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witness with our consciences of our loyalty, and that we have no thoughts or intentions to diminish his Majesty's just power and greatness.

IV. We shall also, with all faithfulness, endeavour the discovery of all such as have been, or shall be incendiaries, nialignants, or evil instruments, by hindering the Reformation of religion, dividing the King from his people, or one of the kingdoms from another, or making any faction, or parties, amongst the people, contrary to this league and covenant ; that they may be brought to public trial, and receive condign punishment, as the degree of their offences shall require or deferve; or the fupreme judicatures of both kingdoms respectively, or others having power from them for that effect, Mall judge convenient,

V. And whereas the happiness of a blessed peace between these kingdoms, denied in former times to our progenitors, is, by the good Providence of God, granted unto us, and hath been lately concluded and settled by both Parliaments; we shall, each of us, according to our place and interest, endeavour that they may remain conjoined in a firm peace and union to all posterity; and that justice may be done upon the wilful opposers thereof, in manner expressed in the precedent article.

VI. We shall also, according to our places and callings, in this common cause of religion, liberty, and peace of the kingdoms, affist and defend all those that enter into this league and covenant, in the maintaining, and pursuing thereof; and shall not suffer ourselves, directly or indirectly, by whatsoever combination, perfuafion, or terror, to be divided or withdrawn from this bleffod union and conjunction, whether to make defection to the contrary part, or to give ourselves to a detestable indifferency and neutrality in this cause, which so much concerneth the glory of God, the good of the kingdons, and honour of the King; but ihall, all the days of our lives, zealously and constantly continue therein, against all opposition, and promote the same, according to our power, against all lets and impediments whatsover; and what we are not able ourselves to suppress or overcome, we shall reveal and make known, that it may be timely prevented or removed. All which we shall do as in the light of God.


AND because these kingdoms are guilty of many fins and provocations against God, and his Son Jesus Christ, as is too manifest by our present distresses and dangers, the fruits thereof: we profess and declare, before God and the world, our unfeigned defire to be humbled for our own fins, and for the fins of these kingdoms; especially, that we have not, as ought, valued the inestimable benefit of the Gospel, that we have not laboured for the purity and power thereof, and that we have not endeavoured to receive Chrilt in our hearts,


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nor to walk worthy of him in our lives; which are the causes of other fins and transgressions, so much abounding amongst us; and our true and unfeigned purpose, desire, and endeavour, for ourselves, and all others under our power and charge, both in public and private, in all duties we owe to God and man, to amend our lives, and each one to go before another in the example of a real Reformation ; that the Lord may turn away his wrath and heavy indignation, and establish these Churches and Kingdonis in truth and peace.

And this covenant we make in the presence of ALMIGHTY GOD, the searcher of all hearts, with a true intention to perform the same, as we shall answer at that day when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed: Most humbly beseeching the Lord to strengthen us by his Holy Spirit for this end, and to bless our desires and proceedings with such success, as may be deliverance and safety to his people, and encouragement to other Christian Churches, groaning under, or in dan. ger of the yoke of Antichristian tyranny, to to join in the fame, or like association and covenant; to the glory of God, the enlargement of the kingdom of Jesus Christ, and the peace and tranquility of Christian kingdoms and conmonwealths."

I SHALL now make some REFLECTIONS on the British Federal Transactions.


1. THESE Covenants were perfeâly agreeable to the laws of the country, and the renovation of them no violation of the constitution. There are a class of men, who seem to be sprung from the ancient Samaritans, they suggested, that the covenanters in Nehemiah's day were a parcel of rebels. A branch of the fame tree, having the same root of bitterness, feems to have existed in the days of the Primitive Church. Nero and Trajan, however opposite in character, agreed in finding the covenanting Christians enemies to the State. It was upon the same footing that the Waldenses were persecuted by the Court of Turin. The patrons of the doctrines of non-resistance and passive obedience seem to have borrowed these Antichristian weapons, to fight a Covenanted Reformation in this land. This needs not greatly furprise us, as these men did not choose to understand the civil or religious rights of mankind. But we behold, with astonishment, a Reverend Doctor of this enlightened age, standing at the head of the roll in the list of candidates for literary fame, announcing the National oath to have been employed, in 1638,“ to promote VIOLENT and unCONSTITUTIONAL MEASURES." There is no other method to account for it, but that polite negligence for which the works of that author are so remarkably distinguished. Had the Reverend Doctor found leisure to consult the lawauthorities quoted in the introduction to the bond used in 1638, as they are to be found fuljoined to that nearly antiquated fyftem, THE CONFESSION OF FAITH; and the divine authority, to be found in a still more antiquated code of laws, the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament, I have little room to doubt, such is the CANDOUR, MODERATION, and LiBERALITY OF SENTIMENT which falls to the portion of the Reverend PRINCIPAL, but that he should have found the measures pursued as constitutional and falutary as the Transactions themselves were warrantable and laudable: And the covenanters, instead of rebels, the best patriots which that, or any other age ever produced.


2. The political views, and hypocritical purposes, which induced fomne enemies to Reformation principles to enter into the National Covenant and Solemn League, are no objections against these Transactions themselves; nor against the conduct of such as entered into them with sincerity of heart. In the days of danger, the Church is diminished by apostacy; and in the days of prosperity, she is no less endangered by a too rapid increase in hypocrisy. The latter was the case in the last age. But, if the argunient be good in this case, it must also be valid against Christianity itself; as it is well known, that nations and princes have sometimes been induced to embrace Christianity from political views. One



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