Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Couverture
Ward Chesworth
Springer Science & Business Media, 22 nov. 2007 - 902 pages
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Soil as the basis of civilization, is the most important resource of the solid earth that we use. It is the source of most of our food and fiber, much of our building materials, and the repository of most of our wastes. Over the last 10,000 years we have learned to manipulate it for our purposes to such a degree that our ecological footprint has notably modified about two thirds of the soils of the Earth. At the beginning of the 21st century, with the issue of the sustainability of human society, it has never been more important for there to be a global understanding of the soil and its processes amongst the educated public in general, and the scientist and technologist in particular.

The Encyclopedia of Soil Science brings together approximately 190 longer articles, together with some 350 definitions of common terms used in soil science. In effect, it is a combination of an encyclopedia and glossary of terms. Furthermore, the book emphasizes the study of soils as an integral part of the earth sciences, and it does this without ignoring the agricultural, environmental and technological aspects of the subject.

Individual soil types are keyed to the World Resource Base (WRB) Classification with concordance to soil taxonomy, in order to meet the needs of an international audience. Appropriately an international roster of authors, from North and South America, from Europe, Africa, Asia and Australasia, has been assembled, and the soils and soil landscapes of all continents are considered.

 

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Table des matières

P Abrol K Auerswald
1
Randy A Dahlgren
6
Wayne P Robarge
19
Christine Alewell The Chestnuts
22
Bryon W Bache
27
Dispersion
28
Agrichemical
33
Parent Rock
34
Georges Stoops
465
Ward Chesworth
474
Comminution
479
Peter Smart
481
Neoformation
488
Nitrogen Fixation
494
Soil
501
George R Blake
504

10
39
21
45
Auger
50
Biogeochemical Cycles
56
Ward Chesworth
68
Particle Density
74
22
79
55
81
55
90
Carbon Sequestration
97
Chronosequence
101
24
112
Temperature Regime
114
Hari Eswaran
119
Huang
126
Dissection
191
Rhodes W Fairbridge
197
Friedrich H Beinroth Hari Eswaran and Paul F Reich
206
Tensiometer
210
Hervé Quiquampoix
215
Charles E Weaver
216
A Arshad Provo UT 84604
218
191
221
199
227
Climosequence
229
207
237
27
244
Peter van Straaten
247
Marl
248
J J Oertli
262
Fibric Hemic and Sapric
270
W O Williamson
277
Gabion
283
Geography of Soils
289
Marta Camps Arbestain Felipe Macías Vázquez
292
Gilgai
298
Amos Hadas
307
Soil Biology
309
Coastal Soils
311
Nóvoa Muñoz X Pontevedra Pombal
314
Gonzalo Almendros
321
289
322
Colloid
330
Hypogene
331
Ward Chesworth Augusto PerezAlberti
338
H J MorelSeytoux
349
H J MorelSeytoux
361
Udo Schwertmann
369
Ernest Rawitz
378
Charles W Finkl
419
Colluvium
428
362
438
421
445
Marsh
446
421
452
Steinhardt
510
28
515
Pedosphere
516
Peneplain Pediplain Etchplain
522
Ward Chesworth
529
Y Mualem and H J MorelSeytoux
537
60
538
Ward Chesworth
546
60
554
Physical Properties
559
Plant Roots and Soil Physical Factors Jan Gliński Jerzy Lipiec and Witold Stępniewski
571
Plasma
578
Prairie
587
Profile Physical Modification
589
Pedro A Sanchez
595
Meek and Ward Chesworth
604
Sabkha
610
Terrace
615
Terrain
621
61
626
68
637
Krystyna Konstankiewicz and Jarosław Pytka
655
Young
662
Soil Health
668
28
674
Computer Modeling
684
Steven B Feldman C Shang and Lucian W Zelazny
686
Keith Paustian
699
Charles W Finkl
730
699
764
Terric
767
Conductivity Hydraulic
772
Pieter H Groenevelt
776
Till
782
68
785
B Kirkham
790
Charles W Finkl
802
111
807
767
809
69
849
30
852
423
853
811
856
69
857
120
859
426
865
171
867
623
868
813
872
183
873
629
876
822
879
830
889
734
891
Droits d'auteur

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À propos de l'auteur (2007)

Ward Chesworth is Professor Emeritus of Geochemistry at the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. He co-edited Weathering, Soils and Paleosols, and three volumes of the annual Hammond Lecture Series broadcast in part by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation: Malthus and the Third Millennium, Sustainable Development, and The Human Ecological Footprint. He co-wrote Perspectives on Canadian Geology. In 2003 he received the Halbouty Prize of the Geological Society of America, of which he is a Fellow.

Professor Emeritus, University of Guelph (Selected GSA Fellow in 2005)

"Ward Chesworth's contributions are based on research as a geochemical petrologist focusing on soil petrology, defining conditions for sustainable agriculture through reducing stresses, demands, and abuses on Earth, including water, soil, and the environment. He has made major basic contributions to the application of geology for sustainable societies."

Informations bibliographiques