Developmental Dictatorship and the Park Chung-hee Era: The Shaping of Modernity in the Republic of Korea

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Lee Byeong-cheon, Pyŏng-chʻŏn Yi
Homa & Sekey Books, 2006 - 384 pages
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By examining the highly controversial Park Chung Hee era (1961-79), this book rediscovers the socioeconomic origins of modern Korea. The essays, by thirteen noted Korean social scientists, discuss the relationship between South Korea's economic development and totalitarianism in the form of the Park dictatorship. At the core of this discussion is the question: to what extent did the economic miracle evolve because of political oppression? The book opposes those who refuse to acknowledge the economic achievements made possible by Park's policies on the one hand, and criticizes those who glorify Park with blind admiration on the other. The authors maintain that it is necessary to comprehensively explore the meanings of development and dictatorship as they coexisted during Park's tenure. The book is in two parts: 'The Lights and Shadows of Economic Development' and 'Political Sociology of Development-Oriented Dictatorship'. Major essays in the first part deal with the industrial policy of the Park Chung Hee era, political and institutional conditions of financial oppression, and development-oriented dictatorship and the disparity between the haves and the have-nots. (Revitalizing Reforms) system and national division, the dispatch of troops to Vietnam and the 'Nation of Barracks' life, the dead dictator's society, and Park Chung Hee in the age of democracy.
 

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Table des matières

The Political Economy of Developmental Dictatorship
3
Industrialization in South Korea
51
Industrial Policy in the Park Chunghee Era
80
The Chaebol Regime and the Developmental
108
Political and Institutional Conditions
134
Labor Policy and Industrial Relations
153
Developmental Dictatorship
185
The Yushin Regime and the National
215
South Korea and the Vietnam War
248
Oppressive Modernization and the Risk Society
271
The Dead Dictators Society
294
Park Chunghee in the Age of Democratization
312
About the Contributors
339
Glossary
365
Index
378
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