A Concise History of Poland
The second edition of this guide to Poland has been updated to take account of the years from 1989-2005. This period marked its liberation from the Soviet Union, the birth of Poland's 'Third Republic' and, recently, its accession to the European Union in 2004. Poland's history has been marked by its resilience. Once a dominant force in central and eastern Europe and home to a remarkable experiment in consensual politics, it was excised from the map by its neighbours in 1795. Resurrected in 1918, partitioned afresh during the Second World War, it survived to become a satellite of the Soviet Union. Yet in the 1980s, it was Poland which blazed the trail in casting off communism, and was finally able to reassert its Christian heritage. With its updated bibliography and new chronology, the book is the ideal companion for all looking for a comprehensive survey of this fascinating country.
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Heads of state presidents Communist Party
346 Heads of state presidents Communist Party leaders
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
adys aw August Austrian authorities Belarus bene®ts Boles aw Casimir Catholic Catholicism cent century Church Commonwealth communist con¯ict con®rmed Congress Kingdom constitutional Crown cultural Czartoryski dif®cult Duke east eastern economic election elite Europe exiles favour forces France Galicia GdanÂsk German Gomu Grand Duchy Habsburg Hungary in¯uence independence insurrection Jagie Jewish Jews JoÂzef Jogaila king of Poland KrakoÂw leaders Lithuania LwoÂw magnates Mieszko military minister Moscow nally nationalist Nazi nobility nobles of®ce of®cers of®cial okietek Orthodox Party patriotic peasants Pi sudski Piast Poles Polish army Polish lands Polish national Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth political population pospolite ruszenie Poznania PZPR radical reform remained restored royal Royal Prussia rule rulers Russian Empire Russian Poland Sanacja Sejm Sigismund signi®cant Silesia social socialist Solidarity Soviet Stalin Stanis aw szlachta Tatar territories Teutonic Knights treaty troops Tsar tsarist Ukraine Ukrainian Union USSR Vilnius Vistula Warsaw western gubernii Wilno
Page 27 - Polish socialists became associated with the Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania...