Pliny the Elder on Science and Technology

Couverture
The Elder Pliny's Natural History is essentially a work of reference providing a wide-ranging account of human mores and achievement in the arts and sciences in the first century AD. It influenced the content and character of subsequent technical literature, but errors in transmission of themanuscripts led to undeserved criticism from the time of Niccolo Leoniceno, the late fifteenth-century Italian humanist. Pliny's work is here re-examined for the first time since the 1920s. Modern experiments, simulating the techniques described by Pliny, and an in-depth study of his development of a technical language, confirm his unique contribution to our knowledge of science in early imperial Rome. Pliny doesnot, in general, understand the principles underlying the phenomena he observes but makes a significant input - especially in the fields of crystallography, chemistry, and physics as well as of the applied sciences - from which beginnings those scientific disciplines would evolve many centurieslater. Ironically, Pliny's scientific curiosity led to his death in AD 79 while observing the eruption of Vesuvius at close quarters.
 

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Table des matières

Chemistry
115
xiii
173
31
181
71
201
106
215
137
227
13
240
14
246
Metals
271
Technology
347
Pliny and the Environment
371
The Natural History in the Middle Ages
380
Select Bibliography
393
Index Locorum
412
General Index
431
Droits d'auteur

Minerals as Pigments
259

Expressions et termes fréquents

À propos de l'auteur (1999)

John F. Healy is at University of London.

Informations bibliographiques