Etymological Dictionary of Grasses
Springer Science & Business Media, 16 mai 2007 - 320 pages
As employed here the term grass applies only to species included in the Poaceae, one of the largest families of flowering plants. However, the word is often applied to any herbaceous plant with long, narrow leaves. A similar view was adopted by the Ancients. The Greeks applied the words poa, poe and agrostis to herbaceous plants in general and the Romans employed the words gramen and herba in a similar sense. In both cultures, unique names were applied to species of economic or special s- nificance. As a major source of cereals, pasture plants and even timber, the Poaceae are one of the most important economic plant families. Many have acquired vernacular names but these vary from place to place and so are of limited value for technical purposes. For ease of professional communication vernacular names are replaced with bino- als whose use is controlled by an International body. Initially the binomials were derived mainly from words of Classical Greek or Latin, but the practice was never strictly enforced. Today taxonomists often employ words from their own language or resort to naming grasses after places, people, ships, uses, acronyms to name but a few sources. In the process the names are often Latinized making it difficult for readers, especially those whose language has not been inf- enced by the European Classics, to recognize their sources and to determine their meanings.
Avis des internautes - Rédiger un commentaire
Aucun commentaire n'a été trouvé aux emplacements habituels.
Table des matières
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
Expressions et termes fréquents
abundance achne Agrostis Andropogon anthos anum Aristida atum Australian belonging bling bota bristle carry or bear cence China Culms denoting origin Digitaria diminutive ear of wheat ear or spike English botanist English-born ense ensis ensis,denoting origin Eragrostis Festuca florets flos flower folium French botanist genus German botanist Gk chloa Gk makros Gk oides glabrous gluma glumes glumes and sterile grass Growing hairs honor of Charles honor of John Hybrids between species ica,belonging India indicating connection inflores Inflorescence Inflorescence branches Islands Japan Japanese botanist leaf Leaf-blades leaf-sheaths lemma lower glume mountain name-forming suffix nection nist nodes palea panicle Panicle branches Panicum Paspalum pedicels pertaining phyllon physician plant collector pogon possessing Prefecture Province racemes related species Resem resembling rhachis Rottboellia Russian botanist Russian Far East spica spike of grain Spikelets stachys sterile lemma Stipa tion United States botanist upper glume Vernacular name Zaire