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The following is believed to be a correct list of the parishioners belonging to the various religious sects: Establishment, 2306 ; Relief, 874; Associate Synod, 369; United Secession, 162; Roman Catholic, 58; Unitarians, 41; Methodists, 11 ; Reformed Presbytery, 11; Baptists, 10; Episcopalians, 2.
Education.—Besides the parochial school, there are in the parish six others, all unendowed. The branches of instruction are those usually taught at country schools, reading, writing, geography, and arithmetic, with now and then a little Latin. The people have been so far alive to the benefits of education, that there is no native parishioner above fifteen years of age unable to read and write. The income of the parish schoolmaster arises from L. 34 of salary: his fees as session-clerk, and the school fees, which, with 110 scholars at an average yearly charge of 10s. each, amount to L. 55 per annum. Both the school and schoolmaster's house are upon a scale altogether inadequate to the parish,—the school so much so, indeed, as seriously to affect the health of the numerous children attending it.
The Countess of Forfar, in 1737, bequeathed L. 500 to form a bursary for the education in Glasgow grammar-school and college of a boy from each of the parishes of Carluke, Lanark, Lamington, Shotts, and Bothwell.
Literature.- A parochial library was established in the town of Carluke in 1827, and contains at present 600 volumes.
The entrance money is 5s. and yearly contribution 2s. There is a library of 400 volumes at Yieldshields, and one at Braidwood of 200 volumes. A Useful Knowledge Society, in which are delivered weekly lectures on subjects of general science, was instituted in 1836, and, at present, numbers 44 members, some of whom display much interest in scientific discussions. Connected with this institution, is a small museum of fossils, antiquarian remains, &c. with a limited collection of books on suitable subjects.
Friendly Societies.— A parish Friendly Society was instituted in 1792, connected with which are 35 members, each paying 2s. 6d. of entry money, and a penny a week of subscription. Its present funds are L. 50. The allowance granted to the sick is 3s. 6d. a week, continued during twelve months. Another Friendly Society, upon the same principles, has been recently commenced by the workmen connected with the Castlehill iron-works.
Savings Bank.-A savings bank has been in operation in this pa
rish since 1815, the benefits accruing from which have of late been both felt and prized by the inhabitants. The following statement, drawn up on the 11th of November 1838, will fully explain its flourishing condition. Amount of deposits at last annual balance in November 1837, L. 889 0 4 Increase during last year from interest and new deposits,
418 2 5
L. 1307 2 9
Present amount of deposits, Number of depositors at 11th November 1837,
94 Additional during last year,
Accounts under L. 5,
29 from L. 5 to L. 10,
37 L. 10 to L. 20,
36 L. 20 to L. 30,
-122 Poor.— The number upon the poor's roll may be stated at 45, the average yearly allowance to each of whom is L. 4. The sources whence are drawn the funds to meet this demand are the following : Interest of 2000 merks bequeathed by Sir Daniel Carmichael of Mauldslie,
L.4 90 Hearse dues,
3 0 0 Half of church collections,
14 0 0 Average yearly assessment,
L. 243 90 The kirk-session has the management of the following sums : One-balf of the church collections,
L. 14 1 0 Interest of L. 120, being the remainder of small legacies by Lady Lockhart of Lee and Dr Scott,
5 0 0
L. 19 1 0
The feu-duties arising from the lands of Spitalshiels, (originally belonging to the Hospital of St Leonard's at Lanark,) the superiority of which was acquired in the reign of Charles II. by Lockhart of Lee, are, by the charter, directed to be paid over to the poor of the parishes of Carluke and Lanark. The enforcement of this claim has been for some time neglected. The amount is 60 merks annually.
In 1814, John Reid of Nellfield bequeathed to the parish of Carluke the sum of L. 2000. The interest of this legacy, (L. 80,) Mr Reid's will directs to be expended in small annuities to twelve persons, six males, and six females, of respectable character, and of a rank of life superior to that of mere paupers. It is a
subject of proud, but legitimate boasting with our native population, that it is very rarely any of the “ parish-born” apply for relief from the parochial funds. During the time of the cholera, out of a poor's list of between thirty and forty persons, only four were descendants of parishioners. Of these four persons, one would seem to have a heritable right, or, at least, a strong inbred predisposition to the handling of parish money. For, in looking over the records, it appears that for nearly 200 years, there had always been, with but slight exceptions, at least one of the family receiving parochial aid.
