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we have explained to be indeed the wells of salvation.

rance.

2. This-subject discovers the veracity and faithfulness of God, in the accomplishment of his promise. The same, yea the SELF SAME day which God had fixed for bringing forth the seed of Jacob), was the day of their delive

Cod has a fet time in which he will fuffer finners to fill up the measure of the cup of their iniquity; and a fet time for the deliverance of his Church: And, till that time come, his people must fill up the measure of their affliction. Now, the deliverance of God's children from the furnace of affliction, frequently coincides with the casting of his enemies into the furnace of his vengeance. Said God to Abraham, Thy feed shall be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years; and also that nation whom they shall serve, will I judge: For the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full . How punctual is the accomplishment of the promise! How exact the har mony between the prediction and the event !

3: God accomplisheth his promise, when his people are reduced unto the lowest extremity; and his enemies raised to the highest pitch of prosperity. Egypt was raised to affluence and grandeur, Israel oppressed to the loweit degree, when God looked down on their affilic

tion. It is wisely done, that liis people may not have it to say, mine own arm hath brought falvation: That his enemies may know, that, even in those things in which they deal prondly, he is above them. When God begins his work, with his people at their lowest ebb, and his enemies in their fullest strength; the more of God, and the less of man, is to be seen in the dispensation. Ifrael must be redeemed from the hand of the Egyptians, and froin their gods, not when Joseph governed the kingdom; but when the male-children are doomed to the river by their affectionate parents. To this event may be applied, the word of God spoken by the prophet: “ I have a long time held my peace, I have been still and refrained myself: now will I cry like a travelling woman: I will destroy and devour at once. I will make waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs : and I will make the rivers islands, and I will dry up the pools of water. And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; and I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forfake them."

4. When the circumstances of God's people are such as hinder them from the discharge of those duties which they owe to God, the present and succeeding generations, then they Q92

may :

may warrantably use every lawful mean to accomplish a change. God pronounced the way clear for Israel to leave Egypt, as their situation incapacitated them for their duty. Not a few, át this day, are under hardships of the very same kind : If the servants of many seek a reasonable time to serve the Lord, especially in folemn duties, they stand fair in the way to get such an answer as Pharoah gave unto Ifrael: “ VE ARE IDLE, YE ARE IDLE, therefore ye say, Let us go and serve the Lord : Get ye to your burdens; Wherefore do

ye

let the work?” The lower class, in many corners of the nation, are not commanded to kill the bodies of their children, indeed; but, what is worse, they are necessitated to kill their souls; as they have it not in their power to fulfil those vows under which they came for them at their baptism. · As ever persons value : the souls of their children, let them avoid those places which incapacitate them from training up their children in the way that they should

go,

either hy distance from the means of instruction, or fuck hard service as affords neither tiine nor means to bestow it. If persons be so hurried for want of time ; or so far distant as they cannot. attend on public ordinances, then they ought to take the first lawful opportunity for changing their situation,--trusting that God will provide for them in the way of duty ; or, if exposed unto any loss, he will either make it

up

up some other way, in the course of his providence, or sanctify it unto them *

5. The law unto which covenanters should engage is, the Law as magnified by the blood of Christ. The law which Israel promised obedience to is, the Law sprinkled with the blood of facrifices, teaching all Ifraelites indeed, to vow obedience wto the Moral Law in the liand of Christ the Mediator. They are not without law to God; but under the Law to Christ. Faith's contemplation of the blood of sprinkling applied to the Law, is a grand encouragement to keep all God's commandments.

6. COVENANT ER S ought to be carefully instructed as to the nature and extent of covenant-duties, previous unto their entering into fæderal engagenients.

How often is the matter of this covenant declared unto Ifrael! God

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* See also Dissertation II, Part i. On Abraham's removal from Chaldea.----Servants ought to make it an article in their conditions to have a reasonable şime allowed for fasting and the celebration of the Lord's Supe per: And then the laws of the country, for which we ought to be thankful unto the King of Nations, will make good that article, even althongh perfons profesling godliness thould serve unreasonable and wicked men. It is much more eligible, however, to strive to gain the good will of masters by faithful service at other times; who, if reasonable, will not grudge a short time for the service of the Lord; and to make choice of such malers as lhew à proper deference to divine things.

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himself fpake it; Moses spake it once and again : He wrote it, and read it in the ears of all the people. Many, at this time, would be ready to reckon these things needless repețitions; but God, whose judgment is always according to truth, determined them to be needful precautions, that his people might covenant with knowledge and understanding.

7. WHEN covenanters renew their

engagements to the Most High, they ought to engrofs into their bond every part of reformation formerly attained. When Ifrael covenanted with God at Sinai, they embraced all those institutions which were given unto the Church prior unto that transaction: For example, Circumcision, which was given to their fathers, as well as the passover to themselves, but a few months before. Both the promises and precepts which belonged to former covenants were engrossed in this one : Only this was the most perfect edition of them. The ordinances, which lay scattered in the memories of men, were all reduced to one entire and written system. And the rules, clpecially respecting ceremonial institutions, which had been formerly indefinitely expressed, were, at this time, particularly delincated, and fully ascertained.

PART

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