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the Previous Examination at the end of his sixth, the Examination for his B. A. degree at the beginning of his tenth, and, if he intend to enter the Church, a new Divinity Examination at the end of his twelfth term.
IV. That all Bye-Term Examinations for the B. A. Degree be discontinued. V. That the standing of a candidate for the second and third Examinations be reckoned, not from his entrance, but from the time of his passing the first and second Examinations, respectively; and that therefore any student, who cannot pass either of the Examinations at the appointed time, must necessarily degrade a year.
VI. That the Examination for the B. A. Degree take place in each year, between the first and tenth days of October; and that the Examinations for Dr. Smith's Prizes, the Classical Tripos, and the Classical Medals, take place immediately afterwards.
VII. That those students who do not intend to enter into Orders, be then allowed to leave College, and return to be admitted "ad respondendum quæstioni," at any Congregation after they are of sufficient standing.
VIII. That those students, who do intend to enter into the Church, be then obliged to declare that intention to the Regius Professor of Divinity.
IX. That these Divinity Students shall wear a peculiar gown, and be obliged to reside another winter of three full terms.
X. That these Divinity Students shall, during their fourth winter, pursue an uninterrupted course of professional studies, and pass an Examination just before the following Commencement.
XI. That at this Examination those students, who pass with credit, (provided their names appear on the Mathematical Tripos at the preceding Examination for the B. A. Degree,) be arranged in classes of honour, according to the order of merit.
XII. That these Divinity Students shall attend the public lectures, if any are read by the Regius Professor of Divinity, the Margaret Professor, the Norrisian Professor, or the Hulsean Lecturer: and that the subjects of these lectures shall form part of the subjects of their future Examination.
XIII. That the proposed Divinity Examination be conducted by the abovementioned officers, together with the Professors of Hebrew, Greek and Arabic, the Margaret Preacher, and the Christian Advocate.
XIV. That for the oi Tooì in the proposed examination certain subjects should be yearly fixed, so completely within the range of three terms' reading, that every student might be fully prepared in every part of them.
XV. That for those Divinity Students who are candidates for honours, a more extended course of reading should be prescribed, but yet so restricted as to require a few books thoroughly read, rather than a great variety read in a superficial manner.-Pp. 25-28.
These articles are followed up by a catalogue of books, which we subjoin, intended as the course to be pursued: those marked (A) to be universally required; those marked (B) to be required of candidates for honours only.
CLASS I. Evidences.
For the Previous Examination-Paley's Evidences, Part I.
For the Divinity Examination,—(4) Paley's Natural Theology. (Parts)— Paley's Evidences-Paley's Hora Paulina-Butler's Analogy. (B) Stillingfleet's Origines Sacræ.
CLASS II. Introduction to the Bible.
(A) Tomline's Elements of Theology, Parts I. and II.-Beausobre's Introduction to the New Testament. (B) Gray's Key to the Old TestamentMarsh's Michaelis.
CLASS III. Scripture.
For the Previous Examination, one Gospel. For the Divinity Examination, 1. Greek. (A) One other Gospel-The Acts of the Apostles-The Epistles to Timothy and Titus. (B) The remainder of the New Testament. 2. Hebrew. (A) The Grammar, and a few easy chapters, or passages selected. (B) Hebrew somewhat more extended, but still confined to specified subjects.
CLASS IV. Scripture History.
(A) Watts's Scripture History--The Historical parts of the English Bible. (B) Bishop Newton on the Prophecies-Josephi Opera.
CLASS V. Systematic Divinity.
(4) Pearson on the Creed (the text only). (B) Pearson on the Creed, with the Notes.
(A) Reading the Lessons in Chapel, confined to Students of this standing. Compositions, viz. (1) Analyses of some of our best Sermons. (2) Original Skeletons on a given text. (B) Prizes for the best Exercises, regard being had both to the composition and the delivery.
CLASS VII. Historical and Controversial.
(A) Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History, (Parts)-Burnet on the Articles of the Church of England-Wheatly on the Common Prayer. (B) MosheimBingham's Origines Ecclesiastica-Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity.
(B) Turton's Tractatus ex Operibus Patrum Excerpti.-Pp. 29–31.
The fourth of these articles has our most unqualified applause. We always regarded bye-term examinations as an infraction of university principle. The rest, taken in the main, afford a rational and feasible improvement on the present state of Cambridge education. To say that we think them perfect, might be going too far; but their imperfections are not by any means essential to the plan. We have little room for discussion; else we might dilate on our own doubts, how far the Doctor's List of Books can be "thoroughly read" in three terms. The Hebrew language is absolutely to be learned in that time. The introduction of Hebrew is not only an improvement, but it is an article, the absence of which is a stain on the present system of episcopal examination. But still, Hebrew, with all this mass of other reading, will never be "thoroughly" acquired in three terms.
