficiendum. “Alii dici putant, quasi 73 ora QUID TIBI? h. e. quid “ novi adfers ? Sed hæc allusio potius est, quam vera no"tatio. Commodius fignificatio a nomine oxbra dedu“citur (quod ab inufitato 75 efle volunt) quod fignificat “OPUS, INDUSTRIAM, MINISTERIUM. Ad opus enim "mittentis perficiendum 78 572 LEGATUS mittitur. Tri. “buitur autem in fcriptura facra, I. Hominibus, Gen. “xxxii. 3. II. Sacerdotibns, Prophetis, Ef. xlii. 19. "Mal. xi. 7. ch. iii. 1. III. Spiritibus Cæleftibus, Gen. " xxviii. 12. ch. xxxii, 1. Pfal. xxxiv. 8. IV. Tandem 241' išogano Filio Dei, fecundæ Trinitatis personx tri“buitnr, ut in allegatis fupra locis, notatqne (uti ipsum “ oftendit etymon) fanctiilimum ejus officium, quod fcil. "miffus fuit a Deo Patre ad exfequendun redemtionis

opus, uti explicatio habetur, Efa. lxi. 1. feqq. Cum

que Christus sit avròs, IDEM, heri, hodie, et in secula, “ Heb. xiii. 8. igitur in veteri etiam Teftamento, ejus,

quod obiturus erat, muneris fpecimen quoddam edidit, “ dum patribus et piis V. T. in visibili forina apparens, * divinæ voluntatis internuncium egit, operaque divina " inter illos præftitit." Glass. Onomatolog. Meflix Prophet. apud nomen ANGELUS.



sides this, the Psalmist observes, that the covenant was confirmed to Isaac by AN OATH*: Now, this is the only instance in which God interposed with an oath to him, so far as we know. Isaac had been solemnly declared a covenanter when he was but eight days old; and now, when he had arrived at the age of twenty-five years, it was proper to renew his covenant-engagements in his own person. And, in this respect, he became an example unto every person, early dedicated unto God, in every succeeding period; teaching them to make a grateful return for their privileges, by a solemn renovation of their engagements unto the Lord.

SECONDLY, The next branch of the subject is the PARTS of this Covenant. They consist in a cluster of promises, on the part of God, which are expressed; and correspondent duties, on the part of Abraham and Isaac, which are implied,

As to the divine promises contained in this covenant, they were either,

1. Such as had been made in former transactions, and renewed in this one : For example, The promise of BLESSING the patriarch t; as also the promise of MULTIPLYING him, which

* +Gen. xii. 2. coinp. with Gen. xxii. 17.


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