Reconstructing Quaternary Environments
This third edition of Reconstructing Quaternary Environments has been completely revised and updated to provide a new account of the history and scale of environmental changes during the Quaternary. The evidence is extremely diverse ranging from landforms and sediments to fossil assemblages and geochemical data, and includes new data from terrestrial, marine and ice-core records. Dating methods are described and evaluated, while the principles and practices of Quaternary stratigraphy are also discussed. The volume concludes with a new chapter which considers some of the key questions about the nature, causes and consequences of global climatic and environmental change over a range of temporal scales. This synthesis builds on the methods and approaches described earlier in the book to show how a number of exciting ideas that have emerged over the last two decades are providing new insights into the operation of the global earth-ocean-atmosphere system, and are now central to many areas of contemporary Quaternary research.
This comprehensive and dynamic textbook is richly illustrated throughout with full-colour figures and photographs. The book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in Earth Science, Environmental Science, Physical Geography, Geology, Botany, Zoology, Ecology, Archaeology and Anthropology
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... (biogenic) varves) Chemical varves Complex varves Sources of error in varve counting Applications of varve chronologies Annual layers in glacier ice General principles Errors in icecore chronologies Icecore chronologies Lichenometry ...
... tephra layers Correlation using palaeosols Shoreline correlation Correlation on the basis of radiometric dating Event stratigraphy and correlation Correlation using the marine oxygen isotope record Correlation between continental, ...
... crosssection of a cave with various types of sedimentary infill and associated biological remains a) Crosssectioned surface of a stalagmite from Akçakale Cave, northeast Turkey revealing annual growth layers spanning the last c.
3.55 3.56 3.57 3.58 3.59 3.60 3.61 3.62 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Heinrich layers in deepocean sediments from the northwestern Labrador Sea Variations in surface water oxygen isotope ratios during times of glacial maxima and interglacial ...
... for Rhizocarpon spp. from West Greenland, West Spitsbergen and Baffin Island Radiographs of coreslabs cut from a) Pleistocene and b) modern coral reefs (Montastraea) in Florida Bay, Gulf of Mexico, showing seasonal growth layers.