We would suggest that the third and fourth volumes of Horne's Introduction, or some parts of that work, be introduced. Indeed, considering the great and solid merit of that valuable book, we do not think the whole of it would be too much to require from a candidate for divinity honours and the omission of all notice of it in a list of this kind is quite unaccountable. The analysis and synthesis of sermons are very desirable objects; and ecclesiastical history, neglected and defied in an age of measureless pretension, should certainly be required from the Clergy.
We should add, in justice to our author, since we are unavoidably limited from further extracts, that this Sermon, although apparently confined to a dry (we do not mean uninteresting) point of academical legislation, is not without the grace of eloquence or the power of Christian persuasion. Its style is calculated to attract the reader to weigh seriously the arguments it contains, being such as its author thought worthy, not merely to be advocated in his own behalf before the authoritative assembly of the University, but in the name and in the temple of God. We confidently trust, therefore, that the suggestions it contains will not be overlooked by the body to whom they are addressed; they may not be adopted, but they should not be dismissed unconsidered. A case is made out deserving of examination; and we can scarcely doubt that the University of Cambridge will act upon a maxim which commends itself alike to theologians and philosophers: "Prove all things: hold fast that which is good."
The Difficulties of Romanism in respect to Evidence; or the Peculiarities of the Latin Church evinced to be untenable on the Principles of Legitimate Historical Testimony. By GEORGE STANLEY FABER, B. D. Rector of Long Newton, and Prebendary of Salisbury. Second Edition, revised and remoulded. London: Rivingtons. 1830. 8vo. pp. lxviii.
By this improved edition of his "Difficulties of Romanism," Mr. Faber has conferred a lasting obliga
tion on the friends of the Protestant Church. It contains the most triumphant refutation which can possibly be conceived, of all the mistatements and misrepresentations of the Bishop of Strasbourg, and his no less scurrilous than indefatigable friend, Mr. Husenbath; and their allegations from primitive antiquity in favour of the aboriginal Apostolicity of the Romish doctrines and practices are most entirely invalidated or overthrown. The new arrangement which is adopted in the present edition, places the argument in a much more tangible form, than it before exhibited. In the first book, the testi
monies produced by the Romanist party are fully and openly stated, and shewn, without the indication of a single atom of counter-evidence, to be wholly insufficient to substantiate the fact assumed. The second book contains a vast mass of direct testimony against the peculiarities of the Latin Church, which must carry the most satisfactory conviction, to every sober mind, of their utter destitution of Apostolical support. Unless the Bishop and his understanding, we think the question partisan have more impudence than of Historical Evidence in favour of Romanism is settled for ever and a day.
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge recommended to the support of Churchmen; in a Sermon, preached at Trinity Church, Coventry, on Wednesday, June 9, 1830, and published at the request of the District Committee. By the Rev. WALTER F. HOOк, M. A. Chaplain in Ordinary to the King, &c. London: Rivingtons. 1830. 1s.
THE Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge has a zealous advo
cate in the author of the Sermon before us. From Matt. xxviii. 19, 20, he endeavours to prove that it is our duty to "receive whole nations into covenant with God;" and that "when they are thus admitted into the privileges of the Church, we are to instruct them as to the manner in which those privileges are to be used, and to warn them of the awful danger of neglecting so great salvation." Pp. 6, 7.
If it be admitted, (writes Mr. Hook,) that this is a fair and legitimate interpretation of our text, we clearly learn from it that it is our most bounden duty ... to establish the Church wherever we can.... And hence too it follows, that where, as in our country, the Church is established, we are called upon by the highest authority that a Christian can possess, to defend its rights, and to maintain its ascendancy, even when the spirits of the air are in league with the spirits of the world to subvert it.-P. 7.
Hence our author's access to the immediate subject before him, is obvious and easy. In recommending the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge to the support of Churchmen, it is well observed, that it is not only "under the superintendence of the Archbishops and their suffragans, in both provinces of the English Church," but "that the Society recognizes their episcopal and diocesan authority.”—P. 12.
Having thus ascertained that the venerable Society, the interests of which he is deputed to advocate, will not lead men into schism, Mr. Hook next proceeds to show the means by which it proposes to promote Christian knowledge. He instances the circulation of the Scriptures, the distribution of the Book of Common Prayer, and the dispersion of Tracts.
