Pliny the Elder on Science and Technology

Couverture
Oxford University Press, 1999 - 467 pages
1 Commentaire
The Elder Pliny's Natural History is essentially a work of reference providing a wide-ranging account of human mores and achievement in the arts and sciences in the first century AD. It influenced the content and character of subsequent technical literature, but errors in transmission of themanuscripts led to undeserved criticism from the time of Niccolo Leoniceno, the late fifteenth-century Italian humanist. Pliny's work is here re-examined for the first time since the 1920s. Modern experiments, simulating the techniques described by Pliny, and an in-depth study of his development of a technical language, confirm his unique contribution to our knowledge of science in early imperial Rome. Pliny doesnot, in general, understand the principles underlying the phenomena he observes but makes a significant input - especially in the fields of crystallography, chemistry, and physics as well as of the applied sciences - from which beginnings those scientific disciplines would evolve many centurieslater. Ironically, Pliny's scientific curiosity led to his death in AD 79 while observing the eruption of Vesuvius at close quarters.
 

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Table des matières

Plinys Life and Career
1
Pliny the Writer
31
The Natural History
36
Plinys Sources
42
Mimbilia
63
Pliny and Research
71
Language and Style
79
Science in Antiquity
100
Earth Sciences
173
Minerals
190
Amber
250
B Hydrocarbons
254
Meteorites
257
Minerals as Pigments
259
Metals
271
Technology
347

The Natural History and Technical Literature
106
Science in The Natuml History
113
Chemistry
115
Niello
137
Dyes and Dyeing
138
Physics
142
APPENDIX From Observer to Horizon
171
Pliny and the Environment
371
The Natural History in the Middle Ages
380
Select Bibliogmphy
393
Index Locor um
412
Geneml Index
431
Droits d'auteur

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Ovid: Ars Amatoria, Livre 3
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À propos de l'auteur (1999)

John F. Healy is at University of London.

Informations bibliographiques