Fairs. Two annual fairs are held at Carluke, the one on the 21st of May, the other on the 31st of October. Both are devot. ed almost exclusively to the sale of milk cows, of which a large number is frequently exposed.
Inns.— There are three inns in Carluke, and numerous alehouses, which afford every facility to the dissipation which is rapidly spreading amongst us.
Agricultural Society--a Society, instituted in 1833, mainly for the purpose of improving the breed of cattle. The Society's cattle show takes place on the last Wednesday of July. The marked improvement of stock since the society commenced is the best argument for its utility.
PARISH OF CARMUNNOCK.
PRESBYTERY OF GLASGOW, SYNOD OF GLASGOW AND AYR.
REV. JOHN HENDERSON, MINISTER.
1.-TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY, Name... The name of the parish now called Carmunnock appears in old charters in the various forms, Cormannock, Carmanoch, Carmannock, and Curmanock. On the oldest of the communion cups, (date 1707,) it is found in the form Carmannock, and the same form occurs on the tokens still in use of date 1777. The most probable account given of the origin of the name is that which derives it from the Gaelic Caer-mannock, signifying the Monk's fort.
Extent, Boundaries, &c.— The original parish is about 4 miles long from east to west, and averages 2} miles in breadth from north to south. There are two annexations, however, quoad sacra tuntum, the one from the parish of Kilbride, and the other from the parish of Cathcart, inclusive of which it is fully 6 miles in length, and 4 in breadth. These annexations were by a regular decreet of the competent court united to the parish of Carmunnock in 1725. The parish originally belonged to the presbytery of Hamilton, but was by authority of the General Assembly, and with consent of the then incumbent, united to the presbytery of Glasgow in 1597. The village of Carmunnock, which is situated about the centre of the parish, is fully 5 miles to the south of the city of Glasgow; and the parish is bounded on the east, by the parish of Cambuslang; on the south, by Kilbride ; on the west, by Eaglesham and Mearns; and on the north, by Cathcart.
Topographical Appearances. The parish, which is generally elevated, is beautifully diversified with hill and dale. From the higher eminences, particularly from the top of Cathkin-hill, situated towards its eastern boundary, and about 500 feet above the level of the sea, it commands one of the richest and most extensive prospects in the west of Scotland. In a clear day, the eye takes in part of sixteen counties. The immediate objects of at
traction are, the city of Glasgow with its extensive suburbs and surrounding villages; the towns of Rutherglen and Paisley, and the whole of the fertile vale of Clyde from Hamilton to Dumbarton, with numerous views of the windings of the river, now crowded with trading vessels and steam-boats conveying goods and passengers in every direction. The distant objects chiefly worthy of notice are, to the east, Arthur's seat, and the Pentland hills, in the immediate vicinity of Edinburgh, to the north Benlomond, Benledi, and the neighbouring heights, and to the west, the hills of Arran and different parts of Argyleshire.
Climate, &c.— The atmosphere is remarkably pure and healthy, and though, from the elevation of the parish, rather cold than otherwise, has been much ameliorated in this respect within the last forty years, by the increased quantity of plantation and general improvements that have been made in agriculture. The parish, however, is still very subject to early and late frosts. The prevailing winds are the south-west, the west, and north-east. The wind from the south-west is often very boisterous, and generally accompanied with rain. I cannot state any diseases as peculiar to the climate, and few places afford so many instances of longevity. It is seldom that any epidemic spreads in the district, and it is worthy of remark, that though during the late visitation of Asiatic cholera, (1832), there were cases of that frightful malady in all the surrounding parishes, not one took place in the parish of Carmunnock.
Hydrography.— The parish everywhere abounds with perennial springs of excellent water, and there are no fewer than five public wells in the village, which even in seasons of the greatest drought seldom fail to afford an abundant supply. There are a few springs slightly impregnated with carbonate of iron, but there is none perceptibly chalybeate to the taste. It is mentioned in the last Statistical Account (published in 1796,) that the parish had been surveyed some time previously, with the view of ascertaining whether a quantity of water sufficient for the supply of the city of Glasgow could be procured. This speaks at once for the quantity and quality of the springs; but it was found upon the survey, that, if all the springs on the brow of the hill were collected, they could only afford 70 Scots pints in the minute, a supply even then twothirds less than what was required. There are no natural lakes of any extent in the parish, and the only stream running through any part of it is a small rivulet called the Kittoch. The White