We take this opportunity of thanking Mr. Hook for his seasonable and powerful address. But we would ask him whether, denying the right of private interpretation to be held by the Church of England (p. 15.) is not a fearful attack upon that unquestionable right of private judgment, which is the very foundation of Protestantism, and does not neces
VOL. XII. NO. IX.
sarily lead us to the popish doctrine of implicit faith? And in parting with our zealous orator we would remind him, with the most friendly intentions, of the impropriety of such phrases as the following" a few individuals, who CHANCE to be Bishops," p. 12.-" so much is PRATED about the circulation of the Scriptures," p. 14.-"every UNWASHED artificer of schism,” p. 15.- right reverend lords, and REVEREND ARTIZANS," p. 22.-Looking to these errors, indeed, merely as critics, we would say that they are blots in point of style, and at variance with the best canons of taste;-" Is est enim eloquens, qui et humilia subtiliter, et magna graviter, et mediocria TEMPERATE potest dicere."*
A Familiar and Explanatory Address to Young, Uninformed and Scrupulous Christians, on the Nature and Design of the Lord's Supper; with other Doctrinal and Essential Subjects. London: Smith and Elder. 1830. 12mo. Pp. vii. 204. 4s.
THERE are no greater enemies to genuine piety and religion, than superstitious dread on the one hand, and restless enthusiasm on the other; and in no instance are the baneful effects of these opposite evils more manifest, than in the different views which are taken of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. While some entirely debar themselves from a participation in the benefits conferred by this holy rite, from a morbid fear of fancied unworthiness, there are others who approach the altar with a degree of levity and self-esteem, which seems to demand, rather than implore, the favour of the Almighty, and to depend more upon their own merits, than upon those of the Redeemer. Any attempt therefore to obviate these unhappy errors, and to set the nature and the object of the Eucharist in their proper light, cannot be otherwise than acceptable to every true friend of the Gospel; and with this persuasion, we would direct attention to the unpretending little volume before us. Many
*Cicero Proem. lib. i. De Oratore. 4 c
valuable works of preparation for the Lord's Supper are well known, from being in general use, among those who think a frequent communion essential to the support of the Christian character. Here, however, we meet with directions and instructions on the nature and design of the Sacrament, rather than the means of preparation itself; and the sensible tone in which the rite itself is explained, the duty of partaking thereof enforced, and certain collateral considerations laid down, render it peculiarly adapted to those who have any scrupulous misgiving, or unsettled notion, on this all-important service.
A Manual of Christian Faith and Practice, attempted in Six Discourses, delivered during Lent, 1830, at Southport, Lancashire. By the Rev. THOMAS GARRATT, M. A. London Baldwin and Cradock. 1830. 12mo.
In our number for January last we noticed Mr. Garratt's "Appeal to Protestants," and his seasonable farewell sermon to his late parishioners at Wilmslow. We now have much pleasure in introducing him to our readers as an intelligent and vigilant pastor, solicitous to guard his hearers and readers against mistakes in the important doctrines of "Christian Faith and Practice." The first four of his Discourses enforce obedience to the moral laws of the Bible on Christian principles, and explain and practically apply the ten commandments. The fifth discourse shews our need of God's gracious dispensation in Christ, in order to salvation, and the supreme excellence of the divine doctrine of justification by faith; and in the sixth and last, the author considers the love of Christ for his friends, and proves that obedience to the Gospel is the essential testimony of a just claim to that title. Perspicuity of style and the affectionate earnestness of the Christian minister, are happily combined in this unpretending, but highly
useful little volume.
The Pilgrim's Progress, with a corrected Text, considerably amplified Marginal References, and an Original Life of John Bunyan. By ROBERT SOUTHEy, Esq. LL.D., &c. &c. &c. London: Murray. 1830. Demy 8vo. 17. 1s. Royal 8vo.
DOUBTLESS our readers have looked forward, with pleasing anticipation, for the promised edition of the Pilgrim's Progress by the amiable Laureate; and we are sure they have not been disappointed in any expectation which they have entertained respecting it. No man is better qualified than Dr. Southey to do justice to our old friend Bunyan; the biography of whom, together with the annexed critique upon his writings, are interesting accompaniments to the volume, and executed in a manner worthy of the author of the "Life of Wesley." As a frontispiece, is given a beautiful and characteristic portrait of Bunyan; and the volume, which is most delightfully got up, is further embellished with two exquisite engravings from Martin, and numerous vignettes, by Harvey, on wood. Old Bunyan would have stared to see his Pilgrim so fine, but amid all his finery, we recognize an amusing acquaintance, and bid him heartily welcome in his new dress.
A Treatise on Confirmation: with Practical Discourses applicable to Confirmed Persons. By THOMAS WILLIAM LANCASTER, M. A. Vicar of Banbury, and formerly Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford. London Rivingtons. 1830. 12mo. pp. xxvi.
THIS little treatise is well calculated to give a right understanding, and to induce an attentive consideration of the important rite of Confirmation. It explains the nature of the office, and the authority of its institution; refutes the objection which has been raised against it, as being adapted only to Apostolic times, and the gift of the extraordinary influence of the Holy Ghost; enforces the great responsibility of parents and sponsors in